Home Page > Picture Archives >  Flora of Qatar > List by family  |  Alphabetical list  |  Compact list

Flora of Qatar

Plant families

Species of plants listed by family

I. Ephedraceae    Horsetail Family 

1. Ephedra foliata Boiss. ex C.A.Mey.

(Ephedra aitchisonii, Ephedra alte, Ephedra asparagoides, Ephedra ciliata, Ephedra kokanica, Ephedra peduncularis, Ephedra polylepis, Ephedra rollandii)

Common names: alanda, Shrubby Horsetail

Extract from Wikipedia article: Ephedra foliata, with the common name shrubby horsetail, is a species of Ephedra.

LinkCones of Shrubby Horsetail (Ephedra foliata, Ephedra ciliata, local name alanda) on roadside of a road to Zubara, north-western Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkShrubby Horsetail (Ephedra foliata, Ephedra ciliata, local name alanda) growing on bushes of Ziziphus nummularia on roadside of a road to Zubara, north-western Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkShrubby Horsetail (Ephedra foliata, Ephedra ciliata, local name alanda) growing on bushes of Ziziphus nummularia on roadside of a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, January 16, 2016
LinkShrubby Horsetail (Ephedra foliata, Ephedra ciliata, local name alanda) taken from Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkShrubby Horsetail (Ephedra foliata, Ephedra ciliata, local name alanda) with flowers in Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, March 26, 2016
LinkFruits of shrubby horsetail (Ephedra foliata, Ephedra ciliata, local name alanda) taken from Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, March 26, 2016

II. Acanthaceae    Acanthus Family 

1. Avicennia marina marina (Forsskál) Vierhapper

(Avicennia alba, Avicennia elliptica, Avicennia lanata, Avicennia obovata, Avicennia oepata, Avicennia officinalis, Avicennia spicata, Bontia germinans, Halodendron thouarsii, Racka ovata, Racka torrida, Sceura marina)

Common names: Grey mangrove, qurm, shourah, shoura, garam

Extract from Wikipedia article: Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae). As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas.

LinkGrey mangroves (Avicennia marina, qurm, shourah) surrounded by aerial roots (pneumatophores) at low tide in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, February 19, 2010
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, February 25, 2011
LinkAerial roots (pneumatophores) of mangrove (Avicennia marina) at low tide at northern tip of Qatar, March 24, 2012
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) at low tide at northern tip of Qatar, east from Ruwais, March 24, 2012
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) in Al Aaliya Island (Jazirat al Aliyah). Qatar, March 27, 2013
LinkMangroves (Avicennia marina) with aerial roots (pneumatophores) in salt marsh near Jazirat Umm Tays, barrier island at northern tip of Qatar, east from Ruwais. Qatar, April 12, 2013
LinkAerial roots (pneumatophores) of mangroves (Avicennia marina) in salt marsh near Jazirat Umm Tays, barrier island at northern tip of Qatar, east from Ruwais. Qatar, April 12, 2013
LinkFlowers of mangrove (Avicennia marina) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkMangrove (Avicennia marina) with fruits near village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkFruits of mangrove (Avicennia marina) near village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkTwig of mangrove (Avicennia marina) with fruits taken from a site west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkDissected seeds of mangrove (Avicennia marina) with fruits taken from a site west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkDissected half of a seed of mangrove (Avicennia marina) with fruits taken from a site west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkCut halves of a seed of mangrove (Avicennia marina) with fruits taken from a site west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkGerminated seed of mangrove (Avicennia marina) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 9, 2014
LinkGerminating seed of mangrove (Avicennia marina) taken from Al Khor. Qatar, October 9, 2014
LinkHalf dead mangrove forest (Avicennia marina) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkSeedling of mangrove (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 8, 2014
LinkMangrove trees (Avicennia marina) in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) near tidal river in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) north from Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkFlower of mangrove (Avicennia marina) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkDead mangrove trees (Avicennia marina) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 4, 2015
LinkMangroves trees (Avicennia marina) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 4, 2015
LinkAerial roots (pneumatophores) of mangroves (Avicennia marina) exposed at low tide near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 4, 2015
LinkClose up of aerial roots (pneumatophores) of mangroves (Avicennia marina) exposed at low tide near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 4, 2015
LinkFlowers of mangroves (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 4, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) at sunrise on northern tip of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkMangrove trees (Avicennia marina) near northern cliffs of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkAerial roots (pneumatophores) of mangroves (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkBlooming mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) in salt marsh near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkFlowers of mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on white background near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkFlowers of mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on dark background near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkAerial roots (pneumatophores) of mangroves (Avicennia marina) Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 29, 2015
LinkAerial roots (pneumatophores) of mangroves (Avicennia marina) on littoral of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 29, 2015
LinkBlooming bush of mangroves (Avicennia marina) on littoral of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 29, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) surrounded by aerial roots (pneumatophores) at low tide near a fishing village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkLine of aerial roots (pneumatophores) of a mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) at low tide near a fishing village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkGrey mangroves (Avicennia marina) surrounded by aerial roots (pneumatophores) at low tide near a fishing village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkDead mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) near a fishing village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkLeathery fruits of mangrove (Avicennia marina) washed out on a beach of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, August 29, 2015
LinkMangrove (Avicennia marina) with fruits on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, August 29, 2015
LinkMasses of dry flower buds of mangrove (Avicennia marina)(?) on littoral of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, August 29, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) in salt marsh, view from causeway of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) in salt marshes, view to the south from a hill on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) in salt marsh on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkFresh leaves and shoots of mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove trees (Avicennia marina) at low tide south from Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove trees (Avicennia marina) in salt marsh at low tide Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) in salt marsh at low tide Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) at sunrise on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkLower side of leaves of a mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) with aerial roots (pneumatophores) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) in a marsh at sunrise on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkSalt marsh with a mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) at sunrise on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkTree trunks of mangrove (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) in fog on west side of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) in fog on west side of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) with aerial roots (pneumatophores) on west side of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove tree skeletons (Avicennia marina) in shallow water near northern cliffs of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) in shallow water near northern cliffs of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkGroup of mangrove trees (Avicennia marina) in shallow water near northern cliffs of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) on north side of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) near northern tip of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkLush mangrove forest (Avicennia marina) on north side of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkTall mangrove trees (Avicennia marina) on north side of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkBlooming mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 28, 2016
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 28, 2016
LinkMangrove (Avicennia marina) with aerial roots (pneumatophores) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 28, 2016
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 28, 2016
LinkMangrove (Avicennia marina) with aerial roots (pneumatophores) at low tide on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 28, 2016
LinkMangrove (Avicennia marina) with flowers on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 28, 2016
LinkMangrove (Avicennia marina) with saplings emerging from aerial roots on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 28, 2016
LinkDry mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on salt marsh in Luwaima and Ras Al Qawar north from Al Thakhira. Qatar, June 18, 2016

2. Blepharis ciliaris (L.) B. L. Burtt

(Acanthodium delilii, Acanthodium spicatum, Acanthus delilei, Acanthus edulis, Acanthus pectinatus, Acanthus tetragonus, Blepharis edulis, Blepharis hirta, Blepharis obovata, Ruellia ciliaris)

Common names: Blepharis persica, Eyelash Plant, nejayae, shouk al dab, shawk al-Dub, niqeyl, begheil, nejaye, shouk al dab

LinkEyelash Plant (Blepharis ciliaris, Blepharis persica, Ruellia ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkEyelash Plant (Blepharis ciliaris, Blepharis persica, Ruellia ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) with blue flowers near a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkLilac and white veined flower of Eyelash Plant (Blepharis ciliaris, Blepharis persica, Ruellia ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) near a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkEyelash Plant (Blepharis ciliaris, Blepharis persica, Ruellia ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) near a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkEyelash Plant (Blepharis ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) in oasis in front of Film City in Ras Abrouq peninsula in west central coastal area, north from Zekreet. Qatar, November 14, 2014
LinkWinter rosette of leaves of Eyelash Plant (Blepharis ciliaris) on roadside of a road to Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkShoot of Eyelash Plant (Blepharis ciliaris) on roadside of a road to Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkEyelash Plant (Blepharis ciliaris) with flowers on roadside of a road to Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkEyelash plant (Blepharis ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) on a roadside of a road to Al Numan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2015
LinkDry Eyelash plant (Blepharis ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) on a roadside of a road to Al Numan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2015
LinkEyelash plant (Blepharis ciliaris) on roadside at the entrance of Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, March 20, 2015
LinkEyelash plant (Blepharis ciliaris) with flowers on roadside at the entrance of Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, March 20, 2015
LinkDry eyelash plant (Blepharis ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) in Jaow Al Hamar depression south from Trainah. Southern Qatar, November 6, 2015
LinkEyelash plant (Blepharis ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) with a flower in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkBlooming eyelash plant (Blepharis ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkSeedling of eyelash plant (Blepharis ciliaris) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015

3. Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guill.

(Eranthemum carruthersii, Eranthemum moorei, Eranthemum nigrescens, Eranthemum nigrum, Eranthemum pacificum, Eranthemum whartonianum, Pseuderanthemum kewense, Pseuderanthemum maius, Pseuderanthemum pacificum, Siphoneranthemum moorei)

Common names: Carruthers falseface

My notes: Grows only in parks as planted bushes.

Extract from Wikipedia article: The Carruthers' falseface, (Pseuderanthemum carruthersii), is a species of plant in the Acanthaceae family. It is endemic to Asia.

LinkWhite flowers with pink specks of Carruthers falseface (Pseuderanthemum carruthersii or may be reticulatum) in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, April 3, 2015
LinkWhite flowers with pink specks of Carruthers falseface (Pseuderanthemum carruthersii or may be reticulatum) in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, January 16, 2016

4. Ruellia prostrata Poir.

(Barleria sudanica, Dipteracanthus dejecta, Dipteracanthus flaviflorus, Dipteracanthus genduanus, Dipteracanthus prostratus, Dipteracanthus richardianus, Ruellia deccanensis, Ruellia genduana, Ruellia methia, Ruellia nubica, Ruellia otaviensis, Ruellia pallida, Ruellia patula, Ruellia ringens, Ruellia wightiana)

Common names: bell weed

My notes: Grows on lawns as a weed.

LinkBlooming bell weed (Ruellia prostrata) in a mat of trimmed Sesuvium plants on a lawn at Al Bidda Street near crossing with Al Adaid in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 28, 2015
LinkBell weed (Ruellia prostrata) taken from Al Bidda Street near crossing with Al Adaid in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 28, 2015
LinkSide view of a flower of bell weed (Ruellia prostrata) taken from Al Bidda Street near crossing with Al Adaid in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 28, 2015
LinkBell weed (Ruellia prostrata) on dark background taken from Al Bidda Street near crossing with Al Adaid in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 28, 2015
LinkFlowers of bell weed (Ruellia prostrata) taken from Al Bidda Street near crossing with Al Adaid in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 28, 2015
LinkFlowers of bell weed (Ruellia prostrata) on white background taken from Al Bidda Street near crossing with Al Adaid in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 28, 2015
LinkBell weed (Ruellia prostrata) growing among kalanchoe like succulent plants of spurflower (Plectranthus) in a park at Al Markhiya Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 2, 2015
LinkFlower of bell weed (Ruellia prostrata) growing among kalanchoe like succulent plants in a park at Al Markhiya Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 2, 2015
LinkBell weed (Ruellia prostrata) growing among kalanchoe like succulent plants in a park at Al Markhiya Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 26, 2015
LinkBell weed (Ruellia prostrata) under palm trees in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 3, 2015

5. Ruellia simplex Wright

(Arrhostoxylum microphyllum, Cryphiacanthus angustifolius, Ruellia angustifolia, Ruellia brittoniana, Ruellia coerulea, Ruellia ignorantiae, Ruellia longipes, Ruellia microphylla, Ruellia spectabilis, Ruellia tweediana, Ruellia tweedieana)

Common names: Brittons wild petunia, Mexican petunia, Mexican bluebell

My notes: Ornamental plant.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Ruellia simplex (Britton's wild petunia, Mexican petunia, Mexican bluebell) is a species of flowering plant in the acanthus family, Acanthaceae. It is a native of Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America. It has become a widespread invasive plant in Florida, where it was likely introduced as an ornamental before 1933.

LinkMexican petunia (Ruellia simplex, Ruellia brittoniana) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 3, 2015
LinkFlower of Mexican petunia (Ruellia simplex, Ruellia brittoniana) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 3, 2015
LinkBack lit flower of Mexican petunia (Ruellia simplex, Ruellia brittoniana) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 3, 2015
LinkMexican petunia (Ruellia simplex, Ruellia brittoniana) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 1, 2015

III. Aizoaceae    Fig-marigold Family 

1. Aizoanthemum hispanicum (L.) Hartmann

(Aizoon hispanicum, Aizoon sessiliflorum)

Common names: jafna, thummam

LinkForking stems of Aizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) near a road to Zubara in north-western Qatar, February 22, 2014
LinkAizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) near a road to Zubara in north-western Qatar, February 22, 2014
LinkCaterpillar feeding on Aizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) near Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkFlower of Aizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) near Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkFlower of Aizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) with approaching caterpillar near Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkCaterpillar munching Aizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) near Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkAizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) with fruits in silty depression near Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkAizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) among Spergula near Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkAizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) with flower and seeds near Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkAizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkAizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) on a roadside east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, January 23, 2016
LinkFlower of Aizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) on a roadside east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, January 23, 2016

2. Aizoon canariense L.

(Aizoon procumbens, Aizoon spathulatum, Glinus chrystallinus, Glinus procumbens, Veslingia caulifloris, Veslingia heisteri)

Common names: jafna, hadaq, purslane-leaved aizoon

My notes: Was almost absent in spring and summer of 2015, probably because of dry weather.

LinkBrown pentagonal stellate prostrate, depressed centrally fruits of a desert plant Aizoon canariense (local name Jafna). Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha, Qatar, March 12, 2010
LinkStar shaped prostrate yellow flowers of a desert plant Aizoon canariense (local name Jafna). Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha, Qatar, March 12, 2010
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on a hill north-west from oil tank farm in Haloul Island (Jazirat Halul). Qatar, April 19, 2013
LinkShoot of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on a hill north-west from oil tank installation in Haloul Island (Jazirat Halul). Qatar, April 19, 2013
LinkShoot of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) with flowers and ovaries on a hill north-west from oil tank installation in Haloul Island (Jazirat Halul). Qatar, April 19, 2013
LinkEmerging seeds of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on a hill north-west from oil tank installation in Haloul Island (Jazirat Halul). Qatar, April 19, 2013
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) near Sawda Natheel Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkStarfish shaped desert plant of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) near Sawda Natheel Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) with fruits near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in sand near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkMat-forming prostrate desert plant Aizoon canariense near a road to Sawda Natheel in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkSeedling of a desert plant Aizoon canariense near a road to Sawda Natheel in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkYellow desert plant Aizoon canariense near a road to Sawda Natheel in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkYellow desert plant Aizoon canariense with fruits near a road to Sawda Natheel in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant Aizoon canariense (local name jafna) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkShoot of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in a roadside depression of Abu Samra Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in a roadside depression of Abu Samra Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) at entrance of Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkDesert plant purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) growing on rocks near a road to Zubara in Al Magdah farms area, in north-western Qatar, February 22, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) growing in silt in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkClose up of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) near Zekreet in western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) near a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms in northern Qatar, May 2, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on Al Muhandiseen Street near West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 6, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on sidewalk of Al Muhandiseen Street near West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 6, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) plant grown on sidewalk of Al Muhandiseen Street near West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 6, 2014
LinkDry last year fruits of Purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) taken from a roadside of a road to Zubara. Qatar, February 6, 2015
LinkFresh leaves of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) taken from extension of Al Kharais Street behind gas station on Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2015
LinkLeaves of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) taken from extension of Al Kharais Street behind gas station on Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2015
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkStarfish shaped plant of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on roadside of Dukhan Highway. Ash-Shahaniyah, Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkLarge mats of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in roadside depression near Dukhan Highway. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkDense mat of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in roadside depression near Dukhan Highway near Ash-Shahaniyah. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkSeedling of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkBlooming purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in area of Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkBlooming seedling of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in area of Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkSeedlings of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in area of Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkYoung plant of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) with a flower in area of Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkStar shaped plant of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in a large roadside depression near Route 77 to Ras Laffan. Qatar, February 6, 2016
LinkDry plant of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, March 26, 2016
LinkMat of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on a gravel plane in Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, April 23, 2016
LinkStar-shaped plant of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on a gravel plane in Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, April 23, 2016
LinkPlant of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) partially covered by sand on a gravel plane in Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, April 23, 2016

3. Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum Hook. f.

(Aizoon theurkauffii, Hydrodea bossiana, Hydrodea hampdenii, Hydrodea sarcocalycantha, Mesembryanthemum dactylinum, Mesembryanthemum forsskalii, Mesembryanthemum gaussenii, Mesembryanthemum sarcocalycanthum, Mesembryanthemum theurkauffii, Opophyton forsskalii, Opophytum cryptanthum, Opophytum dactylinum, Opophytum gaussenii, Opophytum theurkauffii)

Common names: Forskal fig marigold, ghasoul, samah

LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum, (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) covered by sand in area of Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum, (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) in sand on a roadside near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum, (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) on a roadside near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum, (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) in sandy roadside near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum, (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum, (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) on rocks on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum and nodiflorum on rocks on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum, (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum growing among Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkClose up of Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkSeedling of Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) in windblown sand on a roadside of Umm Bab road. South-western Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkSucculent plant of Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) in windblown sand on a roadside of Umm Bab road. South-western Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkBlooming ice plant (Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum, Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016
LinkSmall ice plant (Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum, Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) with a flower on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016
LinkIce plant (Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum and M. nodiflorum) seedlings on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016
LinkTwo small ice plants (Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum, Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016
LinkSmall ice plant (Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum, Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) in bloom on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016
LinkIce plants (Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum and M. nodiflorum) growing together on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016
LinkIce plant (Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum and M. nodiflorum) with flower buds on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016
LinkSeedlings of ice plant (Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum and M. nodiflorum) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum with seeds on rocks on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 28, 2016
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum with dry flowers on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 28, 2016

4. Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum L.

(Cryophytum cleistum, Cryophytum gibbosum, Cryophytum nodiflorum, Cryophytum rogersii, Gasoul nodiflorum, Mesembryanthemum caducum, Mesembryanthemum copticum, Mesembryanthemum inornatum, Mesembryanthemum paucandrum, Psilocaulon caducum, Stigmatocarpon caducum, Stigmatocarpum copticum)

Common names: Egyptian Fig Marigold, ghasoul, hurr, slenderleaf ice plant

Extract from Wikipedia article: Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum is a species of succulent plant in the ice plant family known by the common name slenderleaf ice plant. It is native to southern Africa, but it is known in many other places as an introduced species and sometimes an invasive weed, including several regions of Australia, parts of the western United States and adjacent Mexico, and some Atlantic islands. This is a usually annual herb forming a mostly prostrate clump or mat of stems up to about 20 centimeters in maximum length. The small stem branches are lined with knob-like cylindrical fleshy leaves up to 2 centimeters long. The herbage is green to bright red and visibly bumpy with shiny, bubble-like papillae. Flowers are solitary or borne in loose clusters. Each is about half a centimeter wide with many narrow to thready white or pale yellow petals. The fruit is a capsule which opens when it becomes wet, releasing seeds.

LinkWhite flower of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum, local name Ghasoul) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 1, 2010
LinkBlooming Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 1, 2010
LinkEgyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum, local name Ghasoul) in dunes of Jazirat Umm Tays, barrier island at northern tip of Qatar, east from Ruwais, March 24, 2012
LinkSmall flower of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum, local name Ghasoul) in sands of Jazirat Umm Tays, barrier island at northern tip of Qatar, east from Ruwais, March 24, 2012
LinkProstrate clump (mat) of stems of slenderleaf iceplant (Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) on a hill north-west from oil tank installation in Haloul Island (Jazirat Halul). Qatar, April 19, 2013
LinkMats of slenderleaf iceplant (Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) among rocks on a hill north-west from oil tank installation in Haloul Island (Jazirat Halul). Qatar, April 19, 2013
LinkReddish mats of slenderleaf iceplant (Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) on a hill north-west from oil tank installation in Haloul Island (Jazirat Halul). Qatar, April 19, 2013
LinkKnob-like cylindrical fleshy leaves of slenderleaf iceplant (Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) on a hill north-west from oil tank installation in Haloul Island (Jazirat Halul). Qatar, April 19, 2013
LinkEgyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkSmall plant of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkBlooming Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkMany-flowered Horseshoe Vetch (Hippocrepis multisiliquosa, local name Qileiqlan) together with Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkBlooming Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) growing in silt in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkYellow plant of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) growing in silt in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkEgyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum(?)) growing in silt in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkTiny plant of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum(?)) growing in silt in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkGreen plant of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum(?)) growing in silt in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkBrown plant of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum(?)) growing in silt in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkBrown blooming plant of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum(?)) growing in silt in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkEgyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) growing on ruins of farms in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkClose up of flowers of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum(?)) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkReddish plant of slenderleaf iceplant (Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) with a flower on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkEgyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) near Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, April 3, 2014
LinkEgyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum, local name Ghasoul) near a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms in northern Qatar, May 2, 2014
LinkSeedlings of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkYoung plant of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkSeedling of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum)(?) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkSeedlings of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, January 30, 2015
LinkSeedling of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum, local name Ghasoul) on a roadside east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, January 23, 2016
LinkSeedling of Egyptian fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkColorful seedlings of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) in area of Ras Laffan Farms, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkYoung plant of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) grown on limestone on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkSeedling of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) growing on limestone on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkCarpet of blooming Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkCarpet of blooming Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) in a roadside depression east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, March 19, 2016
LinkReddish plants of Egyptian fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum, local name Ghasoul) grown on a hill slope after spring rains on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016
LinkMasses of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) in area of Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, April 16, 2016

5. Sesuvium verrucosum Raf.

(Sesuvium erectum)

Common names: sea-purslane, Verrucose seapurslane

My notes: Some plants may be S. portulacastrum that is very similar. Grows only as an ornamental plant. Near Olympic Tower in West Bay, it grows on waste ground semi-wild from shoots cut from trimmed plants.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Sesuvium verrucosum is a species of flowering plant in the iceplant family known by the common names western sea-purslane and verrucose sea-purslane. It is native to the Americas, where it can be found in the southwestern quadrant of the United States, Mexico, and parts of South America. It grows in many types of saline and alkaline habitat types on the coast and inland, including salt marshes and other saline wetlands, alkali flats, and drying desert washes. It is a perennial herb producing many branching prostrate stems up to a metre long, forming a mat up to two metres wide. The herbage is verrucose, covered densely in crystalline bumps. The stems are lined with leaves of varying shapes which measure up to 4 cm long. Flowers occur in the leaf axils. They have no petals, but the five, pointed sepals are generally bright pink to reddish or orange in color with a thick, verrucose outer surface. At the centre of the flower is a ring of stamens around the central ovary. The fruit is a capsule about 500 mm long containing many seeds.

LinkBlooming sea purslane (Sesuvium verrucosum) near Al Qassar Tower in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, January 6, 2015
LinkFlower of sea purslane (Sesuvium verrucosum) taken from Al Qassar Tower in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, January 24, 2016
LinkSea purslane (Sesuvium verrucosum) near Al Qassar Tower in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 25, 2016

6. Trianthema portulacastrum L.

(Portulacastrum monogynum, Portulaca toston, Tetragonia chisimajensis, Trianthema flexuosum, Trianthema hydaspicum, Trianthema littoralis, Trianthema monogyna, Trianthema obcordata, Trianthema procumbens)

Common names: horse purslane, black pigweed

My notes: It was seen only in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Trianthema portulacastrum is a species of flowering plant in the ice plant family known by the common names desert horse purslane, black pigweed, and giant pigweed. It is native to areas of several continents, including Africa and North and South America, and present as an introduced species in many other areas. It grows in a wide variety of habitat types and it can easily take hold in disturbed areas and cultivated land as a weed. It is an annual herb forming a prostrate mat or clump with stems up to a meter long. It is green to red in color, hairless except for small lines of hairs near the leaves, and fleshy. The leaves have small round or oval blades up to 4 centimeters long borne on short petioles. Solitary flowers occur in leaf axils. The flower lacks petals but has purple, petallike sepals. The fruit is a curved, cylindrical capsule emerging from the stem. It is up to half a centimeter long and has two erect, pointed wings on top, where the capsule opens.

LinkBlack pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkProstrate plant of black pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkBlack pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) with a flower on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkFlower of black pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkBlooming black pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkBlack pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, August 21, 2015
LinkBlack pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkClose up of leaves of black pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkBlack pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) with a flower on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015

7. Zaleya pentandra (L.) C. Jeffrey

(Limeum kenyense, Rocama arabica, Rocama prostrata, Trianthema digyna, Trianthema pentandra)

Common names: Lami, tarba

LinkPlant of Zaleya pentandra in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkBranch of Zaleya pentandra in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkWoody stems of Zaleya pentandra in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkFlowers of Zaleya pentandra in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkClose up of Zaleya pentandra in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkProstrate plant of Zaleya pentandra in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkFruits of Zaleya pentandra taken from a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkBranch of Zaleya pentandra with fruits taken from roadside in Trainah. Southern Qatar, March 27, 2015
LinkClose up of flowers of Zaleya pentandra taken from roadside in Trainah. Southern Qatar, March 27, 2015
LinkBack lit branch of Zaleya pentandra taken from roadside in Trainah. Southern Qatar, March 27, 2015
LinkTrailing shoot of Zaleya pentandra in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Naim tribe, Nuaimiya) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, March 28, 2015
LinkFlowers of Zaleya pentandra in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkBlooming plant of Zaleya pentandra in roadside depression near a road from Al Shahaniya to Al Samriya north-east from camel race track. Lekhraib, Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkPlants of Zaleya pentandra on Al Mawrid Street in Al Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, May 26, 2016
LinkClose up of Zaleya pentandra with flowers taken from Al Mawrid Street in Al Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, May 26, 2016

IV. Amaranthaceae    Amaranth Family 

1. Aerva javanica (Burm. f.) Juss. ex Schult.

(Aerva persica, Aerva tomentosa, Iresine javanica, Iresine persica)

Common names: El Rowa, twaim, kapok bush, desert cotton, towayim, tarfa, tirf, Tuwaim

Extract from Wikipedia article: Aerva javanica (Hindi: बुई), the kapok bush or desert cotton, is a species of plant in the Amaranthaceae family. It has a native distribution incorporating much of Africa (including Madagascar), and the south-west and south of Asia.

LinkFloccise woolly flowers of Aerva javanica (Aerva persica, Iresine javanica, local names towayim, tarfa, tirf, Tuwaim) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkAerva javanica (local names towayim, tarfa, tirf, Tuwaim) on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkAerva javanica with woolly flowers on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkFloccise woolly flowers of Aerva javanica on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkAerva javanica (Aerva persica, Iresine javanica, local names towayim, tarfa, tirf, Tuwaim) in a depression on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana (Karana, Al Kiranah), south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkPlant of Aerva javanica in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkLarge plant of Aerva javanica in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkAerva javanica (local names towayim, tarfa, tirf, Tuwaim) in Jaow Al Hamar depression south from Trainah. Southern Qatar, November 6, 2015
LinkAerva javanica (local names towayim, tarfa, tirf, Tuwaim) near a wall of Barzan 2 compound in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, January 27, 2016
LinkAerva javanica with woolly flowers on Al Mawrid Street in Al Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, May 26, 2016

2. Agriophyllum minus Fisch. & C.A.Mey.

LinkHabitat of the plant Agriophyllum minus on windblown sand at the foot of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkPlants of Agriophyllum minus on windblown sand at the foot of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkPlant of Agriophyllum minus on sand at the foot of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkPlant of Agriophyllum minus on windblown sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkGroup of plants of Agriophyllum minus on windblown sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBush of Agriophyllum minus at the foot of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkGreen plant of Agriophyllum minus at the foot of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkRare plant of Agriophyllum minus on windblown sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBack lit plant of Agriophyllum minus on windblown sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of a plant of Agriophyllum minus in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of a rare plant of Agriophyllum minus in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of a shoot of Agriophyllum minus in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of a shoot of Agriophyllum minus on white background in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBranch of Agriophyllum minus in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBranching shoots of Agriophyllum minus in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of leaves of Agriophyllum minus in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBase hub of Agriophyllum minus in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkGreen bushes of Agriophyllum minus on sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkRare plant of Agriophyllum minus on sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkLower part with larger leaves of a shoot of a plant Agriophyllum minus taken from Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of a shoot of a plant Agriophyllum minus taken from Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkPlant of Agriophyllum minus in sandy area below a limestone cliff in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 8, 2016
LinkPlant of Agriophyllum minus in sand below a limestone cliff in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 8, 2016
LinkPlant of Agriophyllum minus in sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 8, 2016
LinkPlant of Agriophyllum minus in windblown sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 8, 2016
LinkPlant of Agriophyllum minus in windblown sand below a limestone cliff in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 8, 2016
LinkPlant of Agriophyllum minus in sandy area in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 29, 2016
LinkDry plants of Agriophyllum minus on sand at the foot of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, May 20, 2016
LinkDry plant of Agriophyllum minus in sandy area in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, June 25, 2016
LinkDry plant of Agriophyllum minus in area of sabkha in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, June 25, 2016

3. Alternanthera pungens Kunth

(Alternanthera achyrantha, Alternanthera lorentzii, Alternanthera repens)

Common names: Khaki Burr

My notes: Only found in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms, where it often forms dense carpet in fall.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Alternanthera pungens Kunth is a creeping, prostrate perennial pioneer plant of the Amaranthaceae family, spreading by seed and vegetatively, with roots often developing at the nodes of spreading stems. A plant of roadsides, path verges and waste places (ruderal), it is thought to have come from Central and South America, and to have become widely established in Australia and Southern Africa. Other species of this genus, e.g. Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R.Br. ex DC., have long been recorded from Tropical Africa, and would be difficult to prove as invaders.

LinkClose up of Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkKhaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkCarpet of Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkMats of Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkKhaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) carpeting the ground on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkKhaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) growing among spurge on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkKhaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) growing among prostrate spurge on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkKhaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) and spurge Euphorbia prostrata on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkKhaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) growing on sandy road on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkClose up of Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkFresh leaves of Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkSpreading of Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, August 21, 2015
LinkKhaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkCarpet of Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkDense infestation by Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkClose up of Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015

4. Amaranthus albus L.

(Amaranthus gracilentus, Amaranthus graecizans, Amaranthus littoralis, Amaranthus pubescens, Galliaria albida, Glomeraria alba)

Common names: common tumbleweed, tumble pigweed, pigweed amaranth, prostrate pigweed

Extract from Wikipedia article: Amaranthus albus is an annual species of flowering plant. It is native to the tropical Americas but a widespread introduced species in other places, including Europe, Africa, and Australia.

LinkWeb of caterpillars on common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkGreenish white stem of common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkCommon tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkShoot of common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) taken from a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkCommon tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) with emerging green inflorescences taken from a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkClose up of common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) taken from a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkCommon tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) in a depression on roadside of Salwa Road near Mukaynis. Qatar, November 27, 2015
LinkYoung plant of common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) on roadside of Salwa Road near Mukaynis. Qatar, November 27, 2015
LinkClose up of shoots of common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) taken from roadside of Salwa Road near Mukaynis. Qatar, November 27, 2015
LinkReddish plant of common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) on roadside of Dukhan Highway near Ash-Shahaniyah. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkReddish shoots of common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) taken from roadside of Dukhan Highway near Ash-Shahaniyah. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkSeeds of common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) taken from roadside depression of Dukhan Highway. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkCommon tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) on roadside of Salwa Road near Mukaynis. Qatar, February 5, 2016

5. Amaranthus caudatus L.

(Amaranthus edulis, Amaranthus mantegazzianus)

Common names: pigweed, pendant amaranth, foxtail amaranth, samghat reeh, khaisa, rowaf

My notes: Difficult to distinguish it from A. viridis and A. hybridus.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Amaranthus caudatus is a species of annual flowering plant. It goes by common names such as love-lies-bleeding, pendant amaranth, tassel flower, velvet flower, foxtail amaranth, and quilete.

LinkFoxtail amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus, local name samghat reeh) on Umm Wishad Street in Musheirib area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkFoxtail amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus, local name samghat reeh) on Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 17, 2014
LinkFoxtail amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus)(?) in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 10, 2015

6. Amaranthus graecizans L.

(Amaranthus angustifolius, Amaranthus aschersonianus, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus hierichuntinus, Amaranthus roxburgianus, Amaranthus thellungianus, Blitum graecizans, Galliaria graecizans, Glomeraria graecizans)

Common names: Mediterranean amaranth, short-tepalled pigweed

Extract from Wikipedia article: Amaranthus graecizans, the Mediterranean amaranth or short-tepalled pigweed, is an African species in the botanical family Amaranthaceae. It is naturalized in North America.

LinkLeaf of Mediterranean amaranth (short-tepalled pigweed, Amaranthus graecizans) taken from Al Intisar Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, February 23, 2016
LinkMediterranean amaranth (short-tepalled pigweed, Amaranthus graecizans) taken from Al Intisar Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, February 23, 2016
LinkMediterranean amaranth (short-tepalled pigweed, Amaranthus graecizans) on white background taken from Al Intisar Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, February 23, 2016
LinkMediterranean amaranth (short-tepalled pigweed, Amaranthus graecizans) on sidewalk in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 24, 2016
LinkClose up of Mediterranean amaranth (short-tepalled pigweed, Amaranthus graecizans) taken from Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 24, 2016
LinkBack side of leaves of Mediterranean amaranth (short-tepalled pigweed, Amaranthus graecizans) taken from Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 24, 2016
LinkMediterranean amaranth (short-tepalled pigweed, Amaranthus graecizans) on dark background taken from Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 24, 2016

7. Amaranthus hybridus L.

(Amaranthus chlorostachys, Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus incurvatus, Amaranthus nepalensis, Amaranthus paniculatus, Amaranthus quitensis)

Common names: samghat reeh, khaisa, rowaf, smooth pigweed, red amaranth

My notes: Difficult to distinguish it from A. viridis and A. caudatus.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Amaranthus hybridus, commonly called smooth amaranth, smooth pigweed, red amaranth, or slim amaranth, is a species of annual flowering plant. It is a weedy species found now over much of North America and introduced into Europe and Eurasia.

LinkLarge amaranth plant Amaranthus hybridus(?) on Zurara Bin Amir Street in Al Doha Al Jadeeda area. Doha, Qatar, March 21, 2014
LinkAmaranthus hybridus on Mousa Bin Nusair Street in Al Doha Al Jadeeda area. Doha, Qatar, April 12, 2014
LinkAmaranthus hybridus(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkRed amaranth (Amaranthus hybridus)(?) on Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, February 2, 2016
LinkSeedlings of red amaranth (Amaranthus hybridus)(?) on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 13, 2016
LinkAmaranth (Amaranthus hybridus)(?) on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 13, 2016
LinkAmaranthus hybridus grown on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 13, 2016
LinkAmaranthus hybridus taken from the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 13, 2016
LinkFlowers of Amaranthus hybridus taken from the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 13, 2016
LinkAmaranth (Amaranthus hybridus)(?) on a median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 24, 2016
LinkAmaranth (Amaranthus hybridus)(?) on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, May 22, 2016

8. Amaranthus viridis L.

(Amaranthus acutilobus, Amaranthus gracilis)

Common names: samghat reeh, khaisa, sendar, slender amaranth

My notes: Difficult to distinguish it from A. hybridus and A. caudatus.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Amaranthus viridis is a cosmopolitan species in the botanical family Amaranthaceae and is commonly known as Slender Amaranth or Green Amaranth.

LinkAmaranthus viridis (local names samghat reeh, khaisa, sendar) on Corniche promenade. Doha, Qatar, April 4, 2014
LinkAmaranthus viridis (local names samghat reeh, khaisa, sendar) near Al Markhiya Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 7, 2014
LinkSlender amaranth (Amaranthus viridis)(?) on periphery of a small field of alfalfa in Harrarah settlement. Southern Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkClose up of slender amaranth (Amaranthus viridis)(?) on periphery of a small field of alfalfa in Harrarah settlement. Southern Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkFruits of slender amaranth (Amaranthus viridis) found under a palm in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, November 18, 2015
LinkSlender amaranth (Amaranthus viridis) found under a palm in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, November 18, 2015
LinkSlender amaranth (Amaranthus viridis)(?) on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 13, 2016
LinkSlender amaranth (Amaranthus viridis)(?) grown on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 13, 2016
LinkLarge plant of slender amaranth (Amaranthus viridis)(?) grown on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 13, 2016
LinkClose up of flower spikes of Slender amaranth (Amaranthus viridis) taken from the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 13, 2016
LinkFlower spikes of Slender amaranth (Amaranthus viridis) taken from the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 13, 2016

9. Anabasis setifera Moq.

(Anabasis annua, Anabasis lutea)

Common names: hamd al arnab, Himd-Shaaran, Salsola setifera, shuaairan

LinkSeedling of a salt tolerant plant Anabasis setifera in dunes of Jazirat Umm Tays, barrier island at northern tip of Qatar, east from Ruwais, March 24, 2012
LinkSeedling of a salt tolerant plant Anabasis setifera near Al Khor. Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant plant Anabasis setifera on roadside of Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 17, 2014
LinkTwig Anabasis setifera taken from Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 17, 2014
LinkTypical vegetative stems with leaves terminating with a bristle of Anabasis setifera on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 19, 2014
LinkPurplish plant of Anabasis setifera suffering from extreme desert conditions on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkPink winged fruits of Anabasis setifera in oasis in front of Film City in Ras Abrouq peninsula in west central coastal area, north from Zekreet. Qatar, November 14, 2014
LinkBlooming Anabasis setifera in oasis in front of Film City in Ras Abrouq peninsula in west central coastal area, north from Zekreet. Qatar, November 14, 2014
LinkPlant of Anabasis setifera with emerging winged fruits on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkWinged fruits of Anabasis setifera on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkRed winged fruits of Anabasis setifera on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkBush of Anabasis setifera with seeds on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkBush of Anabasis setifera with pink winged fruits on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkPlant of Anabasis setifera suffering under extreme desert conditions on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkSmall purplish plant of Anabasis setifera suffering under extreme desert conditions on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkSeedling of a salt tolerant plant Anabasis setifera on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkSeedling of Anabasis setifera taken from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkAnabasis setifera in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkBlooming salt tolerant plant Anabasis setifera in area of Uwaynat Bin Husayn (Water Well) near Simaisma. Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkAnabasis setifera with pink winged fruits taken from northern Dukhan. Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkShoots of Anabasis setifera with pink winged fruits taken from northern Dukhan. Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkPlant of Anabasis setifera in windblown sand on roadside in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, June 10, 2016
LinkSand mounds with plants of Anabasis setifera on roadside in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, June 10, 2016

10. Arthrocnemum macrostachyum (Moric.) K. Koch

(Arthrocnemum fruticosum, Arthrocnemum glaucum, Arthrocnemum indicum, Arthrocnemum virginicum, Salicornia glauca, Salicornia macrostachya, Salicornia virginica)

Common names: glaucous glasswort, qulaam

My notes: Some pictures may show Salicornia europaea instead of this plant.

LinkSalt marsh with plants of Glaucous glasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) in southeast coastal area near Mesaieed. Qatar, January 29, 2010
LinkGlaucous glasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) with tiny flowers near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) on Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) on a beach of Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkSeedling of Glaucous glasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 9, 2014
LinkTwig of Glaucous glasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) turning yellow taken from Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 8, 2014
LinkGlaucous glasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkYellowish shoots of glaucous glasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkParasitic plant Desert Hyacinth (Cistanche tubulosa) with a host plant Arthrocnemum macrostachyum (glasswort, local name shnaan) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, January 9, 2015

11. Atriplex leucoclada Boiss.

(Atriplex chanicowii, Atriplex inamoena, Atriplex laciniata, Atriplex turcomanica, Obione leucoclada)

Common names: Orache, raghal

My notes: Subsp. turcomanica was seen only in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms.

LinkAtriplex leucoclada (local names raghal, Orache) in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkAtriplex leucoclada (local names raghal, orache) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkAtriplex leucoclada subsp. turcomanica(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkAtriplex leucoclada subsp. turcomanica(?) in dew on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkPlant of Atriplex leucoclada subsp. turcomanica(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkPlant of Atriplex leucoclada subsp. turcomanica(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkSeedlings of Atriplex leucoclada subsp. turcomanica(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkAtriplex leucoclada subsp. turcomanica on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, August 21, 2015
LinkAtriplex leucoclada in a roadside depression east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, January 23, 2016
LinkPlant of Atriplex leucoclada on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkBranch of Atriplex leucoclada taken from a park of Qatar University. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2016

12. Bassia scoparia (L.) A.J.Scott

(Atriplex scoparia, Bassia sicorica, Bassia sieversiana, Bushiola scoparia, Chenopodium scoparia, Kochia alata, Kochia densiflora, Kochia parodii, Kochia scoparia, Kochia sicorica, Kochia sieversiana, Salsola scoparia, Suaeda sieversiana)

Common names: burningbush, ragweed, summer cypress, mock-cypress, kochia, belvedere, Mexican firebrush, Mexican fireweed

Extract from Wikipedia article: Bassia scoparia (syn. Kochia scoparia) is a large annual herb in the family Amaranthaceae native to Eurasia. It has been introduced to many parts of North America, where it is found in grassland, prairie, and desert shrub ecosystems. Its common names include burningbush, ragweed, summer cypress, mock-cypress, kochia, belvedere, Mexican firebrush, and Mexican fireweed.

LinkSummer cypress (Bassia scoparia)(?) on Corniche. Doha, Qatar, May 24, 2016
LinkSummer cypress (Bassia scoparia)(?) with flowers on Corniche. Doha, Qatar, May 24, 2016
LinkShoots of summer cypress (Bassia scoparia)(?) on Corniche. Doha, Qatar, May 24, 2016
LinkSummer-cypress plant (Bassia scoparia)(?) on Corniche. Doha, Qatar, June 1, 2016

13. Beta vulgaris L.

(Beta foliosa, Beta maritima, Beta orientalis)

Common names: bangar, Silq, common beet

Extract from Wikipedia article: Beta vulgaris (beet) is a plant in the Chenopodiaceae family (which is now included in Betoideae subfamily). It has numerous cultivated varieties, the most well known of which is the root vegetable known as the beetroot or garden beet. Other cultivated varieties include the leaf vegetable chard; the sugar beet, used to produce table sugar; and mangelwurzel, which is a fodder crop. Three subspecies are typically recognised. All cultivated varieties fall into the subspecies Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris. Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima, commonly known as the sea beet, is the wild ancestor of these and is found throughout the Mediterranean, the Atlantic coast of Europe, the Near East, and India. A second wild subspecies, Beta vulgaris subsp. adanensis, occurs from Greece to Syria.

LinkCommon beet (Beta vulgaris, local name bangar) in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkSea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima, local name bangar) in Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS) near Al Zubara Road. Qatar, April 29, 2016
LinkSea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima, local name bangar) with fruits in Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS) near Al Zubara Road. Qatar, April 29, 2016
LinkFruits of sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima, local name bangar) in Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS) near Al Zubara Road. Qatar, April 29, 2016
LinkTerminal spikes of sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima, local name bangar) in Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS) near Al Zubara Road. Qatar, April 29, 2016
LinkGreen shoot of sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima, local name bangar) in Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS) near Al Zubara Road. Qatar, April 29, 2016
LinkClose up of fruits of sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima, local name bangar) in Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS) near Al Zubara Road. Qatar, April 29, 2016
LinkSea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima, local name bangar) taken from Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS) near Al Zubara Road. Qatar, April 29, 2016
LinkSea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima, local name bangar) with fruits taken from Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS) near Al Zubara Road. Qatar, April 29, 2016
LinkBranch of sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima, local name bangar) taken from Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS) near Al Zubara Road. Qatar, April 29, 2016

14. Bienertia cycloptera Bunge ex Boiss.

My notes: This form of B. is more succulent, has clustered fruits, and grows in sand relatively far from water. Could be the same species as B. sinuspersici.

LinkFlowers or fruits of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkDying plant of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkMasses of flowers of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkButton like fruits of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkMasses of fruits of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkFruits(?) of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkSeeds(?) of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkButton like fruits of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkDying plant of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkMasses of flowers or fruits of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkDying twig of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkAlmost dry plant of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkPlant of Bienertia cycloptera on roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkPlant of Bienertia cycloptera emerging from sand near Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkLarge plant of Bienertia cycloptera on roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkBienertia cycloptera with fruits taken from roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkPink young plant of Bienertia cycloptera taken from roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkPink young plant of Bienertia cycloptera with small fruits of flowers taken from roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkBienertia cycloptera in sand on roadside in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, April 25, 2015
LinkPlant of Bienertia cycloptera on roadside in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, April 25, 2015
LinkShoot of Bienertia cycloptera taken from roadside in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, April 25, 2015
LinkHalf dry salt tolerant plant of Bienertia cycloptera on roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkBlue leaves of Bienertia cycloptera on roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkAlmost dry plant of Bienertia cycloptera on roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkPlant of Bienertia cycloptera in a roadside gully of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, November 27, 2015
LinkPlant of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, June 10, 2016
LinkPlant of Bienertia cycloptera near Salwa Road on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, June 10, 2016

15. Bienertia sinuspersici Akhani

My notes: This form of B. grows on beaches few meters from water line and has relatively small leaves. It has prostrate shape. Could be the only species of B.

LinkSalt tolerant plant Bienertia sinuspersici(?) on a beach north from Umm Bab. Western Qatar, April 4, 2014
LinkClose up of a salt tolerant plant Bienertia sinuspersici(?) on a beach north from Umm Bab. Western Qatar, April 4, 2014
LinkShoot of Bienertia sinuspersici near village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkBienertia sinuspersici with flower buds near village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkBienertia sinuspersici with seeds on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkButton like fruits of Bienertia sinuspersici on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkSeeds of Bienertia sinuspersici on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkSeedling of Bienertia sinuspersici on a beach near Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkPlant of Bienertia sinuspersici on a beach near Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkPlant of Bienertia sinuspersici in sand on a beach near Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkShoot of Bienertia sinuspersici on a beach near Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkBienertia sinuspersici emerging from sand on a beach near Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkSalt tolerant plant of Bienertia sinuspersici on a beach near Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkYoung plant of Bienertia sinuspersici in sand on a beach near Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkPlant of Bienertia sinuspersici at sunrise near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkPlant of Bienertia sinuspersici near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkPlant of Bienertia sinuspersici in sand near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkShoot of Bienertia sinuspersici near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkClose up of Bienertia sinuspersici near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkFlower buds of Bienertia sinuspersici near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkShoots of Bienertia sinuspersici at morning near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkYoung plants of Bienertia sinuspersici near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkHabitat of Bienertia sinuspersici plants near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 14, 2015
LinkYellowish branches of Bienertia sinuspersici plant near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 14, 2015
LinkClose up of Bienertia sinuspersici plant with fruits near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 14, 2015
LinkBranch of Bienertia sinuspersici plant with fruits near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 14, 2015
LinkTwigs of Bienertia sinuspersici plant with fruits near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 14, 2015
LinkBienertia sinuspersici plant with fruits near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 14, 2015
LinkClose up of fruits of Bienertia sinuspersici plant taken from a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 14, 2015
LinkClose up of twigs of Bienertia sinuspersici plant with fruits taken from a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 14, 2015
LinkFall colors of shoots of Bienertia sinuspersici plant with fruits on a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 28, 2015
LinkFruits of Bienertia sinuspersici plant on a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 28, 2015
LinkFruits of Bienertia sinuspersici plant on sand on a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 28, 2015
LinkGreen fruits of Bienertia sinuspersici plant on a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 28, 2015
LinkBlackened fruits of Bienertia sinuspersici on the ground near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkBienertia sinuspersici on a beach near Fuwairit. Qatar, June 4, 2016
LinkA beach with plants of Bienertia sinuspersici near Fuwairit. Qatar, June 4, 2016
LinkSalt tolerant plant of Bienertia sinuspersici on a beach near Fuwairit. Qatar, June 4, 2016
LinkLarge plant of Bienertia sinuspersici on a beach in area of Sabkhat Baja Al Jarajeer north from Zekreet in Ras Abrouq Peninsula. Qatar, June 24, 2016
LinkPlants of Bienertia sinuspersici on a beach in northern part of Ras Abrouq Peninsula, north from Zekreet. Qatar, June 24, 2016
LinkA beach overgrown by plants of Bienertia sinuspersici in northern part of Ras Abrouq Peninsula, north from Zekreet. Qatar, June 24, 2016
LinkPlants of Bienertia sinuspersici at the entrance of Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, June 25, 2016
LinkBluish plant of Bienertia sinuspersici at the entrance of Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, June 25, 2016

16. Chenopodium album L.

(Anserina candidans, Atriplex alba, Atriplex viridis, Blitum viride, Botrys alba, Botrys pagana, Chenopodium agreste, Chenopodium bernburgense, Chenopodium bicolor, Chenopodium borbasiforme, Chenopodium borbasii, Chenopodium browneanum, Chenopodium candicans, Chenopodium catenulatum, Chenopodium concatenatum, Chenopodium diversifolium, Chenopodium elatum, Chenopodium glomerulosum, Chenopodium laciniatum, Chenopodium lanceolatum, Chenopodium leiospermum, Chenopodium lobatum, Chenopodium missouriense, Chenopodium neglectum, Chenopodium neoalbum, Chenopodium opulaceum, Chenopodium ovalifolium, Chenopodium paganum, Chenopodium paucidentatum, Chenopodium pedunculare, Chenopodium probstii, Chenopodium pseudoborbasii, Chenopodium riparium, Chenopodium serotinum, Chenopodium subaphyllum, Chenopodium superalbum, Chenopodium viride, Chenopodium viridescens, Chenopodium vulgare, Chenopodium vulpinum, Chenopodium zobelii, Chenopodium zobelli, Chenopodium × borbasioides, Chenopodium × densifoliatum)

Common names: lamb's quarters, melde, goosefoot, fat-hen, Shawlah

Extract from Wikipedia article: Chenopodium album is a fast-growing weedy annual plant in the genus Chenopodium.

LinkLamb's quarters (Chenopodium album) grown as weed on Al Maha Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016
LinkClose up of Lamb's quarters (Chenopodium album) grown as weed on Al Maha Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016
LinkLamb's quarters (Chenopodium album) on white background taken from Al Maha Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016
LinkPlant of Lamb's quarters (Chenopodium album) with flowers taken from Al Maha Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016
LinkLamb's quarters (Chenopodium album) with flowers taken from Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 17, 2016
LinkLamb's quarters (Chenopodium album) taken from Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 17, 2016
LinkLamb's quarters (Chenopodium album) on white background taken from Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 17, 2016

17. Chenopodium murale L.

(Chenopodium congestum)

Common names: Khaisa, Nettle-leaf Goosefoot, sowbane, samghat reeh, kheisa, Khaisa

LinkNettle-leaf goosefoot (Chenopodium murale) on a roadside of Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 17, 2014
LinkNettle-leaf goosefoot (Chenopodium murale) with seeds near Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 5, 2014
LinkNettle-leaf goosefoot (Chenopodium murale)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkFat green grasshopper on a leaf of Chenopodium murale on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkNettle-leaf goosefoot (Chenopodium murale)(?) with flowers on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkNettle-leaf goosefoot (Chenopodium murale) with fruits taken from pavement near extension of Al Kharais Street behind gas station on Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2015

18. Cornulaca aucheri Moq.

(Cornulaca leucacantha)

Common names: thalj, hadh

LinkBrownish plant Cornulaca aucheri(?) (local name thalj) at the foot of a sand dune near Harrarah, west from Mesayeed, south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 19, 2013
LinkCornulaca aucheri(?) on a roadside of Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkCornulaca aucheri(?) taken from a roadside of Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkClose up of Cornulaca aucheri(?) taken from a roadside of Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkCornulaca aucheri (local name thalj) south from Abu Nahlah. Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkThorns of Cornulaca aucheri (local name thalj) south from Abu Nahlah. Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkCornulaca aucheri with seeds of other plants south from Abu Nahlah. Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkCornulaca aucheri (local name thalj) near a sand dune south from Abu Nahlah. Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkDetails of Cornulaca aucheri (local name thalj) near a sand dune south from Abu Nahlah. Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkCornulaca aucheri (local name thalj) in area of a sand dunes south from Abu Nahlah. Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkBush of Cornulaca aucheri near Al Markhiya Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 7, 2014
LinkCornulaca aucheri on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkShoot of Cornulaca aucheri taken from a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkCornulaca aucheri on dark background taken from a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkPlant of Cornulaca aucheri on a beach near Abu Samra. Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkThorny plant of Cornulaca aucheri taken from a beach near Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkClose up of tiny flowers of Cornulaca aucheri taken from a beach near Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkBrownish plant Cornulaca aucheri in windblown sand in Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, March 27, 2015
LinkCornulaca aucheri in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkCornulaca aucheri in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkTumbleweed (dry mature plants of Cornulaca aucheri) on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 25, 2015
LinkPlant of Cornulaca aucheri Taken from Fuwairit. Qatar, March 19, 2016
LinkCornulaca aucheri (local name thalj) on a gravel plane in Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, April 23, 2016
LinkCornulaca aucheri (local name thalj) at the foot of Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, June 4, 2016

19. Cornulaca monacantha Delile

Common names: had, djouri, sallj, thalj, thallaj

Extract from Wikipedia article: Cornulaca monacantha is a species of flowering plant in the genus Cornulaca, that is now included in the family Amaranthaceae, (formerly Chenopodiaceae). It is a desert plant found in the Middle East and the Sahara, and the southern end of its range is considered to delineate the edge of the desert. In Arabic it is known as had and djouri, and the Tuareg people call it tahara. It was first described in 1813 by the French botanist Alire Raffeneau Delile.

LinkCornulaca monacantha (local names thalj, thallaj) in sand dunes near Inland Sea Road. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkBush of Cornulaca monacantha (local names thalj, thallaj) in sand dunes near Inland Sea Road. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkBlooming Cornulaca monacantha(?) in sand dunes near Inland Sea Road. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkDesert plant Cornulaca monacantha (local names thalj, thallaj) in sand dunes near Inland Sea Road. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkBlooming Cornulaca monacantha(?) on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkCornulaca monacantha taken from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkClose up of Cornulaca monacantha taken from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkOld bush of Cornulaca monacantha in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkCornulaca monacantha with sand ripples on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkCornulaca monacantha in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkCornulaca monacantha on stony ground on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkCornulaca monacantha in sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkCornulaca monacantha(?) in sand mound on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkCornulaca monacantha in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkSmall bush of Cornulaca monacantha (local names thalj, thallaj) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkDesert plant Cornulaca monacantha (local names thalj, thallaj) in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkCornulaca monacantha (local names thalj, thallaj) on roadside in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, June 10, 2016
LinkCornulaca monacantha (local names thalj, thallaj) in windblown sand on roadside in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, June 10, 2016

20. Digera muricata (L.) Mart.

(Achyranthes alternifolia, Achyranthes ciliata, Achyranthes digera, Achyranthes muricata, Achyranthes polygonoides, Amaranthus arvensis, Amaranthus frutescens, Celosia muricata, Chamissoa arabica, Chamissoa ciliata, Chamissoa commutata, Chamissoa muricata, Cladostachys alternifolia, Cladostachys arborescens, Cladostachys muricata, Desmochaeta alternifolia, Desmochaeta ciliata, Desmochaeta muricata, Digera alternifolia, Digera arvensis, Digera ciliata, Digera forsskaolii, Digera frutescens, Eclotoripa annua, Eclotoripa fruticosa)

Common names: false amaranth

LinkFalse amaranth (Digera muricata) on periphery of a small field of alfalfa in Harrarah settlement. Southern Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkFlowers of false amaranth (Digera muricata) on periphery of a small field of alfalfa in Harrarah settlement. Southern Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkBlooming false amaranth (Digera muricata) on periphery of a small field of alfalfa in Harrarah settlement. Southern Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkFlower spike of false amaranth (Digera muricata) on periphery of a small field of alfalfa in Harrarah settlement. Southern Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkFlowers and leaves of false amaranth (Digera muricata) on periphery of a small field of alfalfa in Harrarah settlement. Southern Qatar, October 30, 2015

21. Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants

(Chenopodium ambrosioides, Chenopodium integrifolium, Chenopodium opulifolium, Chenopodium suffruticosum, Teloxys ambrosioides)

Common names: Epazote, wormseed, Jesuits tea, Mexican tea, Paico

My notes: Mostly grows in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms, but in one instance it was found on roadside of Salwa Highway.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Epazote, wormseed, Jesuit's tea, Mexican tea, Paico or Herba Sancti Mariæ (Dysphania ambrosioides, formerly Chenopodium ambrosioides) is an herb native to Central America, South America, and southern Mexico.

LinkEpazote (wormseed, Dysphania ambrosioides) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. South-western Qatar, March 29, 2014
LinkWormseed (Dysphania ambrosioides, Chenopodium ambrosioides)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkWormseed (Dysphania ambrosioides, Chenopodium ambrosioides) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkSome species of Chenopodium with small leaves (Dysphania ambrosioides)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkBranch of Wormseed (Dysphania ambrosioides, Chenopodium ambrosioides) with seeds taken from Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. Qatar, January 16, 2015
LinkYoung plants of wormseed (Dysphania ambrosioides, Chenopodium ambrosioides) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkLeaves of wormseed (Dysphania ambrosioides, Chenopodium ambrosioides) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkFlowers of wormseed (Dysphania ambrosioides, Chenopodium ambrosioides) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkEpazote (wormseed, Dysphania ambrosioides, Chenopodium ambrosioides) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkWormseed (Dysphania ambrosioides, Chenopodium ambrosioides) in a roadside depression near Salwa Road. Qatar, April 22, 2016

22. Gomphrena globosa L.

(Amaranthoides globosa, Amaranthoides globosus, Gomphrena eriopoda, Gomphrena rubra, Gomphrena tumida, Xeraea globosa)

Common names: globe amaranth, bachelor button

My notes: Ornamental plant.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Gomphrena globosa, commonly known as globe amaranth or bachelor button, is an annual plant that grows up to 24 inches in height. The true species has magenta bracts, and cultivars have colors such as purple, red, white, pink, and lilac.

LinkGlobe amaranth (Gomphrena globosa) planted in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, August 22, 2015

23. Halocnemum strobilaceum (Pall.) M. Bieb.

(Halopeplis perfoliata, Halostachys perfoliata, Salicornia perfoliata, Salicornia strobilacea)

Common names: hamd, Sabat, jointed glasswort

LinkSalt marsh overgrown mostly with jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, February 25, 2011
LinkSalt tolerant plant Halocnemum strobilaceum on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant plant Halocnemum strobilaceum on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 19, 2014
LinkPlant of Halocnemum strobilaceum in salt marsh on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkClose up of Halocnemum strobilaceum near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkHalocnemum strobilaceum taken from area of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkJointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 9, 2014
LinkJointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkMat of jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkMat of Halocnemum strobilaceum on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant plant of Halocnemum strobilaceum on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkMats of jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkJointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkJointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) turning yellow in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkYellow shoots of jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkJointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkTwig of jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkBrownish shoots of jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkJointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkShoot of jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkBranches of jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) in sand on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkJointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) forming sand mounds in Luwaima and Ras Al Qawar north from Al Thakhira. Qatar, June 18, 2016
LinkJointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) in windblown sand in Luwaima and Ras Al Qawar north from Al Thakhira. Qatar, June 18, 2016
LinkSalt marsh in Luwaima and Ras Al Qawar covered by plants of jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) north from Al Thakhira. Qatar, June 18, 2016
LinkMounds of jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) on salt marsh in Luwaima and Ras Al Qawar north from Al Thakhira. Qatar, June 18, 2016

24. Halopeplis perfoliata (Forssk.) Bunge ex Ung.-Sternb.

(Halostachys perfoliata, Salicornia perfoliata)

Common names: Al Kheriza beach plant, string of beads, khureiza, inab al bahr, Khurreyz

LinkSucculent leaves of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, February 19, 2010
LinkCoastal halophyte Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads ) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 1, 2010
LinkLeaves of coastal halophyte Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads ) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 1, 2010
LinkCoastal halophyte Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads ) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 4, 2011
LinkClose up of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads ) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 4, 2011
LinkRed succulent leaves of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads ) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 4, 2011
LinkColony of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads ) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 4, 2011
LinkBushes of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) in Safliya Island near Doha. Qatar, April 3, 2013
LinkAl Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) in Safliya Island near Doha. Qatar, April 3, 2013
LinkCoastal halophyte Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads) on Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkCoastal halophyte Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads) on a beach of Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkAl Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) taken from area of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkClose up of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) taken from area of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkAl Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkTwig of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) with minute flowers on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkBack lit blooming Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkYoung Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkClose up of leaves of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkBush of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkBush of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkAl Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkClose up of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkAl Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkBlooming Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads) on a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 28, 2015
LinkRed leaves of a half dry Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads) on a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 28, 2015
LinkBurgundy red fall color of coastal halophyte Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkFall foliage of coastal halophyte Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015

25. Haloxylon persicum Bunge

(Anabasis saxaul, Arthrophytum acutifolium, Arthrophytum ammodendron, Arthrophytum arborescens, Arthrophytum persicum)

Common names: white saxaul

Extract from Wikipedia article: Haloxylon persicum, the white saxaul, is a small tree belonging to the family Amaranthaceae. Its range is Western Asia, including Israel, Jordan, Egypt, Sinai, South Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Oman, UAE, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, to Central Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, etc.), and China (Xinjiang etc.).

LinkBranches of white saxaul (Haloxylon persicum) planted vegetatively from a locally found tree in Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS, or Qatar University Farm) near Al Zubara Road. Qatar, April 20, 2016
LinkWhite saxaul (Haloxylon persicum) planted vegetatively from a locally found tree in Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS, or Qatar University Farm) near Al Zubara Road. Qatar, April 20, 2016
LinkTrees of white saxaul (Haloxylon persicum) planted vegetatively from a locally found tree in Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS, or Qatar University Farm) near Al Zubara Road. Qatar, April 20, 2016

26. Haloxylon salicornicum (Moq.) Bunge ex Boiss.

(Caroxylon salicornicum, Haloxylon articulatum, Haloxylon schweinfurthii, Hammada salicornica)

Common names: Hammada elegance, remith, hamd

LinkHaloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) growing on layers of gypsum crystals (selenite) in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh in south-western Qatar, February 7, 2014
LinkHaloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance local names remith, hamd) on sand in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh in south-western Qatar, February 7, 2014
LinkWinged fruits of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) on roadside of a road to Zubara. Northern Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkHaloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkHaloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) on sand mound on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkTwig of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) taken from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkHaloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkHaloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) with bird-beak-shaped galls (flower galls) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkLarge bush of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkColorful fruit-like galls (flower, or bird-beak-shaped galls) on Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) taken from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkTwig of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) with flower galls (bird-beak-shaped galls) taken from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkHaloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) with tiny yellow flowers and a bird-beak-shaped galls near chalk cliffs near Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkHaloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) in windblown sand at sunrise on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, November 27, 2015
LinkWinged fruits of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) taken from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, November 27, 2015
LinkWinged fruits of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) on roadside of a road to Zubara near Al Majda. Qatar, November 28, 2015
LinkDry bush of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkBrown branch of Haloxylon salicornicum taken from Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkParasitic plant Desert Hyacinth (Cistanche tubulosa) with a host plant Haloxylon salicornicum in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkShoot of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkBush of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance local names remith, hamd) on the slope of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkPinkish bush of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) on a limestone plane in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkSand mound with a plant of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkPurple tinged plant of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 8, 2016
LinkHanging plant of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 8, 2016
LinkBranch of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) with flower galls (bird-beak-shaped galls) taken from a roadside of Salwa Highway. Southern Qatar, April 8, 2016
LinkProstrate bush of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 29, 2016
LinkBush of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) on limestone rocks in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, June 25, 2016

27. Salicornia europaea L.

(Salicornia annua, Salicornia appressa, Salicornia biennis, Salicornia herbacea, Salicornia obscura, Salicornia patula)

Common names: glasswort

Extract from Wikipedia article: Salicornia europaea , known as common glasswort or just glasswort, is a halophytic annual dicot which grows in various zones of intertidal salt marshes. The ashes of glasswort and saltwort plants and of kelp were long used as a source of soda ash (mainly sodium carbonate) for glassmaking and soapmaking. The introduction of the LeBlanc process for the industrial production of soda ash superseded the use of plant sources in the first half of the 19th century.

LinkGlasswort (Salicornia europaea) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salicornia europaea) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 9, 2014
LinkFall colors of glasswort Salicornia europaea in salt marsh, view from causeway to Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkFall colors of glasswort Salicornia europaea in salt marsh near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkReddish plant of glasswort Salicornia europaea on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkInundated reddish plants of glasswort Salicornia europaea on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salicornia europaea) taken from Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 29, 2015
LinkRed foliage of glasswort (Salicornia europaea) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkGlasswort (Salicornia europaea) on a beach near Fuwairit. Qatar, June 4, 2016

28. Salsola collina Pall.

(Salsola chinensis, Salsola kali)

Common names: slender saltwort, slender Russian thistle

LinkStalk of tumbleweed (slender saltwort, slender Russian thistle, Salsola collina(?)) in Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS) near Al Zubara Road. Qatar, April 29, 2016
LinkShoot of tumbleweed (slender saltwort, slender Russian thistle, Salsola collina(?)) in Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS) near Al Zubara Road. Qatar, April 29, 2016
LinkBranch of tumbleweed (slender saltwort, slender Russian thistle, Salsola collina(?)) taken from Rawdat Al Faras Research Station (RAFRS) near Al Zubara Road. Qatar, April 29, 2016

29. Salsola cyclophylla Baker

Common names: hamd

LinkSalsola cyclophylla(?) in desert near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkGreen stink bugs on Salsola cyclophylla on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 8, 2014
LinkTwig of Salsola cyclophylla taken from Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 8, 2014
LinkWinged seeds of Salsola cyclophylla on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkPink winged fruits on a twig of Salsola cyclophylla on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkPink winged fruits of Salsola cyclophylla on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkWinged fruits of Salsola cyclophylla on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkTwig of Salsola cyclophylla with winged fruits on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkPink winged fruits of Salsola cyclophylla on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkWinged fruits on a bush of Salsola cyclophylla on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkPlant of Salsola cyclophylla on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2015
LinkSalsola cyclophylla in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkBush of Salsola cyclophylla on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkPlant of Salsola cyclophylla on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkLarge bush of Salsola cyclophylla in area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) water well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkLarge plant of Salsola cyclophylla in area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) water well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkSalsola cyclophylla with minute yellow flowers near chalk cliffs near Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkSalsola cyclophylla with tiny yellow flowers near chalk cliffs near Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkSalsola cyclophylla with pink winged fruits taken from northern Dukhan. Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkPlant of Salsola cyclophylla in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkSalsola cyclophylla on an edge of a stone plateau in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkShoots of Salsola cyclophylla in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkLeaves of Salsola cyclophylla on the slope of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkSalsola cyclophylla in a roadside depression near Salwa Road. Qatar, April 22, 2016
LinkSalsola cyclophylla on roadside in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, June 10, 2016
LinkBush of Salsola cyclophylla on limestone rocks in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, June 25, 2016

30. Salsola drummondii Ulbr.

(Salsola obpyrifolia)

Common names: round leafed Rothe

My notes: Young plants may have clavate leaves. Later, leaves become pear-shaped.

LinkFruits of Salsola drummondii(?) in oasis in front of Film City in Ras Abrouq peninsula in west central coastal area, north from Zekreet. Qatar, November 14, 2014
LinkBlooming bush of Salsola drummondii on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant plant of Salsola drummondii on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkClose up of a twig of Salsola drummondii on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkLeaves of Salsola drummondii on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkPlant of Salsola drummondii growing on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkWinged fruits of Salsola drummondii on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkBlooming plant of Salsola drummondii on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkBushes of Salsola drummondii in sand on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant plant of Salsola drummondii on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkClose up of leaves of Salsola drummondii taken from a beach in Abu Samra. Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkSalsola drummondii in a deep roadside depression of Salwa Road near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkYoung shoot of Salsola drummondii with pear-shaped leaves taken from a beach near Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkShoots of Salsola drummondii with pear and short-club-shaped leaves in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkSalsola drummondii in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkBush of Salsola drummondii with club-shaped variation of leaves in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkYoung plant of Salsola drummondii with clavate and club-shaped variation of leaves in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkSalsola drummondii with clavate and cylindrical shaped variation of leaves in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkSalsola drummondii in sand mound on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkYoung bush of Salsola drummondii with club-shaped leaves in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkTwig of Salsola drummondii with clavate and club-shaped variation of leaves taken from roadside in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, April 25, 2015
LinkClose up of Salsola drummondii with clavate and club-shaped leaves taken from roadside in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, April 25, 2015
LinkClose up of Salsola drummondii with clavate and club-shaped variation of leaves on dark background taken from roadside in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, April 25, 2015
LinkTwig of Salsola drummondii with clavate and club-shaped leaves on dark background taken from roadside in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, April 25, 2015
LinkSalsola drummondii on roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Southern Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkShoots of Salsola drummondii on roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Southern Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkTwig Salsola drummondii on roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Southern Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkSalsola drummondii taken from roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkClose up of Salsola drummondii taken from roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkTwigs of Salsola drummondii taken from roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkBranch of Salsola drummondii taken from roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkSalt tolerant bush of Salsola drummondii on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkYoung plant of Salsola drummondii on roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkSalt tolerant plant of Salsola drummondii in windblown sand on roadside of Dukhan Road. Qatar, October 31, 2015
LinkClose up of shoot of Salsola drummondii taken from roadside of Salwa Road near Abu Samra. Qatar, November 27, 2015
LinkYoung plant of Salsola drummondii on roadside in Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkYoung plant of Salsola drummondii taken from roadside in Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkYoung plant of Salsola drummondii in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBush of Salsola drummondii in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkPlant of Salsola drummondii on roadside of Dukhan Highway west from Khawzan. Qatar, June 24, 2016

31. Salsola imbricata Forssk.

(Salsola foetida)

Common names: khereit, hamd zeohyr

LinkSaltwort (Salsola imbricata) with a winged fruit east from Arch (Rainbow) Roundabout. Doha, Qatar, April 9, 2011
LinkSalt tolerant plant Salsola imbricata found near near Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, May 10, 2013
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant plant Salsola imbricata in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkBack lit salt tolerant plant Salsola imbricata in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) at sunrise in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) taken from empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay at sunrise. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 28, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) on dry soil north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 28, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) on sidewalk of Meshrif Street near West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 11, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) taken from salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 21, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) on salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 23, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) with fluffy growth caused by gall midges (gall gnats, Cecidomyidae) in a village of Al Mashrab in area of Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, October 6, 2014
LinkGlasswort Salsola imbricata with clumps of white hair caused by gall midges (gall gnats, Cecidomyidae) in a village of Al Mashrab in area of Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, October 6, 2014
LinkClumps of white hair by gall midges (gall gnats, Cecidomyidae) of glasswort Salsola imbricata taken from a village of Al Mashrab in area of Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, October 6, 2014
LinkWinged fruits of saltwort (Salsola imbricata) in a village of Al Mashrab in area of Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, October 18, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) on wasteland near Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, October 20, 2014
LinkWinged seeds of glasswort (Salsola imbricata) taken from wasteland near Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, October 20, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) with fluffy growth caused by gall midges (gall gnats, Cecidomyidae) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkClumps of white hair caused by gall midges (gall gnats, Cecidomyidae) on glasswort Salsola imbricata on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkSaltwort (Salsola imbricata) south from Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 20, 2015
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) taken from Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 29, 2015
LinkWoolly growth on glasswort (Salsola imbricata) caused by gall midges (gall gnats, Cecidomyidae) taken from Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 29, 2015
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) on roadside of Salwa Road near Mukaynis. Qatar, February 5, 2016
LinkShoots of glasswort (Salsola imbricata)(?) taken from a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 9, 2016
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata)(?) taken from a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 9, 2016
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata)(?) in dew on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkTwigs of Glasswort (Salsola imbricata)(?) on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkYoung plant of glasswort (Salsola imbricata)(?) taken from roadside in Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) taken from roadside of Salwa Road near Mukaynis. Qatar, May 27, 2016

32. Salsola soda L.

Common names: opposite-leaved saltwort, oppositeleaf Russian thistle, barilla plant, Suaeda heteroptera, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica, Suaeda maritima

My notes: According to a recent publication, it should be called Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Salsola soda, more commonly known in English as opposite-leaved saltwort, oppositeleaf Russian thistle, or barilla plant, is a small (to 0.7 m tall), annual, succulent shrub that is native to the Mediterranean Basin. It is a halophyte (a salt-tolerant plant) that typically grows in coastal regions and can be irrigated with salt water.

LinkRed seedlings of Salsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on littoral of Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkSalsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on sand of Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkPurple tinged plants of Salsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on sand of Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkReddish plants of Salsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on littoral of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 19, 2014
LinkClose up of Salsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 19, 2014
LinkPlant of Salsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 9, 2014
LinkSalsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) with flowers or seeds on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 8, 2014
LinkFall colors of Salsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkSeedlings of Salsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, February 14, 2015
LinkSalsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on littoral of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, August 29, 2015
LinkSalsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 28, 2016
LinkSalsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on foreground on a beach of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, June 18, 2016

33. Salsola vermiculata L.

(Salsola chaudharyi, Salsola damascena, Salsola flavescens, Salsola hispanica, Salsola mandavillei, Salsola palaestinica, Salsola rigida, Salsola rodinii, Salsola tamariscifolia, Salsola villosa)

Common names: hamd, Woolly bassia

My notes: This name is taken from a book "The flora of Qatar" by Ekhlas M. M. Abdel Bary (Qatar University, 2012), but J. N. calls it S. villosa.

LinkSaltwort (Salsola vermiculata(?), local name hamd) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkShoot of Salsola vermiculata (local name hamd) in Trainah gardens. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkSalsola vermiculata (local name hamd) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkSeedling of Salsola vermiculata (local name hamd) taken from area of ponds near the entrance of Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, November 13, 2015
LinkSalt tolerant plant Salsola vermiculata(?) on windblown sand on southern side of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016

34. Seidlitzia rosmarinus Ehrenb. ex Boiss.

Common names: Julman, Salsola rosmarinus, shenan, Suaeda rosmarinus

LinkSeidlitzia rosmarinus (Salsola rosmarinus, Suaeda rosmarinus, local names shenan, Julman) on dunes near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkBushes of Seidlitzia rosmarinus (Salsola rosmarinus, Suaeda rosmarinus, local names shenan, Julman) on sand mounds near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkSeidlitzia rosmarinus (local names shenan, julman) on a sand mound near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkClose up of Seidlitzia rosmarinus in sand near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkSeidlitzia rosmarinus growing in sand near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkSeidlitzia rosmarinus in sand near Mesaieed, with Sealine Beach Resort in background. Southern Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkSeidlitzia rosmarinus emerging from sand near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkSeidlitzia rosmarinus growing on sand mounds near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed, view to north-west. Southern Qatar, July 10, 2015
LinkSand mounds (habitat of Seidlitzia rosmarinus) near Mesaieed, with Sealine Beach Resort in background, view to south-east. Southern Qatar, July 10, 2015
LinkSeidlitzia rosmarinus in sand near Mesaieed, view to north-west. Southern Qatar, July 10, 2015
LinkSeidlitzia rosmarinus growing on a sand mound near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, August 28, 2015
LinkSand mounds with plants of Seidlitzia rosmarinus at sunrise near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, December 11, 2015
LinkWavy pattern of sand ripples and sand mounds with plants of Seidlitzia rosmarinus at sunrise near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, December 11, 2015
LinkWavy sand ripples and low mounds with plants of Seidlitzia rosmarinus at sunrise near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, December 11, 2015
LinkSand mounds with Seidlitzia rosmarinus plants south from Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, May 27, 2016

35. Suaeda aegyptiaca (Hasselq.) Zohary

(Chenopodium aegyptiacum, Schanginia aegyptiaca)

Common names: juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd, seablite, Egyptean sea blite, Suaeda baccata, Suaeda hortensis

Extract from Wikipedia article: Suaeda aegyptiaca is a species of plant in the family Amaranthaceae (formerly classified under the Chenopodiaceae), and salt-tolerant plant (halophytes) that grow naturally in salt-affected areas of Iran.

LinkSalt tolerant succulent plant Suaeda aegyptiaca on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant succulent plant Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) taken from a beach near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, Suaeda hortensis, Suaeda baccata, Schanginia aegyptiaca, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, Suaeda hortensis, Suaeda baccata, Schanginia aegyptiaca, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) growing in silt in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca(?) with seeds on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant plant Suaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, Suaeda hortensis, Suaeda baccata, Schanginia aegyptiaca, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, Suaeda hortensis, Suaeda baccata, Schanginia aegyptiaca, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, Suaeda hortensis, Suaeda baccata, Schanginia aegyptiaca, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) on roadside of a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms in northern Qatar, May 2, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) taken from salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 21, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca and salt tolerant plants growing on salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 23, 2014
LinkLarge bush of Suaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) on salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, September 5, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca with flowers near village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkDying plant of Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) taken from a village of Al Mashrab in area of Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, October 6, 2014
LinkFlowers or fruits on a plant of Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) taken from a village of Al Mashrab in area of Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, October 6, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca in bloom on wasteland near Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, October 20, 2014
LinkBlooming Suaeda aegyptiaca taken from wasteland near Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, October 20, 2014
LinkShoot of Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca(?) with small flowers on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkSeablite (Suaeda aegyptiaca(?)) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkThin leaved shoot of Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) taken from a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkThin leaved shoot of Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) with flowers taken from a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkThin leaved shoot of Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) grown in shade taken from a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkShoot of Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) on white background taken from a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkShoot of Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) on dark background taken from a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkLarge plant of Suaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkHalf dried brownish plant of Suaeda aegyptiaca on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, September 11, 2015
LinkPlant of Suaeda aegyptiaca near a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 30, 2016
LinkPlant of Suaeda aegyptiaca in sand south from Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 9, 2016
LinkSalt tolerant plant Suaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, Suaeda hortensis, Suaeda baccata, Schanginia aegyptiaca, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) in area of Ras Laffan Farms, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkSalt tolerant plant Suaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, Suaeda hortensis, Suaeda baccata, Schanginia aegyptiaca, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, June 10, 2016

36. Suaeda vermiculata Forssk. ex J. F. Gmel.

(Salsola mollis, Suaeda mollis, Suaeda monodiana)

Common names: Seablite, Suaeda friticosa, suwaid

LinkSeedling of Seablite (Suaeda vermiculata, local name suwaid) on a beach of Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkClose up of Seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) on sand of Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) at sunrise in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) taken from empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkClose up of a twig of Seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkSmall plant of Seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) among shells near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) taken from area of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkTiny flowers of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 9, 2014
LinkBig plant of Seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkYoung plant of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkYoung shoot of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkBush of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkSeedling of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkShoot of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) with fruits near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, February 6, 2015
LinkLarge bush of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, February 6, 2015
LinkSalt tolerant plant of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near a small water channel on roadside between Al Khor and Ras Luffan. Qatar, February 6, 2015
LinkTwig of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) with fruits near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, February 6, 2015
LinkClose up of a twig of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) with fruits near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, February 6, 2015
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, March 7, 2015
LinkFemale flowers of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkBlooming seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkBlooming plant of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkBush of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) on roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra in Southern Qatar, July 10, 2015
LinkBranch of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) on roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Southern Qatar, July 10, 2015
LinkClose up of round-leaf variety of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) taken from roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Qatar, July 10, 2015
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) with round leaf variation on roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) on a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 28, 2015
LinkHighly succulent form of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) in area of Ras Laffan farms. North-eastern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) in a roadside depression east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, March 19, 2016
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near sandstone cliffs on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, June 18, 2016
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) on roadside of Dukhan Highway west from Khawzan. Qatar, June 24, 2016

37. Traganum nudatum Delile

(Traganum acuminatum)

Common names: dumran

My notes: Grows in sand at foot of sandstone hills and on slopes of the hills.

LinkBush of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) on the slope of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkGrey bush of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) on the slope of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkTwig of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) on the slope of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkShoots of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) on the slope of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkGreyish bush of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) under limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkPlant of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) on the slope of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of fruits of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of a twig with fruits of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of shoots of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkSucculent leaves of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkLeaves of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkLower view of a bush of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) on sand dunes in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBush of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) on sand near small hills in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkUpper view of a bush of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) on sand dunes in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkTwigs and fruits of a plant Traganum nudatum taken from Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBranches of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) in sandy area below a hill in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 8, 2016
LinkGreyish bush of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) in sandy area below a hill in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 8, 2016
LinkGreyish bush of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) under limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 8, 2016
LinkBush of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) on a slope of a limestone hill in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 8, 2016
LinkTraganum nudatum (local name dumran) on the slope of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, May 20, 2016
LinkBranches of Traganum nudatum with leaves taken from Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, May 20, 2016
LinkAlmost dry bush of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) under limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, June 25, 2016
LinkBush of Traganum nudatum on limestone rocks in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, June 25, 2016

V. Anacardiaceae    Sumac Family 

1. Mangifera indica L.

(Mangifera amba, Mangifera anisodora, Mangifera austro-yunnanensis, Mangifera domestica, Mangifera gladiata, Mangifera integrifolia, Mangifera kukula, Mangifera laurina, Mangifera linnaei, Mangifera maritima, Mangifera montana, Mangifera racemosa, Mangifera rostrata, Mangifera rubra, Mangifera sativa, Mangifera viridis)

Common names: mango tree

Extract from Wikipedia article: Mangifera indica (Mangifera indica) is a species of mango in the Anacardiaceae family. It is found in the wild in India and cultivated varieties have been introduced to other warm regions of the world. It is the largest fruit-tree in the world, capable of a height of one-hundred feet and an average circumference of twelve to fourteen feet, sometimes reaching twenty. The species appears to have been domesticated in India at around 2000 BC. The species was brought to East Asia around 400-500 BCE from India; next, in the 15th century to the Philippines; and then, in the 16th century to Africa and Brazil by the Portuguese. The species was described for science by Linnaeus in 1753.

LinkDry rusty brown leaves and inflorescence of mango tree (Mangifera indica) on the ground near Al Muhandiseen Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 7, 2014
LinkGlossy leaves of mango tree (Mangifera indica)(?) in Dahl Al Hamam Park at Al Markhiya Street. Doha, Qatar, April 26, 2016
LinkLeaves of mango tree (Mangifera indica) in Dahl Al Hamam Park at Al Markhiya Street. Doha, Qatar, April 26, 2016
LinkMango tree (Mangifera indica)(?) with brownish leaves in Dahl Al Hamam Park at Al Markhiya Street. Doha, Qatar, May 3, 2016

VI. Annonaceae    Custard-Apple Family 

1. Polyalthia longifolia (Sonn.) Thwaites

(Guatteria longifolia, Unona longifolia, Uvaria altissima, Uvaria longifolia)

Common names: mast tree, ashoka tree, sorrowless tree

Extract from Wikipedia article: Polyalthia longifolia (False Ashoka) is a lofty evergreen tree, native to India, commonly planted due to its effectiveness in alleviating noise pollution. It exhibits symmetrical pyramidal growth with willowy weeping pendulous branches and long narrow lanceolate leaves with undulate margins. The tree is known to grow over 30 ft in height.

LinkWillowy weeping pendulous branches of mast tree (Polyalthia longifolia) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 3, 2015
LinkLong narrow lanceolate leaves with undulate margins of mast tree (Polyalthia longifolia) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 3, 2015
LinkWillowy weeping pendulous branches of mast tree (Polyalthia longifolia) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 1, 2015
LinkLong narrow lanceolate leaves of mast tree (Polyalthia longifolia) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 1, 2015

VII. Apiaceae    Carrot Family 

1. Anethum graveolens L.

(Anethum sowa, Ferula marathrophylla, Peucedanum anethum, Peucedanum graveolens, Peucedanum sowa)

Common names: Dill, ein jarada, shabat

My notes: Difficult to distinguish it from Foeniculum vulgare.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Dill (Anethum graveolens) is an annual herb in the celery family Apiaceae. It is the sole species of the genus Anethum.

LinkDill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkSeeds of dill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkDill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) on roadside of Al Shamal Road. Northern Qatar, April 3, 2014
LinkSeeds of dill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) on roadside of Al Shamal Road. Northern Qatar, April 3, 2014
LinkParasols of dill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) on roadside of Al Shamal Road. Northern Qatar, April 3, 2014
LinkDill (Anethum graveolens) taken from Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkDill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) on the periphery of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkFlowers of dill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) on the periphery of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkDill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) taken from Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkFlower of dill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) taken from Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkDried dill seeds (Suva, Anethum graveolens) in spice section in Souq Waqif (Old Market). Doha, Qatar, September 11, 2015

2. Apium graveolens L.

(Apium celleri, Apium decumbens, Apium integrilobum, Apium lobatum, Apium lusitanicum, Apium maritimum, Apium napaceum, Apium rapaceum, Apium vulgare, Celeri graveolens, Helosciadium ruta, Helosciadium rutaceum, Seseli graveolens, Sison ruta, Sison trifidum, Smyrnium laterale)

Common names: celery

My notes: Probably grown from a discarded celery root.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Celery (Apium graveolens var. dulce) is a plant variety in the family Apiaceae, commonly used as a vegetable.

LinkCelery seeds (Apium graveolens) or may be Ajwain for sale in spice section in Souq Waqif (Old Market). Doha, Qatar, December 23, 2014
LinkCelery (Apium graveolens) on Al Khair Street in Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, May 10, 2015
LinkLeaf of celery (Apium graveolens) on white background taken from Al Khair Street in Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, May 10, 2015
LinkLeaf of celery (Apium graveolens) on dark background taken from Al Khair Street in Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, May 10, 2015

3. Bupleurum semicompositum L.

(Bunium semicompositum, Bupleurum glaucum)

Common names: Grey Hare Ear

My notes: Was recognized on a picture showing flowers of Helianthemum.

LinkHelianthemum kahiricum on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit, with ribbed fruits on a small plant of Grey Hare's Ear (Bupleurum semicompositum) in background. Northern Qatar, March 20, 2015

4. Coriandrum sativum L.

(Cuminum cyminum, Selinum coriandrum)

Common names: coriander, cilantro, Chinese parsley, dhania

Extract from Wikipedia article: Coriander (UK /ˌkɒrɪˈændə/; US /ˈkɔːriˌændər/ or /ˌkɔːriˈændər/; Coriandrum sativum), also known as cilantro (/sɪˈlɑːntroʊ/), Chinese parsley or dhania, is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae. Coriander is native to regions spanning from southern Europe and North Africa to southwestern Asia. It is a soft plant growing to 50 cm (20 in) tall. The leaves are variable in shape, broadly lobed at the base of the plant, and slender and feathery higher on the flowering stems. The flowers are borne in small umbels, white or very pale pink, asymmetrical, with the petals pointing away from the centre of the umbel longer (5–6 mm or 0.20–0.24 in) than those pointing toward it (only 1–3 mm or 0.039–0.118 in long). The fruit is a globular, dry schizocarp 3–5 mm (0.12–0.20 in) in diameter. Although sometimes eaten alone, the seeds are often used as a spice or an added ingredient in other foods.

LinkCoriander (Coriandrum sativum) in a roadside vegetable garden near Harrarah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkCoriander (Coriandrum sativum) taken from Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkCoriander (Coriandrum sativum) with white background taken from Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkCoriander (Coriandrum sativum) on Al Maha Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016
LinkClose up of flowers of coriander (Coriandrum sativum) on Al Maha Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016
LinkBlooming coriander (Coriandrum sativum) on Al Maha Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016

5. Daucus carota L.

(Carota sylvestris, Caucalis carnosa, Caucalis carota, Caucalis daucus, Daucus alatus, Daucus allionii, Daucus australis, Daucus blanchei, Daucus brevicaulis, Daucus communis, Daucus dentatus, Daucus esculentus, Daucus exiguus, Daucus glaber, Daucus heterophylus, Daucus kotovii, Daucus levis, Daucus marcidus, Daucus maritimus, Daucus montanus, Daucus neglectus, Daucus nudicaulis, Daucus officinalis, Daucus polygamus, Daucus scariosus, Daucus sciadophylus, Daucus strigosus, Daucus sylvestris, Daucus vulgaris)

Common names: carrot

My notes: It may be something different.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Daucus carota, whose common names include wild carrot, bird's nest, bishop's lace, and Queen Anne's lace (North America), is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to temperate regions of Europe and southwest Asia, and naturalized to North America and Australia.

LinkCarrot plant (Daucus carota)(?) found behind Landmark Supermarket. Doha, Qatar, February 3, 2016

6. Foeniculum vulgare Mill.

(Anethum foeniculum, Anethum panmori, Anethum panmorium, Foeniculum capillaceum, Foeniculum foeniculum, Foeniculum officinale, Foeniculum panmorium, Ligusticum foeniculum, Meum foeniculum, Ozodia foeniculacea, Selinum foeniculum, Seseli foeniculum, Tenoria romana)

Common names: shamar, fennel

My notes: In comparison with Anethum graveolens, it is larger and has many stalks.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks.

LinkFennel seeds from India (Foeniculum vulgare) for sale in spice section in Souq Waqif (Old Market). Doha, Qatar, December 23, 2014
LinkFennel (Foeniculum vulgare)(?) in a garden in Al Harrarah. Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkFlowers of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)(?) in a garden in Al Harrarah. Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkGlobular plant of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) in a kitchen garden in Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, April 23, 2016
LinkFlowers of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) in a kitchen garden in Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, April 23, 2016

VIII. Apocynaceae    Dogbane Family 

1. Calotropis procera

Common names: Asclepias procera, Sodom's Apple, Giant Milkweed, mudar, osher, stabragh, ushar, ushaar

My notes: Found only in Doha.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Calotropis procera (known by the common names apple of Sodom, Sodom apple, mudar, or osher or stabragh) is a species of flowering plant in the dogbane family, Apocynaceae, that is native to North Africa, Tropical Africa, Western Asia, South Asia, and Indochina. It is commonly known as apple of Sodom, a name derived from the Hebrew Tapuah Sdom. The green globes are hollow but the flesh contains a toxic milky sap that is extremely bitter and turns into a gluey coating resistant to soap.

LinkFlowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) growing near entrance of Dar Al Salam Compound. Doha, Qatar, February 25, 2012
LinkHoney bee on a flower of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkBee on opening flower of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkDense multiflowered inflorescence (umbellate cyme arising from the nodes and appearing axillary or terminal) of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkDense multiflowered inflorescence of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkBlooming branch with fruits (fleshy, inflated, subglobose follicle) of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkPentamerous flowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkSide lit flowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) taken from a plant growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkClose up of a flower of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar), with 5-lobed calyx, taken from a plant growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkInflorescence of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) taken from a plant growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkDehisced seedpod (follicle) releasing seeds (silky white pappus) of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2012
LinkAphids on flower buds of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 5, 2013
LinkBee flying from a flower of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 5, 2013
LinkInflorescence of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 5, 2013
LinkFlowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkLadybug eating aphids on Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkHoney bee on Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkHoney bee on a flower of on Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkOpening flowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkHoney bee on a pistil of a flower of on Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkClose up of honey bee on a pistil of a flower of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkFlowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) with a hovering bee in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkFlower of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) with a sitting bee in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkLadybug with half dead aphids on Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) near stone fence of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 26, 2013
LinkTwo ladybugs on a leaf of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) near stone fence of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 26, 2013
LinkHoney bee on a flower of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) near stone fence of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 26, 2013
LinkDehisced seedpod (follicle) releasing seeds (silky white pappus) of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) near stone fence of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 26, 2013
LinkAlleyway near Umm Wishah Street with Sodom Apple tree (Calotropis procera), Musheirib area. Doha, Qatar, May 24, 2013
LinkOld wooden door with a bush of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) at Hadramout Street, Al Doha Al Jadeeda area. Doha, Qatar, June 1, 2013
LinkFlowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) between Dar Al Salam Compound and Haloul Street in Abu Hamour. Doha, Qatar, June 27, 2013
LinkClose up of flowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) between Dar Al Salam Compound and Haloul Street in Abu Hamour. Doha, Qatar, June 27, 2013
LinkMilkweed bugs on flowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) between Dar Al Salam Compound and Haloul Street in Abu Hamour. Doha, Qatar, June 27, 2013
LinkFlowers and fruits of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) between Dar Al Salam Compound and Haloul Street in Abu Hamour. Doha, Qatar, June 27, 2013
LinkHovering violet carpenter bee (Xylocopa violacea) near flowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) between Dar Al Salam Compound and Haloul Street in Abu Hamour. Doha, Qatar, June 27, 2013
LinkBlue carpenter bee (Xylocopa violacea) on flowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) between Dar Al Salam Compound and Haloul Street in Abu Hamour. Doha, Qatar, June 27, 2013
LinkRound golden brown swollen mummies of oleander aphid (milkweed aphid, Aphis nerii Boyer de Fonscolombe) killed by parasitic wasps Aphidius colemani on seed pods of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) collected near Dareen Tower in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, February 1, 2014
LinkSeeds of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) with tuft of fluff taken from Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, March 8, 2014
LinkFluffy seeds of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) taken from Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, March 8, 2014
LinkSodom Apple (Calotropis procera) on Zurara Bin Amir Street in Al Doha Al Jadeeda area. Doha, Qatar, March 21, 2014
LinkSodom Apple (Calotropis procera) on Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2014
LinkYellow leaf of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) on Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2014
LinkFlowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) on Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 17, 2014
LinkSodom Apple (Calotropis procera) on roadside of Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 22, 2014
LinkDry flowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) littering the ground near Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 7, 2014
LinkFruits of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) near Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 7, 2014
LinkSodom Apple (Calotropis procera) on Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, October 20, 2014
LinkSodom Apple (Calotropis procera) on Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, February 19, 2015
LinkDry fruit of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) collected from Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 6, 2016
LinkSmall plant of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) on roadside of a road to Al Dhabiya on north-western coast, Ash Shamal area. Qatar, June 17, 2016
LinkA tree of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) near a road to Al Dhabiya on north-western coast, Ash Shamal area. Qatar, June 17, 2016
LinkCorky bark of a tree of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) near a road to Al Dhabiya on north-western coast, Ash Shamal area. Qatar, June 17, 2016
LinkSolitary tree of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) in flat desert near a road to Al Dhabiya on north-western coast, Ash Shamal area. Qatar, June 17, 2016

2. Carissa macrocarpa (Eckl.) A. DC.

(Arduina grandiflora, Arduina macrocarpa, Carissa africana, Carissa carandas, Carissa grandiflora, Carissa praetermissa, Jasminonerium africanum, Jasminonerium grandiflorum, Jasminonerium macrocarpum)

Common names: natal plum, large num-num

Extract from Wikipedia article: Carissa macrocarpa (Natal Plum), is a shrub native to South Africa, where it is commonly called the Large Num-Num. In Zulu, as well as in the Bantu tribes of Uganda, it is called amatungulu. In Afrikaans the fruit is called Noem-Noem.

LinkBush of natal plum (Carissa macrocarpa) in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, April 3, 2015
LinkFlower of natal plum (Carissa macrocarpa) planted in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, November 20, 2015
LinkFruit of natal plum (Carissa macrocarpa) taken from Museum of Islamic Art. Doha, Qatar Park. Doha, Qatar, June 10, 2016

3. Cascabela thevetia (L.) H. Lippold

(Cascabela peruviana, Cerbera linearifolia, Cerbera peruviana, Cerbera thevetia, Thevetia linearis, Thevetia neriifolia, Thevetia peruviana, Thevetia thevetia)

Common names: lucky nut

Extract from Wikipedia article: Cascabela thevetia (syn: Thevetia peruviana) is a poisonous plant of central and southern Mexico and Central America. It is a relative of Nerium oleander, giving it a common name Yellow Oleander, and is also called lucky nut in the West Indies.

LinkLucky nut (Thevetia peruviana) on Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 22, 2014
LinkLucky nut (Thevetia peruviana or may be nerifolia) in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, April 3, 2015
LinkFruits of Lucky nut (Thevetia peruviana or may be nerifolia) planted in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, November 20, 2015
LinkLucky nut (Thevetia peruviana or may be nerifolia) planted in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, November 20, 2015

4. Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don

(Ammocallis rosea, Hottonia littoralis, Lachnea rosea, Lochnera rosea, Pervinca rosea, Vinca gulielmi-waldemarii, Vinca rosea, Vinca speciosa)

Common names: Vinca Vitesse Rose

Extract from Wikipedia article: Catharanthus roseus, commonly known as the Madagascar periwinkle or rosy periwinkle, is a species of Catharanthus native and endemic to Madagascar. Other English names occasionally used include Vinca, Cape periwinkle, rose periwinkle, rosy periwinkle, and "old-maid". It was formerly classified in the Vinca genus as Vinca rosea.

LinkVinca Vitesse Rose (Catharanthus roseus) in a park at Al Markhiya Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 26, 2015
LinkFlower of Vinca Vitesse Rose (Catharanthus roseus) in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, January 16, 2016

5. Cerbera odollam Gaertn.

(Cerbera dilatata, Cerbera forsteri, Cerbera lactaria, Excoecaria ovatifolia, Odollamia malabarica, Tanghinia lactaria, Tanghinia odollam)

Common names: suicide tree, pong-pong, othalanga

Extract from Wikipedia article: Cerbera odollam is a dicotyledonous angiosperm, a plant species in the Family Apocynaceae and commonly known as the suicide tree, pong-pong, and othalanga. It is a species native to India and other parts of southern Asia, growing preferentially in coastal salt swamps and in marshy areas but also grown as a hedge plant between home compounds. It yields a potent poison that has been used for suicide and murder.

LinkSuicide tree (Cerbera odollam) in Dahl Al Hamam Park at Al Markhiya Street. Doha, Qatar, May 30, 2016
LinkPink leaves of suicide tree (Cerbera odollam) in Dahl Al Hamam Park at Al Markhiya Street. Doha, Qatar, May 30, 2016
LinkLeaves of suicide tree (Cerbera odollam) in Dahl Al Hamam Park at Al Markhiya Street. Doha, Qatar, May 30, 2016

6. Glossonema varians (Stocks) Benth. ex Hook. f.

(Glossonema arabicum, Mastostigma varians, Odontanthera varians)

Common names: attar, jarawa, yarawa, Glossonema edule

LinkBlooming milkweed Glossonema varians with edible, softly spinous, fleshy follicles (jarawah, fruit). Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 5, 2010
LinkBlooming milkweed Glossonema varians in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 4, 2011
LinkSeedling of milkweed Glossonema varians in desert near industrial zone of Ras Laffan, north from Doha. Qatar, March 23, 2013
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians on sand in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh in south-western Qatar, February 7, 2014
LinkBlooming desert plant Glossonema varians (Glossonema edule, local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkFlowers of a desert plant Glossonema varians (Glossonema edule, local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkFlowering desert plant Glossonema varians (Glossonema edule, local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkBlooming Glossonema varians (Glossonema edule, local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians near Harrarah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkLadybugs eating aphids feeding on Glossonema varians (Glossonema edule, local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians (Glossonema edule, local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) in a runnel north from Dukhan in western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkBlooming milkweed Glossonema varians (Glossonema edule, local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) in a runnel north from Dukhan in western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkSeed pods of milkweed Glossonema varians (local names jarawa, yarawa) on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians (Glossonema edule, local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkBlooming milkweed Glossonema varians (local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkYoung plant of milkweed Glossonema varians (local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians (local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) in sand on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkYoung plant of Glossonema varians emerging from sand in a runnel north from Dukhan. Qatar, February 13, 2015
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians in sand in Al Ghariya on north-western coast, view from south. Qatar, July 3, 2015
LinkBlooming milkweed Glossonema varians in Al Ghariya on north-western coast, view from south. Qatar, July 3, 2015
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians on roadside of Dukhan Highway near Al Shakhaniya. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians in a runnel near a road to Sawda Natheel. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians (local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) with flowers on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 19, 2016
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians on roadside of a road to Sawda Natheel. Southern Qatar, April 15, 2016

7. Leptadenia pyrotechnica (Forssk.) Decne.

(Cynanchum pyrotechnicum, Gymnema spartium, Leptadenia gracilis, Leptadenia jacquemontiana, Leptadenia spartium, Microloma angustifolium, Microloma pyrotechnicum, Periploca pyrotechnica, Sarcostemma pyrotechnicum)

Common names: burning bush, Marakh, Shajarat al Nar, Broom bush, Khip, Shajaret al baroud

Extract from Wikipedia article: Leptadenia pyrotechnica (Hindi:खींप, Punjabiਖਿੱਪ) is the botanical name of a desert herb of the family Asclepiadaceae. It is widespread from Senegal to India. It is known as khimp in Hindi and Urdu,"Khipp" in Punjabi.

LinkStar shaped flowers of Leptadenia pyrotechnica on the border of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkBush of Leptadenia pyrotechnica on the border of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkBlooming bush of Leptadenia pyrotechnica on the border of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkFlowers of Leptadenia pyrotechnica on the border of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkFlowers of Leptadenia pyrotechnica taken from area of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkFlowers of Leptadenia pyrotechnica taken from roadside of a road to Zubara in northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkSand mound with Leptadenia pyrotechnica in Traina Sinkhole (karst depression) AOI 2 north-west of Khor Al Adaid. Southern Qatar, January 23, 2015
LinkBush of Leptadenia pyrotechnica with fruits near Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkFruits of Leptadenia pyrotechnica taken from periphery of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, May 1, 2015
LinkBush of Leptadenia pyrotechnica from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, November 27, 2015
LinkFruits of Leptadenia pyrotechnica on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, June 3, 2016
LinkPlant of Leptadenia pyrotechnica in windblown sand on roadside in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, June 10, 2016
LinkFluffy seeds of Leptadenia pyrotechnica taken from roadside of Salwa Road in Southern Qatar, June 10, 2016

8. Nerium oleander oleander L.

(Nerion oleandrum, Nerium carneum, Nerium floridum, Nerium grandiflorum, Nerium japonicum, Nerium lauriforme, Nerium odoratissimum, Nerium splendens, Oleander vulgaris)

Common names: common oleander, daphla, ward el-homar, haban, Nerium mascatense

Extract from Wikipedia article: Nerium oleander /ˈnɪəriəm ˈoʊliː.ændər/(Tamil:அறளி பூ/Alari pū) is an evergreen shrub or small tree in the dogbane family Apocynaceae, toxic in all its parts. It is the only species currently classified in the genus Nerium. It is most commonly known as oleander, from its superficial resemblance to the unrelated olive Olea. It is so widely cultivated that no precise region of origin has been identified, though southwest Asia has been suggested. The ancient city of Volubilis in Morocco may have taken its name from the Berber name oualilt for the flower. Oleander is one of the most poisonous of commonly grown garden plants.

LinkFlowers of Nerium oleander near Majlis Al Taawon Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 19, 2014
LinkDry bush of Nerium oleander on old roundabout near Al Dhabiya on north-western coast, Ash Shamal area. Qatar, June 17, 2016
LinkGreen branch of Nerium oleander with fruits on old roundabout near Al Dhabiya on north-western coast, Ash Shamal area. Qatar, June 17, 2016

9. Plumeria alba L.

(Plumeria hypoleuca, Plumeria revolutifolia)

Common names: jasmine Hindi, pagoda tree

Extract from Wikipedia article: Plumeria alba is a species of the genus Plumeria (Apocynaceae). This 2-8m evergreen shrub has narrow elongated leaves, large and strongly perfumed white flowers with a yellow center. Native from Central America and the Caribbean, it is now common and naturalized in southern and southeastern Asia.

LinkPagoda tree (Plumeria alba) near Dunes Hotel in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 22, 2014
LinkPagoda tree (Plumeria alba) in area of Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 30, 2014
LinkFlower of Pagoda tree (Plumeria alba) in area of Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 30, 2014
LinkPagoda tree (Plumeria alba) in area of Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, September 12, 2014
LinkFlowers of Pagoda tree (Plumeria alba) in a small park in West Bay, in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, December 20, 2014
LinkBlooming Pagoda tree (Plumeria alba) in a small park in West Bay, in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, December 20, 2014
LinkPagoda tree (Plumeria alba) in a small park in West Bay, in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, December 20, 2014
LinkPagoda tree (Plumeria alba) on Al Khair Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 8, 2015
LinkPagoda tree (Plumeria alba) in Dahl Al Hamam Park at Al Markhiya Street. Doha, Qatar, May 3, 2016
LinkPagoda tree (Plumeria alba) in Aspire Park. Doha, Qatar, June 6, 2016

10. Plumeria obtusa L.

(Plumeria apiculata, Plumeria bahamensis, Plumeria barahonensis, Plumeria beatensis, Plumeria bicolor, Plumeria cayensis, Plumeria clusioides, Plumeria confusa, Plumeria cubensis, Plumeria cuneifolia, Plumeria dictyophylla, Plumeria ekmanii, Plumeria emarginata, Plumeria estrellensis, Plumeria inaguensis, Plumeria jamaicensis, Plumeria krugii, Plumeria marchii, Plumeria montana, Plumeria nipensis, Plumeria nivea, Plumeria ostenfeldii, Plumeria parvifolia, Plumeria portoricensis, Plumeria tenorei, Plumeria venosa, Plumeria versicolor)

Common names: Singapore Plumeria

Extract from Wikipedia article: Plumeria obtusa, the Singapore graveyard flower, is a species of the genus Plumeria (Apocynaceae). It is native to the West Indies including Bahamas; southern Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and Florida. but widely cultivated for its ornamental and fragrant flowers around the world, where suitably warm climate exists. It is reportedly naturalized in China.

LinkSingapore Plumeria Dwarf Singapore Pink (Plumeria obtusa) planted in gardens of Sheraton Hotel in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, January 26, 2016

IX. Asteraceae    Daisy Family 

1. Aaronsohnia factorovskyi Warb. & Eig

My notes: Could be either A. factorovskyi or Tripleurospermum auriculatum (J. N.).

LinkYellow flower of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi in desert near industrial zone of Ras Laffan, north from Doha. Qatar, March 23, 2013
LinkAster like yellow flower of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi in desert near industrial zone of Ras Laffan, north from Doha. Qatar, March 23, 2013
LinkSmall yellow flowers of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi in desert near industrial zone of Ras Laffan, north from Doha. Qatar, March 23, 2013
LinkYellow flowers of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi or may be Tripleurospermum near Harrarah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkSmall yellow flowers of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi or may be Tripleurospermum in sand near Harrarah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkAaronsohnia factorovskyi or may be Tripleurospermum in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkYellow flowers of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi or may be Tripleurospermum in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkFlowers of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi or may be Tripleurospermum in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkAaronsohnia factorovskyi(?) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkGreen Metallic Bee (Agapostemon) on yellow flowers of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi(?) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkYellow flowers of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi(?) with Green Metallic Bee (Agapostemon) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkYellow flowers of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi or may be Tripleurospermum on roadside of a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkYellow flowers of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi or may be Tripleurospermum in silty depression on roadside of a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkYellow flowers of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi on roadside of a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, January 30, 2016
LinkClose up of yellow flowers of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi on roadside of a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, January 30, 2016
LinkYellow flowers of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi in area of Ras Laffan Farms, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkFlowers of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi on long stalks in area of Ras Laffan Farms, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkClose up of yellow flowers of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi in area of Ras Laffan Farms, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkYellow flowers of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi in a small runnel in area of Ras Laffan Farms, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkSmall yellow flowers of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi in a depression in Al Harrarah. Qatar, March 4, 2016

2. Atractylis carduus (Forssk.) C.Chr.

(Atractylis candida, Atractylis citrina, Atractylis flava, Centaurea carduus)

Common names: laymoni, lumi al barr, jalwa, shuweikh, White Thistle, Yellow distaff-thistle

LinkYellow distaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus, local names jalwa, laymoony, shuwwaykh) in desert of Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 2, 2012
LinkYellow distaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus, local names jalwa, laymoony, shuwwaykh) in desert near industrial zone of Ras Laffan, north from Doha. Qatar, March 23, 2013
LinkYellow distaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus, local names jalwa, laymoony, shuwwaykh) near a road north from Ash Shahaniyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkDistaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus, local names jalwa, laymoony, shuwwaykh) in a runnel north from Dukhan in western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkYellow distaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus, local names jalwa, laymoony, shuwwaykh) in a small wadi near Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. South-western Qatar, March 29, 2014
LinkFluffy seeds of distaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus, local names jalwa, laymoony, shuwwaykh) on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkDry plant of distaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus) with fluffy seeds on a roadside near Abu Nahlah. Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkDistaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus, local names jalwa, laymoony, shuwwaykh) on roadside of a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms in northern Qatar, May 2, 2014
LinkFluffy seeds of Distaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus, local names jalwa, laymoony, shuwwaykh) on roadside of a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms in northern Qatar, May 2, 2014
LinkYellow distaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus, local names jalwa, laymoony, shuwwaykh) on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 20, 2015
LinkDistaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus, local names jalwa, laymoony, shuwwaykh) with a flower bud in a large roadside depression near Route 77 to Ras Laffan. Qatar, February 6, 2016
LinkClose up of a flower bud of distaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus) in a large roadside depression near Route 77 to Ras Laffan. Qatar, February 6, 2016
LinkDistaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus, local names jalwa, laymoony, shuwwaykh) on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkFlower of distaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus, local names jalwa, laymoony, shuwwaykh) taken from a roadside of Salwa Highway. Southern Qatar, April 8, 2016
LinkCrashed flower of distaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus, local names jalwa, laymoony, shuwwaykh) taken from a roadside of Salwa Highway. Southern Qatar, April 8, 2016
LinkDistaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus, local names jalwa, laymoony, shuwwaykh) on a gravel plane near a road to Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, April 23, 2016
LinkDry plant of distaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus) near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, May 27, 2016
LinkDry plant of distaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus) with fluffy seeds near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, May 27, 2016
LinkFluffy seeds of distaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus) taken from roadside near Mesaieed. Qatar, May 27, 2016
LinkFluffy seed head of distaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus, local names jalwa, laymoony, shuwwaykh) in a depression near Film City north from Zekreet in Ras Abrouq Peninsula. Qatar, June 24, 2016
LinkDistaff-thistle (Atractylis carduus, local names jalwa, laymoony, shuwwaykh) with fruits in a depression near Film City north from Zekreet in Ras Abrouq Peninsula. Qatar, June 24, 2016

3. Bidens pilosa L.

(Bidens abadiae, Bidens abortiva, Bidens adhaerescens, Bidens africana, Bidens alausensis, Bidens alba, Bidens arenaria, Bidens arenicola, Bidens aurantiaca, Bidens barrancae, Bidens bimucronata, Bidens bonplandii, Bidens brachycarpa, Bidens bullata, Bidens calcicola, Bidens californica, Bidens cannabina, Bidens caracasana, Bidens caucalidea, Bidens cernua, Bidens chilensis, Bidens ciliata, Bidens coronata, Bidens daucifolia, Bidens deamii, Bidens decussata, Bidens dichotoma, Bidens effusa, Bidens exaristata, Bidens fastigiata, Bidens heterodoxa, Bidens hirsuta, Bidens hirta, Bidens hispida, Bidens hybrida, Bidens inermis, Bidens leucantha, Bidens leucanthema, Bidens leucorrhiza, Bidens minor, Bidens minuscula, Bidens montaubani, Bidens multifida, Bidens odorata, Bidens orendainae, Bidens orientalis, Bidens oxyodonta, Bidens paleacea, Bidens pinnata, Bidens ramosissima, Bidens reflexa, Bidens rosea, Bidens scandicina, Bidens striata, Bidens sundaica, Bidens taquetii, Bidens trifida, Bidens trifoliata, Bidens tripartita, Bidens valparadisiaca, Bidens viciosoi, Bidens wallichii, Ceratocephalus pilosus, Coreopsis alba, Coreopsis coronata, Coreopsis corymbifolia, Coreopsis ferulifolia, Coreopsis leucantha, Coreopsis leucanthema, Coreopsis leucorrhiza, Coreopsis multifida, Coreopsis odorata, Coreopsis odoratissima, Cosmea pilosa, Cosmea tenella, Cosmos pilosus, Cosmos pinnatus, Cosmos tenellus, Glossogyne chinensis, Kerneria dubia, Kerneria leucantha, Kerneria pilosa, Kerneria tetragona)

Common names: hairy beggarticks, Spanish Needle

My notes: Found only in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms, in central area of the circles.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Bidens pilosa is a species of flowering plant in the aster family, Asteraceae. It is native to the Americas but it is known widely as an introduced species of other regions, including Asia and the Pacific Islands. Its many common names include black-jack, beggar-ticks, cobbler's pegs, and Spanish needle.

LinkSpanish Needle (Bidens pilosa) in wet area on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkClose up of Spanish Needle (Bidens pilosa) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkFruits of Spanish Needle (Bidens pilosa) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkLeaf of Spanish Needle (Bidens pilosa) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkPlant of Spanish Needle (Bidens pilosa) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkFlowers and fruits of Spanish Needle (Bidens pilosa) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkSpanish Needle (Bidens pilosa) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkFlower of Spanish Needle (Bidens pilosa) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkFlower and fruits of Spanish Needle (Bidens pilosa) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkGrowth of Spanish Needle (Bidens pilosa) in wet spot on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkFruits of Spanish Needle (Bidens pilosa) taken from Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkPlant of Spanish Needle (Bidens pilosa) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkBlooming plants of Spanish Needle (Bidens pilosa) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkFlower buds of Spanish needle (Bidens pilosa) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkSeed head of Spanish needle (Bidens pilosa) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015

4. Brachyglottis greyi (Hook.f.) B.Nord.

(Senecio greyi)

Common names: daisy bush

My notes: Self-sown plants occur in gardens of Qatar University.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Brachyglottis greyi, also called Senecio greyi, with the common name daisy bush is a member of the large Asteraceae family and belongs to the genus Brachyglottis or the genus Senecio depending on which authority is being followed, an endemic native of New Zealand and lately getting positive attention from gardeners.

LinkFlower of daisy bush (Brachyglottis greyi) planted near student dorms in Education City. Doha, Qatar, February 5, 2015
LinkSilvery leaves of daisy bush (Brachyglottis greyi) planted near student dorms in Education City. Doha, Qatar, February 5, 2015
LinkSelf-sown daisy bush (Brachyglottis greyi) in a park of Qatar University. Doha, Qatar, March 23, 2016
LinkBlooming daisy bush (Brachyglottis greyi) in a park of Qatar University. Doha, Qatar, March 23, 2016
LinkDaisy bushes (Brachyglottis greyi) in a park of Qatar University. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2016
LinkSelf-sown daisy bush (Brachyglottis greyi) in a wadi in a park of Qatar University. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2016

5. Calendula arvensis (Vaill.) L.

(Calendula aegyptiaca, Calendula alata, Calendula bicolor, Calendula brachyglossa, Calendula byzantina, Calendula ceratosperma, Calendula cristagalli, Calendula echinata, Calendula gracilis, Calendula karakalensis, Calendula macroptera, Calendula malacitana, Calendula malvaecarpa, Calendula micrantha, Calendula parviflora, Calendula persica, Calendula platycarpa, Calendula repanda, Calendula sancta, Calendula sicula, Calendula sinuata, Calendula stellata, Calendula subinermis, Calendula sublanata, Calendula sylvestris, Calendula undulata, Caltha arvensis, Caltha graveolens)

Common names: Field Marigold, hanwa

Extract from Wikipedia article: Calendula arvensis is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family known by the common name field marigold. It is native to central and southern Europe, and it is known across the globe as an introduced species. It is an annual herb not generally exceeding 15 centimeters in height. The leaves are lance-shaped and borne on petioles from the slender, hairy stem. The inflorescence is a single flower head up to 4 centimeters wide with bright yellow to yellow-orange ray florets around a center of yellow disc florets. The fruit is an achene which can take any of three shapes, including ring-shaped, that facilitate different methods of dispersal.

LinkField Marigold (Calendula arvensis, Calendula micrantha, local name hanwa) growing in a silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara in Al Magdah farms area, in north-western Qatar, February 22, 2014
LinkFlowers and seeds of Field Marigold (Calendula arvensis, Calendula micrantha, local name hanwa) on roadside of a road to Zubara in Al Magdah farms area, in north-western Qatar, February 22, 2014
LinkFlowers of Field Marigold (Calendula arvensis, Calendula micrantha, local name hanwa) on roadside of a road to Zubara in Al Magdah farms area, in north-western Qatar, February 22, 2014
LinkSeeds with flowers of Field Marigold (Calendula arvensis, Calendula micrantha, local name hanwa) on roadside of a road to Zubara in Al Magdah farms area, in north-western Qatar, February 22, 2014
LinkField Marigold (Calendula arvensis, local name hanwa) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkSeeds of Field Marigold (Calendula arvensis) taken from roadside near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkFlower and seeds of Field Marigold (Calendula arvensis) taken from roadside near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkField Marigold (Calendula arvensis, local name hanwa) on roadside of a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, January 30, 2015
LinkField Marigold (Calendula arvensis, Calendula micrantha, local name hanwa) on a roadside near Zubara. North-western Qatar, January 16, 2016
LinkBlooming Field Marigold (Calendula arvensis, Calendula micrantha, local name hanwa) on a roadside near Zubara. North-western Qatar, January 16, 2016
LinkFlowers of Field Marigold (Calendula arvensis, Calendula micrantha, local name hanwa) on a roadside near Zubara. North-western Qatar, January 16, 2016
LinkPlant of Field Marigold (Calendula arvensis, Calendula micrantha, local name hanwa) on a roadside near Zubara. North-western Qatar, January 16, 2016
LinkField Marigold (Calendula arvensis, Calendula micrantha, local name hanwa) on roadside of a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkFlowers of field Marigold (Calendula arvensis, Calendula micrantha, local name hanwa) on roadside of a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkPlant of field Marigold (Calendula arvensis, Calendula micrantha, local name hanwa) on roadside of a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, January 29, 2016

6. Centaurea sinaica DC.

(Calcitrapa sinaica, Centaurea procurrens, Centaurea pseudosinaica)

Common names: Amberboa crupioides, birkan, murrar

LinkFlower bud of Centaurea sinaica (Centaurea pseudosinaica, Amberboa crupioides, local names birkan, murrar) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkBlooming Centaurea sinaica (Centaurea pseudosinaica, Amberboa crupioides, local names birkan, murrar) on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkCentaurea sinaica (local names birkan, murrar) with seeds and flowers on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkCentaurea sinaica (local names birkan, murrar) with seeds on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkAlmost dry Centaurea sinaica (local names birkan, murrar) with seeds on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkCentaurea sinaica (local names birkan, murrar) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkCentaurea sinaica in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkThorny plant of Centaurea sinaica (Centaurea pseudosinaica, Amberboa crupioides, local names birkan, murrar) in windblown sand on southern side of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkSmall blooming plant of Centaurea sinaica (local names birkan, murrar) on roadside in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkCentaurea sinaica (local names birkan, murrar) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, April 8, 2016
LinkCentaurea sinaica (local names birkan, murrar) in windblown sand near Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 8, 2016
LinkCentaurea sinaica (local names birkan, murrar) on roadside in Al Ameria near a road to Sawda Natheel. Southern Qatar, April 15, 2016

7. Cichorium pumilum Jacq.

(Cichorium ambiguum, Cichorium dichotomum, Cichorium divaricatum, Cichorium endivia, Cichorium glandulosum, Cichorium intybus, Cichorium minimum, Cichorium nanum, Cichorium noeanum, Cichorium polystachyum)

Common names: chicory

Extract from Wikipedia article: Cichorium pumilum (Wild Endive) is a Mediterranean species of plant in the dandelion tribe within the sunflower family . Like the two other species of Cichorium, its leaves are edible by humans. The plant produces bluish-violet flower heads and fleshy taproots.

LinkChicory (Cichorium pumilum) on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 13, 2016
LinkPlant of chicory (Cichorium pumilum) on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 13, 2016
LinkFlowers of chicory (Cichorium pumilum) on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 13, 2016
LinkClose up of chicory flowers (Cichorium pumilum) on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 13, 2016
LinkBlue flowers of chicory (Cichorium pumilum) on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 13, 2016
LinkChicory plant (Cichorium pumilum) on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2016
LinkBlooming chicory (Cichorium pumilum) on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2016
LinkChicory (Cichorium pumilum) with blue flowers on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2016
LinkPlants of chicory (Cichorium pumilum) on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2016
LinkSmall plant of chicory (Cichorium pumilum) on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2016
LinkFlowers of chicory (Cichorium pumilum) on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2016
LinkBlooming plant of chicory (Cichorium pumilum) on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2016
LinkSmall blooming plant of chicory (Cichorium pumilum) on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2016
LinkChicory (Cichorium pumilum) in flower on the median strip of Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2016

8. Thymophylla tenuiloba (DC.) Small

(Dyssodia tenuiloba, Hymenatherum tenuilobum)

Common names: Dahlberg daisy, golden fleece

My notes: Sometimes grows self-sown on sidewalks.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Thymophylla tenuiloba, also known as the Dahlberg daisy, small bristleleaf pricklyleaf, golden fleece, or shooting star is a bushy, multi-branched flowering annual from the family Asteraceae. Native to south central Texas and northern Mexico, it produces a large number of small, yellow flowers and demonstrates a trailing habit. It is tolerant of heat and dry conditions and is sometimes sold as a summertime annual plant in areas beyond its native range.

LinkDahlberg daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba) on Al Jihad Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 9, 2015
LinkFlower of Dahlberg daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba) on Al Jihad Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 9, 2015
LinkBack side of a flower of Dahlberg daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba) on Al Jihad Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 9, 2015
LinkFlower and leaves of Dahlberg daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba) taken from Al Jihad Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 9, 2015
LinkClose up of a flower of Dahlberg daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba) taken from Al Jihad Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 9, 2015
LinkYellow flower of Dahlberg daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba) taken from Al Jihad Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 9, 2015
LinkSeeds and a flower of Dahlberg daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba) taken from Al Jihad Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 9, 2015
LinkDahlberg daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba) in cracks of sidewalk pavement on Saha 3 Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, May 4, 2015
LinkFlowers of Dahlberg daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba) on Saha 3 Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, May 4, 2015
LinkDahlberg daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba) grown as weed among purslane plants on Corniche promenade. Doha, Qatar, June 18, 2015
LinkDahlberg daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba) in a park at Al Rafiei Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, February 16, 2016
LinkSelf-sown plants of Dahlberg daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba) on gravel in a park at Al Rafiei Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, February 16, 2016
LinkDense cluster of Dahlberg daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba) in a park at Al Rafiei Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, February 16, 2016
LinkDahlberg daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba) in a park at Al Rafiei Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2016
LinkDahlberg daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba) blooming in a park at Al Rafiei Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2016
LinkDahlberg daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba) on sidewalk of Meshrif Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2016

9. Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

(Acmella lanceolata, Amellus carolinianus, Anthemis abyssinica, Anthemis bornmuelleri, Anthemis cotula, Anthemis cotula-foetida, Anthemis cotuloides, Anthemis galilaea, Anthemis sulphurea, Anthemis viridis, Artemisia viridis, Bellis racemosa, Bellis ramosa, Buphthalmum diffusum, Chamaemelum foetidum, Cotula alba, Cotula oederi, Cotula prostrata, Eclipta adpressa, Eclipta alba, Eclipta angustifolia, Eclipta arabica, Eclipta brachypoda, Eclipta ciliata, Eclipta dentata, Eclipta dichotoma, Eclipta dubia, Eclipta erecta, Eclipta flexuosa, Eclipta heterophylla, Eclipta hirsuta, Eclipta linearis, Eclipta longifolia, Eclipta marginata, Eclipta nutans, Eclipta oederi, Eclipta palustris, Eclipta parviflora, Eclipta patula, Eclipta philippinensis, Eclipta procumbens, Eclipta pumila, Eclipta punctata, Eclipta simplex, Eclipta spicata, Eclipta strumosa, Eclipta sulcata, Eclipta thermalis, Eclipta tinctoria, Eclipta undulata, Eclipta zippeliana, Ecliptica alba, Eleutheranthera prostrata, Eupatoriophalacron album, Galinsoga oblonga, Galinsoga oblongifolia, Grangea lanceolata, Micrelium tolak, Paleista brachypoda, Polygyne inconspicua, Spilanthes pseudo-acmella, Verbesina alba, Verbesina conyzoides, Verbesina prostrata, Verbesina pseudoacmella, Wedelia psammophila, Wilborgia oblongifolia)

Common names: False Daisy, Yerba de Tajo

Extract from Wikipedia article: Eclipta prostrata (syn. Eclipta alba) commonly known as false daisy, yerba de tago, and bhringraj, is a species of plant in the family Asteraceae.

LinkFalse Daisy (Eclipta prostrata) near entrance of City Center Mall in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, March 22, 2014
LinkFlower of False Daisy (Eclipta prostrata) near entrance of City Center Mall in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, March 22, 2014
LinkYerba de Tajo (Eclipta prostrata) on the perimeter of a round lawn to the right from entrance of City Center Mall in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 8, 2014
LinkFalse daisy (Eclipta prostrata) on the perimeter of a round lawn to the right from entrance of City Center Mall in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 8, 2014
LinkFalse daisy (Eclipta prostrata) with a flower and seeds on the perimeter of a round lawn to the right from entrance of City Center Mall in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 8, 2014
LinkBlooming false daisy (Eclipta prostrata) on the perimeter of a round lawn to the right from entrance of City Center Mall in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 8, 2014

10. Erigeron bonariensis L.

(Aster ambiguus, Conyza ambigua, Conyza bonariensis, Conyza chenopodioides, Conyza crispa, Conyza gracilis, Conyza hispida, Conyza leucodasys, Conyza linearis, Conyza linifolia, Conyza plebeja, Conyza rufescens, Conyza sinuata, Conyza sordescens, Conyzella linifolia, Dimorphanthes ambigua, Dimorphanthes angustifolia, Dimorphanthes crispa, Dimorphanthes hispida, Dimorphanthes linifolia, Erigeron albidum, Erigeron ambiguus, Erigeron canadensis, Erigeron coranopifolius, Erigeron crispus, Erigeron gusalakensis, Erigeron linearifolius, Erigeron linifolius, Erigeron looseri, Erigeron sordidus, Erigeron transsilvanicus, Erigeron undulatus, Eschenbachia ambigua, Leptilon bonariense, Leptilon linifolium, Marsea bonariensis, Pulicaria gracilis, Pulicaria rufescens)

Common names: Fleabane Daisy

LinkFlower buds of Fleabane Daisy (Erigeron bonariensis, Conyza bonariensis) taken from Education City. Doha, Qatar, March 17, 2014
LinkPlant of Fleabane Daisy (Erigeron bonariensis, Conyza bonariensis) taken from Education City. Doha, Qatar, March 17, 2014
LinkFleabane Daisy (Erigeron bonariensis, Conyza bonariensis) taken from area of Dunes Hotel in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 10, 2014
LinkFlowers of Fleabane Daisy (Erigeron bonariensis, Conyza bonariensis) taken from area of Dunes Hotel in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 10, 2014
LinkClose up of Fleabane Daisy (Erigeron bonariensis, Conyza bonariensis) taken from area of Dunes Hotel in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 10, 2014
LinkFlowers of Fleabane Daisy (Erigeron bonariensis, Conyza bonariensis) taken from Meshrif Street near West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 11, 2014
LinkFleabane Daisy (Erigeron bonariensis, Conyza bonariensis) found near Ezdan Hotel in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 23, 2014
LinkDry seeds of fleabane Daisy (Erigeron bonariensis, Conyza bonariensis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkCaterpillar feeding on flowers of fleabane daisy (Erigeron bonariensis, Conyza bonariensis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkYellow and black caterpillar feeding on flowers of fleabane daisy (Erigeron bonariensis, Conyza bonariensis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkFleabane Daisy (Erigeron bonariensis, Conyza bonariensis) with flowers in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkFleabane Daisy (Erigeron bonariensis, Conyza bonariensis) with fluffy seeds in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkFlowers of fleabane Daisy (Erigeron bonariensis, Conyza bonariensis) taken from a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkSeed heads of fleabane daisy (Erigeron bonariensis, Conyza bonariensis) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015

11. Filago desertorum Pomel

(Filago germanica, Filago spathulata)

Common names: gutaina, alj al barr, alj al ghazal, Quteyna

My notes: Plants found near Ziziphus bushes in Al Mardiya - Wasit area look similar to Filago prolifera from a book "The flora of Qatar" by Ekhlas M. M. Abdel Bary (Qatar University, 2012).

LinkBlooming Filago desertorum (local name quTeyna) in desert of Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 2, 2012
LinkFilago desertorum (local name quTeyna) in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkFilago desertorum (local name quTeyna) with flowers in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkFilago desertorum (local name quTeyna) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkFilago desertorum (local name quTeyna) growing in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkDesert plant Filago desertorum (local name quTeyna) growing in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkWoolly desert plant Filago desertorum (local name quTeyna) growing in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkFilago desertorum (local name quTeyna) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkDesert plant Filago desertorum (local name quTeyna) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkFilago desertorum (local name quTeyna) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkFilago desertorum (local name quTeyna) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkPigmy cudweed Filago desertorum or may be F. prolifera found under Ziziphus bush in Al Mardiya - Wasit area. Northern Qatar, February 13, 2016

12. Flaveria trinervia (Spreng.) C.Mohr

(Brotera contrayerba, Brotera sprengelii, Brotera trinervata, Broteroa trinervata, Eupatorium chilense, Flaveria repanda, Flaveria trinervata, Oedera trinervia)

Common names: clustered yellowtop

My notes: Found only in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Flaveria trinervia is a species of flowering plant in the aster family known by the common name clustered yellowtops. It is native to parts of the Americas, including the southeastern and southwestern United States, most of Mexico, and parts of the Caribbean, but it is known in many other places as an introduced species and often a noxious weed, such as in Hawaii. It grows easily in many types of wet habitat, including saline and alkaline soils and highly disturbed habitat. This is an annual herb growing erect and known to exceed two meters in maximum height. The lance-shaped to oval leaves are each up to 15 centimeters long and arranged oppositely in pairs around the stem, their bases sometimes fused together. The edges of the leaves generally have tiny widely spaced teeth. The inflorescence is a large dense cluster of many flower heads, sometimes over 300 in one cluster. Each flower head is either radiate, bearing one single yellowish ray floret, or discoid, bearing one or two smaller disc florets.

LinkClustered yellowtop (Flaveria trinervia) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkClustered yellowtop (Flaveria trinervia) with sky as background on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkLeaf venation of clustered yellowtop (Flaveria trinervia) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkFlowers of clustered yellowtop (Flaveria trinervia) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkClustered yellowtop (Flaveria trinervia) with yellow flowers on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkStink bug on Clustered yellowtop (Flaveria trinervia) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkPlant of clustered yellowtop (Flaveria trinervia) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkClustered yellowtop (Flaveria trinervia) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkClustered yellowtop (Flaveria trinervia) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015

13. Gaillardia pulchella Foug.

(Calonnea pulcherrima, Gaillardia bicolor, Gaillardia drummondii, Gaillardia lobata, Gaillardia neomexicana, Gaillardia picta, Gaillardia scabrosa, Gaillardia villosa, Galordia alternifolia)

Common names: firewheel, Indian blanket flower

My notes: Ornamental plant.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Gaillardia pulchella (firewheel, Indian blanket, Indian blanketflower, Indian paintbrush, or sundance), is a North American species of short-lived perennial or annual flowering plants in the sunflower family. It is native to northern Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Sonora, Tamaulipas) and the southern and central United States from Arizona east to Florida and the Carolinas and north as far as Nebraska. It is also naturalized in scattered locations in other parts of the United States as well as in Québec, Ontario, China, South Africa, and parts of South and Central America.

LinkFirewheel flower (Gaillardia pulchella) planted in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, August 22, 2015
LinkFirewheel flowers (Gaillardia pulchella) planted in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, December 19, 2015
LinkGlobular seed head of firewheel flower (Gaillardia pulchella) planted in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, December 19, 2015
LinkFirewheel flower (Gaillardia pulchella) planted in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, December 19, 2015

14. Gnaphalium pensylvanicum Willd.

(Filago germanica, Gamochaeta pensylvanica, Gnaphalium chinense, Gnaphalium peregrinum, Gnaphalium purpureum)

Common names: Gamochaeta pensylvanica, Pennsylvania Everlasting, Wandering Cudweed

LinkCudweed (Gnaphalium pensylvanicum) on Al Jood Street near corner with Saha 16 in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 8, 2015
LinkWandering cudweed (Gnaphalium pensylvanicum, Gamochaeta pensylvanica) on Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 10, 2015
LinkClose up of Wandering cudweed (Gnaphalium pensylvanicum, Gamochaeta pensylvanica) on Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 10, 2015
LinkFlowers of wandering cudweed (Gnaphalium pensylvanicum, Gamochaeta pensylvanica) on Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 12, 2015
LinkWilted plant of wandering cudweed (Gnaphalium pensylvanicum, Gamochaeta pensylvanica) taken from Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkWandering cudweed (Gnaphalium pensylvanicum, Gamochaeta pensylvanica) taken from Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 25, 2015
LinkWandering cudweed (Gnaphalium pensylvanicum, Gamochaeta pensylvanica) taken from Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 17, 2016
LinkWandering cudweed (Gnaphalium pensylvanicum, Gamochaeta pensylvanica) on white background taken from Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 17, 2016
LinkClose up of wandering cudweed (Gnaphalium pensylvanicum, Gamochaeta pensylvanica) taken from Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 17, 2016
LinkCudweed (Gnaphalium pensylvanicum) in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 24, 2016
LinkFlowers of cudweed (Gnaphalium pensylvanicum) taken from Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 24, 2016

15. Gymnarrhena micrantha Desf.

(Cryptadia euphratensis, Gymnarrhena balansae)

Common names: Dog's paw, Camel's Eye

Extract from Wikipedia article: Gymnarrhena micrantha is a common African plant in the Composite family. It is said to resemble an octopus, or the unrelated plant Welwitschia, and can live for 100 years.

LinkDog's Paw plant (Camel's Eye, Gymnarrhena micrantha) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkFlowers of Dog's Paw plant (Camel's Eye, Gymnarrhena micrantha) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkBasal rosette of Dog's Paw plant (Camel's Eye, Gymnarrhena micrantha) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkBasal rosette emerging from sand of Dog's Paw plant (Camel's Eye, Gymnarrhena micrantha) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkBasal rosette with flowers of Dog's Paw plant (Camel's Eye, Gymnarrhena micrantha) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkDog's Paw plant (Gymnarrhena micrantha) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkFlowers of Dog's Paw plant (Camel's Eye, Gymnarrhena micrantha) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkHabitat of Dog's Paw plant (Camel's Eye, Gymnarrhena micrantha) in stony desert in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh) in south-western Qatar, March 11, 2016
LinkDog's Paw plant (Camel's Eye, Gymnarrhena micrantha) in stony desert in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh) in south-western Qatar, March 11, 2016
LinkDog's Paw plant (Camel's Eye, Gymnarrhena micrantha) in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkFruits of Dog's Paw plant (Camel's Eye, Gymnarrhena micrantha) in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016

16. Helianthus annuus L.

(Helianthus aridus, Helianthus indicus, Helianthus jaegeri, Helianthus lenticularis, Helianthus macrocarpus, Helianthus multiflorus, Helianthus ovatus, Helianthus platycephalus, Helianthus tubaeformis)

Common names: common sunflower

Extract from Wikipedia article: Helianthus annuus, the common sunflower, is a large annual forb of the genus Helianthus grown as a crop for its edible oil and edible fruits (sunflower seeds). This sunflower species is also used as bird food, as livestock forage (as a meal or a silage plant), and in some industrial applications. The plant was first domesticated in the Americas. Wild Helianthus annuus is a widely branched annual plant with many flower heads. The domestic sunflower, however, often possesses only a single large inflorescence (flower head) atop an unbranched stem. The name sunflower may derive from the flower's head's shape, which resembles the sun, or from the false impression that the blooming plant appears to slowly turn its flower towards the sun as the latter moves across the sky on a daily basis.

LinkCommon sunflower (Helianthus annuus) on roadside near Twar Mall in Um Lekhba neighborhood. Doha, Qatar, February 29, 2016
LinkBlooming common sunflower (Helianthus annuus) on roadside near Twar Mall in Um Lekhba neighborhood. Doha, Qatar, February 29, 2016
LinkFlower head of common sunflower (Helianthus annuus) on roadside near Twar Mall in Um Lekhba neighborhood. Doha, Qatar, February 29, 2016
LinkCommon sunflower (Helianthus annuus) in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 24, 2016
LinkBlooming common sunflower (Helianthus annuus) in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 24, 2016
LinkDisk flowers of common sunflower (Helianthus annuus) in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 24, 2016
LinkYellow flower of common sunflower (Helianthus annuus) in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 24, 2016

17. Ifloga spicata (Forssk.) Sch.Bip.

(Chrysocoma spicata, Gnaphalium aegyptiacum, Gnaphalium ammophilum, Gnaphalium cauliflorum, Gnaphalium chrysocoma, Gnaphalium spicatum, Ifloga fontanesii, Trichogyne cauliflora)

Common names: Hasaj, shajaret al anz, alj al anza, alj al ghazal

My notes: In a book "The flora of Qatar" by Ekhlas M. M. Abdel Bary (Qatar University, 2012), picture of this plant was placed under the name Agriophyllum minus.

LinkIfloga spicata(?) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkPlant of Ifloga spicata in sand south from Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 9, 2016
LinkPlant of Ifloga spicata on roadside south from Ras Laffan. North-eastern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkDry plant of Ifloga spicata near a road to Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, April 23, 2016

18. Jacobaea maritima (L.) Pelser & Meijden

(Cineraria acanthifolia, Cineraria calvescens, Cineraria canadensis, Cineraria ceratophylla, Cineraria maritima, Othonna maritima, Senecio bicolor, Senecio cineraria, Senecio coronopifolius, Senecio gibbosus, Senecio ginesii, Senecio maritimus)

Common names: silver ragwort, dusty miller

Extract from Wikipedia article: Jacobaea maritima (silver ragwort) (formerly known as Senecio cineraria) is a perennial plant species in the genus Jacobaea in the family Asteraceae, native to the Mediterranean region. It was formerly placed in the genus Senecio, and is still widely referred to as Senecio cineraria; see the list of synonyms (right) for other names.

LinkSilver ragwort (dusty miller, Senecio cineraria, Jacobaea maritima) in Dahl Al Hamam Park at Al Markhiya Street. Doha, Qatar, March 21, 2016
LinkSilver ragwort (dusty miller, Senecio cineraria, Jacobaea maritima) in Dahl Al Hamam Park at Al Markhiya Street. Doha, Qatar, April 26, 2016

19. Koelpinia linearis Pall.

(Koelpinia latifolia, Lapsana koelpinia, Rhagadiolus koelpinia)

Common names: Goat's Beard

LinkRare plant Koelpinia linearis of dandelion family in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkGround view of a plant Koelpinia linearis of dandelion family in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkRare plant Koelpinia linearis near sand fence on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkUpper view of a plant Koelpinia linearis of dandelion family in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkRare plant Koelpinia linearis with fruits in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkBack lit plant Koelpinia linearis of dandelion family in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkFlower and fruits of a rare plant Koelpinia linearis of dandelion family in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkClaw shaped seed pods of Koelpinia linearis of dandelion family in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkBrownish claw shaped seed pod of Goat's beard plant (Koelpinia linearis) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkSmall yellow flower of a plant Koelpinia linearis of dandelion family in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkNarrow leaves of a plant Koelpinia linearis of dandelion family in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkBranch with fruits of a plant Koelpinia linearis of dandelion family in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkSeed head of a plant Koelpinia linearis with red ticks(?) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkSeed head and a flower of a plant Koelpinia linearis on white background in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkSeed head and a flower of a plant Koelpinia linearis of dandelion family in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkRare plant Koelpinia linearis with seeds in windblown sand on southern side of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkPlant of dandelion family Koelpinia linearis with fruits in windblown sand on southern side of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkPlant of dandelion family Koelpinia linearis with curved seed heads in windblown sand on southern side of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkKoelpinia linearis with fruits on roadside in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016

20. Lactuca serriola L.

(Lactuca albicaulis, Lactuca altaica, Lactuca augustana, Lactuca coriacea, Lactuca dubia, Lactuca integrata, Lactuca latifolia, Lactuca saligna, Lactuca scariola, Lactuca sylvestris, Lactuca tephrocarpa, Lactuca verticalis)

Common names: khas barri, khas al bagar, prickly lettuce, milk thistle

Extract from Wikipedia article: Lactuca serriola, also called prickly lettuce, milk thistle (not to be confused with Silybum marianum, also called milk thistle) compass plant, and scarole, is an annual or biennial plant, slightly foetid, that is commonly considered a weed of orchards, roadsides and field crops. The closest wild relative of cultivated lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). The leaves grow along a spiny stem and get progressively smaller as they reach its top. They emit latex when cut. Many flowers are produced and usually appear in the upper part of the plant.

LinkWeeds of prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola) near Al Luqta Street, opposite to Education City. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2014
LinkPrickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola) south-east from Immigration Roundabout. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkPrickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola) or may be L. saligna on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkVein system of leaves of prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkFlowers of prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola) or may be L. saligna on roadside of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkClose up of flowers of prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola) or may be L. saligna on roadside of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkInflorescence of prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola) or may be L. saligna on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, June 5, 2015
LinkLeaves of prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, March 5, 2016
LinkFlowers of prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola) near Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, May 2, 2016
LinkPrickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola) on Al Mawrid Street in Al Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, May 26, 2016

21. Launaea capitata (Spreng.) Dandy

(Chondrilla capitata, Launaea glomerata, Lomatolepis glomerata, Microrhynchus glomeratus, Sonchus capitatus, Sonchus mareoticus, Zollikoferia glomerata)

Common names: huwa, hazan

LinkLaunaea capitata (local names huwa, hazan) on sand in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh in south-western Qatar, February 7, 2014
LinkBlooming desert plant Launaea capitata (Launaea glomerata, Zollikoferia glomerata, local names huwa, hazan) in sand near a road to Sawda Natheel in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant Launaea capitata (Zollikoferia glomerata, local names huwa, hazan) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkRosette of leaves of a desert plant Launaea capitata (Zollikoferia glomerata, local names huwa, hazan) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkFlowers of Launaea capitata (Launaea glomerata, Zollikoferia glomerata, local names huwa, hazan) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkFlowers of Launaea capitata (Zollikoferia glomerata, local names huwa, hazan) in sand near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkRosette of leaves of Launaea capitata (Zollikoferia glomerata, local names huwa, hazan) in sand near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkLaunaea capitata (Launaea glomerata, Zollikoferia glomerata, local names huwa, hazan) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkFlowers of Launaea capitata (Zollikoferia glomerata, local names huwa, hazan) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms (Thaghab Al Majda). Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkFlowers of Launaea capitata (Zollikoferia glomerata, local names huwa, hazan) near Dukhan Road. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkLaunaea capitata (Zollikoferia glomerata, local names huwa, hazan) near Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, April 3, 2014
LinkLaunaea capitata (Zollikoferia glomerata, local names huwa, hazan) in area of Uwaynat Bin Husayn (Water Well) near Simaisma. Qatar, April 18, 2014
LinkRosette of leaves of Launaea capitata on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, December 19, 2014
LinkLaunaea capitata (local names huwa, hazan) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkLaunaea capitata (local names huwa, hazan) with flower buds on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkLaunaea capitata (local names huwa, hazan) with a flower on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkRosettes of leaves of Launaea capitata on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkRosette of basal leaves of Launaea capitata on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkBasal leaves of Launaea capitata on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkClose up of rosette of basal leaves of Launaea capitata on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkClose up of basal leaves of Launaea capitata on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkRosette of basal leaves of Launaea capitata in sand near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkLaunaea capitata with a flower on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkBasal rosette of Launaea capitata on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkLeaf rosette of Launaea capitata on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkFlat rosettes of leaves of Launaea capi