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Lamiaceae

Lamiaceae Martinov - Mint Family

1. Mentha piperita L. (pro. sp.)

(Mentha aquatica, Mentha crispa, Mentha dumetorum)

Common names: Peppermint

Extract from Wikipedia article: Peppermint (Mentha × piperita, also known as M. balsamea Willd.) is a hybrid mint, a cross between watermint and spearmint. The plant, indigenous to Europe, is now widespread in cultivation throughout all regions of the world. It is found wild occasionally with its parent species.

LinkPeppermint (Mentha piperita(?)) on Al Aasim Street in Musheirib area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkBush of peppermint (Mentha piperita(?)) near Al Asmakh Street in Najada area. Doha, Qatar, March 28, 2014
LinkPeppermint (Mentha piperita(?)) on Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 20, 2015
LinkFlowers of peppermint (Mentha piperita(?)) on Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 30, 2015
LinkPeppermint (Mentha piperita(?)) on Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 30, 2015
LinkPeppermint (Mentha piperita(?)) in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, January 16, 2016
LinkPeppermint (Mentha piperita(?)) on Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, January 18, 2016

2. Ocimum basilicum L.

(Ocimum album, Ocimum anisatum, Ocimum barrelieri, Ocimum bullatum, Ocimum caryophyllatum, Ocimum chevalieri, Ocimum ciliare, Ocimum ciliatum, Ocimum citrodorum, Ocimum cochleatum, Ocimum dentatum, Ocimum hispidum, Ocimum integerrimum, Ocimum lanceolatum, Ocimum laxum, Ocimum majus, Ocimum medium, Ocimum minus, Ocimum nigrum, Ocimum odorum, Ocimum scabrum, Ocimum simile, Ocimum thyrsiflorum, Ocimum urticifolium, Plectranthus barrelieri)

Common names: sweet basil

Extract from Wikipedia article: Basil, Thai basil, or sweet basil, is a common name for the culinary herb Ocimum basilicum (UK /ˈbæzəl/; US /ˈbzəl/) of the family Lamiaceae (mints), sometimes known as Saint Joseph's Wort in some English-speaking countries.

LinkSweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) taken from extension of Al Kharais Street behind gas station on Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2015
LinkSweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 1, 2015
LinkBush of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 1, 2015

3. Plectranthus pentheri (Gürke ex Zahlbr.) van Jaarsv. & T.J.Edwards

(Coleus pentheri)

Common names: spurflower, Swedish Ivy

LinkBlooming succulent spurflower (Plectranthus pentheri)(?) in a park at Al Markhiya Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 26, 2015
LinkBlooming succulent spurflower (Plectranthus pentheri)(?) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 3, 2015
LinkSucculent leaves of spurflower (Plectranthus pentheri)(?) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 3, 2015
LinkClose up of flowers of spurflower (Plectranthus pentheri) taken from a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 3, 2015

4. Salvia aegyptiaca L.

(Melissa perennis, Pleudia aegyptiaca, Salvia arida, Salvia gabrieli, Salvia pumila, Thymus hirtus, Thymus syrticus)

Common names: Egyptian sage, ghbeisha, noaim, naeem, beraiho

Extract from Wikipedia article: Salvia aegyptiaca (Egyptian sage) is a herbaceous plant species belonging to the Lamiaceae family.

LinkEgyptian sage (Salvia aegyptiaca, Salvia pumila, local name naeem) on roadside of a road to Zubara in Al Magdah farms area, in north-western Qatar, February 22, 2014
LinkEgyptian sage (Salvia aegyptiaca, Salvia pumila, local names naeem, ghbeisha, noaim) on roadside of a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkSeedling of Egyptian sage (Salvia aegyptiaca) or may be Heliotropium on roadside between Mesayeed and Harrarah. Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkEgyptian sage (Salvia aegyptiaca, Salvia pumila, local names naeem, ghbeisha, noaim) with fruits on roadside of Dukhan Highway near Al Shakhaniya. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkEgyptian sage (Salvia aegyptiaca, local names naeem, ghbeisha, noaim) on roadside near Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 29, 2016

5. Stachys arvensis (L.) L.

(Cardiaca arvensis, Glechoma arvensis, Glechoma belgica, Glechoma marrubiastrum, Stachys brasiliensis, Trixago arvensis, Trixago colorata, Trixago cordifolia, Trixago punctata, Trixella arvensis)

Common names: field woundwort, staggerweed, annual hedgenettle, fieldnettle betony, hedge-nettle, stagger weed

Extract from Wikipedia article: Stachys arvensis is a species of flowering plant in the mint family known by the common names field woundwort and staggerweed. It is native to Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa. It is known on other continents as an introduced species and widespread weed.

LinkStaggerweed (Stachys arvensis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkPinkish tubular flowers of Staggerweed (Stachys arvensis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkPaired leaves with bluntly toothed margins of Staggerweed (Stachys arvensis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkPaired leaves and pinkish tubular flowers of Staggerweed (Stachys arvensis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkVarious weeds on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms, with staggerweed (Stachys arvensis) in foreground. Qatar, January 16, 2015
LinkStaggerweed (Stachys arvensis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkStaggerweed (Stachys arvensis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkSeedlings of staggerweed (Stachys arvensis) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkBlooming staggerweed (Stachys arvensis) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, May 1, 2015
LinkPlants of staggerweed (Stachys arvensis) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, May 1, 2015
LinkStaggerweed (Stachys arvensis) with flowers on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, May 1, 2015
LinkSeedling of staggerweed (Stachys arvensis) on washed out gravel on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkSeedling of staggerweed (Stachys arvensis) emerging from gravel wash on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkPaired leaves and pinkish tubular flowers of Staggerweed (Stachys arvensis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016

6. Teucrium polium L.

(Chamaedrys polium, Monochilon tomentosus, Polium angustifolium, Polium diffusum, Polium erectum, Polium fruticosum, Polium integerrimum, Polium latifolium, Polium perenne, Polium pratense, Polium ramosum, Polium serratum, Polium smyrnaeum, Polium spicatum, Teucrium aegypticum, Teucrium caespitulosum, Teucrium capitatum, Teucrium cephalotes, Teucrium chulilia, Teucrium commune, Teucrium compositum, Teucrium cylindricum, Teucrium foliosum, Teucrium gussonei, Teucrium lavandulatum, Teucrium polium-trifoliatum, Teucrium polycephalon, Teucrium pseudohyssopus, Teucrium pulverulentum, Teucrium purpurascens, Teucrium purpureum, Teucrium stoechadifolium, Teucrium subtriphyllum, Teucrium teuthrion, Teucrium tomentosum, Teucrium virescens)

Common names: germander, Hulwort, jaad, yaad, gaad

Extract from Wikipedia article: Teucrium polium (known popularly as felty germander) is a sub-shrub and herb native to the Mediterranean region and the Middle East. Its flowers are small and range from pink to white, and its leaves are used in cooking and for medicine, particularly for the treatment of stomach ailments. It has also shown some promise in the treatment of visceral pain. In traditional Persian medicine, T. polium (locally called 'kalpooreh') is used as an anti-hypertensive, anti-bacterial, carminative, anti-nociceptive, anti-inflammatory, anti-diarrhea, anti-diabetes and anti-convulsant agent. A scientific study in 2003 failed to find any benefit to diabetics, even though it is commonly used in the mideast for this purpose. A scientific study in 2006 found that it does have anti-nociceptive and anti-spasmodic effects. Caution should be applied with use of this herb due to its known liver and kidney toxicity.

LinkFlower heads of hulwort (Teucrium polium, local names jaad, yaad) in a runnel north from Dukhan in western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkHulwort (Teucrium polium, local names jaad, yaad) in a runnel north from Dukhan in western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkShoot of Hulwort (Teucrium polium, local names jaad, yaad) on Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, October 3, 2014
LinkDry leaves of Hulwort (Teucrium polium) on Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, October 3, 2014
LinkDry leaves and buds of Hulwort (Teucrium polium) on Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, October 3, 2014
LinkShoot of Hulwort (Teucrium polium) in area between Al Khor and Ras Laffan. Qatar, November 1, 2014
LinkFlowers of Hulwort (Teucrium polium) on Fuwairit Hills (Jabal Fuwayrith), on north-eastern coast. Qatar, November 1, 2014
LinkShoot of Hulwort (Teucrium polium, local names jaad, yaad) on Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, November 21, 2014
LinkYoung leaves of Hulwort (Teucrium polium) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkShoots of Hulwort (Teucrium polium) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkFresh leaves of Hulwort (Teucrium polium) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkHulwort (Teucrium polium) planted on a roundabout near student dorms in Education City. Doha, Qatar, February 5, 2015
LinkHulwort (Teucrium polium) with a flower on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 20, 2015
LinkPillow shaped plant of hulwort (Teucrium polium) on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, April 17, 2015
LinkBlooming Hulwort (Teucrium polium) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkHulwort (Teucrium polium, local names jaad, yaad) on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkHulwort (Teucrium polium, local names jaad, yaad) with flowers on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkHulwort (Teucrium polium, local names jaad, yaad) on a sandy slope of a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkShoots of hulwort (Teucrium polium, local names jaad, yaad) on a sandy slope of a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkFelty germander (Teucrium polium, local names jaad, yaad) near Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, March 26, 2016
LinkFelty germander (Teucrium polium, local names jaad, yaad) among dry grass in a depression behind a rocky ridge in Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, March 26, 2016
LinkPlants of felty germander (Teucrium polium, local names jaad, yaad) among dry grass in a depression behind a rocky ridge in Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, March 26, 2016

7. Vitex agnus-castus L.

(Agnus-castus alba, Agnus-castus marostachya, Agnus-castus robusta, Agnus-castus vulgaris, Vitex agnus, Vitex haussknechtii, Vitex hybrida, Vitex integra, Vitex latifolia, Vitex lupinifolia, Vitex pseudonegundo, Vitex robusta, Vitex verticillata)

Common names: chaste tree, chasteberry, abrahams balm, monks pepper

Extract from Wikipedia article: Vitex agnus-castus, also called Vitex, Chaste Tree, Chasteberry, Abraham's Balm or Monk's Pepper, is a native of the Mediterranean region. It is one of the few temperate-zone species of Vitex, which is on the whole a genus of tropical and sub-tropical flowering plants. Theophrastus mentioned the shrub several times, as agnos (άγνος) in Enquiry into Plants. Vitex, its name in Pliny the Elder, is derived from the Latin vieo, meaning to weave or to tie up, a reference to the use of Vitex agnus-castus in basketry. Its macaronic specific name repeats "chaste" in both Greek and Latin.

LinkChaste tree (Vitex agnus-castus) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 3, 2015

8. Vitex trifolia L.

(Vitex agnus-castus, Vitex benthamiana, Vitex bicolor, Vitex indica, Vitex integerrima, Vitex iriomotensis, Vitex langundi, Vitex negundo, Vitex neocaledonica, Vitex paniculata, Vitex petiolaris, Vitex rotundifolia, Vitex triphylla, Vitex variifolia)

Common names: simpleleaf chastetree

Extract from Wikipedia article: Vitex trifolia, the simpleleaf chastetree, is a large coastal shrub or small tree.

LinkSimpleleaf chastetree (Vitex trifolia) on United Nations Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, August 31, 2015
LinkSimpleleaf chastetree (Vitex trifolia) taken from United Nations Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, August 31, 2015

9. Volkameria inermis L.

(Catesbaea javanica, Clerodendrum buxifolium, Clerodendrum capsulare, Clerodendrum commersonii, Clerodendrum coriaceum, Clerodendrum coromandelianum, Clerodendrum emarginatum, Clerodendrum inerme, Clerodendrum javanicum, Clerodendrum neriifolium, Clerodendrum ovalifolium, Clerodendrum ovatum, Ovieda inermis, Ovieda ovalifolia, Volkameria buxifolia, Volkameria commersonii, Volkameria neriifolia)

Common names: Glory bower

Extract from Wikipedia article: Volkameria inermis (glory bower) is a species of flowering plant in the genus Volkameria of the family Lamiaceae, found in Australia, Asia, Malesia and the Pacific islands.

LinkFlowers of glory bower (Volkameria inermis, Clerodendrum inerme) near Al Sham Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 30, 2015
LinkGlory bower (Volkameria inermis, Clerodendrum inerme) near Al Sham Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 30, 2015
LinkGlory bower (Volkameria inermis, Clerodendrum inerme) near a farm of Salimi Sheikh Abdullah bin Thani, Ash Shamal area. Northern Qatar, June 13, 2015
LinkGlory bower (Volkameria inermis, Clerodendrum inerme) planted in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, November 20, 2015
LinkGlory bower (Volkameria inermis, Clerodendrum inerme) on Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, January 18, 2016

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Acknowledgements

QNHG (Qatar Natural History Group) and associated people, for a possibility to participate in their field excursions and to learn about local nature.