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Plantaginaceae

Plantaginaceae Juss. - Plantain Family

1. Antirrhinum majus L.

(Antirrhinum grandiflorum, Antirrhinum hispanorum, Antirrhinum latifolium, Antirrhinum murale, Antirrhinum vulgare)

Common names: snapdragon

Extract from Wikipedia article: Antirrhinum majus (common snapdragon; often - especially in horticulture - simply "snapdragon") is a species of flowering plant belonging to the genus Antirrhinum. It is native to the Mediterranean region, from Morocco and Portugal north to southern France, and east to Turkey and Syria. The common name "snapdragon", originates from the flowers' reaction to having their throats squeezed, which causes the "mouth" of the flower to snap open like a dragon's mouth.

LinkFlowers of snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus) in a park at Al Rafiei Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, February 16, 2016

2. Linaria albifrons (Sm.) Spreng.

(Antirrhinum albifrons, Linaria glauca, Linaria minutiflora, Linaria modesta)

Common names: snapdragon

My notes: In 2016, the place on roadside where it grows was bulldozed for road extension, only a small island of land remained.

LinkLinaria albifrons near Ras Laffan. Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkBlooming Linaria albifrons near Ras Laffan. Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkRare plant Linaria albifrons near Ras Laffan. Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkLinaria albifrons with seed capsules near Ras Laffan. Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkLinaria albifrons with flowers near Ras Laffan. Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkPlants of Linaria albifrons near Ras Laffan. Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkSeeds of Linaria albifrons taken from area near Ras Laffan. Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkWide angle view of plants of Linaria albifrons on roadside south from Ras Laffan. North-eastern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkPlant of Linaria albifrons on roadside south from Ras Laffan. North-eastern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkPlant of Linaria albifrons with a flower on roadside south from Ras Laffan. North-eastern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkPlant of Linaria albifrons on dark background on roadside south from Ras Laffan. North-eastern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkPlant of Linaria albifrons on white background on roadside south from Ras Laffan. North-eastern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkPlant of Linaria albifrons on white background taken from a roadside south from Ras Laffan. North-eastern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkPlant of Linaria albifrons on dark background taken from a roadside south from Ras Laffan. North-eastern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkBlooming Linaria albifrons on white background taken from a roadside south from Ras Laffan. North-eastern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkBlooming Linaria albifrons on dark background taken from a roadside south from Ras Laffan. North-eastern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkBlooming Linaria albifrons against a picture of a desert taken from a roadside south from Ras Laffan. North-eastern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkPlant of Linaria albifrons with a picture of a desert as background taken from a roadside south from Ras Laffan. North-eastern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkLinaria albifrons against a picture of a desert taken from a roadside south from Ras Laffan. North-eastern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkPlant of Linaria albifrons extracted from a roadside south from Ras Laffan. North-eastern Qatar, February 19, 2016

3. Misopates orontium orontium (L.) Rafin.

(Agrorrhinum orontium, Antirrhinum arvense, Antirrhinum breviflorum, Antirrhinum calycinum, Antirrhinum craniolare, Antirrhinum humile, Antirrhinum jamaicense, Antirrhinum orontium, Antirrhinum oruntium, Antirrhinum purpureum, Orontium arvense)

Common names: saysam, Weasel's Snout, Corn Snapdragon

Extract from Wikipedia article: Weasel's snout (Misopates orontium) is a herbaceous annual plant of the family Plantaginaceae. It is a native of disturbed ground in Europe. It is also naturalised as a weed in other parts of the world such as North America. The pink flowers resemble a miniature Snapdragon and are followed by a hairy green fruit which is said to resemble a weasel's snout.

LinkUnripe fruit capsules held by persistent finger-like sepals of Corn Snapdragon (Weasel's Snout, Misopates orontium, Antirrhinum orontium, local name saysam) growing in bushes of Ziziphus nummularia on roadside of a road to Zubara in Al Magdah farms area, in north-western Qatar, February 22, 2014

4. Plantago amplexicaulis amplexicaulis Cav.

(Plantago lagopoides, Plantago salina)

Common names: Ispaghula, Plantain, rablat al mistah, lesan al hamal

Extract from Wikipedia article: Plantago amplexicaulis is an annual plant of the family Plantaginaceae and the genus Plantago that grows in dry sand and deserts.

LinkPlantain with large grain-like fruits (Plantago amplexicaulis, local names rablat al mistah, lesan al hamal) in a roadside depression of Abu Samra Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkLarge grain-like fruits of desert plantain Plantago amplexicaulis (local names rablat al mistah, lesan al hamal) in a roadside depression of Abu Samra Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkPlantain Plantago amplexicaulis (local names rablat al mistah, lesan al hamal) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkPlantain with large grain like fruits (Plantago amplexicaulis, local names rablat al mistah, lesan al hamal) in Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkPlantain with large grain-like fruits (Plantago amplexicaulis, local names rablat al mistah, lesan al hamal) in Trainah gardens. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkLarge grain-like fruits of Plantago amplexicaulis (local names rablat al mistah, lesan al hamal) in Trainah gardens. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkPurple tinted leaves of Plantago amplexicaulis (local names rablat al mistah, lesan al hamal) in Trainah gardens. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkPlantain (Plantago amplexicaulis, local names rablat al mistah, lesan al hamal) in Trainah gardens. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014

5. Plantago boissieri Hausskn. & Bornm.

Common names: waybread, greater plantain

LinkFruits of greater plantain (Plantago boissieri) in Uwaynat Bin Husayn near Simaisma. Qatar, February 28, 2015
LinkGreater plantain (Plantago boissieri or may be ovata) growing in a shallow depression in Uwaynat Bin Husayn near Simaisma. Qatar, February 28, 2015
LinkGreater plantain (Plantago boissieri) in Uwaynat Bin Husayn near Simaisma. Qatar, March 6, 2015
LinkRosette of leaves of greater plantain (Plantago boissieri) on a roadside of Rawdat Rashed Road in Umm Al Zubar West. Qatar, December 11, 2015
LinkGreater plantain (Plantago boissieri) on roadside of Dukhan Highway near Al Shakhaniya. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkGreater plantain (Plantago boissieri) in area of Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkGreater plantain (Plantago boissieri) in a large roadside depression near Route 77 to Ras Laffan. Qatar, February 6, 2016
LinkBlooming greater plantain (Plantago boissieri) in a large roadside depression near Route 77 to Ras Laffan. Qatar, February 6, 2016
LinkGreater plantain (Plantago boissieri) with flowers in a large roadside depression near Route 77 to Ras Laffan. Qatar, February 6, 2016
LinkMasses of greater plantain (Plantago boissieri) with flowers in a large roadside depression near Route 77 to Ras Laffan. Qatar, February 6, 2016
LinkField of greater plantain (Plantago boissieri) with flowers in a large roadside depression near Route 77 to Ras Laffan. Qatar, February 6, 2016
LinkGreater plantain (Plantago boissieri) on windblown sand on roadside in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkGreater plantain (Plantago boissieri) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkLower view of greater plantain (Plantago boissieri) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkGreater plantain (Plantago boissieri) on a gravel plain in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016

6. Plantago ciliata ciliata Desf.

(Plantago bellidifolia, Plantago eriantha, Plantago penicillata)

Common names: rabla, lesan al hamal, plantain

LinkDesert species of plantain (Plantago ciliata, local name Rablah). Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha, Qatar, March 12, 2010
LinkDesert species of plantain with wooly cover (Plantago ciliata, local name Rablah) in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkPlantain with wooly cover (Plantago ciliata, local name Rablah) in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkFlowers of desert species of plantain with wooly cover (Plantago ciliata, local name Rablah) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkDesert species of plantain (Plantago ciliata, local name Rablah) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkPlantain (Plantago ciliata, local name Rablah) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkDesert species of plantain (Plantago ciliata, local name Rablah) near a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkPlantain (Plantago ciliata, local name Rablah) near a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkDry flower spikes of plantain with wooly cover (Plantago ciliata, local name Rablah) near a road to Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, April 23, 2016
LinkDry plantain (Plantago ciliata, local name Rablah) on a gravel plane in Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, April 23, 2016
LinkPlantain (Plantago ciliata, local name Rablah) with fruits on a gravel plane in Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, April 23, 2016

7. Plantago coronopus

Common names: buck's horn plantain, Lesan al hamal

Extract from Wikipedia article: Plantago coronopus (minutina, erba stella, buck's horn plantain) is a species of Plantago. It is an annual or perennial herb producing a basal rosette of narrowly lance-shaped leaves up to 25 centimeters long that are toothed or deeply divided. The inflorescences grow erect to about 4 to 7 cm in height. They have dense spikes of flowers which sometimes curve. Each flower has four whitish lobes each measuring about a millimeter long. Plantago coronopus mainly grows on sandy or gravelly soils close to the sea.

LinkBuck's horn plantain (Plantago coronopus) on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms (Thaghab Al Majda). Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkBuck's horn plantain (Plantago coronopus), view from above, on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms (Thaghab Al Majda). Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkBuck's horn plantain (Plantago coronopus) growing in silt in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkDry plant of Buck's horn plantain (Plantago coronopus)(?) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkBlooming Buck's horn plantain (Plantago coronopus) in area of Ras Laffan farms. North-eastern Qatar, February 19, 2016

8. Plantago lanceolata L.

(Arnoglossum lanceolatum, Lagopus lanceolatus, Lagopus timbali, Plantago abyssinica, Plantago altissima, Plantago ambigua, Plantago argentea, Plantago attenuata, Plantago azorica, Plantago byzantina, Plantago capensis, Plantago capitata, Plantago contorta, Plantago dalmatica, Plantago decumbens, Plantago dubia, Plantago elata, Plantago eriophora, Plantago flexuosa, Plantago gerardi, Plantago glabriflora, Plantago glareosa, Plantago hirsuta, Plantago hungarica, Plantago intermedia, Plantago irrigua, Plantago kurdica, Plantago lanata, Plantago lanceiifolia, Plantago lanuginosa, Plantago linkii, Plantago longiscapa, Plantago longistipes, Plantago mediterranea, Plantago microcephala, Plantago minor, Plantago nigricans, Plantago nutans, Plantago preslii, Plantago pseudo-patagonica, Plantago schottii, Plantago sylvatica, Plantago timbali, Plantago tomentosa, Plantago trinervis, Plantago variabilis)

Common names: Lesan al hamal, Ribwort Plantain

Extract from Wikipedia article: Plantago lanceolata is a species of genus Plantago known by the common names English plantain, narrowleaf plantain, ribwort plantain, ribleaf, buckhorn plantain, buckhorn, and lamb's tongue. It is a common weed of cultivated land.

LinkRibwort Plantain (Plantago lanceolata) in sand on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkFlower spike of Ribwort Plantain (Plantago lanceolata) on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkBlooming Ribwort Plantain (Plantago lanceolata) on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014

9. Plantago ovata Forsskal

(Plantago albicans, Plantago argentea, Plantago declinata, Plantago decumbens, Plantago ispaghula, Plantago lanata, Plantago microcephala, Plantago monspeliensis, Plantago trichophylla, Plantago villosa)

Common names: Desert Indianwheat, Lesan al hamal, rubla

Extract from Wikipedia article: Plantago ovata (Desert Indianwheat, Blond Psyllium; syn. Plantago brunnea Morris, Plantago fastigiata Morris, Plantago gooddingii A. Nels. & Kennedy, Plantago insularis Eastw., Plantago insularis Eastw. var. fastigiata (Morris) Jepson, Plantago insularis Eastw. var. scariosa (Morris) Jepson, Plantago minima A. Cunningham) is a medicinal plant native to Western Asia and Southern Asia. According to Calflora plantago ovate is native to California.

LinkDesert Indianwheat (Plantago ovata or may be boissieri) in Uwaynat Bin Husayn near Simaisma. Qatar, February 28, 2015
LinkSmall plant of plantain (Plantago ovata(?)) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkFlowers of desert indianwheat (Plantago ovata) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkDesert indianwheat (Plantago ovata) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkPlant of desert indianwheat (Plantago ovata) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkDesert indianwheat (Plantago ovata) on rocky soil in a silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 6, 2016
LinkDesert indianwheat (Plantago ovata) in a silty depression near a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 27, 2016
LinkDesert indianwheat (Plantago ovata) with seeds in a silty depression near a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 27, 2016

10. Russelia equisetiformis Schltdl. & Cham.

(Russelia juncea)

Common names: firecracker plant, coral plant, coralblow

Extract from Wikipedia article: Russelia equisetiformis, commonly known as Firecracker plant, Coral plant, Coral fountain, Coralblow and Fountain plant, is a weeping subshrub in the Plantaginaceae family.

LinkFirecracker plant (Russelia equisetiformis) in a park at Al Markhiya Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 2, 2015
LinkWeeping bush of firecracker plant (Russelia equisetiformis) in a park at Al Markhiya Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 2, 2015
LinkDecumbent red flowers of firecracker plant (Russelia equisetiformis) in a park at Al Markhiya Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 2, 2015
LinkFirecracker plant (Russelia equisetiformis) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 3, 2015
LinkFirecracker plant (Russelia equisetiformis) with yellow flowers of Launaea nudicaulis in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 3, 2015

List of plant families

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Acknowledgements

QNHG (Qatar Natural History Group) and associated people, for a possibility to participate in their field excursions and to learn about local nature.