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Cynomoriaceae

1. Cynomorium coccineum

Common names: Desert Thumb, tarthouth, abushal

Extract from Wikipedia article: Cynomorium coccineum is a parasitic perennial flowering plant in the Cynomoriaceae, a family consisting of only one (or perhaps two) species in the genus Cynomorium. Its wider relationships are uncertain. Common names include the misleading Maltese fungus or Maltese mushroom; also desert thumb, red thumb, tarthuth (Bedouin) and suo yang (Chinese). A rare or local species, it grows in dry, rocky or sandy soils, often in salt marshes or other saline habitats close to the coast. It has had a wide variety of uses in European, Arabic and Chinese herbal medicine.

LinkDried parasitic plant Cynomorium coccineum (desert, or red thumb, tarthuth) in dunes of Jazirat Umm Tays, barrier island at northern tip of Qatar, east from Ruwais, March 24, 2012
LinkDesert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkFlowers of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkCluster of flowers of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkClose up of a flower of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkDesert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) taken from a beach near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkDesert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkParasitic plant Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkFlowers of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkBlooming Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkYoung flower of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkEmerging flower of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkFlower of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) with red scales on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkClub-shaped inflorescense of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkMinute scarlet flowers of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkParasitic plant Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) with a host plant Zygophyllum qatarense on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkSalt tolerant parasitic plants of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkDark-red inflorescence of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkEmerging dark-red inflorescence of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkFleshy flowers of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkDark-red flowers of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on fleshy, unbranched stems on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkEmerging dark-red flowers of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkParasitic plants of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) emerging near a host plant Zygophyllum qatarense on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkDissected fleshy inflorescence of a parasitic plant Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) taken from a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkClub-shaped flowers of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) water well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 30, 2015
LinkClub-shaped flowers of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) water well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 30, 2015
LinkDesert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) on a sand mound in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) water well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 30, 2015
LinkDesert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) emerging from sand in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) water well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 30, 2015
LinkHabitat of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) water well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 30, 2015
LinkFlowers of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum) near a rocky ridge in Jabal Al Jassasiya site, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, February 21, 2015
LinkPartially decomposed fruits of a parasitic plant Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum) in sands of Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, October 23, 2015
LinkDesert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum) on a beach a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 30, 2016

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Acknowledgements

QNHG (Qatar Natural History Group) and associated people, for a possibility to participate in their field excursions and to learn about local nature.