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Acanthaceae

Acanthaceae Juss. - Acanthus Family

1. Avicennia marina marina (Forsskál) Vierhapper

(Avicennia alba, Avicennia elliptica, Avicennia lanata, Avicennia obovata, Avicennia oepata, Avicennia officinalis, Avicennia spicata, Bontia germinans, Halodendron thouarsii, Racka ovata, Racka torrida, Sceura marina)

Common names: Grey mangrove, qurm, shourah, shoura, garam

Extract from Wikipedia article: Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae). As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas.

LinkGrey mangroves (Avicennia marina, qurm, shourah) surrounded by aerial roots (pneumatophores) at low tide in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, February 19, 2010
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, February 25, 2011
LinkAerial roots (pneumatophores) of mangrove (Avicennia marina) at low tide at northern tip of Qatar, March 24, 2012
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) at low tide at northern tip of Qatar, east from Ruwais, March 24, 2012
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) in Al Aaliya Island (Jazirat al Aliyah). Qatar, March 27, 2013
LinkMangroves (Avicennia marina) with aerial roots (pneumatophores) in salt marsh near Jazirat Umm Tays, barrier island at northern tip of Qatar, east from Ruwais. Qatar, April 12, 2013
LinkAerial roots (pneumatophores) of mangroves (Avicennia marina) in salt marsh near Jazirat Umm Tays, barrier island at northern tip of Qatar, east from Ruwais. Qatar, April 12, 2013
LinkFlowers of mangrove (Avicennia marina) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkMangrove (Avicennia marina) with fruits near village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkFruits of mangrove (Avicennia marina) near village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkTwig of mangrove (Avicennia marina) with fruits taken from a site west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkDissected seeds of mangrove (Avicennia marina) with fruits taken from a site west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkDissected half of a seed of mangrove (Avicennia marina) with fruits taken from a site west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkCut halves of a seed of mangrove (Avicennia marina) with fruits taken from a site west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkGerminated seed of mangrove (Avicennia marina) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 9, 2014
LinkGerminating seed of mangrove (Avicennia marina) taken from Al Khor. Qatar, October 9, 2014
LinkHalf dead mangrove forest (Avicennia marina) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkSeedling of mangrove (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 8, 2014
LinkMangrove trees (Avicennia marina) in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) near tidal river in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) north from Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkFlower of mangrove (Avicennia marina) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkDead mangrove trees (Avicennia marina) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 4, 2015
LinkMangroves trees (Avicennia marina) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 4, 2015
LinkAerial roots (pneumatophores) of mangroves (Avicennia marina) exposed at low tide near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 4, 2015
LinkClose up of aerial roots (pneumatophores) of mangroves (Avicennia marina) exposed at low tide near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 4, 2015
LinkFlowers of mangroves (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 4, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) at sunrise on northern tip of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkMangrove trees (Avicennia marina) near northern cliffs of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkAerial roots (pneumatophores) of mangroves (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkBlooming mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) in salt marsh near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkFlowers of mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on white background near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkFlowers of mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on dark background near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkAerial roots (pneumatophores) of mangroves (Avicennia marina) Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 29, 2015
LinkAerial roots (pneumatophores) of mangroves (Avicennia marina) on littoral of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 29, 2015
LinkBlooming bush of mangroves (Avicennia marina) on littoral of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 29, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) surrounded by aerial roots (pneumatophores) at low tide near a fishing village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkLine of aerial roots (pneumatophores) of a mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) at low tide near a fishing village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkGrey mangroves (Avicennia marina) surrounded by aerial roots (pneumatophores) at low tide near a fishing village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkDead mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) near a fishing village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkLeathery fruits of mangrove (Avicennia marina) washed out on a beach of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, August 29, 2015
LinkMangrove (Avicennia marina) with fruits on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, August 29, 2015
LinkMasses of dry flower buds of mangrove (Avicennia marina)(?) on littoral of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, August 29, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) in salt marsh, view from causeway of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) in salt marshes, view to the south from a hill on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) in salt marsh on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkFresh leaves and shoots of mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove trees (Avicennia marina) at low tide south from Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove trees (Avicennia marina) in salt marsh at low tide Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) in salt marsh at low tide Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) at sunrise on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkLower side of leaves of a mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) with aerial roots (pneumatophores) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) in a marsh at sunrise on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkSalt marsh with a mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) at sunrise on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkTree trunks of mangrove (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) in fog on west side of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) in fog on west side of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) with aerial roots (pneumatophores) on west side of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove tree skeletons (Avicennia marina) in shallow water near northern cliffs of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) in shallow water near northern cliffs of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkGroup of mangrove trees (Avicennia marina) in shallow water near northern cliffs of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) on north side of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) near northern tip of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkLush mangrove forest (Avicennia marina) on north side of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkTall mangrove trees (Avicennia marina) on north side of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkBlooming mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 28, 2016
LinkMangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 28, 2016
LinkMangrove (Avicennia marina) with aerial roots (pneumatophores) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 28, 2016
LinkMangrove forest (Avicennia marina) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 28, 2016
LinkMangrove (Avicennia marina) with aerial roots (pneumatophores) at low tide on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 28, 2016
LinkMangrove (Avicennia marina) with flowers on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 28, 2016
LinkMangrove (Avicennia marina) with saplings emerging from aerial roots on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 28, 2016
LinkDry mangrove tree (Avicennia marina) on salt marsh in Luwaima and Ras Al Qawar north from Al Thakhira. Qatar, June 18, 2016

2. Blepharis ciliaris (L.) B. L. Burtt

(Acanthodium delilii, Acanthodium spicatum, Acanthus delilei, Acanthus edulis, Acanthus pectinatus, Acanthus tetragonus, Blepharis edulis, Blepharis hirta, Blepharis obovata, Ruellia ciliaris)

Common names: Blepharis persica, Eyelash Plant, nejayae, shouk al dab, shawk al-Dub, niqeyl, begheil, nejaye, shouk al dab

LinkEyelash Plant (Blepharis ciliaris, Blepharis persica, Ruellia ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkEyelash Plant (Blepharis ciliaris, Blepharis persica, Ruellia ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) with blue flowers near a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkLilac and white veined flower of Eyelash Plant (Blepharis ciliaris, Blepharis persica, Ruellia ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) near a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkEyelash Plant (Blepharis ciliaris, Blepharis persica, Ruellia ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) near a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkEyelash Plant (Blepharis ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) in oasis in front of Film City in Ras Abrouq peninsula in west central coastal area, north from Zekreet. Qatar, November 14, 2014
LinkWinter rosette of leaves of Eyelash Plant (Blepharis ciliaris) on roadside of a road to Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkShoot of Eyelash Plant (Blepharis ciliaris) on roadside of a road to Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkEyelash Plant (Blepharis ciliaris) with flowers on roadside of a road to Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkEyelash plant (Blepharis ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) on a roadside of a road to Al Numan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2015
LinkDry Eyelash plant (Blepharis ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) on a roadside of a road to Al Numan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2015
LinkEyelash plant (Blepharis ciliaris) on roadside at the entrance of Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, March 20, 2015
LinkEyelash plant (Blepharis ciliaris) with flowers on roadside at the entrance of Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, March 20, 2015
LinkDry eyelash plant (Blepharis ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) in Jaow Al Hamar depression south from Trainah. Southern Qatar, November 6, 2015
LinkEyelash plant (Blepharis ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) with a flower in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkBlooming eyelash plant (Blepharis ciliaris, local names nejayae, shouk al dab) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkSeedling of eyelash plant (Blepharis ciliaris) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015

3. Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guill.

(Eranthemum carruthersii, Eranthemum moorei, Eranthemum nigrescens, Eranthemum nigrum, Eranthemum pacificum, Eranthemum whartonianum, Pseuderanthemum kewense, Pseuderanthemum maius, Pseuderanthemum pacificum, Siphoneranthemum moorei)

Common names: Carruthers falseface

My notes: Grows only in parks as planted bushes.

Extract from Wikipedia article: The Carruthers' falseface, (Pseuderanthemum carruthersii), is a species of plant in the Acanthaceae family. It is endemic to Asia.

LinkWhite flowers with pink specks of Carruthers falseface (Pseuderanthemum carruthersii or may be reticulatum) in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, April 3, 2015
LinkWhite flowers with pink specks of Carruthers falseface (Pseuderanthemum carruthersii or may be reticulatum) in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, January 16, 2016

4. Ruellia prostrata Poir.

(Barleria sudanica, Dipteracanthus dejecta, Dipteracanthus flaviflorus, Dipteracanthus genduanus, Dipteracanthus prostratus, Dipteracanthus richardianus, Ruellia deccanensis, Ruellia genduana, Ruellia methia, Ruellia nubica, Ruellia otaviensis, Ruellia pallida, Ruellia patula, Ruellia ringens, Ruellia wightiana)

Common names: bell weed

My notes: Grows on lawns as a weed.

LinkBlooming bell weed (Ruellia prostrata) in a mat of trimmed Sesuvium plants on a lawn at Al Bidda Street near crossing with Al Adaid in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 28, 2015
LinkBell weed (Ruellia prostrata) taken from Al Bidda Street near crossing with Al Adaid in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 28, 2015
LinkSide view of a flower of bell weed (Ruellia prostrata) taken from Al Bidda Street near crossing with Al Adaid in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 28, 2015
LinkBell weed (Ruellia prostrata) on dark background taken from Al Bidda Street near crossing with Al Adaid in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 28, 2015
LinkFlowers of bell weed (Ruellia prostrata) taken from Al Bidda Street near crossing with Al Adaid in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 28, 2015
LinkFlowers of bell weed (Ruellia prostrata) on white background taken from Al Bidda Street near crossing with Al Adaid in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 28, 2015
LinkBell weed (Ruellia prostrata) growing among kalanchoe like succulent plants of spurflower (Plectranthus) in a park at Al Markhiya Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 2, 2015
LinkFlower of bell weed (Ruellia prostrata) growing among kalanchoe like succulent plants in a park at Al Markhiya Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 2, 2015
LinkBell weed (Ruellia prostrata) growing among kalanchoe like succulent plants in a park at Al Markhiya Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 26, 2015
LinkBell weed (Ruellia prostrata) under palm trees in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 3, 2015

5. Ruellia simplex Wright

(Arrhostoxylum microphyllum, Cryphiacanthus angustifolius, Ruellia angustifolia, Ruellia brittoniana, Ruellia coerulea, Ruellia ignorantiae, Ruellia longipes, Ruellia microphylla, Ruellia spectabilis, Ruellia tweediana, Ruellia tweedieana)

Common names: Brittons wild petunia, Mexican petunia, Mexican bluebell

My notes: Ornamental plant.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Ruellia simplex (Britton's wild petunia, Mexican petunia, Mexican bluebell) is a species of flowering plant in the acanthus family, Acanthaceae. It is a native of Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America. It has become a widespread invasive plant in Florida, where it was likely introduced as an ornamental before 1933.

LinkMexican petunia (Ruellia simplex, Ruellia brittoniana) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 3, 2015
LinkFlower of Mexican petunia (Ruellia simplex, Ruellia brittoniana) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 3, 2015
LinkBack lit flower of Mexican petunia (Ruellia simplex, Ruellia brittoniana) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 3, 2015
LinkMexican petunia (Ruellia simplex, Ruellia brittoniana) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 1, 2015

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Acknowledgements

QNHG (Qatar Natural History Group) and associated people, for a possibility to participate in their field excursions and to learn about local nature.