Home Page > Picture Archives >  Flora of Qatar > Family: Cucurbitaceae

Cucurbitaceae

Cucurbitaceae Juss. - Cucumber Family

1. Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrader

(Citrullus dimidiens, Citrullus nubica, Citrullus pseudocolocynthis, Colocynthis officinalis, Colocynthis officinarum, Colocynthis vulgaris, Cucumis bipinnatifidus, Cucumis colocynthis, Cucumis pseudocolocynthis, Cucurbita colocyntha)

Common names: Bitter gourd, desert squash, handal, shary, Handhal, murrah

Extract from Wikipedia article: Citrullus colocynthis, commonly known as the colocynth, bitter apple, bitter cucumber, desert gourd, egusi, or vine of Sodom (Sanskrit: Gavakshi गवाक्षी, Indarvaruni इंद्रवारूणी), Tamil: பேய்க்கொம்மட்டி is a desert viny plant native to the Mediterranean Basin and Asia, especially Turkey (especially in regions such as İzmir), Nubia and Trieste. It resembles a common watermelon vine but bears small, hard fruits with a bitter pulp. It originally bore the scientific name Colocynthis citrullus, but is now classified as Citrullus colocynthis.

LinkField of desert watermellons Citrullus colocynthis (Cucumis colocynthis, local names handal, shary, Handhal) near a road to Sawda Natheel in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert gourd Citrullus colocynthis (Cucumis colocynthis, local names handal, shary, Handhal) near a road to Sawda Natheel in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkFlower of desert gourd Citrullus colocynthis (Cucumis colocynthis, local names handal, shary, Handhal) near a road to Sawda Natheel in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert gourd Citrullus colocynthis (bitter apples, Cucumis colocynthis, local names handal, shary, Handhal) near a road to Sawda Natheel in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkRotten last year bitter gourd (Citrullus colocynthis, local names handal, shary, Handhal) on a roadside of Abu Samra Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkField of rotten desert gourd (Citrullus colocynthis, local names handal, shary, Handhal) on a roadside of Abu Samra Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkLeaves of desert gourd Citrullus colocynthis (bitter apples, Cucumis colocynthis, local names handal, shary, Handhal) on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkShoot of desert gourd Citrullus colocynthis (bitter apples, Cucumis colocynthis, local names handal, shary, Handhal) on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkFruit of desert gourd Citrullus colocynthis (bitter apples, Cucumis colocynthis, local names handal, shary, Handhal) near Karaana (Karana, Al Kiranah), south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkBlooming desert gourd Citrullus colocynthis (local names handal, shary, Handhal) at entrance of Ras Abrouq Peninsula near Zekreet. Qatar, November 14, 2014
LinkFlower of desert gourd Citrullus colocynthis (local names handal, shary, Handhal) at entrance of Ras Abrouq Peninsula near Zekreet. Qatar, November 14, 2014
LinkFlower of desert gourd Citrullus colocynthis taken from roadside of Salwa Road. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkDesert gourd Citrullus colocynthis (Cucumis colocynthis) taken from area of Al Khor. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkFruit of desert gourd Citrullus colocynthis (bitter apples) taken from a road to Al Jumayliyah in north-western Qatar, December 6, 2014
LinkDissected fruits of desert gourd Citrullus colocynthis (bitter apples) taken from a road to Al Jumayliyah in north-western Qatar, December 6, 2014
LinkSeeds of desert gourd Citrullus colocynthis (bitter apples) taken from a road to Al Jumayliyah in north-western Qatar, December 6, 2014
LinkDesert gourd Citrullus colocynthis at the entrance of Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkWatermelon like fruits of desert gourd Citrullus colocynthis at the entrance of Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkDesert gourd Citrullus colocynthis with fruits at the entrance of Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkFruits of desert gourd Citrullus colocynthis at the entrance of Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkDesert gourd Citrullus colocynthis in sandy depression at the entrance of Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkField of desert gourd Citrullus colocynthis in a depression at the entrance of Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkLarge vine of desert gourd (Citrullus colocynthis) growing over a bush of Ziziphus nummularia in a silty depression near Al Nuaman (Numan) in north-western Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkField of desert gourd (Citrullus colocynthis) near Al Nuaman (Numan) in north-western Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkLarge plant of desert gourd Citrullus colocynthis on a Ziziphus bush in a silty depression in Al Numan (Naim tribe, Nuaman, Nuaimiya). Northern Qatar, February 6, 2015
LinkDesert gourd Citrullus colocynthis in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, March 20, 2015
LinkDesert gourd Citrullus colocynthis (Cucumis colocynthis, local names handal, shary, Handhal) in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Naim tribe, Nuaimiya) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, March 28, 2015
LinkSeedling of bitter gourd (Citrullus colocynthis) on roadside of a road to Umm Hota Village, near Sawda Natheel. Southern Qatar, February 5, 2016

2. Cucumis prophetarum prophetarum

(Cucumis amarus, Cucumis anguria, Cucumis arabicus, Cucumis foetidus, Cucumis mascatensis, Cucumis pustulatus)

Common names: hadak, henaidhlan, hadaj, wild gourd

LinkFlower of wild gourd (Cucumis prophetarum) on roadside of a road to Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkGreen fruits of wild gourd (Cucumis prophetarum) on roadside of a road to Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkWild gourd (Cucumis prophetarum) on roadside of a road to Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkYellow flower with ovary of wild gourd (Cucumis prophetarum) on roadside of a road to Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkRipe fruit of wild gourd (Cucumis prophetarum) on roadside of a road to Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkYellow fruit on a plant of wild gourd (Cucumis prophetarum) on roadside of a road to Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkClose up of a ripe yellow fruit of wild gourd (Cucumis prophetarum) on roadside of a road to Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkClose up of a green fruit of wild gourd (Cucumis prophetarum) on roadside of a road to Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkFruit of wild gourd (Cucumis prophetarum) taken from roadside of a road to Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkGreen fruit of wild gourd (Cucumis prophetarum) taken from roadside of a road to Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkDissected fruit of wild gourd (Cucumis prophetarum) taken from roadside of a road to Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkRipe fruit of wild gourd (Cucumis prophetarum) taken from Umm Houtah in Southern Qatar, January 16, 2015
LinkSeeds of wild gourd (Cucumis prophetarum) taken from Umm Houtah in Southern Qatar, January 16, 2015
LinkSeeds of wild gourd (Cucumis prophetarum) on dark background taken from Umm Houtah in Southern Qatar, January 16, 2015
LinkWild gourd (Cucumis prophetarum) on roadside of a road from Khawzan to Al-Jumayliyah. Qatar, April 9, 2016
LinkFlower of wild gourd (Cucumis prophetarum) on roadside of a road from Khawzan to Al-Jumayliyah. Qatar, April 9, 2016

3. Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.

(Cucumis bicirrha, Cucumis lagenaria, Cucumis mairei, Cucurbita ciceraria, Cucurbita idolatrica, Cucurbita idololatrica, Cucurbita lagenaria, Cucurbita leucantha, Cucurbita pyriformis, Cucurbita siceraria, Cucurbita vittata, Lagenaria bicornuta, Lagenaria idolatrica, Lagenaria lagenaria, Lagenaria leucantha, Lagenaria microcarpa, Lagenaria vulgaris)

Common names: bottle gourd, calabash

Extract from Wikipedia article: The calabash, bottle gourd, or white-flowered gourd, Lagenaria siceraria (synonym Lagenaria vulgaris Ser.), also known as opo squash (from Tagalog: upo) or long melon, is a vine grown for its fruit, which can either be harvested young and used as a vegetable, or harvested mature, dried, and used as a bottle, utensil, or pipe. The fresh fruit has a light-green smooth skin and a white flesh. Rounder varieties are called calabash gourds. They grow in a variety of shapes: they can be huge and rounded, small and bottle shaped, or slim and serpentine, more than a metre long. Because bottle gourds are also called "calabashes", they are sometimes confused with the hard, hollow fruits of the unrelated calabash tree, Crescentia cujete, whose fruits are also used to make utensils, containers, and musical instruments. The gourd was one of the first cultivated plants in the world, grown not primarily for food, but for use as water containers. The bottle gourd may have been carried from Africa to Asia, Europe, and the Americas in the course of human migration, or by seeds floating across the oceans inside the gourd. It has been proven to be in the New World prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus.

LinkFlower of bottle gourd (calabash, Lagenaria siceraria) on Al Abeer Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, January 14, 2016
LinkBottle gourd (calabash, Lagenaria siceraria) on a fence on Al Abeer Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, January 14, 2016

4. Luffa cylindrica (L.) Roem.

(Bryonia cheirophylla, Cucumis acutangulus, Cucumis lineatus, Cucumis megacarpus, Cucumis pentandrus, Luffa acutangula, Luffa aegyptiaca, Luffa arabum, Luffa cattu-picinna, Luffa clavata, Luffa cordata, Luffa hederacea, Luffa insularum, Luffa jacquinii, Luffa leiocarpa, Luffa leucosperma, Luffa luffa, Luffa parvala, Luffa pentandra, Luffa petola, Luffa racemosa, Luffa satpatia, Luffa scabra, Luffa striata, Luffa subangulata, Luffa veitchii, Luffa vittata, Melothria touchanensis, Momordica carinata, Momordica cylindrica, Momordica luffa, Momordica operculata, Momordica reticulata, Poppya fabiana, Turia cordata, Turia cylindrica, Turia sativa)

Common names: dishrag gourd, Vietnamese gourd

My notes: Some of pictures may show different species.

LinkVietnamese gourd (Luffa cylindrica) at a door near B Ring Road in Al Doha Al Jadeeda neighborhood. Doha, Qatar, January 31, 2014
LinkClimbing dishrag gourd (Luffa cylindrica) at a corner of Ziyad Bin Eyad Street in Al Doha Al Jadeeda neighborhood. Doha, Qatar, January 31, 2014
LinkDishrag gourd (Luffa aegyptiaca, Luffa cylindrica) near Zubara exit of Al Shamal Road. Northern Qatar, April 3, 2014
LinkFlower of dishrag gourd (Luffa aegyptiaca, Luffa cylindrica) near Zubara exit of Al Shamal Road. Northern Qatar, April 3, 2014
LinkLuffa cylindrica(?) on Corniche in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 15, 2014
LinkLeaves of dishrag gourd (Luffa cylindrica)(?) on Umm Wishad Street in Musheirib area. Doha, Qatar, April 18, 2014
LinkDishrag gourd (Luffa aegyptiaca, Luffa cylindrica) in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, November 27, 2014
LinkDishrag gourd (Luffa aegyptiaca, Luffa cylindrica) in West Bay, in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, December 20, 2014
LinkDishrag gourd (Luffa aegyptiaca, Luffa cylindrica) near a central pole of one of fields on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkDry fruits of dishrag gourd (Luffa aegyptiaca, Luffa cylindrica) near a central pole of one of fields on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkDishrag gourd (Luffa cylindrica)(?) on roadside of Salwa Road near Mukaynis. Qatar, November 27, 2015
LinkDishrag gourd (Luffa aegyptiaca, Luffa cylindrica) at Al Jassasiya Street in Musheirib neighborhood. Doha, Qatar, December 25, 2015

5. Momordica charantia L.

(Cucumis argyi, Cucumis intermedius, Momordica chinensis, Momordica elegans, Momordica indica, Momordica muricata, Momordica sinensis, Momordica thollonii, Sicyos fauriei)

Common names: bitter melon, bitter gourd, bitter squash, balsam-pear, Goya, Karela

Extract from Wikipedia article: Momordica charantia, known as bitter melon, bitter gourd, bitter squash, or balsam-pear in English, has many other local names. Goya from Okinawan and karela from Sanskrit are also used by English-language speakers.

LinkStack of warty fruits of bitter gourd (bitter melon, Momordica charantia) in Vegetable Market, Wholesale Markets area. Doha, Qatar, April 7, 2012
LinkBitter melon (Momordica charantia) cultivated in a small kitchen garden on Al Muhandiseen Street in Al Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, February 25, 2016
LinkFlower of bitter melon (Momordica charantia) cultivated in a small kitchen garden on Al Muhandiseen Street in Al Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, February 25, 2016
LinkLeaf of bitter melon (Momordica charantia) cultivated in a small kitchen garden on Al Muhandiseen Street in Al Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, February 25, 2016

6. Trichosanthes cucumerina

Common names: snake gourd, serpent gourd, chichinda, padwal

Extract from Wikipedia article: Trichosanthes cucumerina is a tropical or subtropical vine, its variety T. cucumerina var. anguina raised for its strikingly long fruit, used as a vegetable, medicine, and in crafting traditional Australian musical instruments known as didgeridoos. Common names of the cultivated variety include snake gourd, serpent gourd, chichinda, and padwal.

LinkFruits of snake gourd (padwal, Trichosanthes cucumerina) in Vegetable Market, Wholesale Markets area. Doha, Qatar, April 7, 2012
LinkFlower of snake gourd (Trichosanthes cucumerina) on Al Wosail Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 8, 2015
LinkClose up of a flower of snake gourd (Trichosanthes cucumerina) on Al Wosail Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 8, 2015
LinkFlower of snake gourd (Trichosanthes cucumerina) taken from Al Wosail Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 27, 2015

List of plant families

Links

Outside links

How the web page was created

Acknowledgements

QNHG (Qatar Natural History Group) and associated people, for a possibility to participate in their field excursions and to learn about local nature.