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Typha abyssinica, Typha aequalis, Typha aethiopica, Typha americana, Typha angustata, Typha angustifolia, Typha australis, Typha basedowii, Typha bracteata, Typha brownii, Typha damiattica, Typha ehrenbergii, Typha essequeboensis, Typha gigantea, Typha gracilis, Typha javanica, Typha macranthelia, Typha maxima, Typha media, Typha salgirica, Typha tenuifolia, Typha truxillensis
Cumbungi, southern cattail
Typha domingensis, known commonly as southern cattail or cumbungi, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the genus Typha.[+]
It is found throughout temperate and tropical regions worldwide. It is sometimes found as a subdominant associate in mangrove ecosystems such as the Petenes mangroves ecoregion of Yucatán.
In Turkish folk medicine the female inflorescences of this plant and other Typha are used externally to treat wounds such as burns. Extracts of T. domingensis have been demonstrated to have wound healing properties in rat models.
Water extracts of the fruit, female flower and male flower of Typha domingensis exhibit iron chelating activity as well as superoxide and nitric oxide scavenging activities. By contrast, only the fruit and female flower extracts were found to have alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activity.
Recently it was found that Typha domingensis is very effective at reducing bacterial contamination of water for agricultural use. This plant helps to reduce, up to 98 percent, pollution by enterobacteria (usually found in the intestines of mammals) involved in the development of disease.
Typha domingensis grows in Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, the Andaman Islands., Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Assam, Australia, Azerbaijan, the Azores, the Balearic Islands, Bangladesh, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia Ecuador, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burma, Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Central America, Chad, China, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Corsica, Ivory Coast, Crete, Crimea, Croatia, Cyprus, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, France (incl. French Guinea & Réunion), Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan (incl. Ryukyu Islands), Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Island, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Sardinia, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Slovenia, the Society Islands, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Toto, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, the United States (incl. Hawaii), the Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, the West indies, Yemen, and Zambia
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