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Flora of Qatar

Compact list of plant species

Gymnosperms
NameFamilySynonymsCommon names
Ephedra foliata Ephedraceae Ephedra aitchisonii, Ephedra alte, Ephedra asparagoides, Ephedra ciliata, Ephedra kokanica, Ephedra peduncularis, Ephedra polylepis, Ephedra rollandii alanda, Shrubby Horsetail
1 species 1 family    
Dicotyledons
NameFamilySynonymsCommon names
Avicennia marina Acanthaceae Avicennia alba, Avicennia elliptica, Avicennia lanata, Avicennia obovata, Avicennia oepata, Avicennia officinalis, Avicennia spicata, Bontia germinans, Halodendron thouarsii, Racka ovata ... Grey mangrove, qurm, shourah, shoura, garam
Blepharis ciliaris Acanthodium delilii, Acanthodium spicatum, Acanthus delilei, Acanthus edulis, Acanthus pectinatus, Acanthus tetragonus, Blepharis edulis, Blepharis hirta, Blepharis obovata, Ruellia ciliaris Blepharis persica, Eyelash Plant, nejayae, shouk al dab, shawk al-Dub, niqeyl, begheil, nejaye, shouk al dab
Pseuderanthemum carruthersii Eranthemum carruthersii, Eranthemum moorei, Eranthemum nigrescens, Eranthemum nigrum, Eranthemum pacificum, Eranthemum whartonianum, Pseuderanthemum kewense, Pseuderanthemum maius, Pseuderanthemum pacificum, Siphoneranthemum moorei Carruthers falseface
Ruellia prostrata Barleria sudanica, Dipteracanthus dejecta, Dipteracanthus flaviflorus, Dipteracanthus genduanus, Dipteracanthus prostratus, Dipteracanthus richardianus, Ruellia deccanensis, Ruellia genduana, Ruellia methia, Ruellia nubica ... bell weed
Ruellia simplex Arrhostoxylum microphyllum, Cryphiacanthus angustifolius, Ruellia angustifolia, Ruellia brittoniana, Ruellia coerulea, Ruellia ignorantiae, Ruellia longipes, Ruellia microphylla, Ruellia spectabilis, Ruellia tweediana ... Brittons wild petunia, Mexican petunia, Mexican bluebell
Aizoanthemum hispanicum Aizoaceae Aizoon hispanicum, Aizoon sessiliflorum jafna, thummam
Aizoon canariense Aizoon procumbens, Aizoon spathulatum, Glinus chrystallinus, Glinus procumbens, Veslingia caulifloris, Veslingia heisteri jafna, hadaq, purslane-leaved aizoon
Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum Aizoon theurkauffii, Hydrodea bossiana, Hydrodea hampdenii, Hydrodea sarcocalycantha, Mesembryanthemum dactylinum, Mesembryanthemum forsskalii, Mesembryanthemum gaussenii, Mesembryanthemum sarcocalycanthum, Mesembryanthemum theurkauffii, Opophyton forsskalii ... Forskal fig marigold, ghasoul, samah
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum Cryophytum cleistum, Cryophytum gibbosum, Cryophytum nodiflorum, Cryophytum rogersii, Gasoul nodiflorum, Mesembryanthemum caducum, Mesembryanthemum copticum, Mesembryanthemum inornatum, Mesembryanthemum paucandrum, Psilocaulon caducum ... Egyptian Fig Marigold, ghasoul, hurr, slenderleaf ice plant
Sesuvium verrucosum Sesuvium erectum sea-purslane, Verrucose seapurslane
Trianthema portulacastrum Portulacastrum monogynum, Portulaca toston, Tetragonia chisimajensis, Trianthema flexuosum, Trianthema hydaspicum, Trianthema littoralis, Trianthema monogyna, Trianthema obcordata, Trianthema procumbens horse purslane, black pigweed
Zaleya pentandra Limeum kenyense, Rocama arabica, Rocama prostrata, Trianthema digyna, Trianthema pentandra Lami, tarba
Aerva javanica Amaranthaceae Aerva persica, Aerva tomentosa, Iresine javanica, Iresine persica El Rowa, twaim, kapok bush, desert cotton, towayim, tarfa, tirf, Tuwaim
Agriophyllum minus
Alternanthera pungens Alternanthera achyrantha, Alternanthera lorentzii, Alternanthera repens Khaki Burr
Amaranthus albus Amaranthus gracilentus, Amaranthus graecizans, Amaranthus littoralis, Amaranthus pubescens, Galliaria albida, Glomeraria alba common tumbleweed, tumble pigweed, pigweed amaranth, prostrate pigweed
Amaranthus caudatus Amaranthus edulis, Amaranthus mantegazzianus pigweed, pendant amaranth, foxtail amaranth, samghat reeh, khaisa, rowaf
Amaranthus graecizans Amaranthus angustifolius, Amaranthus aschersonianus, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus hierichuntinus, Amaranthus roxburgianus, Amaranthus thellungianus, Blitum graecizans, Galliaria graecizans, Glomeraria graecizans Mediterranean amaranth, short-tepalled pigweed
Amaranthus hybridus Amaranthus chlorostachys, Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus incurvatus, Amaranthus nepalensis, Amaranthus paniculatus, Amaranthus quitensis samghat reeh, khaisa, rowaf, smooth pigweed, red amaranth
Amaranthus viridis Amaranthus acutilobus, Amaranthus gracilis samghat reeh, khaisa, sendar, slender amaranth
Anabasis setifera Anabasis annua, Anabasis lutea hamd al arnab, Himd-Shaaran, Salsola setifera, shuaairan
Arthrocnemum macrostachyum Arthrocnemum fruticosum, Arthrocnemum glaucum, Arthrocnemum indicum, Arthrocnemum virginicum, Salicornia glauca, Salicornia macrostachya, Salicornia virginica glaucous glasswort, qulaam
Atriplex leucoclada Atriplex chanicowii, Atriplex inamoena, Atriplex laciniata, Atriplex turcomanica, Obione leucoclada Orache, raghal
Beta vulgaris Beta foliosa, Beta maritima, Beta orientalis bangar, Silq, common beet
Bienertia cycloptera
Bienertia sinuspersici
Chenopodium album Anserina candidans, Atriplex alba, Atriplex viridis, Blitum viride, Botrys alba, Botrys pagana, Chenopodium agreste, Chenopodium bernburgense, Chenopodium bicolor, Chenopodium borbasiforme ... lamb's quarters, melde, goosefoot, fat-hen, Shawlah
Chenopodium murale Chenopodium congestum Khaisa, Nettle-leaf Goosefoot, sowbane, samghat reeh, kheisa, Khaisa
Cornulaca aucheri Cornulaca leucacantha thalj, hadh
Cornulaca monacantha had, djouri, sallj, thalj, thallaj
Digera muricata Achyranthes alternifolia, Achyranthes ciliata, Achyranthes digera, Achyranthes muricata, Achyranthes polygonoides, Amaranthus arvensis, Amaranthus frutescens, Celosia muricata, Chamissoa arabica, Chamissoa ciliata ... false amaranth
Dysphania ambrosioides Chenopodium ambrosioides, Chenopodium integrifolium, Chenopodium opulifolium, Chenopodium suffruticosum, Teloxys ambrosioides Epazote, wormseed, Jesuits tea, Mexican tea, Paico
Gomphrena globosa Amaranthoides globosa, Amaranthoides globosus, Gomphrena eriopoda, Gomphrena rubra, Gomphrena tumida, Xeraea globosa globe amaranth, bachelor button
Halocnemum strobilaceum Halopeplis perfoliata, Halostachys perfoliata, Salicornia perfoliata, Salicornia strobilacea hamd, Sabat, jointed glasswort
Halopeplis perfoliata Halostachys perfoliata, Salicornia perfoliata Al Kheriza beach plant, string of beads, khureiza, inab al bahr, Khurreyz
Haloxylon persicum Anabasis saxaul, Arthrophytum acutifolium, Arthrophytum ammodendron, Arthrophytum arborescens, Arthrophytum persicum white saxaul
Haloxylon salicornicum Caroxylon salicornicum, Haloxylon articulatum, Haloxylon schweinfurthii, Hammada salicornica Hammada elegance, remith, hamd
Salicornia europaea Salicornia annua, Salicornia appressa, Salicornia biennis, Salicornia herbacea, Salicornia obscura, Salicornia patula glasswort
Salsola collina Salsola chinensis, Salsola kali slender saltwort, slender Russian thistle
Salsola cyclophylla hamd
Salsola drummondii Salsola obpyrifolia round leafed Rothe
Salsola imbricata Salsola foetida khereit, hamd zeohyr
Salsola soda opposite-leaved saltwort, oppositeleaf Russian thistle, barilla plant, Suaeda heteroptera, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica, Suaeda maritima
Salsola vermiculata Salsola chaudharyi, Salsola damascena, Salsola flavescens, Salsola hispanica, Salsola mandavillei, Salsola palaestinica, Salsola rigida, Salsola rodinii, Salsola tamariscifolia, Salsola villosa hamd, Woolly bassia
Seidlitzia rosmarinus Julman, Salsola rosmarinus, shenan, Suaeda rosmarinus
Suaeda aegyptiaca Chenopodium aegyptiacum, Schanginia aegyptiaca juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd, seablite, Egyptean sea blite, Suaeda baccata, Suaeda hortensis
Suaeda maritima Chenopodium filiforme, Chenopodium macrocarpum, Chenopodium maritimum, Chenopodium prostratum, Schoberia maritima, Suaeda aestuaria, Suaeda richii annual seablite
Suaeda vermiculata Salsola mollis, Suaeda mollis, Suaeda monodiana Seablite, Suaeda friticosa, suwaid
Traganum nudatum Traganum acuminatum dumran
Mangifera indica Anacardiaceae Mangifera amba, Mangifera anisodora, Mangifera austro-yunnanensis, Mangifera domestica, Mangifera gladiata, Mangifera integrifolia, Mangifera kukula, Mangifera laurina, Mangifera linnaei, Mangifera maritima ... mango tree
Polyalthia longifolia Annonaceae Guatteria longifolia, Unona longifolia, Uvaria altissima, Uvaria longifolia mast tree, ashoka tree, sorrowless tree
Anethum graveolens Apiaceae Anethum sowa, Ferula marathrophylla, Peucedanum anethum, Peucedanum graveolens, Peucedanum sowa Dill, ein jarada, shabat
Apium graveolens Apium celleri, Apium decumbens, Apium integrilobum, Apium lobatum, Apium lusitanicum, Apium maritimum, Apium napaceum, Apium rapaceum, Apium vulgare, Celeri graveolens ... celery
Bupleurum semicompositum Bunium semicompositum, Bupleurum glaucum Grey Hare Ear
Coriandrum sativum Cuminum cyminum, Selinum coriandrum coriander, cilantro, Chinese parsley, dhania
Daucus carota Carota sylvestris, Caucalis carnosa, Caucalis carota, Caucalis daucus, Daucus alatus, Daucus allionii, Daucus australis, Daucus blanchei, Daucus brevicaulis, Daucus communis ... carrot
Foeniculum vulgare Anethum foeniculum, Anethum panmori, Anethum panmorium, Foeniculum capillaceum, Foeniculum foeniculum, Foeniculum officinale, Foeniculum panmorium, Ligusticum foeniculum, Meum foeniculum, Ozodia foeniculacea ... shamar, fennel
Calotropis procera Apocynaceae Asclepias procera, Sodom's Apple, Giant Milkweed, mudar, osher, stabragh, ushar, ushaar
Carissa macrocarpa Arduina grandiflora, Arduina macrocarpa, Carissa africana, Carissa carandas, Carissa grandiflora, Carissa praetermissa, Jasminonerium africanum, Jasminonerium grandiflorum, Jasminonerium macrocarpum natal plum, large num-num
Cascabela thevetia Cascabela peruviana, Cerbera linearifolia, Cerbera peruviana, Cerbera thevetia, Thevetia linearis, Thevetia neriifolia, Thevetia peruviana, Thevetia thevetia lucky nut
Catharanthus roseus Ammocallis rosea, Hottonia littoralis, Lachnea rosea, Lochnera rosea, Pervinca rosea, Vinca gulielmi-waldemarii, Vinca rosea, Vinca speciosa Vinca Vitesse Rose
Glossonema varians Glossonema arabicum, Mastostigma varians, Odontanthera varians attar, jarawa, yarawa, Glossonema edule
Leptadenia pyrotechnica Cynanchum pyrotechnicum, Gymnema spartium, Leptadenia gracilis, Leptadenia jacquemontiana, Leptadenia spartium, Microloma angustifolium, Microloma pyrotechnicum, Periploca pyrotechnica, Sarcostemma pyrotechnicum burning bush, Marakh, Shajarat al Nar, Broom bush, Khip, Shajaret al baroud
Nerium oleander Nerion oleandrum, Nerium carneum, Nerium floridum, Nerium grandiflorum, Nerium japonicum, Nerium lauriforme, Nerium odoratissimum, Nerium splendens, Oleander vulgaris common oleander, daphla, ward el-homar, haban, Nerium mascatense
Plumeria alba Plumeria hypoleuca, Plumeria revolutifolia jasmine Hindi, pagoda tree
Plumeria obtusa Plumeria apiculata, Plumeria bahamensis, Plumeria barahonensis, Plumeria beatensis, Plumeria bicolor, Plumeria cayensis, Plumeria clusioides, Plumeria confusa, Plumeria cubensis, Plumeria cuneifolia ... Singapore Plumeria
Aaronsohnia factorovskyi Asteraceae
Atractylis carduus Atractylis candida, Atractylis citrina, Atractylis flava, Centaurea carduus laymoni, lumi al barr, jalwa, shuweikh, White Thistle, Yellow distaff-thistle
Bidens pilosa Bidens abadiae, Bidens abortiva, Bidens adhaerescens, Bidens africana, Bidens alausensis, Bidens alba, Bidens arenaria, Bidens arenicola, Bidens aurantiaca, Bidens barrancae ... hairy beggarticks, Spanish Needle
Brachyglottis greyi Senecio greyi daisy bush
Calendula arvensis Calendula aegyptiaca, Calendula alata, Calendula bicolor, Calendula brachyglossa, Calendula byzantina, Calendula ceratosperma, Calendula cristagalli, Calendula echinata, Calendula gracilis, Calendula karakalensis ... Field Marigold, hanwa
Centaurea sinaica Calcitrapa sinaica, Centaurea procurrens, Centaurea pseudosinaica Amberboa crupioides, birkan, murrar
Cichorium pumilum Cichorium ambiguum, Cichorium dichotomum, Cichorium divaricatum, Cichorium endivia, Cichorium glandulosum, Cichorium intybus, Cichorium minimum, Cichorium nanum, Cichorium noeanum, Cichorium polystachyum chicory
Thymophylla tenuiloba Dyssodia tenuiloba, Hymenatherum tenuilobum Dahlberg daisy, golden fleece
Eclipta prostrata Acmella lanceolata, Amellus carolinianus, Anthemis abyssinica, Anthemis bornmuelleri, Anthemis cotula, Anthemis cotula-foetida, Anthemis cotuloides, Anthemis galilaea, Anthemis sulphurea, Anthemis viridis ... False Daisy, Yerba de Tajo
Erigeron bonariensis Aster ambiguus, Conyza ambigua, Conyza bonariensis, Conyza chenopodioides, Conyza crispa, Conyza gracilis, Conyza hispida, Conyza leucodasys, Conyza linearis, Conyza linifolia ... Fleabane Daisy
Filago desertorum Filago germanica, Filago spathulata gutaina, alj al barr, alj al ghazal, Quteyna
Flaveria trinervia Brotera contrayerba, Brotera sprengelii, Brotera trinervata, Broteroa trinervata, Eupatorium chilense, Flaveria repanda, Flaveria trinervata, Oedera trinervia clustered yellowtop
Gaillardia pulchella Calonnea pulcherrima, Gaillardia bicolor, Gaillardia drummondii, Gaillardia lobata, Gaillardia neomexicana, Gaillardia picta, Gaillardia scabrosa, Gaillardia villosa, Galordia alternifolia firewheel, Indian blanket flower
Gnaphalium pensylvanicum Filago germanica, Gamochaeta pensylvanica, Gnaphalium chinense, Gnaphalium peregrinum, Gnaphalium purpureum Gamochaeta pensylvanica, Pennsylvania Everlasting, Wandering Cudweed
Gymnarrhena micrantha Cryptadia euphratensis, Gymnarrhena balansae Dog's paw, Camel's Eye
Helianthus annuus Helianthus aridus, Helianthus indicus, Helianthus jaegeri, Helianthus lenticularis, Helianthus macrocarpus, Helianthus multiflorus, Helianthus ovatus, Helianthus platycephalus, Helianthus tubaeformis common sunflower
Ifloga spicata Chrysocoma spicata, Gnaphalium aegyptiacum, Gnaphalium ammophilum, Gnaphalium cauliflorum, Gnaphalium chrysocoma, Gnaphalium spicatum, Ifloga fontanesii, Trichogyne cauliflora Hasaj, shajaret al anz, alj al anza, alj al ghazal
Jacobaea maritima Cineraria acanthifolia, Cineraria calvescens, Cineraria canadensis, Cineraria ceratophylla, Cineraria maritima, Othonna maritima, Senecio bicolor, Senecio cineraria, Senecio coronopifolius, Senecio gibbosus ... silver ragwort, dusty miller
Koelpinia linearis Koelpinia latifolia, Lapsana koelpinia, Rhagadiolus koelpinia Goat's Beard
Lactuca serriola Lactuca albicaulis, Lactuca altaica, Lactuca augustana, Lactuca coriacea, Lactuca dubia, Lactuca integrata, Lactuca latifolia, Lactuca saligna, Lactuca scariola, Lactuca sylvestris ... khas barri, khas al bagar, prickly lettuce, milk thistle
Launaea capitata Chondrilla capitata, Launaea glomerata, Lomatolepis glomerata, Microrhynchus glomeratus, Sonchus capitatus, Sonchus mareoticus, Zollikoferia glomerata huwa, hazan
Launaea intybacea Brachyramphus caribaeus, Brachyramphus goraeensis, Brachyramphus heyneanus, Brachyramphus intybaceus, Brachyramphus remotiflorus, Brachyramphus schimperi, Brachyramphus sonchifolius, Brachyramphus taraxacoides, Chondrilla indica, Chondrilla sonchifolia ... bitter lettuce, achicoria azul
Launaea mucronata Launaea resedifolia, Leontodon mucronatus, Rhabdotheca tenuiloba, Zollikoferia mucronata, Zollikoferia tenuiloba Huwa ghazal, bagraa, odeid
Launaea nudicaulis Ammoseris nudicaulis, Atalanthus divaricatus, Atalanthus nudicaulis, Chondrilla nudicaulis, Lactuca nudicaulis, Launaea divaricata, Lomatolepis nudicaulis, Microrhynchus nudicaulis, Prenanthes runcinata, Rhabdotheca divaricata ... huwa ghazal, huwa ghanam
Matricaria aurea Anacyclus aureus, Anthemis aurea, Cenocline aurea, Chamomilla aurea, Cotula aurea, Cotula complanata, Cotula pubescens, Lepidotheca aurea, Matricaria complanata, Perideraea aurea golden chamomile
Pallenis hierochuntica Asteriscus aquaticus, Asteriscus hierochunticus, Asteriscus pygmaeus, Odontospermum pygmaeum Jahwayan, jfeiah
Pentanema divaricatum Inula divaricata, Inula pentanema, Vicoa divaricata, Vicoa pentanema zameem al barr
Picris cyanocarpa Hawdhan
Picris asplenioides Apargia coronopifolia, Apargia scabra, Apargia taraxaciflora, Crepis radicata, Deckera asplenoides, Deckera lyrata, Helminthia asplenioides, Leontodon coronopifolius, Picris coronopifolia, Picris lyrata ...
Pluchea dioscoridis Baccharis dioscoridis, Blumea baccharoides, Conyza dioscoridis, Conyza kraussii, Conyza modatensis, Conyza odora, Pluchea kraussii Marsh Fleabane
Pulicaria gnaphalodes Inula gnaphalodes, Strabonia gnaphalodes nufaij, Nafayj
Pulicaria guestii Raraa ayoub
Pulicaria undulata Aster crispus, Francoeuria crispa, Francoeuria undulata, Inula crispa, Inula undulata, Pulicaria crispa Crisp-leaved fleabane, jithjath, yethyas
Reichardia intermedia Picridium intermedium, Picridium vulgare, Reichardia picroides, Sonchus intermedius
Reichardia tingitana Picridium arabicum, Picridium discolor, Picridium hispanicum, Picridium orientale, Picridium pinnatifidum, Picridium saharae, Picridium tingitanum, Picridium vulgare, Reichardia arabica, Reichardia discolor ... False sowthistle, murar, mareer, huzan
Rhanterium epapposum Asteriscus arabicus arfaj
Senecio glaucus Senecio chrysanthemifolius, Senecio coronopifolius, Senecio desfontainei, Senecio gallicus, Senecio laxiflorus, Senecio noeanus, Senecio rueppellii, Senecio subdentatus Buck's horn groundsel, mareer, ramloug
Sonchus oleraceus Carduus amplexicaulis, Sonchus angustissimus, Sonchus asper, Sonchus australis, Sonchus ciliatus, Sonchus fabrae, Sonchus glaber, Sonchus gracilis, Sonchus lacerus, Sonchus laevis ... jeidaid, khas al wiz, Smooth Sow Thistle, wild lettuce
Sphagneticola trilobata Acmella brasiliensis, Acmella spilanthoides, Buphthalmum procumbens, Buphthalmum repens, Buphthalmum strigosum, Complaya trilobata, Polymnia carnosa, Polymnia crenata, Seruneum trilobatum, Silphium trilobatum ... Wedelia trilobata, Singapore Daisy, Creeping-oxeye, Trailing Daisy
Tagetes erecta Tagetes corymbosa, Tagetes ernstii, Tagetes excelsa, Tagetes heterocarpha, Tagetes major, Tagetes patula, Tagetes remotiflora, Tagetes tenuifolia Mexican marigold
Urospermum picroides Arnopogon asper, Arnopogon capensis, Arnopogon picroides, Daumailia spinulosa, Tragopogon aculeatus, Tragopogon asper, Tragopogon capensis, Tragopogon picridoides, Tragopogon picroides, Tragopogon sonchifolius ... jeidaid, prickly golden fleece
Verbesina encelioides Encelia albescens, Verbesina australis, Verbesina microptera, Verbesina scabra, Ximenesia australis, Ximenesia encelioides golden crownbeard, cowpen daisy
Zinnia angustifolia Crassina angustifolia, Crassina linearis, Zinnia linearis narrowleaf zinnia
Millingtonia hortensis Bignoniaceae Bignonia azedarachta, Bignonia cicutaria, Bignonia hortensis, Bignonia suberosa, Millingtonia dubiosa, Nevrilis suberosa Tree Jasmine, Indian Cork Tree
Spathodea campanulata Bignonia tulipifera, Spathodea danckelmaniana, Spathodea nilotica, Spathodea tulipifera fountain tree, African tulip tree, pichkari, Nandi flame
Tabebuia rosea Bignonia fluviatilis, Couralia rosea, Sparattosperma roseum, Tabebuia mexicana, Tabebuia pentaphylla, Tabebuia punctatissima, Tecoma mexicana, Tecoma punctatissima, Tecoma rosea Pink Trumpet Tree, Roble de Sabana, Maquilishuat
Tecoma stans Bignonia stans, Stenolobium stans yellow trumpetbush
Anchusa hispida Boraginaceae Anchusa deflexa, Gastrocotyle hispida ainbacees, rims, hairy bugloss
Arnebia hispidissima Anchusa asperrima, Anchusa hispidissima, Arnebia asperrima, Arnebia lutea, Arnebiola migiurtina, Dioclea hispidissima, Echiochilon hispidissimum, Echioides asperrimum, Lithospermum hispidissimum, Lithospermum vestitum ... Arabian primrose, kahal, hasheshat al arnab
Cordia sebestena Cordia juglandifolia, Cordia laevis, Sebesten sebestena siricote, scarlet cordia
Echiochilon jugatum najmet albar, kohail, stoneseed
Ehretia microphylla Carmona heterophylla, Carmona microphylla, Carmona retusa, Cordia coromandeliana, Cordia retusa, Ehretia buxifolia, Ehretia coromandeliana, Ehretia heterophylla, Ehretia monopyrena Fukien tea tree, Philippine tea tree
Heliotropium bacciferum Bourjotia kralikii, Dialion undulatum, Heliotropium arenarium, Heliotropium cressoides, Heliotropium kralikii, Heliotropium undulatum Heliotropium crispum, ramram, danab al agrab, sedjra tenshama, Turnsole, heliotrope
Heliotropium curassavicum Heliotropium chenopodioides, Heliotropium glaucophyllum, Heliotropium glaucum, Heliotropium lehmannianum, Heliotropium virens ramram, Seaside Heliotrope
Moltkiopsis ciliata Lithospermum angustifolium, Lithospermum callosum, Lithospermum ciliatum, Lithospermum latifolium, Lithospermum niveum, Moltkia callosa, Moltkia ciliata callous-leaved gromwell, stoneseed, Ghabshah, halam
Ogastemma pusillum Eritrichium sventenii, Megastoma pusillum Anchusa spinocarpos, Echinospermum spinocarpos, Lappula spinocarpos
Anastatica hierochuntica Brassicaceae kaf mariam, jefaiea, birkan, Virgin's Hand, rose of Jericho
Brassica napus Brassica campestris, Brassica carinatua, Brassica gongylodes, Brassica napobrassica, Brassica oleifera, Brassica oleracea, Brassica praecox, Brassica rapa, Brassica rutabaga, Brassica sativa ... Rapeseed, oilseed rape, rapa, rappi
Brassica oleracea Brassica maritima, Crucifera brassica wild cabbage
Brassica rapa Brassica campestris, Brassica dubiosa, Brassica napella, Brassica purpuraria, Brassica rutabaga field mustard, wild turnip, lift barri
Brassica tournefortii Brassica sisymbrioides, Brassica stocksii, Eruca erecta, Erucastrum minutiflorum, Erucastrum tournefortii, Sinapis caspica African mustard, Asian mustard, wild-turnip, shiltam
Cardamine hirsuta Arabis heterophylla, Cardamine africana, Cardamine angulata, Cardamine borbonica, Cardamine fagetina, Cardamine humilis, Cardamine micrantha, Cardamine multicaulis, Cardamine parviflora, Cardamine praecox ... hairy bittercress
Eremobium aegyptiacum Cithareloma gedrosiacum, Eremobium diffusum, Eremobium lineare, Eremobium longisiliquum, Eremobium nefudicum, Eremobium pyramidum, Hesperis diffusa, Malcolmia aegyptiaca, Malcolmia nefudica, Malcolmia pyramidum ... Eremobium aegyptium, sleisla
Eruca vesicaria Brassica eruca, Brassica hispida, Brassica vesicaria, Eruca aurea, Eruca eruca, Eruca foetida, Eruca glabrescens, Eruca grandiflora, Eruca oleracea, Eruca orthosepala ... Eruca sativa, jargeer, Lucerne, Rocket
Erucaria hispanica Bunias myagroides, Cakile myagroides, Cordylocarpus laevigatus, Erucaria aleppica, Erucaria grandiflora, Erucaria latifolia, Erucaria lineariloba, Erucaria myagroides, Erucaria tenuifolia, Raphanus hispanicus ... Pink Mustard, saleeh, kromb al sahra
Farsetia heliophila Farsetia arabica
Horwoodia dicksoniae Khozama
Lepidium aucheri Lepidium borsczovii, Nasturtium aucheri Pepper-grass, Aucher pepperwort, Rashad barri
Lepidium bonariense Lepidium mendocinum, Nasturtium bonariense, Thlaspi bonariense Argentine peppercress, pepper weed
Lepidium didymum Carara didyma, Coronopus didymus, Senebiera didyma, Senebiera heleniana, Senebiera pinnatifida Swine Cress
Lepidium sativum Cardamon sativum, Lepia sativa, Lepidium hortense, Lepidium spinescens, Nasturtium crispum, Nasturtium sativum, Nasturtium spinescens, Thlaspidium sativum, Thlaspi sativum garden cress, Habba hamra, Rashad
Lobularia maritima Adyseton halimifolium, Adyseton maritimum, Adyseton orbiculare, Alyssum halimifolium, Alyssum maritimum, Alyssum minimum, Alyssum odoratum, Anodontea halimifolia, Clypeola halimifolia, Clypeola maritima ... sweet alyssum, sweet alison
Raphanus sativus Raphanistrum gayanum, Raphanus acanthiformis, Raphanus candidus, Raphanus gayanus, Raphanus taquetii fodder radish, ruweid, fijil
Savignya parviflora Farsetia parviflora, Lunaria parviflora, Savignya aegyptiaca jaljalan, kanad al barr, gulgulan, girgees, Small Whorled Cheeseweed
Sinapis arvensis Brassica arvensis charlock mustard, field mustard, khardal
Sisymbrium erysimoides Hesperis erysimodes, Norta erysimoides, Pachypodium erysimoides, Sisymbrium nitidulum, Sisymbrium rigidulum, Sisymbrium vilaenadalis, Velarum erysimoides, Velarum vilaenadalis Mediterranean rocket, smooth mustard, ThuwaT
Sisymbrium irio Arabis charbonnelii, Descurainia irio, Erysimum irio, Norta irio, Sisymbrium irioides, Sisymbrium maximum, Sisymbrium multisiliquosum, Sisymbrium pinnatifidum London rocket
Zilla spinosa Bunias spinosa, Zilla microcarpa, Zilla myagroides shabram, shaga, silla
Echinocactus grusonii Cactaceae Golden Barrel Cactus, Golden Ball, Mother-in-Law's Cushion
Opuntia ficus-indica Cactus ficus-indica, Cactus opuntia, Opuntia arcei, Opuntia castillae, Opuntia chinensis, Opuntia cordobensis, Opuntia ficus-barbarica, Opuntia incarnadilla, Opuntia megacantha, Opuntia vulgaris ... barbary fig, spineless cactus, prickly pear
Lobelia erinus Campanulaceae Dortmanna debilis, Dortmanna erinoides, Dortmanna erinus, Dortmanna flexuosa, Dortmanna lavandulacea, Dortmanna senegalensis, Enchysia erinoides, Grammatotheca erinoides, Laurentia erinoides, Lobelia acutangula ... Dwarf Annual Lobelia, Edging Lobelia
Capparis spinosa Capparaceae Capparis aculeata, Capparis murrayana, Capparis murrayi, Capparis napaulensis, Capparis obovata, Capparis ovalis, Capparis parviflora, Capparis sativa, Capparis sicula, Capparis uncinata Caper plant, dabayee, kabar, lasaf, shafallah, shok al-homar
Carica papaya Caricaceae Carica bourgeaui, Carica hermaphrodita, Carica jamaicensis, Carica jimenezii, Carica mamaya, Carica peltata, Carica pinnatifida, Carica portoricensis, Papaya bourgeaui, Papaya carica ... lechosa, papaya
Herniaria hemistemon Caryophyllaceae Herniaria fruticosa, Herniaria sphacelata, Heterochiton hemistemon Ghebayra, ghubaira, umm wajaa al kabid, mouker, makir
Herniaria hirsuta Paronychia hirsuta, Paronychia pubescens Eysh shawlah, ghubaira, umm wajaa al kabid, Hairy Rupturewort
Paronychia arabica Corrigiola albella, Illecebrum arabicum, Paronychia albella, Paronychia angustifolia, Paronychia desertorum, Paronychia lenticulata bassisa, simreeb, Silver Nailroot
Polycarpaea repens Corrigiola repens, Lahaya fragilis, Mollia fragilis, Polycarpaea fragilis, Polycarpaea rupicola, Polycarpa fragilis Kameela
Polycarpaea robbairea Alsine prostrata, Polycarpaea confusa, Polycarpon delileanum, Polycarpon robbairea, Robbairea confusa, Robbairea delileana
Polycarpaea spicata Polycarpaea staticiformis, Polycarpa spicata Daqeeqa
Polycarpon succulentum Alsine succulenta, Arenaria succulenta, Polycarpon arabicum, Spergularia succulenta, Spergula succulenta
Polycarpon tetraphyllum Alsine polycarpa, Holosteum tetraphyllum, Mollugo tetraphylla, Polycarpaea tetraphylla, Polycarpon floribundum
Pteranthus dichotomus Camphorosma pteranthus, Louichea cervina, Louichea pteranthus, Pteranthus echinatus, Pteranthus forskahlei, Pteranthus trigynus
Sclerocephalus arabicus Paronychia sclerocarpa, Paronychia sclerocephala, Sclerocephalus aucheri hasak, thereisa, Knucklehead Weed
Silene arabica Silene affinis, Silene nabathaea terba
Silene villosa Silene canopica Desert Campion, terba, turbah
Spergula fallax Lepigonum fallax, Spergula flaccida, Spergula pentandra, Spergularia fallax degaygah
Spergularia bocconei Alsine atheniensis, Alsine bocconei, Corion atheniense, Spergula bocconei, Spergula jallui, Spergularia atheniensis, Spergularia bocconi Boccone's sandspurry
Spergularia diandra Alsine diandra, Alsine rubra, Arenaria diandra, Arenaria salsuginea, Buda diandra, Lepigonum campestre, Lepigonum diandrum, Lepigonum glandulosum, Lepigonum melanospermum, Lepigonum salsugineum ... degaygah, Umm threib, Sand Spurry
Casuarina equisetifolia Casuarinaceae Australian pine, she-oak, hemd
Helianthemum kahiricum Cistaceae Cistus kahiricus, Helianthemum acutiflorum, Helianthemum cahiricum, Helianthemum libycum ragroug
Helianthemum ledifolium Cistus imbricatus, Cistus ledifolius, Cistus niloticus, Helianthemum apertum, Helianthemum lasiocarpum, Helianthemum niloticum
Helianthemum lippii Cistus lippii, Helianthemum albicans, Helianthemum lavandulifolium, Helianthemum rosmarinifolium Cistum sessiliflorum, Helianthemum sessiliflorum, ragroug
Cleome amblyocarpa Cleomaceae Cleome africana, Cleome arabica, Cleome daryoushiana Spider Flower
Cleome noeana Cleome quinquenervia zephra, khaysa
Dipterygium glaucum Dipterygium scabrum, Pteroloma arabicum, Pteroloma glaucum Alqa, Cleome pallida Kotschy
Combretum indicum Combretaceae Kleinia quadricolor, Mekistus sinensis, Quisqualis ebracteata, Quisqualis glabra, Quisqualis grandiflora, Quisqualis indica, Quisqualis longiflora, Quisqualis loureiroi, Quisqualis madagascariensis, Quisqualis obovata ... Rangoon Creeper, Burma Creeper, Chinese Honeysuckle, Cocuisa, Corazon de hombre, Cuiscualis
Conocarpus lancifolius Anogeissus latifolia, Conocarpus niloticus damas
Terminalia catappa Badamia commersoni, Buceras catappa, Bucida buceras, Juglans catappa, Myrobalanus badamia, Myrobalanus catappa, Myrobalanus commersonii, Myrobalanus procera, Myrobalanus rubrigemmis, Myrobalanus terminalia ... Bengal almond, Louz Bahraini, Louz Hindi
Convolvulus arvensis Convolvulaceae Bindweed, ollaig, fatgha, oleiq
Convolvulus cephalopodus bindweed, morning glory, Khatme
Convolvulus fatmensis Convolvulus amblyocalyx, Convolvulus hastatus oleiq
Convolvulus auricomus Convolvulus capitatus, Convolvulus faurotii, Convolvulus glomeratus, Ipomoea auricoma oleiq
Convolvulus pilosellifolius bindweed, morning glory, rakham, malbo, melbow
Convolvulus prostratus Convolvulus heterotrichus, Convolvulus microphyllus, Convolvulus parvifolius, Convolvulus pluricaulis, Convolvulus scindicus, Convolvulus spicifolius, Evolvulus ferrugineus, Evolvulus pilosus, Ipomoea microphylla Bushy bindweed, khatmi
Cressa cretica Cressa arabica, Cressa australis, Cressa ballii, Cressa humifusa, Cressa indica, Cressa intermedia, Cressa loscosii, Cressa microphylla, Cressa monosperma, Cressa villosa didyma, nedaiwa, neddewa, Rosin Weed, alkali weed, Senebiera, shuwal
Cuscuta chinensis Cuscuta americana, Cuscuta aphylla, Cuscuta capillaris, Cuscuta carinata, Cuscuta exigua, Cuscuta fimbriata, Cuscuta hyalina, Cuscuta maritima, Cuscuta sulcata, Grammica aphylla ... dodder, Hamool, hamoul
Cuscuta pedicellata Cuscuta arabica, Cuscuta ciliaris, Cuscuta epithymum, Cuscuta turcomanica dodder, Hamoul, Urooq, Hamool
Ipomoea aquatica Ipomoea natans, Ipomoea repens, Ipomoea reptans, Ipomoea sagittifolia, Ipomoea subdentata water spinach, river spinach, water morning glory, water convolvulus, swamp cabbage, kangkong
Ipomoea batatas Batatas batatas, Batatas edulis, Batatas glaucifolius, Batatas wallii, Batatas xanthorhiza, Convolvulus acuminatus, Convolvulus batatas, Convolvulus candicans, Convolvulus chrysorhizus, Convolvulus cordatifolius ... morning glory, sweet potato
Ipomoea cairica Batatas cavanillesii, Batatas pulchella, Batatas senegalensis, Batatas venosa, Cleiemera guinensis, Convolvulus bellus, Convolvulus cairicus, Convolvulus cavanillesii, Convolvulus digitatus, Convolvulus heptaphyllus ... Mile-a-minute Vine, Messina Creeper, Cairo Morning Glory, Coast Morning Glory
Ipomoea carnea pink morning glory
Ipomoea pes-caprae beach morning glory, railroad vine, bayhops, goats foot creeper
Jacquemontia pentanthos Convolvulus azureus, Convolvulus canescens, Convolvulus pentanthos, Convolvulus penthanthus, Convolvulus violaceus, Ipomoea canescens, Jacquemontia azurea, Jacquemontia canescens, Jacquemontia elongata, Jacquemontia houseana ... Skyblue clustervine
Merremia dissecta Convolvulus dissectus, Convolvulus kleinii, Convolvulus pauciflorus, Convolvulus reniformis, Convolvulus variabilis, Ipomoea arnottiana, Ipomoea dissecta, Ipomoea diversifolia, Ipomoea prunetii, Ipomoea sinuata ... Alamo Vine
Citrullus colocynthis Cucurbitaceae Citrullus dimidiens, Citrullus nubica, Citrullus pseudocolocynthis, Colocynthis officinalis, Colocynthis officinarum, Colocynthis vulgaris, Cucumis bipinnatifidus, Cucumis colocynthis, Cucumis pseudocolocynthis, Cucurbita colocyntha Bitter gourd, desert squash, handal, shary, Handhal, murrah
Cucumis prophetarum Cucumis amarus, Cucumis anguria, Cucumis arabicus, Cucumis foetidus, Cucumis mascatensis, Cucumis pustulatus hadak, henaidhlan, hadaj, wild gourd
Lagenaria siceraria Cucumis bicirrha, Cucumis lagenaria, Cucumis mairei, Cucurbita ciceraria, Cucurbita idolatrica, Cucurbita idololatrica, Cucurbita lagenaria, Cucurbita leucantha, Cucurbita pyriformis, Cucurbita siceraria ... bottle gourd, calabash
Luffa cylindrica Bryonia cheirophylla, Cucumis acutangulus, Cucumis lineatus, Cucumis megacarpus, Cucumis pentandrus, Luffa acutangula, Luffa aegyptiaca, Luffa arabum, Luffa cattu-picinna, Luffa clavata ... dishrag gourd, Vietnamese gourd
Momordica charantia Cucumis argyi, Cucumis intermedius, Momordica chinensis, Momordica elegans, Momordica indica, Momordica muricata, Momordica sinensis, Momordica thollonii, Sicyos fauriei bitter melon, bitter gourd, bitter squash, balsam-pear, Goya, Karela
Trichosanthes cucumerina snake gourd, serpent gourd, chichinda, padwal
Cynomorium coccineum Cynomoriaceae Desert Thumb, tarthouth, abushal
Portulacaria afra Didiereaceae Portulacaria portulacaria elephant bush, dwarf jade plant, porkbush, spekboom
Rajania cordata Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea cyclophylla, Dioscorea scorpioidea, Rajania cyclophylla, Rajania pleioneura, Rajania sintenisii, Rajania venosa himber
Acalypha variegata Euphorbiaceae
Acalypha wilkesiana Acalypha amentacea, Acalypha circinata, Acalypha compacta, Acalypha godseffiana, Acalypha hamiltoniana, Acalypha illustris, Acalypha macafeeana, Acalypha macrophylla, Acalypha marginata, Acalypha musaica ...
Chrozophora tinctoria Chrozophora cordifolia, Chrozophora glabrata, Chrozophora hierosolymitana, Chrozophora integrifolia, Chrozophora lepidocarpa, Chrozophora obliqua, Chrozophora sieberi, Chrozophora subplicata, Chrozophora verbascifolia, Chrozophora warionii ... dyer's croton, giradol, Tanoom, zerraij, tannom
Euphorbia granulata Agaloma graminifolia, Anisophyllum granulatum, Chamaesyce granulata, Chamaesyce sistanica, Euphorbia aegyptiaca, Euphorbia arillata, Euphorbia forsskalii, Euphorbia fragilis, Euphorbia kralickii, Euphorbia sistanica ... Euphorbia forsskaolii, Euphorbia turcomanica, lubaina, spurge
Euphorbia heterophylla Cyathophora heterophyla, Poinsettia heterophylla, Tithymalus heterophyllus bint al qunsul, desert spurge, Japanese poinsettia, Mexican fire plant, milk weed, milkweed, painted euphorbia, painted leaf, painted spurge, paintedleaf, summer poinsettia, various leaved euphorbia, wild poinsettia, wild spurge, yellow spurge
Euphorbia hirta Chamaesyce gemella, Chamaesyce hirta, Chamaesyce karwinskyi, Chamaesyce pekinensis, Chamaesyce pilulifera, Chamaesyce rosei, Desmonema hirta, Ditritea hirta, Euphorbia bancana, Euphorbia capitata ... spurge, umm lubaina
Euphorbia hypericifolia Anisophyllum hypericifolium, Chamaesyce boliviana, Chamaesyce glomerifera, Chamaesyce hypericifolia, Ditritea obliqua, Euphorbia boliviana, Euphorbia cuspidata, Euphorbia glomerifera, Euphorbia papilligera Graceful Sandmat
Euphorbia milii Euphorbia bojeri, Euphorbia breonii, Euphorbia rubrostriata, Euphorbia splendens, Sterigmanthe bojeri, Tumalis bojeri crown of thorns
Euphorbia peplus Esula peplus, Euphorbion peplum, Galarhoeus peplus, Keraselma peplus, Tithymalus peplus Petty Spurge
Euphorbia prostrata Anisophyllum prostratum, Aplarina prostrata, Chamaesyce malaca, Chamaesyce prostrata, Chamaesyce villosior, Euphorbia callitrichoides, Euphorbia malaca, Euphorbia perforata, Euphorbia ramosa, Euphorbia tenella ... lubaina, spurge
Euphorbia retusa Esula retusa, Euphorbia cornuta, Euphorbia kahirensis, Euphorbia linearis, Tithymalus cornutus, Tithymalus cristatus, Tithymalus retusus
Euphorbia tirucalli Arthrothamnus bergii, Arthrothamnus ecklonii, Arthrothamnus tirucalli, Euphorbia geayi, Euphorbia laro, Euphorbia media, Euphorbia rhipsaloides, Euphorbia scoparia, Euphorbia suareziana, Euphorbia viminalis ... Pencil tree
Jatropha gossypiifolia Adenoropium gossypiifolium, Adenoropium jacquinii, Jatropha elegans, Jatropha jacquinii, Jatropha staphysagriifolia, Manihot gossypiifolia bellyache bush, cotton leaf, black physicnut, Sibidigua, Tua-Tua
Jatropha integerrima Adenoropium hastatum, Adenoropium integerrimum, Adenoropium pandurifolium, Jatropha acuminata, Jatropha coccinea, Jatropha diversifolia, Jatropha hastata, Jatropha moluensis, Jatropha pandurifolia
Ricinus communis Cataputia major, Cataputia minor, Croton spinosus, Ricinus africanus, Ricinus angulatus, Ricinus armatus, Ricinus atropurpureus, Ricinus badius, Ricinus borboniensis, Ricinus cambodgensis ... Castor-oil Plant, kharwaa, khirwi
Acacia ehrenbergiana Fabaceae Acacia flava sallam
Acacia stenophylla Racosperma stenophyllum shoestring acacia
Acacia tortilis Mimosa tortilis Samr, samur, samar, Umbrella Thorn
Albizia lebbeck Acacia lebbeck, Acacia lebbek, Acacia macrophylla, Acacia speciosa, Albizia latifolia, Albizia lebbek, Feuilleea lebbeck, Inga borbonica, Inga leucoxylon, Mimosa lebbeck ... Frywood, Woman's tongues Tree
Alhagi maurorum Alhagi camelorum, Alhagi kirghisorum, Alhagi persarum, Alhagi pseudalhagi, Hedysarum alhagi, Hedysarum pseudalhagi Aagoal, Aaqool, camelthorn-bush, aaqool, Camel Thorn, Verblyuzhia Kolyuchka
Astragalus annularis Astragalus maculatus, Astragalus subulatus, Astragalus trimorphus halaq, khanasir al arous
Astragalus corrugatus Astragalus cruciatus, Astragalus cruentus, Astragalus tenuirugis Astragalus crenatus, Earring vetch, halag, khawatim al barr
Astragalus eremophilus Astragalus chudaei, Astragalus cremophilos, Astragalus falcinellus, Astragalus geniorum, Astragalus schimperi halag, milkvetch
Astragalus sieberi Khanasir al ’aroos
Astragalus tribuloides Astragalus kirghisicus
Bauhinia variegata Bauhinia chinensis, Bauhinia decora, Phanera variegata orchid tree, kachnar
Caesalpinia pulcherrima Poinciana bijuga, Poinciana elata, Poinciana pulcherrima peacock flower, Barbados pride, dwarf poinciana, Barbados flower-fence, red bird-of-paradise, Poinciana, flamboyant-de-jardin
Calliandra haematocephala Anneslia haematocephala, Calliandra inaequilatera, Calliandra novaesii, Feuilleea haematocephala red powder puff
Cassia fistula Bactyrilobium fistula, Cassia bonplandiana, Cassia excelsa, Cassia fistuloides, Cassia rhombifolia, Cathartocarpus excelsus, Cathartocarpus fistula, Cathartocarpus fistuloides, Cathartocarpus rhombifolius golden shower tree
Cassia javanica Cassia bacillus, Cassia fistula, Cassia megalantha, Cathartocarpus javanicus Pink Shower, Apple Blossom Tree, Rainbow Shower Tree
Ceratonia siliqua carob tree
Cicer arietinum Cicer album, Cicer arientinium, Cicer arientinum, Cicer edessanum, Cicer grossum, Cicer nigrum, Cicer physodes, Cicer rotundum, Cicer sativum, Cicer sintenisii ... chickpea, humus, nakhi
Clitoria ternatea butterfly pea, Cordofan pea, Asian pigeonwings
Cullen plicatum Cullen plicata, Psoralea odorata, Psoralea plicata hama, Jhil
Delonix regia Poinciana regia royal poinciana, flamboyant
Erythrina variegata Chirocalyx candolleanus, Chirocalyx divaricatus, Chirocalyx indicus, Chirocalyx pictus, Corallodendron divaricatum, Corallodendron orientale, Corallodendron spathaceum, Erythrina alba, Erythrina boninensis, Erythrina carnea ... tiger's claw, Indian coral tree, sunshine tree
Hippocrepis bicontorta Hippocrepis areolata, Hippocrepis cornigera, Horseshoe Vetch, umm ghurein
Hippocrepis constricta Hippocrepis multisiliquosa Horseshoe Vetch, umm ghurein
Hippocrepis multisiliquosa Hippocrepis ambigua, Hippocrepis ciliata, Hippocrepis confusa Many-flowered Horseshoe Vetch, Qileiqlan
Indigofera intricata humeira, hameira, Scarlet pea
Lathyrus aphaca Orobus aphaca yellow pea, yellow vetchling
Leucaena leucocephala Acacia frondosa, Acacia glauca, Acacia leucocephala, Leucaena glauca, Mimosa glauca, Mimosa leucocephala White leadtree, jumbay, white popinac
Lotononis platycarpa Amphinomia dinteri, Amphinomia lotoidea, Amphinomia platycarpa, Leobordea persica, Lotononis abyssinica, Lotononis dichotoma, Lotononis dinteri, Lotononis leobordea, Lotononis lotoidea, Lotononis persica ... Lotus platycarpus
Lotus garcinii Aspalathus persica, Lotus shariffi, Lotus stocksii, Ononis aucheri louts
Lotus glinoides Lotus ehrenbergii Hawrbeith
Lotus halophilus Lotus pusillus, Lotus villosus garn al ghazal, harbeth, quroon al ghazal, Greater bird's foot trefoil, Gazelle's horn
Medicago laciniata Medicago aschersoniana, Medicago polymorpha, nafal abu hasak, hassak, jet barri, cut-leaved medick
Medicago lupulina Medicago appenina, Medicago cupaniana, Medicago wildenowii, Medica lupulina black medick, nonesuch, hop clover
Medicago sativa Medicago afganica, Medicago grandiflora, Medicago ladak, Medicago mesopotamica, Medicago orientalis, Medicago polia, Medicago praesativa, Medicago sogdiana, Trigonella upendrae alfalfa, lucerne, jet, barseem
Medicago monantha Trigonella brahuica, Trigonella incisa, Trigonella monantha, Trigonella noeana, Trigonella polycerata
Melilotus albus Melilotus alba, Melilotus argutus, Melilotus leucanthus, Melilotus melanospermus, Melilotus vulgaris handagog abiad, white sweetclover
Melilotus indicus Melilotus bonplandii, Melilotus indica, Melilotus melilotus-indica, Melilotus melilotus-indicus, Melilotus officinalis, Melilotus parviflora, Melilotus parviflorus, Melilotus permixtus, Melilotus tommasinii, Trifolium indica ... handagog asfar, Scented trefoil, sweet clover
Ononis reclinata Small Restharrow
Ononis viscosa Ononis sicula Barak Sicily
Parkinsonia aculeata Parkinsonia thornberi Mexican Palo Verde
Pithecellobium dulce Acacia obliquifolia, Albizia dulcis, Feuilleea dulcis, Inga camatchili, Inga dulcis, Inga javana, Inga javanica, Inga lanceolata, Inga leucantha, Inga pungens ... Madras thorn
Prosopis cineraria Adenanthera aculeata, Mimosa cineraria, Prosopis spicata, Prosopis spicigera Ghaf, Khejri, Janty, Jand, Kandi, Banni, Gandasein, Vanni, Jammi, Chaunkra, Janti, Khar, Khejri, Sami, Shami, Sumri, Vanni-andara, Katu andara, Kalapu andara, Lunu andara
Prosopis farcta Lagonychium farctum, Mimosa farcta, Mimosa stephaniana Syrian mesquite, yanbout
Prosopis juliflora Acacia cumanensis, Acacia juliflora, Acacia salinarum, Algarobia juliflora, Desmanthus salinarum, Mimosa juliflora, Mimosa piliflora, Mimosa salinarum, Neltuma bakeri, Neltuma juliflora ... Ironwood, meskeet, ghweif, al ghaf, qwaif, Mesquite, Prosopis chilensis
Rhynchosia minima Dolicholus flavus, Dolicholus minimus, Dolichos minimus, Glycine lamarckii, Glycine littoralis, Glycine reflexa, Rhynchosia aureo-guttata, Rhynchosia exigua, Rhynchosia hockii, Rhynchosia ischnoclada ... Least Snoutbean, pouteria
Senna alata Cassia alata, Cassia bracteata, Cassia herpetica, Cassia rumphiana, Herpetica alata candle bush, candelabra bush, candletree
Senna artemisioides Cassia artemisioides Punty Bush, Fine-leaf Desert Cassia, Cassia nemophila
Senna italica Cassia italica, Cassia ligustrina, Cassia obtusa, Cassia porturegalis, Senna obtusa Cassia aschrak, Cassia obovata, ishrig, senna, senna mekki, Mecca senna
Senna occidentalis Cassia caroliniana, Cassia ciliata, Cassia falcata, Cassia foetida, Cassia laevigata, Cassia macradenia, Cassia obliquifolia, Cassia occidentalis, Cassia planisiliqua, Ditramexa occidentalis ... coffee senna, coffeeweed, Mogdad coffee, negro-coffee, senna coffee, Stephanie coffee, stinkingweed, styptic weed
Senna surattensis Cassia fastigiata, Cassia galuca, Cassia suffruiticosa, Cassia suffruticosa, Cassia surattensis, Psilorhegma suffruticosa, Senna speciosa Golden Senna, Bush Senna, Scrambled Egg Tree, Glaucous Cassia
Tamarindus indica Tamarindus occidentalis, Tamarindus officinalis, Tamarindus umbrosa Indian Date, Tamarind
Taverniera spartea Hedysarum spartium, Taverniera gonoclada, Taverniera incana Aelijaan
Trifolium repens Amoria repens, Lotodes repens, Trifolium limonium, Trifolium stipitatum white clover
Trigonella foenum-graecum Trigonella tibetana Fenugreek
Trigonella glabra Trigonella hamosa Egyptian Fenugreek, nafal barri
Trigonella stellata nafal barri, Star Fenugreek
Vachellia nilotica Acacia arabica, Acacia scorpioides gum arabic tree, Babul, Kikar, Egyptian thorn, Sant tree, Al-sant, prickly acacia, thorn mimosa, lekkerruikpeul, scented thorn, karuvela maram
Vicia monantha Cracca calcarata, Vicia biflora, Vicia calcarata, Vicia griffithii duhraij, hard vetch, barn vetch, square-stemmed vetch
Vigna radiata Azukia radiata, Phaseolus abyssinicus, Phaseolus aureus, Phaseolus hirtus, Phaseolus mungo, Phaseolus radiatus, Phaseolus trinervius, Rudua aurea lubia, moong bean, green gram, lentil
Vigna unguiculata Dolichos unguiculata, Dolichos unguiculatus, Vigna catjang cowpea, wild cow pea, black eye pea
Frankenia pulverulenta Frankeniaceae Franca pulverulenta, Frankenia canescens, Frankenia cespitosa, Frankenia nodiflora, Frankenia pampeana Dusty sea heath, European seaheath, meleiha, Moleih, homra, Molleith
Erodium cicutarium Geraniaceae Erodium albidum, Erodium allotrichum, Erodium alsiniflorum, Erodium ambiguum, Erodium arenarium, Erodium atomarium, Erodium boraeanum, Erodium carneum, Erodium chaerophyllum, Erodium cicutifolium ... redstem filaree, redstem stork's bill, common stork's-bill, pinweed
Erodium glaucophyllum Erodium glabrum Kersh, Ibrat al rahib, Kebaisha
Erodium laciniatum Erodium affine, Erodium hesperium, Erodium involucratum, Erodium nervulosum, Erodium pyramidatum, Erodium soluntinum, Erodium strigosum, Erodium subintegrifolium, Erodium triangulare Cutleaf Heron's-bill, Cut-leaved cranesbill, Geranium laciniatum, qarnawah, ibrat al rahib
Erodium oxyrrhynchum Erodium botrys, Erodium guttatum, Erodium hohenackeri, Erodium obtusilobum ibrat al rahib
Geranium mascatense black-eyed geranium
Monsonia heliotropioides Monsonia asiatica, Monsonia densiflora, Monsonia hispida, Monsonia mallica Dahma, Qerienwa, Qarno, Jrnah
Monsonia nivea Erodium bonacellii, Erodium glaucophyllum, Erodium niveum, Monsonia commixta, Monsonia heliotropioides dahma, Erodium neveum, Stork's bill
Scaevola sericea Goodeniaceae Lobelia frutescens, Lobelia koenigii, Lobelia piliplena, Lobelia sericea, Lobelia taccada, Lobelia velutina, Roemeria lobelia, Scaevola bela-modagam, Scaevola billardieri, Scaevola chlorantha ... fanflower, Half flower, Beach Cabbage, Sea Lettuce, Beach Naupaka, Naupaka kahakai, Magoo, Merambong, Ngahu, Scaevola taccada
Mentha piperita Lamiaceae Mentha aquatica, Mentha crispa, Mentha dumetorum Peppermint
Ocimum basilicum Ocimum album, Ocimum anisatum, Ocimum barrelieri, Ocimum bullatum, Ocimum caryophyllatum, Ocimum chevalieri, Ocimum ciliare, Ocimum ciliatum, Ocimum citrodorum, Ocimum cochleatum ... sweet basil
Plectranthus pentheri Coleus pentheri spurflower, Swedish Ivy
Salvia aegyptiaca Melissa perennis, Pleudia aegyptiaca, Salvia arida, Salvia gabrieli, Salvia pumila, Thymus hirtus, Thymus syrticus Egyptian sage, ghbeisha, noaim, naeem, beraiho
Stachys arvensis Cardiaca arvensis, Glechoma arvensis, Glechoma belgica, Glechoma marrubiastrum, Stachys brasiliensis, Trixago arvensis, Trixago colorata, Trixago cordifolia, Trixago punctata, Trixella arvensis field woundwort, staggerweed, annual hedgenettle, fieldnettle betony, hedge-nettle, stagger weed
Teucrium polium Chamaedrys polium, Monochilon tomentosus, Polium angustifolium, Polium diffusum, Polium erectum, Polium fruticosum, Polium integerrimum, Polium latifolium, Polium perenne, Polium pratense ... germander, Hulwort, jaad, yaad, gaad
Vitex agnus-castus Agnus-castus alba, Agnus-castus marostachya, Agnus-castus robusta, Agnus-castus vulgaris, Vitex agnus, Vitex haussknechtii, Vitex hybrida, Vitex integra, Vitex latifolia, Vitex lupinifolia ... chaste tree, chasteberry, abrahams balm, monks pepper
Vitex trifolia Vitex agnus-castus, Vitex benthamiana, Vitex bicolor, Vitex indica, Vitex integerrima, Vitex iriomotensis, Vitex langundi, Vitex negundo, Vitex neocaledonica, Vitex paniculata ... simpleleaf chastetree
Volkameria inermis Catesbaea javanica, Clerodendrum buxifolium, Clerodendrum capsulare, Clerodendrum commersonii, Clerodendrum coriaceum, Clerodendrum coromandelianum, Clerodendrum emarginatum, Clerodendrum inerme, Clerodendrum javanicum, Clerodendrum neriifolium ... Glory bower
Linum usitatissimum Linaceae Linum crepitans, Linum humile, Linum indehiscens flax
Lagerstroemia speciosa Lythraceae Adambea glabra, Adambea hirsuta, Lagerstroemia augusta, Lagerstroemia flos-reginae, Lagerstroemia hirsuta, Lagerstroemia macrocarpa, Lagerstroemia major, Lagerstroemia minor, Lagerstroemia munchausia, Lagerstroemia plicifolia ... Queen’s crape myrtle
Lawsonia inermis Lawsonia alba, Lawsonia coccinea, Lawsonia falcata, Lawsonia falcifolia, Lawsonia purpurea, Lawsonia spinosa, Rotantha combretoides henna tree
Punica granatum Granatum punicum, Punica florida, Punica grandiflora, Punica multiflora, Punica nana, Punica spinosa, Rhoea punica pomegranate
Abutilon pannosum Malvaceae Abutilon eufigarii, Abutilon figarianum, Abutilon impressum, Abutilon webbianum gargadan
Abutilon fruticosum Abutilon albidum, Abutilon denticulatum, Abutilon dubium, Abutilon kotschyi, Abutilon nuttallii, Abutilon texense, Sida amoena, Sida denticulata, Sida gracilis, Sida kotschyi ... gargadan, Texas Indian-mallow
Adansonia gregorii Adansonia stanburyana, Baobabus gregorii Boab tree, baobab
Bombax ceiba Bombax aculeatum, Bombax heptaphyllum, Bombax malabaricum, Bombax thorelii, Bombax tussacii, Gossampinus malabarica, Gossampinus rubra, Gossampinus thorelii, Melaleuca grandiflora, Salmalia malabarica kapok, red silk-cotton, red cotton tree
Ceiba speciosa Bombax aculeatum, Ceiba allenii, Ceiba salmonea, Chorisia speciosa, Spirotheca allenii, Spirotheca codazziana, Spirotheca rhodostyla, Spirotheca rimbachii, Spirotheca salmonea, Spirotheca trilobata silk floss tree, toborochi tree, drunken tree
Corchorus depressus Antichorus depressus, Corchorus antichorus, Corchorus humilis, Corchorus microphyllus Mulakhiyah al bar, sutaih, rukbat al jamal
Corchorus olitorius Corchorus catharticus, Corchorus decemangularis, Corchorus longicarpus, Corchorus malchairii, Corchorus quinquelocularis Molokheya barria, Nalta jute, tossa jute
Corchorus trilocularis Corchorus aestuans, Corchorus asplenifolius, Corchorus fruticulosus, Corchorus rigidiusculus, Corchorus serrifolius, Corchorus somalicus, Corchorus triflorus wild jute
Gossypium herbaceum wild cotton
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Hibiscus boryanus, Hibiscus festalis, Hibiscus storckii China rose
Hibiscus tilliaceus Hibiscus boninensis, Hibiscus circinnatus, Hibiscus porophyllus, Hibiscus tiliaceus, Hibiscus tiliifolius, Hibiscus tortuosus, Pariti boninense, Pariti tiliaceum, Paritium abutiloides, Paritium circinnatum ... sea hibiscus, beach hibiscus, coastal hibiscus, coastal cottonwood, green cottonwood, native hibiscus, native rosella, cottonwood hibiscus, kurrajong, sea rosemallow, Norfolk hibiscus, balibago, bhendi, balibago, waru, hau, purau, vau tree
Hibiscus trionum Hibiscus africanus, Hibiscus dissectus, Hibiscus hispidus, Hibiscus vesicarius, Ketmia trionum, Trionum annuum bladder hibiscus,bladder ketmia,bladder weed,flower-of-the-hour,puarangi,shoofly,venice mallow
Althaea ludwigii Althaea gariepina, Althaea garipensis, Althaea laevis, Axolopha ludwigii, Dinacrusa ludwigii, Malva malwensis khatma
Malva parviflora Althaea mareotica, Althaea microcarpa, Althaea parviflora, Malva coronata, Malva cristata, Malva juvenalis, Malva mareotica, Malva microcalyx, Malva microcarpa, Malva trionoides khubaiza, Least Mallow, Cheeseweed, Malva flexuosa
Malvaviscus arboreus Turkcap, wax mallow
Sida spinosa Malva spinosa, Malvinda alba, Malvinda angustifolia, Malvinda spinosa, Sida affinis, Sida alba, Sida angustifolia, Sida bicolor, Sida brachypetala, Sida carpinifolia ... false mallow, Indian mallow, prickly fanpetals, prickly mallow, prickly sida, prickly-mallow, spiny sida, teaweed, thistle mallow
Azadirachta indica Meliaceae Antelaea azadirachta, Azedarach deleteria, Azedarach fraxinifolia, Melia azadirachta, Melia fraxinifolia, Melia indica, Melia pinnata Nimtree
Melia azedarach Antelaea javanica, Azedaraca amena, Azedarach commelini, Azedarach deleteria, Azedarach odoratum, Azedarach sempervirens, Azedarach vulgaris, Azedara speciosa, Melia angustifolia, Melia argentea ... Chinaberry, Zanzalacht
Cocculus pendulus Menispermaceae Adenocheton phyllanthoides, Bricchettia somalensis, Cebatha esculenta, Cebatha pendula, Cocculus cebatha, Cocculus ellipticus, Cocculus epibaterium, Cocculus glabra, Cocculus laevis, Cocculus leaeba ... Cocculus pendulum, gurdhi, khuneigh, Khuneeq
Ficus altissima Moraceae Ficus laccifera, Ficus latifolia, Urostigma altissimum, Urostigma lacciferum
Ficus benghalensis Ficus banyana, Ficus chauvieri, Ficus cotoneifolia, Ficus crassinervia, Ficus indica, Ficus krishnae, Ficus lasiophylla, Ficus umbrifera, Ficus umbrosa, Perula benghalensis ... Indian Banyan
Ficus carica Caprificus insectifera, Ficus burdigalensis, Ficus caprificus, Ficus colchica, Ficus communis, Ficus hyrcana, Ficus kopetdagensis, Ficus latifolia, Ficus leucocarpa, Ficus macrocarpa ... Fig, teen Barshomi
Ficus religiosa Ficus caudata, Ficus peepul, Ficus rhynchophylla, Ficus superstitiosa, Urostigma affine, Urostigma religiosa Lisan-el-asforr, Sacred fig, Bo-Tree
Morus alba Morus arabica, Morus atropurpurea, Morus bullata, Morus byzantina, Morus chinensis, Morus colombassa, Morus constantinopolitana, Morus cucullata, Morus dulcis, Morus fastigiata ... Tout Abaid, white mulberry
Moringa oleifera Moringaceae Anoma moringa, Guilandia moringa, Hyperanthera arborea, Hyperanthera decandra, Hyperanthera moringa, Hyperanthera pterygosperma, Moringa domestica, Moringa edulis, Moringa erecta, Moringa moringa ... drumstick tree, horseradish tree, benzoil tree
Muntingia calabura Muntingiaceae Muntingia rosea calabur tree,capulin,Jamaica cherry,Panama berry,strawberry tree,Singapore cherry,Sabah cherry,Bajelly tree,aratilis,saresa,mansanitas,sagase
Callistemon viminalis Myrtaceae Melaleuca viminalis, Metrosideros viminalis Weeping bottlebrush
Eucalyptus camaldulensis Eucalyptus acuminata, Eucalyptus rostrata, Eucalyptus subulata, Eucalyptus tereticornis Kaffur, River Red gum
Eucalyptus deglupta Eucalyptus binacag, Eucalyptus multiflora, Eucalyptus naudiniana, Eucalyptus schlechteri, Eucalyptus versicolor, Eugenia binacag rainbow eucalyptus, Mindanao gum, rainbow gum
Neurada procumbens Neuradaceae Figaraea aegyptiaca Creeping-thorn Rose, saeed saydan, sadan
Boerhavia erecta Nyctaginaceae Boerhavia atomaria, Boerhavia discolor, Boerhavia elongata, Boerhavia paniculata, Boerhavia scabrida, Boerhavia thornberi, Boerhavia virgata spiderling
Bougainvillea glabra Bougainvillea arborea, Bougainvillea brachycarpa, Bougainvillea formosa, Bougainvillea rubicunda, Bougainvillea spectabilis Gouhanamiya, paperflower
Jasminum grandiflorum Oleaceae Jasminum officinale Spanish jasmine, Royal jasmine, Catalonian jasmine
Jasminum multiflorum Jasminum congestum, Jasminum gracillimum, Jasminum pubescens, Mogorium multiflorum, Mogorium pubescens, Nyctanthes multiflora, Nyctanthes pubescens winter jasmine, Indian jasmine, downy jasmine, star jasmine
Jasminum sambac Jasminum bicorollatum, Jasminum blancoi, Jasminum fragrans, Jasminum heyneanum, Jasminum odoratum, Jasminum pubescens, Jasminum quadrifolium, Jasminum quinqueflorum, Jasminum sanjurium, Jasminum trifoliatum ...
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Bruschia macrocarpa, Nyctanthes dentata, Nyctanthes tristis, Parilium arbor-tristis, Scabrita scabra, Scabrita triflora night-flowering jasmine, Parijat flower, coral jasmine
Olea europaea Olea pallida olive tree
Oenothera speciosa Onagraceae Hartmannia speciosa, Xylopleurum speciosum Showy Evening Primrose
Cistanche tubulosa Orobanchaceae Cistanche flava, Cistanche lutea, Phelipaea flava, Phelipaea gigantea, Phelipaea tubulosa Cistanche phelypaea, Desert Hyacinth, dhanon, tarsous, dhanoon, Tartuth, Lathraea phelypaea, Wedaina, zanoon
Oxalis corniculata Oxalidaceae Creeping Woodsorrel, hamd, hommaid, Oxalis repens
Fumaria parviflora Papaveraceae Fumaria affinis, Fumaria caespitosa, Fumaria diffusa, Fumaria glauca, Fumaria leucantha, Fumaria minima, Fumaria officinalis, Fumaria sicula, Fumaria spicata, Fumaria tenuifolia ... fineleaf fumitory
Andrachne telephioides Phyllanthaceae Andrachne asperula, Andrachne cretica, Andrachne nummulariifolia, Andrachne pojarkoviae, Andrachne rotundifolia, Andrachne virescens, Andrachne vvedenskyi, Eraclissa hexagyna, Telephioides procumbens Huweimda
Phyllanthus niruri Diasperus niruri, Niruris annua, Nymphanthus niruri chamberbitter, gripeweed, shatterstone, stonebreaker, leafflower, Iraq al nada
Antirrhinum majus Plantaginaceae Antirrhinum grandiflorum, Antirrhinum hispanorum, Antirrhinum latifolium, Antirrhinum murale, Antirrhinum vulgare snapdragon
Linaria albifrons Antirrhinum albifrons, Linaria glauca, Linaria minutiflora, Linaria modesta snapdragon
Misopates orontium Agrorrhinum orontium, Antirrhinum arvense, Antirrhinum breviflorum, Antirrhinum calycinum, Antirrhinum craniolare, Antirrhinum humile, Antirrhinum jamaicense, Antirrhinum orontium, Antirrhinum oruntium, Antirrhinum purpureum ... saysam, Weasel's Snout, Corn Snapdragon
Plantago amplexicaulis Plantago lagopoides, Plantago salina Ispaghula, Plantain, rablat al mistah, lesan al hamal
Plantago boissieri waybread, greater plantain
Plantago ciliata Plantago bellidifolia, Plantago eriantha, Plantago penicillata rabla, lesan al hamal, plantain
Plantago coronopus buck's horn plantain, Lesan al hamal
Plantago lanceolata Arnoglossum lanceolatum, Lagopus lanceolatus, Lagopus timbali, Plantago abyssinica, Plantago altissima, Plantago ambigua, Plantago argentea, Plantago attenuata, Plantago azorica, Plantago byzantina ... Lesan al hamal, Ribwort Plantain
Plantago ovata Plantago albicans, Plantago argentea, Plantago declinata, Plantago decumbens, Plantago ispaghula, Plantago lanata, Plantago microcephala, Plantago monspeliensis, Plantago trichophylla, Plantago villosa Desert Indianwheat, Lesan al hamal, rubla
Russelia equisetiformis Russelia juncea firecracker plant, coral plant, coralblow
Limonium axillare Plumbaginaceae Eurychiton adensis, Statice axillaris qataf, shelail, Sea Lavender
Polygala erioptera Polygalaceae Polygala arabica, Polygala leptorhiza, Polygala linearis, Polygala multibracteata, Polygala noucherensis, Polygala nubica, Polygala obtusata, Polygala oligantha, Polygala paniculata, Polygala paulayana ... Woolly-winged Milkwort
Emex spinosa Polygonaceae Centopodium spinosum, Rumex glaber, Rumex spinosus, Vibo spinosa drs al ajooz, hanzab, hambaz, Prickly Dock
Polygonum argyrocoleon Polygonum deciduum silver-sheath knotweed, Persian knotweed
Rumex crispus curly dock
Rumex dentatus Rumex callosissimus, Rumex ehrenbergii, Rumex halacsyi, Rumex klotzschianus, Rumex menzalensis, Rumex multiflorus, Rumex nipponicus, Rumex obtusifolius, Rumex pectinatus, Rumex quadridentatus ... Aegean Dock, hommad, Khillah
Rumex vesicarius Acetosa vesicaria, Lapathum vesicarium, Rumex roseus Bladderdock, homeid
Portulaca grandiflora Portulacaceae Portulaca hilaireana, Portulaca immersostellulata, Portulaca mendocinensis, Portulaca multistaminata, Portulaca pilosa purslane, rose moss
Portulaca oleracea barbeer, rijla, bagla, Common Purslane, wild portulaca
Portulaca quadrifida Meridiana elliptica, Meridiana quadrifida, Portulaca anceps, Portulaca chariensis, Portulaca diptera, Portulaca elatinoides, Portulaca formosana, Portulaca geniculata, Portulaca imbricata, Portulaca linifolia ... barbeer, Chickenweed, purslane
Anagallis arvensis Primulaceae Anagallis caerulea, Lysimachia foemina ain al qit, Scarlet Pimpernel
Ochradenus aucheri Resedaceae Homalodiscus aucheri, Homalodiscus major, Ochradenus dewittii
Ochradenus baccatus Ochradenus rostratus Pearl plant, Taily Weed, qardi, Qurdi
Oligomeris linifolia Dipetalia linifolia, Dipetalia subulata, Ellimia ruderalis, Oligomeris dipetala, Oligomeris dispersa, Oligomeris dregeana, Oligomeris ellimia, Oligomeris glaucescens, Oligomeris resedella, Oligomeris ruderalis ... lineleaf whitepuff, shawlah
Reseda muricata Reseda pruinosa showla
Ziziphus mauritiana Rhamnaceae Paliurus mairei, Rhamnus jujuba, Ziziphus jujuba, Ziziphus mairei, Ziziphus muratiana, Ziziphus orthacantha, Ziziphus rotunda Chinee Apple, Jujube, Indian plum, Masau
Ziziphus nummularia Rhamnus microphylla, Ziziphus lotus, Ziziphus microphylla, Ziziphus rotundifolia kanar, nabg, kenar, Rhamnus nummularia, sidr, Jujube
Ziziphus spina-christi Girtanneria spina-christi, Rhamnus divaricata, Rhamnus nabeca, Rhamnus recta, Rhamnus spina-christi, Ziziphus africana, Ziziphus heterogenea, Ziziphus iroensis, Ziziphus napeca, Ziziphus sonorensis ... areen, Christ's Thorn Jujube, Sidra tree
Galium tricornutum Rubiaceae Galium borbonicum, Galium kurramensis, Galium spurium, Galium tehranicum, Galium tricorne, Valantia spuria, Valantia triflora Corn Cleavers
Ixora coccinea Pavetta coccinea jungle geranium, flame of the woods, jungle flame
Oldenlandia corymbosa Gerontogea biflora, Gerontogea corymbosa, Gerontogea herbacea, Hedyotis biflora, Hedyotis corymbosa Flat-Top Mille Graines, Corymbose Hedyotis, snake tongue grass, rumput mutiara
Citrus aurantiifolia Rutaceae Citrus aurantium, Citrus depressa, Citrus hystrix, Citrus medica, Citrus × acida, Citrus × aurantiifolia, Citrus × davaoensis, Citrus × excelsa, Citrus × javanica, Citrus × lima ... lime tree, key lime
Haplophyllum tuberculatum Haplophyllum arabicum, Haplophyllum candolleanum, Haplophyllum chesneyanum, Haplophyllum eremophilum, Haplophyllum filifolium, Haplophyllum glabrum, Haplophyllum haussknechtii, Haplophyllum kotschyi, Haplophyllum longifolium, Haplophyllum obovatum ... Sazab, zeita, kheisa, mesaika
Murraya paniculata Camunium exoticum, Chalcas cammuneng, Chalcas exotica, Chalcas intermedia, Chalcas japanensis, Chalcas paniculata, Chalcas sumatrana, Connarus foetens, Connarus santaloides, Murraya exotica ... orange jessamine, Chinese box, mock orange, mock lime, satinwood, Lakeview jasmine
Zanthoxylum myriacanthum Euodia odorata, Zanthoxylum diabolicum, Zanthoxylum giganteum, Zanthoxylum odoratum, Zanthoxylum rhetsoides Zanthoxylum odorum
Salvadora persica Salvadoraceae Embelia grossularia, Pella ribesioides, Rivina paniculata, Salvadora crassinervia, Salvadora paniculata, Salvadora wightii Arak, Galenia asiatica, Meswak, Peelu, Pi-lu, Salvadora indica, toothbrush tree, mustard tree, mustard bush
Dodonaea viscosa Sapindaceae Dodonaea arabica, Dodonaea arborea, Dodonaea arborescens, Dodonaea arizonica, Dodonaea bialata, Dodonaea brasiliensis, Dodonaea burmanniana, Dodonaea candolleana, Dodonaea conferta, Dodonaea dioica ... hopbush, neeh, shath
Manilkara zapota Sapotaceae Achradelpha mammosa, Achras breviloba, Achras calderonii, Achras conzattii, Achras coriacea, Achras dactylina, Achras gaumeri, Achras latiloba, Achras lobulata, Achras lucuma ... sapodilla
Leucophyllum frutescens Scrophulariaceae Terania frutescens cenizo, Texas silverleaf, barometer bush
Scrophularia deserti Scrophularia cabulica, Scrophularia marginata, Scrophularia moniliformis Al-Jar, Afaina, Desert Figwort, zeita, efaina
Datura innoxia Solanaceae Brugmansia waymanni, Datura guayaquilensis, Datura humilis, Datura inoxia, Datura laevis, Datura metel, Datura meteloides, Datura wagmanni Prickly bur, downy thorn-apple, Indian-apple, lovache, moonflower, sacred datura, nacazcul, toloatzin, tolguache, toloache, Sakaran
Lycium shawii Lycium abeliaeflorum, Lycium albiflorum, Lycium arabicum, Lycium barbarum, Lycium cufodontii, Lycium ellenbeckii, Lycium erythraeum, Lycium jaegeri, Lycium javellense, Lycium merkii ... Awsaj, Desert Thorn
Nicandra physalodes Atropa daturifolia, Atropa physalodes, Atropa physaloides, Boberella nicandra, Calydermos erosus, Nicandra minor, Pentagonia physalodes, Physalis daturifolia, Physalodes peruviana shoo-fly plant, apple-of-Peru
Physalis angulata Boberella angulata, Physalis arenaria, Physalis capsicifolia, Physalis capsicoides, Physalis dubia, Physalis esquirolii, Physalis flexuosa, Physalis hermannii, Physalis linkiana, Physalis micrantha ... Cutleaf groundcherry, balloon cherry, gooseberry
Solanum elaeagnifolium Solanum dealbatum, Solanum flavidum, Solanum leprosum, Solanum obtusifolium silverleaf nightshade, silver-leaved nightshade, prairie berry, silverleaf nettle, white horsenettle, silver nightshade, silver-leaf bitter-apple, satansbos
Solanum luteum orange nightshade
Solanum lycopersicum Lycopersicon cerasiforme, Lycopersicon esculentum, Lycopersicon galenii, Lycopersicon humboldtii, Lycopersicon lycopersicum, Lycopersicon macrophyllum, Lycopersicon philippinarum, Lycopersicon pomumamoris, Lycopersicon pyriforme, Lycopersicon spurium ... Solanum esculentum, tomato plant
Solanum melongena Melongena esculenta, Melongena ovata, Solanum aethiopicum, Solanum album, Solanum edule, Solanum esculentum, Solanum insanum, Solanum longum, Solanum melanocarpum, Solanum melongenum ... eggplant, aubergine, brinjal
Solanum nigrum Solanum atriplicifolium, Solanum cuneifolium, Solanum decipiens, Solanum dillenii, Solanum humile, Solanum judaicum, Solanum morella, Solanum moschatum, Solanum papilionaceum, Solanum pseudoflavum ... black nightshade, inab al deeb
Solanum tuberosum Solanum andigenum, Solanum aquinas, Solanum chiloense, Solanum chilotanum, Solanum cultum, Solanum diemii, Solanum fonckii, Solanum kesselbrenneri, Solanum leptostigma, Solanum molinae ... potato
Withania somnifera ashwagandha, Indian ginseng, poison gooseberry, winter cherry, sakaran, sim al ferakh
Tamarix aphylla Tamaricaceae Tamarix articulata, Tamarix faras, Tamarix furas, Tamarix orientalis, Tamarix pharas, Tamarix scebelensis, Thuja aphylla Athal, Tarfa, saltcedar
Tamarix aucheriana Trichaurus aucherianus pink tamarisk, tarfah, athl
Tamarix senegalensis Tamarix arabica, Tamarix gallica, Tamarix nilotica Athal, Tarfa, saltcedar
Tamarix passerinoides Tamarix oxysepala, Tamarix tenuifolia
Typha domingensis Typhaceae Typha abyssinica, Typha aequalis, Typha aethiopica, Typha americana, Typha angustata, Typha angustifolia, Typha australis, Typha basedowii, Typha bracteata, Typha brownii ... southern cattail, cumbungi
Parietaria alsinifolia Urticaceae Freirea alsinifolia Bird Tongue
Lantana camara Verbenaceae Camara vulgaris wild sage, tickberry
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Abena jamaicensis, Stachytarpheta bogoriensis, Stachytarpheta indica, Stachytarpheta pilosiuscula, Valerianoides jamaicense, Valerianoides jamaicensis, Verbena americana, Verbena jamaicensis, Verbena pilosiuscula, Vermicularia decurrens ... blue porterweed, blue snake weed, bastard vervain
Viola tricolor Violaceae Jacea tricolor, Mnemion tricolor, Viola luteola, Viola nemausensis heartsease
Balanites aegyptiaca Zygophyllaceae Agialid abyssinica, Agialid aegyptiaca, Agialid arabica, Agialid barteri, Agialid chevalieri, Agialid cuneifolia, Agialid glomerata, Agialid latifolia, Agialid membranacea, Agialid nigra ... desert date, soap berry tree, Thron tree, Egyptian myrobalan, Zachum oil tree, lalob, hidjihi, inteishit, heglig, hijlij
Fagonia bruguieri Fagonia echinella, Fagonia olivieri dereima, showeika, shaki, shoka, Dhuraymah
Fagonia glutinosa dereima, showeika, shaki, shoka
Fagonia indica Fagonia aucheri, Fagonia mysorensis, Fagonia parviflora, Fagonia persica dereima, showeika, shaki, shoka, handagog
Fagonia ovalifolia dereima, showeika, shaki, shoka
Fagonia tenuifolia Fagonia bischarorum, Fagonia flamandi
Seetzenia lanata Seetzenia africana, Seetzenia orientalis, Seetzenia prostrata, Zygophyllum lanatum, Zygophyllum prostratum Habyan
Tetraena qatarensis Zygophyllum hamiense, Zygophyllum qatarense Bean caper, harm Qatari
Tetraena simplex Fabago portulacifolius, Zygophyllum dregeanum, Zygophyllum microcarpum, Zygophyllum microphyllum, Zygophyllum obtusum, Zygophyllum portulacoides, Zygophyllum simplex hureim, Simple-leaved bean caper
Tribulus macropterus Tribulus longipetalus, Tribulus pentandrus Shershir, Tribulus arabicus
Tribulus pentandrus Tribulus alatus, Tribulus longipetalus
Tribulus terrestris Tribulus acanthococcus, Tribulus albus, Tribulus bicornutus, Tribulus bimucronatus, Tribulus gussonii, Tribulus humifusus, Tribulus kotschyanus, Tribulus micans, Tribulus murex, Tribulus muricatus ... hasak, gatha, Puncturevine, Caltrop, Tribulus lanuginosus
411 species 69 families    
Monocotyledons
NameFamilySynonymsCommon names
Phoenix dactylifera Arecaceae Palma dactylifera, Palma major, Phoenix atlantica, Phoenix atlantidis, Phoenix chevalieri, Phoenix excelsior, Phoenix iberica Date Palm, nakheel, nakhal
Washingtonia filifera Brahea dulcis, Brahea filamentosa, Brahea filifera, Livistona filamentosa, Neowashingtonia filamentosa, Neowashingtonia filifera, Pritchardia filamentosa, Pritchardia filifera, Washingtonia filamentosa desert fan palm
Commelina benghalensis Commelinaceae Commelina acuminata, Commelina canescens, Commelina cavaleriei, Commelina cucullata, Commelina delicatula, Commelina hirsuta, Commelina kilimandscharica, Commelina mollis, Commelina nervosa, Commelina obscura ... Benghal dayflower, tropical spiderwort, Ibreeq al faki
Tradescantia pallida Setcreasea jaumavensis, Setcreasea lanceolata, Setcreasea pallida, Setcreasea purpurea, Tradescantia purpurea Purple Heart
Tradescantia spathacea Ephemerum bicolor, Ephemerum discolor, Rhoeo discolor, Rhoeo spathacea, Tradescantia discolor, Tradescantia versicolor Rhoeo discolor, boatlily, Moses-in-the-Cradle
Halodule uninervis Cymodoceaceae Cymodocea australis, Diplanthera indica, Diplanthera madagascariensis, Diplanthera tridentata, Diplanthera uninervis, Halodule australis, Halodule tridentata, Phucagrostis tridentata, Zostera tridentata, Zostera uninervis Hasheesh bahri, a'shab bahriya, narrowleaf seagrass
Bolboschoenus glaucus Cyperaceae Bolboschoenus macrostachys, Bolboschoenus maritimus, Bolboschoenus tuberosus, Reigera maritimus, Scirpus glaucus, Scirpus macrostachys, Scirpus maritimus, Scirpus tuberosus tuberous bulrush, puruagrass
Cyperus alternifolius Cyperus frondosus, Cyperus onustus, Eucyperus alternifolius umbrella papyrus, umbrella sedge
Cyperus conglomeratus Cyperus curvulus, Cyperus effusus Cyperus jeminicus, rasha, tunda, Sedge, Thanda
Cyperus laevigatus Acorellus laevigatus, Acorellus pallae, Chlorocyperus junciformis, Chlorocyperus laevigatus, Cyperus careyi, Cyperus cossyrensis, Cyperus incurvus, Cyperus juncellus, Cyperus junciformis, Cyperus lateralis ... smooth flatsedge
Cyperus rotundus Chlorocyperus rotundus, Chlorocyperus salaamensis, Cyperus agrestis, Cyperus arabicus, Cyperus badius, Cyperus bicolor, Cyperus bifax, Cyperus bulbosostoloniferus, Cyperus comosus, Cyperus disruptus ... coco-grass, Java grass, nut grass, purple nut sedge, red nut sedge, Khmer kravanh chruk, Saed
Halophila ovalis Hydrocharitaceae Caulinia ovalis, Halophila johnsonii, Kernera ovalis Spoon seagrass, Paddle weed, Dugong Grass, Sea Wrack, Ashab bahriya, Hasheesh bahri
Halophila stipulacea Barkania bullata, Barkania stipulacea, Halophila balfourii, Halophila madagascariensis, Thalassia bullata, Thalassia stipulacea, Zostera bullata, Zostera stipulacea Broadleaf seagrass, Ashab bahriya, Hasheesh bahri
Najas marina brittle naiad, marine naiad, spiny naiad, water-nymph, bushy pondweed
Juncus rigidus Juncaceae Juncus arabicus, Juncus maritimus, Juncus nevskii, Juncus procerus hard sea rush, rasha, tanda, assal
Agave americana Liliaceae Agave spectabilis, Aloe americana sabbar, century plant
Dipcadi erythraeum Dipcadi unicolor, Ornithogalum erythraeum, Uropetalon erythraeum, Uropetalon unicolor Brown Lily, Hyacinthus serotinus, mesailemo, besailemo
Aeluropus lagopoides Poaceae Aeluropus bombycinus, Aeluropus brevifolius, Aeluropus concinnus, Aeluropus erythraeus, Aeluropus laevis, Aeluropus lagopodioides, Aeluropus littoralis, Aeluropus longispicatus, Aeluropus massauensis, Aeluropus mucronatus ... Aeluropus villosis, ikrish, Kameela
Aeluropus littoralis Aeluropus hirsutus, Aeluropus intermedius, Aeluropus korshinskyi, Aeluropus laevis, Aeluropus micrantherus, Aeluropus pungens, Aeluropus sinensis, Agrostis pungens, Calotheca littoralis, Chamaedactylis maritima ... ikrish, Indian walnut
Avena sterilis Avena abyssinica, Avena fatua, Avena ludoviciana, Avena macrocalyx, Avena melillensis, Avena persica, Avena sativa, Avena trichophylla Animated oat, Sterile oat, Wild oat, Wild red oat, Winter wild oat, Shofan barri
Brachiaria decumbens Brachiaria bequaertii, Urochloa decumbens basilisk signal grass, Surinam grass
Brachypodium distachyon Agropyron distachyon, Brachypodium annuum, Brachypodium asperum, Brachypodium brevisetum, Brachypodium ciliatum, Brachypodium geniculatum, Brachypodium macrostachyum, Brachypodium megastachyum, Brachypodium monostachyum, Brachypodium paui ... purple false brome
Cenchrus ciliaris Cenchrus anjana, Cenchrus anjania, Cenchrus bulbosus, Cenchrus glaucus, Cenchrus longifolius, Cenchrus melanostachyus, Cenchrus mutabilis, Cenchrus rufescens, Pennisetum cenchroides, Pennisetum ciliare ... buffelgrass, African foxtail grass, darab, sabat
Cenchrus setigerus Cenchrus bulbifer, Cenchrus ciliaris, Cenchrus montanus, Cenchrus quinquevalvis, Cenchrus schimperi, Cenchrus tripsacoides, Cenchrus uniflorus, Pennisetum ciliare, Pennisetum setigerum, Pennisetum vahlii Birdwood Grass, Darab, Sabat
Centropodia forsskalii Asthenatherum forskalii, Avena forsskalii, Danthonia forsskalii Hajeen
Centropodia fragilis Asthenatherum forskalii, Asthenatherum fragile, Danthonia fragilis Gasaba
Chloris gayana Chloris abyssinica, Chloris glabrata, Chloris multiradiata, Chloris repens, Eustachys gayana Rhodes grass
Chloris virgata Agrostomia barbata, Chloris alba, Chloris albertii, Chloris barbata, Chloris brachystachys, Chloris caudata, Chloris compressa, Chloris decora, Chloris gabrielae, Chloris madagascariensis ... finger grass, feather windmillgrass, khazamzam, sineim
Chrysopogon plumulosus Andropogon aristidoides, Andropogon aucheri, Andropogon quinqueplumis, Aristida chrysopila, Chrysopogon aucheri, Chrysopogon quinqueplumis Gharaz
Cutandia memphitica Cutandia dichotoma, Cutandia scleropoides, Dactylis memphitica, Festuca caspica, Festuca divaricata, Festuca memphitica, Sclerochloa memphitica, Scleropoa caspica, Scleropoa memphitica Memphis grass
Cymbopogon commutatus Andropogon commutatus, Andropogon flavicundus, Andropogon floccosus, Cymbopogon divaricatus, Cymbopogon floccosus, Cymbopogon parkeri, Gymnanthelia commutata, Sorghum commutatum Askhabar, incense grass
Cynodon dactylon Agrostis bermudiana, Agrostis filiformis, Agrostis linearis, Agrostis stellata, Capriola dactylon, Chloris cynodon, Chloris maritima, Chloris paytensis, Cynodon affinis, Cynodon aristiglumis ... Dhoob, Bermuda grass, dubo, Bahama grass, arugampul, grama, scutch grass
Dactyloctenium aegyptium Aegilops saccharina, Cenchrus aegyptius, Cenchrus mucronatus, Chloris guineensis, Chloris mucronata, Chloris prostrata, Ctenium nukaviense, Cynosurus aegyptiacus, Cynosurus aegyptius, Cynosurus carolinianus ... Egyptian crowfoot grass, naeem al saleeb, rijl al hurbaiya, Najm
Dactyloctenium aristatum Dactyloctenium aegyptium, Dactyloctenium glaucophyllum, Dactyloctenium seminipunctatum Najm
Dichanthium annulatum Andropogon annulatus, Andropogon comosus, Andropogon garipensis, Andropogon nodosus, Andropogon obtusus, Andropogon scandens, Bothriochloa tuberculata, Dichanthium nodosum, Gymnandropogon annulatus, Lepeocercis annulata ... marvel grass, Diaz bluestem, Kleberg bluestem, Hindi grass, ringed dichanthium, sheda grass, jargu grass, Delhi grass, vuda bluegrass
Dichanthium foveolatum Andropogon foveolatus, Andropogon monostachyus, Andropogon orthos, Andropogon strictus, Cymbopogon strictus, Eremopogon foveolatus, Eremopogon strictus, Hypogynium foveolatum, Meoschium monostachys, Sorghum foveolatum
Digitaria bicornis Digitaria barbata, Digitaria barbulata, Digitaria biformis, Digitaria commutata, Digitaria corymbosa, Digitaria diversiflora, Digitaria nuda, Digitaria queenslandica, Digitaria rottleri, Digitaria sanguinalis ... Asian crabgrass
Digitaria sanguinalis Asperella digitaria, Cynodon praecox, Dactilon sanguinale, Digitaria aegyptiaca, Digitaria australis, Digitaria caucasica, Digitaria ciliaris, Digitaria eriogona, Digitaria gracilis, Digitaria intermedia ... hairy crabgrass, Zepheera
Echinochloa colona Brachiaria longifolia, Digitaria cuspidata, Echinochloa crus-galli, Echinochloa divaricata, Echinochloa equitans, Echinochloa subverticillata, Echinochloa zonalis, Milium colonum, Oplismenus colonus, Oplismenus crus-galli ... awnless barnyard grass, dhunaiba, abu roukba
Eleusine indica Agropyron geminatum, Chloris repens, Cynodon indicus, Cynosurus ara, Cynosurus indicus, Cynosurus pectinatus, Eleusine distachya, Eleusine distans, Eleusine domingensis, Eleusine glabra ... finger millet, goosegrass
Eragrostis barrelieri Eragrostis insulatlantica, Eragrostis panormitana, Eragrostis pooides, Eragrostis vulgaris annual lovegrass
Eragrostis cilianensis Briza eragrostis, Briza megastachya, Briza oblonga, Briza purpurascens, Calotheca purpurascens, Eragrostis argentina, Eragrostis articulata, Eragrostis costata, Eragrostis eragrostis, Eragrostis flexuosa ... Stinkgrass, candy grass
Eragrostis pilosa Catabrosa verticillata, Eragrostis afghanica, Eragrostis amurensis, Eragrostis bagdadensis, Eragrostis baguirmiensis, Eragrostis bicolor, Eragrostis bithynica, Eragrostis collocarpa, Eragrostis damiensiana, Eragrostis filiformis ... hairy love grass, Indian love grass, Jersey lovegrass, small tufted lovegrass, soft lovegrass
Eremochloa ophiuroides Agrostis crinita, Andropogon ophiuroides, Ischaemum ophiuroides centipedegrass
Halopyrum mucronatum Brachypodium unioloides, Briza mucronata, Desmazeria unioloides, Eragrostis mucronata, Festuca unioloides, Poa triticoides, Uniola mucronata
Hordeum murinum Critesion murinum, Hordeum boreale, Hordeum coleophorum, Hordeum delphicum, Hordeum depilatum, Hordeum dilatatum, Hordeum elongatum, Hordeum flexicaule, Hordeum hohenackeri, Hordeum microcladum ... false barley
Hordeum vulgare Frumentum hordeum, Frumentum sativum, Hordeum aestivum, Hordeum americanum, Hordeum barbaricum, Hordeum bifarium, Hordeum brachyatherum, Hordeum caspicum, Hordeum coeleste, Hordeum daghestanicum ... barley, Shaeer
Lasiurus scindicus Coelorachis hirsuta, Elionurus hirsutus, Ischaemum hirsutum, Ischaemum mastrucatum, Lasiurus ecaudatus, Lasiurus hirsutus, Manisuris hirsuta, Rottboellia hirsuta, Saccharum hirsutum, Tripsacum aegilopoides ... Daa, Dahah, Sewan grass
Leptochloa fusca Bromus polystachios, Bromus polystachyus, Centotheca malabarica, Digitaria malabarica, Diplachne alba, Diplachne amboensis, Diplachne capensis, Diplachne fusca, Diplachne indica, Diplachne livida ... Malabar sprangletop, brown beetle-grass
Lolium rigidum Arthrochortus loliaceus, Crypturus loliaceus, Festuca aleppica, Lolium arenarium, Lolium crassiculme, Lolium cylindricum, Lolium durum, Lolium flagellare, Lolium humile, Lolium husnotii ... Habaan, Shelam, Zeidan, rigid ryegrass
Ochthochloa compressa Cynosurus ternatus, Eleusine arabica, Eleusine caespitosa, Eleusine compressa, Eleusine flagellifera, Eleusine stolonifera, Ochthochloa dactyloides, Panicum compressum wire grass, Hamrah
Panicum antidotale Chasea prolifera, Milium effusum, Panicum akoense, Panicum brevifolium, Panicum elliottii, Panicum meneri, Panicum miliare, Panicum musciparum, Panicum proliferum, Panicum sparsum ... blue panicgrass
Panicum coloratum Milium coloratum, Panicum bossii, Panicum crassipes, Panicum jainii, Panicum nehruense, Panicum simpliciflorum, Panicum subalbidum, Panicum swynnertonii kleingrass, blue panicgrass, white buffalograss, Bambatsi panic, makarikari grass, coolah grass
Panicum turgidum Panicum frutescens, Panicum neglectum, Panicum nubicum ithmam, thumam
Paspalum dilatatum Digitaria dilatata, Panicum platense, Paspalum eriophorum, Paspalum lanatum, Paspalum moluccanum, Paspalum ovatum, Paspalum pedunculare, Paspalum platense, Paspalum selloi dallisgrass, dallis grass, sticky heads
Pennisetum divisum Cenchrus ramosissimus, Gymnotrix longiglumis, Panicum dichotomum, Panicum divisum, Pennisetum asperifolium, Pennisetum dichotomum, Pennisetum elatum ithmam, thumam, thaymoun, thiemum, haad
Pennisetum setaceum Pennisetum cupreum, Pennisetum erythraeum, Pennisetum macrostachyon, Pennisetum macrostachyum, Pennisetum numidicum, Pennisetum orientale, Pennisetum parisii, Pennisetum phalaroides, Pennisetum ruppellii, Pennisetum scoparium ... Fountain Grass
Phalaris minor Alopecurus otiporensis, Phalaris ambigua, Phalaris aquatica, Phalaris arundinacea, Phalaris brevis, Phalaris capensis, Phalaris decumbens, Phalaris gracilis, Phalaris haematites, Phalaris mauritii ... little seed canary grass, Shaeer al far
Phalaris paradoxa Phalaris appendiculata, Phalaris dentata, Phalaris obvallata, Phalaris praemorsa, Phalaris pruinosa, Phalaris pseudoparadoxa, Phalaris rubens, Phalaris sibthorpii, Phalaris utriculosa Hood canarygrass, Shair al-far, Shaeer al far
Phragmites australis Arundo aggerum, Arundo australis, Arundo barbata, Arundo donax, Arundo egmontiana, Arundo filiformis, Arundo flexuosa, Arundo graeca, Arundo naga, Arundo nigricans ... gazab, ghab, reed
Poa annua Aira pumila, Catabrosa pumila, Festuca tenuiculmis, Ochlopoa annua, Ochlopoa raniglumis, Poa aestivalis, Poa algida, Poa bipollicaris, Poa hansiana, Poa hohenackeri ... annual meadow grass
Polypogon monspeliensis Agrostis alopecuroides, Agrostis panicea, Agrostis tenuissima, Agrostis triaristata, Alopecurus aristatus, Alopecurus monspeliensis, Milium paniceum, Panicum aristatum, Panicum tenuissimum, Phalaris aristata ... annual beard grass, annual rabbitsfoot grass, Waghal
Rostraria pumila Avena pumila, Koeleria advena, Koeleria bornmuelleri, Koeleria canariensis, Koeleria pumila, Koeleria sinaica, Lophochloa cristata, Lophochloa pumila, Rostraria fuscescens, Trisetaria fuscescens ...
Schismus arabicus Schismus barbatus, Schismus calycinus, Schismus spectabilis Festuca calycina, henaita
Schismus barbatus Agrostis calycina, Corynephorus articulatus, Dactylis calycina, Electra brevifolia, Electra calycina, Electra nitida, Electra ovalis, Electra scaberrima, Festuca barbata, Festuca calycina ... common Mediterranean grass, kelch-grass
Setaria sphacelata Chaetochloa aurea, Chaetochloa glauca, Panicum aureum, Panicum chrysanthum, Panicum rudimentosum, Panicum sphacelatum, Pennisetum aureum, Pennisetum rudimentosum, Setaria almaspicata, Setaria alpestris ... South African pigeon grass, African bristlegrass
Setaria verticillata Chaetochloa ambigua, Chaetochloa brevispica, Chaetochloa verticillata, Chamaeraphis italica, Chamaeraphis verticillata, Ixophorus verticillatus, Panicum adhaerens, Panicum ambiguum, Panicum aparine, Panicum asperum ... Bristly foxtail, hooked bristlegrass, Lusaig, Shaeer al far, Dhail al qit
Sorghum bicolor Agrostis nigricans, Andropogon besseri, Andropogon bicolor, Andropogon compactus, Andropogon niger, Andropogon rubens, Andropogon saccharatus, Andropogon sorghum, Andropogon subglabrescens, Andropogon truchmenorum ... Zura bayad, Dere
Sorghum halepense Andropogon avenaceus, Andropogon crupina, Andropogon decolorans, Andropogon dubitatus, Andropogon dubius, Andropogon halepensis, Andropogon sorghum, Blumenbachia halepensis, Holcus decolorans, Holcus exiguus ... helaiyat, safrand, Johnson grass
Sorghum drummondii Andropogon halepensis, Andropogon sorghum, Andropogon × drummondii, Andropogon × sudanensis, Holcus sorghum, Holcus × sudanensis, Sorghum bicolor, Sorghum halepense, Sorghum saccharatum, Sorghum vulgare ... Sudangrass
Sporobolus ioclados Agrostis kentrophyllum, Sporobolus arabicus, Sporobolus genalensis, Sporobolus ghikae, Sporobolus gillii, Sporobolus inconspicuus, Sporobolus jemenicus, Sporobolus kentrophyllum, Sporobolus laetevirens, Sporobolus marginatus ... pan dropseed, sakham
Sporobolus spicatus Agrostis involuta, Agrostis spicata, Agrostis virginica, Crypsis myosurus, Heleochloa myosurus, Sporobolus faucicola, Vilfa involuta, Vilfa spicata Sukham
Stipa capensis Stipa humilis, Stipa liwinowii, Stipa retorta, Stipa seminuda, Stipa tenacissima, Stipa tortilis samma, safa, spear grass
Stipagrostis obtusa Aristida bifida, Aristida capensis, Aristida obtusa, Arthratherum capense, Arthratherum obtusum, Avena capensis, Chaetaria capensis, Stipagrostis capensis, Stipa plumosa, Trisetum muricatum Nusi
Stipagrostis plumosa Aristida brachypoda, Aristida floccosa, Aristida lanuginosa, Aristida oranensis, Aristida plumosa, Arthratherum plumosum, Stipagrostis brachypoda, Stipagrostis fallax, Stipagrostis oranensis, Stipagrostis szovitsiana Nassi
Zea mays Mays americana, Mays vulgaris, Mays zea, Mayzea cerealis, Mayzea vestita, Thalysia mays, Zea alba, Zea altissima, Zea americana, Zea amylacea ... Sweet corn
Zoysia tenuifolia Zoysia matrella Korean velvet grass
Ruppia maritima Ruppiaceae Buccaferrea maritima, Ruppia andina, Ruppia brachypus, Ruppia brevipes, Ruppia cirrhosa, Ruppia curvicarpa, Ruppia intermedia, Ruppia obliqua, Ruppia pectinata, Ruppia rostellata ... beaked tasselweed, ditch-grass, ditchgrass, widgeongrass, tassel pondweed
Asphodelus tenuifolius Xanthorrhoeaceae Anthericum annuum, Asphodelus bornmuelleri, Asphodelus canariensis, Asphodelus clavatus, Asphodelus clavosus, Asphodelus fistulosus, Asphodelus maroccanus, Asphodelus microcarpus, Asphodelus serrulatifolius, Asphodelus serrulatus ... Barwaq, brough, unsul, Narrow-leaved asphodel
79 species 10 families    

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Acknowledgements

QNHG (Qatar Natural History Group) and associated people, for a possibility to participate in their field excursions and to learn about local nature.