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Poaceae

Poaceae Barnhart & Barnh. - Grass Family

1. Aeluropus lagopoides (L.) Thwaites

(Aeluropus bombycinus, Aeluropus brevifolius, Aeluropus concinnus, Aeluropus erythraeus, Aeluropus laevis, Aeluropus lagopodioides, Aeluropus littoralis, Aeluropus longispicatus, Aeluropus massauensis, Aeluropus mucronatus, Aeluropus niliacus, Aeluropus niloticus, Aeluropus pubescens, Aeluropus repens, Aeluropus sinaicus, Aeluropus villosus, Aira lagopoides, Calotheca massauensis, Calotheca niliaca, Calotheca repens, Coelachyrum indicum, Dactylis bombycina, Dactylis brevifolia, Dactylis cynosuroides, Dactylis heterophylla, Dactylis lagopodioides, Dactylis lagopoides, Dactylis massauensis, Dactylis repens, Distichlis sudanensis, Eleusine brevifolia, Eragrostis brevifolia, Festuca prostrata, Koeleria brevifolia, Koeleria lagopoides, Melica reptans, Milium maritimum, Poa brevifolia, Poa lagopoides, Poa maritima, Poa massauensis, Poa pungens, Poa ramosa, Poa repens, Poa tunetana, Sesleria brevifolia, Sesleria lagopoides)

Common names: Aeluropus villosis, ikrish, Kameela

LinkAeluropus lagopoides grass taken from Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 16, 2014
LinkBlooming Aeluropus lagopoides grass taken from Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 16, 2014
LinkMat of common salt grass (Aeluropus lagopoides) near leaking water pipes on Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, September 5, 2014
LinkCommon salt grass (Aeluropus lagopoides) in sand on roadside in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, April 25, 2015
LinkMat of common salt grass (Aeluropus lagopoides) on roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015

2. Aeluropus littoralis (Gouan) Parl.

(Aeluropus hirsutus, Aeluropus intermedius, Aeluropus korshinskyi, Aeluropus laevis, Aeluropus micrantherus, Aeluropus pungens, Aeluropus sinensis, Agrostis pungens, Calotheca littoralis, Chamaedactylis maritima, Dactylis distichophylla, Dactylis littoralis, Dactylis maritima, Festuca littoralis, Koeleria littoralis, Melica littoralis, Poa littoralis, Poa pungens, Triticum supinum)

Common names: ikrish, Indian walnut

My notes: Likely to be the same as Aeluropus lagopoides.

LinkMat of Indian walnut (Aeluropus littoralis) in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Naim tribe, Nuaimiya) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, March 28, 2015
LinkSalt tolerant gras Aeluropus littoralis(?) taken from salt marsh near Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, June 20, 2015
LinkSalt tolerant gras Aeluropus littoralis(?) taken from a silty depression near Al Nuaman (Numan) in north-western Qatar, September 12, 2015

3. Avena sterilis ludoviciana (Durieu) Gillet & Magne

(Avena abyssinica, Avena fatua, Avena ludoviciana, Avena macrocalyx, Avena melillensis, Avena persica, Avena sativa, Avena trichophylla)

Common names: Animated oat, Sterile oat, Wild oat, Wild red oat, Winter wild oat, Shofan barri

Extract from Wikipedia article: Avena sterilis (Animated oat, Sterile oat, Wild oat, Wild red oat, Winter wild oat; syn. Avena ludoviciana Durieu; Avena sterilis ssp. ludoviciana (Durieu) Gillet & Magne in Federal Noxious Weed Disseminules of the U.S.) is a species of grass weed, and its seeds are edible.

LinkWild oat (Avena sterilis subsp. ludoviciana) taken from area of Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, March 4, 2015
LinkSpikelet of winter wild oat (Avena sterilis) taken from area of Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, March 4, 2015
LinkClose up of flowers of winter wild oat (Avena sterilis) taken from area of Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, March 4, 2015

4. Brachiaria decumbens Stapf

(Brachiaria bequaertii, Urochloa decumbens)

Common names: basilisk signal grass, Surinam grass

Extract from Wikipedia article: Brachiaria, or signalgrass, is a genus of plants in the grass family native to tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa, Australia, southern Europe, the Americas, and various islands. There are over 100 species.

LinkHairy flower spikelet of basilisk signal grass (Urochloa decumbens) with yellow anthers on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, June 5, 2015
LinkBasilisk signal grass (Urochloa decumbens) with yellow anthers on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, November 13, 2015

5. Brachypodium distachyon (L.) P.Beauv.

(Agropyron distachyon, Brachypodium annuum, Brachypodium asperum, Brachypodium brevisetum, Brachypodium ciliatum, Brachypodium geniculatum, Brachypodium macrostachyum, Brachypodium megastachyum, Brachypodium monostachyum, Brachypodium paui, Brachypodium pentastachyum, Brachypodium phoenicoides, Brachypodium platystachyum, Brachypodium polystachyum, Brachypodium rigidum, Brachypodium schimperi, Brachypodium subtile, Bromus buxbaumii, Bromus ciliatus, Bromus distachyos, Bromus geniculatus, Bromus monostachyus, Bromus paradoxus, Bromus pentastachyus, Bromus platystachyus, Festuca breviseta, Festuca diandra, Festuca distachya, Festuca monostachia, Festuca monostachya, Festuca pentastachya, Festuca pseudistachya, Festuca rigens, Festuca rigida, Festuca rigidoaspera, Festuca schimperi, Festuca subtilis, Festuca tauschii, Secale bromoides, Trachynia distachya, Trachynia pentastachya, Trachynia platystachya, Trachynia rigida, Triticum asperrimum, Triticum asperum, Triticum brevisetum, Triticum ciliatum, Triticum distachyon, Triticum distertum, Triticum flabellatum, Triticum geniculatum, Triticum maritimum, Triticum monostachyum, Triticum polystachyum, Triticum schimperi, Triticum subtile, Triticum tenue, Zerna distachyos)

Common names: purple false brome

Extract from Wikipedia article: Brachypodium distachyon, commonly called purple false brome, is a grass species native to southern Europe, northern Africa and southwestern Asia east to India. It is related to the major cereal grain species wheat, barley, oats, maize, rice, rye, sorghum, and millet. It has many qualities that make it an excellent model organism for functional genomics research in temperate grasses, cereals, and dedicated biofuel crops such as switchgrass. These attributes include small genome (~270 Mbp) diploid accessions, a series of polyploid accessions, a small physical stature, self-fertility, a short lifecycle, simple growth requirements, and an efficient transformation system. The genome of Brachypodium distachyon (diploid inbred line Bd21) has been sequenced and published in Nature in 2010.

LinkSpikelets of purple false brome grass (Brachypodium distachyon)(?) on roadside of a road to Zubara in area of Thaghab Al Majda. North-western Qatar, February 28, 2014

6. Cenchrus ciliaris L.

(Cenchrus anjana, Cenchrus anjania, Cenchrus bulbosus, Cenchrus glaucus, Cenchrus longifolius, Cenchrus melanostachyus, Cenchrus mutabilis, Cenchrus rufescens, Pennisetum cenchroides, Pennisetum ciliare, Pennisetum distylum, Pennisetum incomptum, Pennisetum longifolium, Pennisetum oxyphyllum, Pennisetum pachycladum, Pennisetum panormitanum, Pennisetum petraeum, Pennisetum polycladum, Pennisetum rangei, Pennisetum rufescens, Pennisetum teneriffae)

Common names: buffelgrass, African foxtail grass, darab, sabat

Extract from Wikipedia article: Cenchrus ciliaris (buffelgrass or African foxtail grass; syn. Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link) is a species of grass native to most of Africa, southern Asia (east to India), southern Iran, and the extreme south of Europe (Sicily).

LinkAfrican foxtail grass (buffelgrass, Cenchrus ciliaris) on the border of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. South-western Qatar, March 29, 2014
LinkBuffelgrass (African foxtail grass, Cenchrus ciliaris, Pennisetum ciliare) on Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2014
LinkSoft spike of buffelgrass (African foxtail grass, Cenchrus ciliaris, Pennisetum ciliare) on Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2014
LinkClose up of a soft spike of buffelgrass (African foxtail grass, Cenchrus ciliaris, Pennisetum ciliare) on Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2014
LinkBuffelgrass (African foxtail grass, Cenchrus ciliaris, Pennisetum ciliare) on Al Muhandiseen Street near West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 6, 2014
LinkSpikelet of Buffelgrass (African foxtail grass, Cenchrus ciliaris, Pennisetum ciliare) on Al Muhandiseen Street near West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 6, 2014
LinkBuffelgrass (African foxtail grass, Cenchrus ciliaris, Pennisetum ciliare) at entrance of Ras Abrouq Peninsula near Zekreet. Qatar, November 14, 2014
LinkBuffelgrass (African foxtail grass, Cenchrus ciliaris, Pennisetum ciliare) in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkBuffelgrass (African foxtail grass, Cenchrus ciliaris, Pennisetum ciliare) with a stone fence background in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkBuffelgrass (African foxtail grass, Cenchrus ciliaris, Pennisetum ciliare) taken from Onaiza area near West Bay. Doha, Qatar, September 9, 2015
LinkSpikelet of buffelgrass (African foxtail grass, Cenchrus ciliaris, Pennisetum ciliare) taken from Onaiza area near West Bay. Doha, Qatar, September 9, 2015
LinkBuffelgrass (African foxtail grass, Cenchrus ciliaris, Pennisetum ciliare) on roadside of Dukhan Highway near Al Shakhaniya. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkAfrican foxtail grass (buffelgrass, Cenchrus ciliaris) in a runnel north from Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkSpike of African foxtail grass (buffelgrass, Cenchrus ciliaris) in a runnel north from Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkYoung spike of African foxtail grass (buffelgrass, Cenchrus ciliaris) in a runnel north from Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkClose up of a spike of African foxtail grass (buffelgrass, Cenchrus ciliaris) in a runnel north from Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkAfrican foxtail grass (buffelgrass, Cenchrus ciliaris) in a runnel north from Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkAfrican foxtail grass (buffelgrass, Cenchrus ciliaris)(?) taken from Makkah Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 15, 2016
LinkBuffelgrass (African foxtail grass, Cenchrus ciliaris, Pennisetum ciliare)(?) on a rocky ridge in Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, March 26, 2016

7. Cenchrus setigerus Vahl

(Cenchrus bulbifer, Cenchrus ciliaris, Cenchrus montanus, Cenchrus quinquevalvis, Cenchrus schimperi, Cenchrus tripsacoides, Cenchrus uniflorus, Pennisetum ciliare, Pennisetum setigerum, Pennisetum vahlii)

Common names: Birdwood Grass, Darab, Sabat

LinkSpike of Birdwood Grass (Cenchrus setigerus) near Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 5, 2014
LinkBirdwood Grass (Cenchrus setigerus) near Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 5, 2014
LinkSpikelet of Birdwood Grass (Cenchrus setigerus) on Al Muhandiseen Street near West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 6, 2014
LinkClose up of a spikelet of Birdwood Grass (Cenchrus setigerus) on Al Muhandiseen Street near West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 6, 2014
LinkBirdwood Grass (Cenchrus setigerus) taken from Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, February 19, 2015
LinkBirdwood grass (Cenchrus setigerus) taken from Makkah Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 15, 2016

8. Centropodia forsskalii (Vahl) Cope

(Asthenatherum forskalii, Avena forsskalii, Danthonia forsskalii)

Common names: Hajeen

LinkSword-leaved helleborine grass (Centropodia forsskalii) on roadside in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkClose up of sword-leaved helleborine grass (Centropodia forsskalii) on roadside in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkSword-leaved helleborine grass (Centropodia forsskalii) on sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkSword-leaved helleborine grass (Centropodia forsskalii) against blue sky on sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkSpikes of sword-leaved helleborine grass (Centropodia forsskalii) taken from Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkClose up of spikes of sword-leaved helleborine grass (Centropodia forsskalii) taken from Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkRoots of sword-leaved helleborine grass (Centropodia forsskalii) with sand taken from Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Qatar, March 25, 2016

9. Centropodia fragilis (Guinet & Sauvage) Cope

(Asthenatherum forskalii, Asthenatherum fragile, Danthonia fragilis)

Common names: Gasaba

LinkCentropodia fragilis grass growing on sand mounds near Inland Sea Road. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkClose up of a spike of Centropodia fragilis grass growing on sand mounds near Inland Sea Road. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014

10. Chloris gayana Kunth

(Chloris abyssinica, Chloris glabrata, Chloris multiradiata, Chloris repens, Eustachys gayana)

Common names: Rhodes grass

My notes: It may be the same as Eleusine indica.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Chloris gayana is a species of grass known by the common name Rhodes grass. It is native to Africa but it can be found throughout the tropical and subtropical world as a naturalized species.

LinkRhodes grass (Chloris gayana) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkRhodes grass (Chloris gayana) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkRhodes grass (Chloris gayana) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkRhodes grass (Chloris gayana) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, May 1, 2015
LinkRhodes grass (Chloris gayana) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015

11. Chloris virgata Sw.

(Agrostomia barbata, Chloris alba, Chloris albertii, Chloris barbata, Chloris brachystachys, Chloris caudata, Chloris compressa, Chloris decora, Chloris gabrielae, Chloris madagascariensis, Chloris multiradiata, Chloris notocoma, Chloris penicillata, Chloris polydactyla, Chloris pubescens, Chloris rogeonii, Chloris tetrastachys, Chloris tibestica, Heterolepis elegans, Rabdochloa virgata)

Common names: finger grass, feather windmillgrass, khazamzam, sineim

Extract from Wikipedia article: Chloris virgata is a species of grass known by the common names feather fingergrass and feather windmillgrass. It is native to many of the warmer temperate, subtropical, and tropical regions of the world, including parts of Eurasia, Africa, and the Americas, and it is present in many other areas as a naturalized species, including Hawaii, Australia, and the Canary Islands.

LinkFinger grass (feather windmillgrass, Chloris virgata) on Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2014
LinkFinger grass (Chloris virgata) with red aphids on Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2014
LinkFinger grass (Chloris virgata) collected from Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, September 8, 2014
LinkFinger grass (Chloris virgata) taken from Al Sham Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 20, 2015
LinkFinger grass (Chloris virgata) on white background taken from Al Sham Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 20, 2015
LinkFinger grass (Chloris virgata) on dark background taken from Al Sham Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 20, 2015
LinkSpikelet of finger grass (Chloris virgata) taken from Al Sham Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 20, 2015

12. Chrysopogon plumulosus Hochst.

(Andropogon aristidoides, Andropogon aucheri, Andropogon quinqueplumis, Aristida chrysopila, Chrysopogon aucheri, Chrysopogon quinqueplumis)

Common names: Gharaz

LinkGrass of Chrysopogon plumulosus in roadside depression of Dukhan Highway. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkGrass of Chrysopogon plumulosus on white background in roadside depression of Dukhan Highway. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkGrass of Chrysopogon plumulosus on windy day in roadside depression of Dukhan Highway. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkClump of grass of Chrysopogon plumulosus on windy day in roadside depression of Dukhan Highway. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkClose up of grass of Chrysopogon plumulosus taken from roadside depression of Dukhan Highway. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkChrysopogon plumulosus on roadside of a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, January 30, 2016
LinkSpikelets of Chrysopogon plumulosus on roadside of a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, January 30, 2016
LinkGrass Chrysopogon plumulosus taken from roadside of a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, January 30, 2016
LinkSpikelets of grass Chrysopogon plumulosus taken from roadside of a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, January 30, 2016
LinkChrysopogon plumulosus on roadside of a road to Sawda Natheel. Southern Qatar, February 5, 2016
LinkGrass of Chrysopogon plumulosus in a roadside depression of Khawzan Road. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkSpikelets of grass Chrysopogon plumulosus near Sawda Natheel Road. Southern Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkSpikelets of grass Chrysopogon plumulosus on dark background near Sawda Natheel Road. Southern Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkSpikelets of grass Chrysopogon plumulosus on white background near Sawda Natheel Road. Southern Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkGrass of Chrysopogon plumulosus in Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, February 27, 2016
LinkBlooming grass Chrysopogon plumulosus in Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, February 27, 2016
LinkNodding spikes of grass Chrysopogon plumulosus in Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, February 27, 2016
LinkOpened spikelets of grass Chrysopogon plumulosus taken from a depression near Al Zubara Road in northern Qatar, February 27, 2016
LinkGrass Chrysopogon plumulosus(?) on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkGrass of Chrysopogon plumulosus in a runnel near a road to Sawda Natheel. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016

13. Cutandia memphitica (Spreng.) Benth.

(Cutandia dichotoma, Cutandia scleropoides, Dactylis memphitica, Festuca caspica, Festuca divaricata, Festuca memphitica, Sclerochloa memphitica, Scleropoa caspica, Scleropoa memphitica)

Common names: Memphis grass

Extract from Wikipedia article: Cutandia is a genus of Asian and Mediterranean plants in the grass family. It is native to lands extending from Portugal and Cape Verde to Pakistan and Kazakhstan.

LinkYoung grass Cutandia memphitica on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkGrass of Cutandia memphitica in sand on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkYoung spike of grass Cutandia memphitica on dunes south from Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 9, 2016
LinkSpikes of grass Cutandia memphitica on dunes south from Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 9, 2016
LinkGrass Cutandia memphitica in dew on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkSpikelets of grass Cutandia memphitica in dew on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkClose up of grass Cutandia memphitica in dew on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkGrass Cutandia memphitica in sand on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkSpike of grass Cutandia memphitica in dew on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkGrass Cutandia memphitica in sand on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkClose up of grass Cutandia memphitica on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkCutandia memphitica grass on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkGrass of Cutandia memphitica on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 19, 2016
LinkCutandia memphitica grass on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 19, 2016

14. Cymbopogon commutatus (Steud.) Stapf

(Andropogon commutatus, Andropogon flavicundus, Andropogon floccosus, Cymbopogon divaricatus, Cymbopogon floccosus, Cymbopogon parkeri, Gymnanthelia commutata, Sorghum commutatum)

Common names: Askhabar, incense grass

LinkCymbopogon commutatus grass on a roadside of a road to Zubara. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2015
LinkGrass spikes of Cymbopogon commutatus taken from roadside of a road to Zubara. Northern Qatar, March 6, 2015
LinkGrass of Cymbopogon commutatus on white background taken from roadside of a road to Zubara. Northern Qatar, March 6, 2015
LinkGrass of Cymbopogon commutatus taken from roadside of a road to Zubara in Northern Qatar, March 20, 2015
LinkClump of grass Cymbopogon commutatus on roadside near Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkGrass of Cymbopogon commutatus in Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, March 26, 2016

15. Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.

(Agrostis bermudiana, Agrostis filiformis, Agrostis linearis, Agrostis stellata, Capriola dactylon, Chloris cynodon, Chloris maritima, Chloris paytensis, Cynodon affinis, Cynodon aristiglumis, Cynodon aristulatus, Cynodon barberi, Cynodon decipiens, Cynodon distichloides, Cynodon erectus, Cynodon glabratus, Cynodon grandispiculus, Cynodon hirsutissimus, Cynodon iraquensis, Cynodon laeviglumis, Cynodon linearis, Cynodon maritimus, Cynodon mucronatus, Cynodon nitidus, Cynodon occidentalis, Cynodon pascuus, Cynodon pedicellatus, Cynodon polevansii, Cynodon portoricensis, Cynodon repens, Cynodon sarmentosus, Cynodon scabrifolius, Cynodon stellatus, Cynodon tenuis, Cynodon umbellatus, Cynosurus dactylon, Cynosurus uniflorus, Dactilon officinale, Dactylus officinalis, Digitaria ambigua, Digitaria dactylon, Digitaria glumaepatula, Digitaria glumipatula, Digitaria linearis, Digitaria littoralis, Digitaria maritima, Digitaria stolonifera, Fibichia dactylon, Fibichia umbellata, Milium dactylon, Panicum ambiguum, Panicum dactylon, Panicum glumipatulum, Panicum lineare, Paspalum ambiguum, Paspalum dactylon, Paspalum umbellatum, Phleum dactylon, Syntherisma linearis, Vilfa linearis, Vilfa stellata)

Common names: Dhoob, Bermuda grass, dubo, Bahama grass, arugampul, grama, scutch grass

Extract from Wikipedia article: Cynodon dactylon, also known as dūrvā grass, Dhoob, Bermuda grass, dubo, dog's tooth grass, Bahama grass, devil's grass, couch grass, Indian doab, arugampul, grama, and scutch grass, is a grass that originated in the Middle East. Although it is not native to Bermuda, it is an abundant invasive species there. It is presumed to have arrived in North America from Bermuda, resulting in its common name.

LinkBermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015

16. Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd.

(Aegilops saccharina, Cenchrus aegyptius, Cenchrus mucronatus, Chloris guineensis, Chloris mucronata, Chloris prostrata, Ctenium nukaviense, Cynosurus aegyptiacus, Cynosurus aegyptius, Cynosurus carolinianus, Cynosurus cavara, Cynosurus ciliaris, Cynosurus distachyos, Cynosurus macara, Dactyloctenium aegyptiacum, Dactyloctenium aegyptius, Dactyloctenium ciliare, Dactyloctenium distachyum, Dactyloctenium figarei, Dactyloctenium meridionale, Dactyloctenium mpuetense, Dactyloctenium mucronatum, Dactyloctenium prostratum, Eleusine aegyptia, Eleusine ciliata, Eleusine cruciata, Eleusine egyptia, Eleusine pectinata, Eleusine prostrata, Rabdochloa mucronata, Syntherisma aegyptiaca)

Common names: Egyptian crowfoot grass, naeem al saleeb, rijl al hurbaiya, Najm

Extract from Wikipedia article: Dactyloctenium aegyptium, or Egyptian crowfoot grass is a member of the family Poaceae native in Africa. The plant mostly grows in heavy soils at damp sites. It is known as "පු‍ටු තණ - putu thana" by local Sri Lankaan people.

LinkEgyptian crowfoot grass (Dactyloctenium aegyptium) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkReddish-brown spikelets of Egyptian crowfoot grass (Dactyloctenium aegyptium) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkEgyptian crowfoot grass (Dactyloctenium aegyptium) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkSpikelet of Egyptian crowfoot grass (Dactyloctenium aegyptium) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015

17. Dactyloctenium aristatum Link

(Dactyloctenium aegyptium, Dactyloctenium glaucophyllum, Dactyloctenium seminipunctatum)

Common names: Najm

LinkGrass Dactyloctenium aristatum (local name Najm) taken from Al Istiqlal Street Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 30, 2015
LinkGrass Dactyloctenium aristatum (local name Najm) on dark background taken from Al Istiqlal Street Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 30, 2015
LinkSpikelets of Dactyloctenium aristatum grass (local name Najm) taken from Al Istiqlal Street Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 30, 2015

18. Dichanthium annulatum (Forssk.) Stapf

(Andropogon annulatus, Andropogon comosus, Andropogon garipensis, Andropogon nodosus, Andropogon obtusus, Andropogon scandens, Bothriochloa tuberculata, Dichanthium nodosum, Gymnandropogon annulatus, Lepeocercis annulata, Sorghum annulatum)

Common names: marvel grass, Diaz bluestem, Kleberg bluestem, Hindi grass, ringed dichanthium, sheda grass, jargu grass, Delhi grass, vuda bluegrass

Extract from Wikipedia article: Dichanthium annulatum is a species of grass. It is commonly used as a forage for livestock.

LinkBlooming Hindi grass (Diaz bluestem, Dichanthium annulatum) in a silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2015
LinkClose up of a spikelet of Hindi grass (Diaz bluestem, Dichanthium annulatum) in a silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2015
LinkSpikelet of Hindi grass (Diaz bluestem, Dichanthium annulatum) in a silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2015
LinkFlowering Hindi grass (Diaz bluestem, Dichanthium annulatum) in a silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2015
LinkHindi grass (Diaz bluestem, Dichanthium annulatum) on Al Mawrid Street in Al Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, February 25, 2016
LinkSpikes of Hindi grass (Diaz bluestem, Dichanthium annulatum) on Al Mawrid Street in Al Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, February 25, 2016
LinkClose up of Hindi grass (Diaz bluestem, Dichanthium annulatum) on Al Mawrid Street in Al Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, February 25, 2016
LinkSpike of Hindi grass (Diaz bluestem, Dichanthium annulatum) on Al Mawrid Street in Al Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, February 25, 2016
LinkSpike of Hindi grass (Diaz bluestem, Dichanthium annulatum) on white background taken from Al Mawrid Street in Al Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, February 25, 2016
LinkClose up of a spike of Hindi grass (Diaz bluestem, Dichanthium annulatum) on white background taken from Al Mawrid Street in Al Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, February 25, 2016
LinkHindi grass (Diaz bluestem, Dichanthium annulatum) in a silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 27, 2016

19. Dichanthium foveolatum (Delile) Roberty

(Andropogon foveolatus, Andropogon monostachyus, Andropogon orthos, Andropogon strictus, Cymbopogon strictus, Eremopogon foveolatus, Eremopogon strictus, Hypogynium foveolatum, Meoschium monostachys, Sorghum foveolatum)

LinkGrass Dichanthium foveolatum on a slope of a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkClump of grass Dichanthium foveolatum on roadside near Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkGrass Dichanthium foveolatum taken from Makkah Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 15, 2016
LinkGrass Dichanthium foveolatum near a rocky ridge in Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, March 26, 2016

20. Digitaria bicornis (Lam.) Roem. & Schult.

(Digitaria barbata, Digitaria barbulata, Digitaria biformis, Digitaria commutata, Digitaria corymbosa, Digitaria diversiflora, Digitaria nuda, Digitaria queenslandica, Digitaria rottleri, Digitaria sanguinalis, Digitaria setigera, Panicum adpressum, Panicum aegyptiacum, Panicum appressum, Panicum barbatum, Panicum bicorne, Panicum biforme, Panicum ciliare, Panicum commutatum, Panicum glaucescens, Panicum macrostachyum, Panicum neesii, Panicum sanguinale, Paspalum bicorne, Paspalum sanguinale, Syntherisma barbata)

Common names: Asian crabgrass

My notes: May be the same as Chloris virgata.

LinkAsian crabgrass (Digitaria bicornis) taken near Al Sham Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, June 3, 2015
LinkGrass spikelet of Asian crabgrass (Digitaria bicornis) taken near Al Sham Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, June 3, 2015
LinkGrass spikelet of Asian crabgrass (Digitaria bicornis) on white background taken near Al Sham Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, June 3, 2015
LinkGrass spikelet of Asian crabgrass (Digitaria bicornis) on dark background taken near Al Sham Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, June 3, 2015

21. Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop.

(Asperella digitaria, Cynodon praecox, Dactilon sanguinale, Digitaria aegyptiaca, Digitaria australis, Digitaria caucasica, Digitaria ciliaris, Digitaria eriogona, Digitaria gracilis, Digitaria intermedia, Digitaria nealleyi, Digitaria nervosa, Digitaria panicea, Digitaria pectiniformis, Digitaria pilosa, Digitaria plebeia, Digitaria praecox, Digitaria sabulosa, Digitaria sanguinaria, Digitaria sanguinea, Digitaria sanguinolenta, Digitaria sienitica, Digitaria stricta, Digitaria tristachya, Digitaria vulgaris, Leptochloa fascicularis, Milium membranaceum, Panicum aegyptiacum, Panicum aegyptium, Panicum ambiguum, Panicum ciliatum, Panicum eriogonum, Panicum fallax, Panicum gracile, Panicum gussonei, Panicum nervosum, Panicum rottleri, Panicum sanguinale, Panicum sanguineum, Panicum sanguinolentum, Panicum trichostachyum, Paspalum aegyptiacum, Paspalum filiforme, Paspalum sanguinale, Sanguinaria nevenarae, Syntherisma praecox, Syntherisma sanguinalis, Syntherisma vulgaris)

Common names: hairy crabgrass, Zepheera

Extract from Wikipedia article: Digitaria sanguinalis is a species of grass known by the common name hairy crabgrass or large crabgrass. It is one of the better-known species of crabgrass, and one that is known nearly worldwide as a common weed.

LinkHairy crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis) on sidewalk of Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 23, 2014
LinkHairy crabgrass (Digitaria sanguinalis)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014

22. Echinochloa colona (L.) Link

(Brachiaria longifolia, Digitaria cuspidata, Echinochloa crus-galli, Echinochloa divaricata, Echinochloa equitans, Echinochloa subverticillata, Echinochloa zonalis, Milium colonum, Oplismenus colonus, Oplismenus crus-galli, Oplismenus cuspidatus, Oplismenus daltonii, Oplismenus margaritaceus, Oplismenus muticus, Oplismenus pseudocolonus, Oplismenus repens, Orthopogon dichotomus, Orthopogon subverticillatus, Panicum brachiariaeforme, Panicum brizoides, Panicum caesium, Panicum colonum, Panicum crus-galli, Panicum cumingianum, Panicum cuspidatum, Panicum daltonii, Panicum echinochloa, Panicum equitans, Panicum flaccidum, Panicum geniculatum, Panicum haematodes, Panicum hookeri, Panicum incertum, Panicum margaritaceum, Panicum musei, Panicum numidianum, Panicum petiveri, Panicum prorepens, Panicum pseudocolonum, Panicum tetrastichum, Panicum zonale, Setaria brachiariaeformis)

Common names: awnless barnyard grass, dhunaiba, abu roukba

Extract from Wikipedia article: Echinochloa colona is a type of wild grass originating from tropical Asia. It was formerly classified as a species of Panicum. It is the wild ancestor of the cultivated cereal crop Echinochloa frumentacea, sawa millet. Some taxonomists treat the two taxa as one species, in which case the domesticated forms may also be referred to as E. colona.

LinkSpikelet of grass Awnless barnyard grass (Echinochloa colona?) in silty depression on roadside of a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkAwnless barnyard grass (Echinochloa colona, local names dhunaiba, abu roukba) near Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 5, 2014
LinkAwnless barnyard grass (Echinochloa colona, local names dhunaiba, abu roukba) found in West Bay, in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, December 23, 2014
LinkAwnless barnyard grass (Echinochloa colona) taken from a street in Mesaieed. Qatar, July 10, 2015
LinkAwnless barnyard grass (Echinochloa colona, local names dhunaiba, abu roukba) taken from a street in Mesaieed. Qatar, July 10, 2015

23. Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.

(Agropyron geminatum, Chloris repens, Cynodon indicus, Cynosurus ara, Cynosurus indicus, Cynosurus pectinatus, Eleusine distachya, Eleusine distans, Eleusine domingensis, Eleusine glabra, Eleusine gonantha, Eleusine gouinii, Eleusine inaequalis, Eleusine japonica, Eleusine macrosperma, Eleusine marginata, Eleusine polydactyla, Eleusine rigidifolia, Eleusine scabra, Eleusine textilis, Juncus loureiroana, Leptochloa pectinata, Paspalum dissectum, Poa spicata, Triticum geminatum)

Common names: finger millet, goosegrass

My notes: May be the same as Chloris gayana.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Eleusine indica (Indian goosegrass, wiregrass, crowfootgrass) is a species of grass in the family Poaceae. It is a small annual grass distributed throughout the warmer areas of the world to about 50 degrees latitude. It is an invasive species in some areas.

LinkSpikelet of goosegrass (finger millet, Eleusine indica) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, November 13, 2015
LinkClose up of goosegrass (finger millet, Eleusine indica) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, November 13, 2015
LinkInflorescence of goosegrass (finger millet, Eleusine indica) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, November 13, 2015
LinkGoosegrass (finger millet, Eleusine indica) with a spikelet on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, November 13, 2015
LinkGoosegrass (finger millet, Eleusine indica) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, November 13, 2015

24. Eragrostis barrelieri Daveau

(Eragrostis insulatlantica, Eragrostis panormitana, Eragrostis pooides, Eragrostis vulgaris)

Common names: annual lovegrass

LinkAnnual lovegrass (Eragrostis barrelieri) with visible yellow glands at the nodes on the culm taken from Al Istiqlal Street Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 30, 2015
LinkSpikelets of annual lovegrass (Eragrostis barrelieri) taken from Al Istiqlal Street Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 30, 2015
LinkAnnual lovegrass (Eragrostis barrelieri) taken from Al Istiqlal Street Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, August 19, 2015
LinkAnnual lovegrass (Eragrostis barrelieri) taken from Ammouriya Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, October 19, 2015
LinkAnnual lovegrass (Eragrostis barrelieri) on Ammouriya Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, December 23, 2015
LinkFlower spike of annual lovegrass (Eragrostis barrelieri) in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, December 23, 2015
LinkFlowers of annual lovegrass (Eragrostis barrelieri) in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, December 23, 2015
LinkAnnual lovegrass (Eragrostis barrelieri)(?) in a roadside depression of Khawzan Road. Qatar, February 20, 2016

25. Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Janch.

(Briza eragrostis, Briza megastachya, Briza oblonga, Briza purpurascens, Calotheca purpurascens, Eragrostis argentina, Eragrostis articulata, Eragrostis costata, Eragrostis eragrostis, Eragrostis flexuosa, Eragrostis leersioides, Eragrostis major, Eragrostis megalostachya, Eragrostis megastachya, Eragrostis minor, Eragrostis monodii, Eragrostis multiflora, Eragrostis oblonga, Eragrostis pappiana, Eragrostis pappii, Eragrostis polyadenia, Eragrostis polymorpha, Eragrostis polysperma, Eragrostis pooides, Eragrostis schweinfurthiana, Eragrostis starosselskyi, Eragrostis triticea, Eragrostis virletii, Eragrostis vulgaris, Erosion cilianense, Megastachya eragrostis, Megastachya leersioides, Megastachya oblonga, Megastachya obtusa, Megastachya purpurascens, Megastachya triticea, Poa cachectica, Poa cilianensis, Poa eragrostis, Poa flava, Poa flexuosa, Poa leersioides, Poa megastachya, Poa nuttallii, Poa oblonga, Poa obtusa, Poa pennsylvanica, Poa philadelphica, Poa polymorpha, Poa roxburghiana, Poa tortuosa, Poa triticea)

Common names: Stinkgrass, candy grass

Extract from Wikipedia article: Eragrostis cilianensis is a species of grass known by several common names, including stinkgrass, candy grass, and gray lovegrass.

LinkStinkgrass (candy grass, Eragrostis cilianensis) near Zekreet in western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkStinkgrass (candy grass, Eragrostis cilianensis) in area of Uwaynat Bin Husayn (Water Well) near Simaisma. Qatar, April 18, 2014
LinkCandy grass (Eragrostis cilianensis) in a roadside depression of Khawzan Road. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkSpike of candy grass (Eragrostis cilianensis) in a roadside depression of Khawzan Road. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkSpikes of stinkgrass (Eragrostis cilianensis) in a roadside depression of Khawzan Road. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkSpike of candy grass (Eragrostis cilianensis) against blue sky in a roadside depression of Khawzan Road. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkCandy grass (Eragrostis cilianensis) in Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, February 27, 2016

26. Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P.Beauv.

(Catabrosa verticillata, Eragrostis afghanica, Eragrostis amurensis, Eragrostis bagdadensis, Eragrostis baguirmiensis, Eragrostis bicolor, Eragrostis bithynica, Eragrostis collocarpa, Eragrostis damiensiana, Eragrostis filiformis, Eragrostis gracilis, Eragrostis gracillima, Eragrostis imberbis, Eragrostis indica, Eragrostis jeholensis, Eragrostis linkii, Eragrostis multispicula, Eragrostis petersii, Eragrostis punctata, Eragrostis senegalensis, Eragrostis tenuiflora, Eragrostis verticillata, Poa bohemica, Poa chilensis, Poa delicatior, Poa eragrostis, Poa indica, Poa linkii, Poa mexicana, Poa pilosa, Poa plumosa, Poa poiretii, Poa punctata, Poa senegalensis, Poa tenella, Poa tenuiflora, Poa verticillata)

Common names: hairy love grass, Indian love grass, Jersey lovegrass, small tufted lovegrass, soft lovegrass

Extract from Wikipedia article: Eragrostis pilosa is a species of grass. It is native to Eurasia and Africa. It may or may not be native to North America. It is widely introduced, and it is a common weed in many areas.

LinkIndian love grass (Eragrostis pilosa) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 3, 2015
LinkIndian love grass (Eragrostis pilosa) on white background taken from a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 3, 2015
LinkIndian love grass (Eragrostis pilosa) on dark background taken from a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 3, 2015
LinkSpikelets of Indian love grass (Eragrostis pilosa) taken from a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 3, 2015
LinkIndian love grass (Eragrostis pilosa) near a water sprinkler in a park of Qatar University. Doha, Qatar, March 23, 2016

27. Eremochloa ophiuroides (Munro) Hack.

(Agrostis crinita, Andropogon ophiuroides, Ischaemum ophiuroides)

Common names: centipedegrass

Extract from Wikipedia article: Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) is a warm season lawn grass that is thick sod forming, uniform growing, and medium to light green colored. It has a coarse texture with short upright stems that grow to about 3-5 inches and spread by stolons.

LinkCreeping centipede grass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) near Majlis Al Taawon Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 19, 2014
LinkShoot of centipede grass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) near Majlis Al Taawon Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 19, 2014
LinkCentipede grass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) taken from a park east from Al Khaliji Bank near Majlis Al Taawon Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, June 18, 2015

28. Halopyrum mucronatum (L.) Stapf

(Brachypodium unioloides, Briza mucronata, Desmazeria unioloides, Eragrostis mucronata, Festuca unioloides, Poa triticoides, Uniola mucronata)

LinkHalopyrum mucronatum grass in coastal dunes on beach in Marouna. Northern Qatar, December 19, 2014
LinkSpikelets of Halopyrum mucronatum grass in coastal dunes on beach in Marouna. Northern Qatar, December 19, 2014
LinkSpikelets of Halopyrum mucronatum grass taken from coastal dunes on beach in Marouna. Qatar, December 19, 2014
LinkHalopyrum mucronatum grass on French Beach (42 km Beach) in Marouna, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, March 19, 2016

29. Hordeum murinum L.

(Critesion murinum, Hordeum boreale, Hordeum coleophorum, Hordeum delphicum, Hordeum depilatum, Hordeum dilatatum, Hordeum elongatum, Hordeum flexicaule, Hordeum hohenackeri, Hordeum microcladum, Hordeum neglectum, Hordeum pseudomurinum, Hordeum rubens, Hordeum vaginatum, Triticum murale, Zeocriton murinum)

Common names: false barley

Extract from Wikipedia article: Hordeum murinum, commonly known as wall barley or false barley, is a species of grass.

LinkSpike of grass false barley (Hordeum murinum) in a depression in Al Harrarah. Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkSpikes of grass false barley (Hordeum murinum) in a depression in Al Harrarah. Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkGrass wall barley (Hordeum murinum) in a depression in Al Harrarah. Qatar, March 4, 2016

30. Hordeum vulgare L.

(Frumentum hordeum, Frumentum sativum, Hordeum aestivum, Hordeum americanum, Hordeum barbaricum, Hordeum bifarium, Hordeum brachyatherum, Hordeum caspicum, Hordeum coeleste, Hordeum daghestanicum, Hordeum defectoides, Hordeum durum, Hordeum elongatum, Hordeum gymnodistichum, Hordeum heterostychon, Hordeum hexastichon, Hordeum hibernaculum, Hordeum hibernans, Hordeum himalayense, Hordeum hirtiusculum, Hordeum horsfordianum, Hordeum ircutianum, Hordeum jarenskianum, Hordeum juliae, Hordeum kalugense, Hordeum karzinianum, Hordeum kiarchanum, Hordeum laevipaleatum, Hordeum lapponicum, Hordeum latum, Hordeum leptostachys, Hordeum macrolepis, Hordeum mandshuricum, Hordeum mandshuroides, Hordeum michalkowii, Hordeum nekludowii, Hordeum nigrum, Hordeum nudum-distichum, Hordeum pamiricum, Hordeum parvum, Hordeum pensanum, Hordeum perversum, Hordeum polystichon, Hordeum praecox, Hordeum pyramidatum, Hordeum revelatum, Hordeum sativum, Hordeum scabriusculum, Hordeum septentrionale, Hordeum stassewitschii, Hordeum strobelense, Hordeum taganrocense, Hordeum tanaiticum, Hordeum tetrastichum, Hordeum transcaucasicum, Hordeum violaceum, Hordeum walpersii, Secale orientale)

Common names: barley, Shaeer

Extract from Wikipedia article: Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), a member of the grass family, is a major cereal grain. It was one of the first cultivated grains and is now grown widely. Barley grain is a staple in Tibetan cuisine and was eaten widely by peasants in Medieval Europe. Barley has also been used as animal fodder, as a source of fermentable material for beer and certain distilled beverages, and as a component of various health foods. It is used in soups and stews, and in barley bread of various cultures. Barley grains are commonly made into malt in a traditional and ancient method of preparation.

LinkBarley (Hordeum vulgare) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkAwns of barley (Hordeum vulgare) taken from area at the corner of Al Ghadeeriyat and Al Ghafat streets in Umm Lekhba area. Doha, Qatar, February 3, 2016
LinkGrains of barley (Hordeum vulgare) taken from area at the corner of Al Ghadeeriyat and Al Ghafat streets in Umm Lekhba area. Doha, Qatar, February 3, 2016
LinkSpike of barley (Hordeum vulgare) taken from area at the corner of Al Ghadeeriyat and Al Ghafat streets in Umm Lekhba area. Doha, Qatar, February 3, 2016
LinkBarley (Hordeum vulgare) on roadside of Salwa Road. Qatar, March 4, 2016

31. Lasiurus scindicus Henrard

(Coelorachis hirsuta, Elionurus hirsutus, Ischaemum hirsutum, Ischaemum mastrucatum, Lasiurus ecaudatus, Lasiurus hirsutus, Manisuris hirsuta, Rottboellia hirsuta, Saccharum hirsutum, Tripsacum aegilopoides, Tripsacum hirsutum, Triticum aegilopoides)

Common names: Daa, Dahah, Sewan grass

LinkSpikelets of Sewan grass (Lasiurus scindicus) taken from Street 19 in Al Kharaitiyat area. Doha, Qatar, March 5, 2015
LinkSeeds of Sewan grass (Lasiurus scindicus) taken from Street 19 in Al Kharaitiyat area. Doha, Qatar, March 5, 2015
LinkSpikelets of Sewan grass (Lasiurus scindicus) on white background taken from Street 19 in Al Kharaitiyat area. Doha, Qatar, March 5, 2015
LinkSewan grass (Lasiurus scindicus) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015

32. Leptochloa fusca (L.) Kunth

(Bromus polystachios, Bromus polystachyus, Centotheca malabarica, Digitaria malabarica, Diplachne alba, Diplachne amboensis, Diplachne capensis, Diplachne fusca, Diplachne indica, Diplachne livida, Diplachne malabarica, Diplachne pallida, Diplachne parviflora, Diplachne reptatrix, Diplachne wahlbergii, Eragrostis procera, Festuca brownii, Festuca fusca, Festuca indica, Festuca reptatrix, Hemigymnia malabarica, Leptochloa contracta, Leptochloa ginae, Leptochloa malabarica, Leptochloa neuroglossa, Ottochloa malabarica, Panicum malabaricum, Poa contracta, Poa fusca, Poa malabarica, Poa procera, Poa senegalensis, Syntherisma malabarica, Tridens capensis, Tridens indicus, Triodia ambigua, Triodia capensis, Triodia formosana, Triodia livida, Triodia parviflora, Uralepis alba, Uralepis capensis, Uralepis drummondii, Uralepis fusca, Uralepis livida)

Common names: Malabar sprangletop, brown beetle-grass

LinkInflorescence of Malabar sprangletop (brown beetle-grass, Leptochloa fusca) taken from area of lagoons north from entrance of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkClose up of inflorescence of Malabar sprangletop (brown beetle-grass, Leptochloa fusca) taken from area of lagoons north from entrance of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkInflorescence of Malabar sprangletop (brown beetle-grass, Leptochloa fusca) in a roadside depression east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkPanicles of Malabar sprangletop (brown beetle-grass, Leptochloa fusca) in a roadside depression east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkTerminal inflorescence of Malabar sprangletop (brown beetle-grass, Leptochloa fusca) in a roadside depression east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkMalabar sprangletop (brown beetle-grass, Leptochloa fusca) in shallow water in a roadside depression east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, January 23, 2016
LinkSpikelet of Malabar sprangletop (brown beetle-grass, Leptochloa fusca) in wet place in a roadside depression east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, January 23, 2016

33. Lolium rigidum Gaudin

(Arthrochortus loliaceus, Crypturus loliaceus, Festuca aleppica, Lolium arenarium, Lolium crassiculme, Lolium cylindricum, Lolium durum, Lolium flagellare, Lolium humile, Lolium husnotii, Lolium lepturoides, Lolium loliaceum, Lolium lowei, Lolium macilentum, Lolium multiflorum, Lolium parabolicae, Lolium perenne, Lolium phoenice, Lolium scholzii, Lolium strictum, Lolium subulatum, Lolium suffultum, Lolium temulentum, Lolium teres, Monerma stricta, Rottboellia loliacea)

Common names: Habaan, Shelam, Zeidan, rigid ryegrass

My notes: Seen only in Irkaya Farm.

LinkRigid ryegrass (Lolium rigidum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkRigid ryegrass (Lolium rigidum) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkRaceme-like spike of rigid ryegrass (Lolium rigidum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkSpikes of rigid ryegrass (Lolium rigidum) alternatively set on a jointed rachis on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkSpikes subtended by leafy spathes of rigid ryegrass (Lolium rigidum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016

34. Ochthochloa compressa (Forssk.) Hilu

(Cynosurus ternatus, Eleusine arabica, Eleusine caespitosa, Eleusine compressa, Eleusine flagellifera, Eleusine stolonifera, Ochthochloa dactyloides, Panicum compressum)

Common names: wire grass, Hamrah

LinkWire grass Ochthochloa compressa (local name Hamrah) on roadside of Khawzan Road. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkSpike of wire grass Ochthochloa compressa (local name Hamrah) on roadside of Khawzan Road. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkSpikelets of wire grass Ochthochloa compressa (local name Hamrah) on roadside of Khawzan Road. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkClose up of spikelets of wire grass Ochthochloa compressa (local name Hamrah) on roadside of Khawzan Road. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkSpikelets of wire grass Ochthochloa compressa (local name Hamrah) taken from roadside of Khawzan Road. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkSpikelets of wire grass Ochthochloa compressa (local name Hamrah) taken from roadside of Khawzan Road. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkWire grass Ochthochloa compressa (local name Hamrah) with spikes on roadside of Sawda Natheel Road. Southern Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkWire grass Ochthochloa compressa (local name Hamrah) beside Sawda Natheel Road. Southern Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkWire grass Ochthochloa compressa (local name Hamrah) in sand on roadside of Sawda Natheel Road. Southern Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkWire grass Ochthochloa compressa (local name Hamrah) on periphery of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, March 5, 2016
LinkSpikes of wire grass Ochthochloa compressa (local name Hamrah) on periphery of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, March 5, 2016
LinkWire grass (Ochthochloa compressa, local name Hamrah) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkWire grass (Ochthochloa compressa, local name Hamrah) with spikes in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016

35. Panicum antidotale Retz.

(Chasea prolifera, Milium effusum, Panicum akoense, Panicum brevifolium, Panicum elliottii, Panicum meneri, Panicum miliare, Panicum musciparum, Panicum proliferum, Panicum sparsum, Paspalum miliare)

Common names: blue panicgrass

Extract from Wikipedia article: Panicum antidotale Retz. (Punjabi: ਘਮੂਰ ghamur, English: blue panicgrass) is a tall (up to 3 metres), coarse, woody perennial grass throughout the Himalaya and the Upper Gangetic Plain and specifically in various regions of the Indian state of Punjab and the Pakistan province of Punjab and the neighbouring areas of these regions. The plant has strong spreading rhizomes.

LinkBlue panicgrass (Panicum antidotale) near Zubara exit of Al Shamal Road. Northern Qatar, April 3, 2014
LinkBlue panicgrass (Panicum antidotale) taken from area of water tank on roadside between Mesayeed and Harrarah. Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkClose up of a stalk of blue panicgrass (Panicum antidotale) taken from area of water tank on roadside between Mesayeed and Harrarah. Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkSpikelet of blue panicgrass (Panicum antidotale) taken from area of water tank on roadside between Mesayeed and Harrarah. Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkBlue panicgrass (Panicum antidotale) taken from area of water tank on roadside between Mesayeed and Harrarah. Qatar, November 13, 2015
LinkClose up of spike of blue panicgrass (Panicum antidotale) taken from Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, January 17, 2016
LinkBlue panicgrass (Panicum antidotale) taken from Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, January 17, 2016
LinkBlue panicgrass (Panicum antidotale) on United Nations Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, February 2, 2016

36. Panicum coloratum L.

(Milium coloratum, Panicum bossii, Panicum crassipes, Panicum jainii, Panicum nehruense, Panicum simpliciflorum, Panicum subalbidum, Panicum swynnertonii)

Common names: kleingrass, blue panicgrass, white buffalograss, Bambatsi panic, makarikari grass, coolah grass

My notes: Found only in Irkaya Farm.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Panicum coloratum is a species of grass known by the common names kleingrass, blue panicgrass (USA), white buffalograss (southern Africa); Bambatsi panic, makarikari grass, and coolah grass (Australia). It is native to Africa, and it has been introduced elsewhere, such as the United States and Australia, and bred into many cultivars.

LinkKleingrass (blue panicgrass, Panicum coloratum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkKleingrass (blue panicgrass, Panicum coloratum) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, May 1, 2015
LinkSpikelets of kleingrass (blue panicgrass, Panicum coloratum) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, May 1, 2015
LinkFlowers of Kleingrass (blue panicgrass, Panicum coloratum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkKleingrass (blue panicgrass, Panicum coloratum)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkCompact stand of Kleingrass (blue panicgrass, Panicum coloratum)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015

37. Panicum turgidum Forssk.

(Panicum frutescens, Panicum neglectum, Panicum nubicum)

Common names: ithmam, thumam

Extract from Wikipedia article: Panicum turgidum is an old world clumping desert bunchgrass of the Panicum genus.

LinkDesert grass Panicum turgidum Forssk. (local name Thummam). Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha, Qatar, March 12, 2010
LinkDesert grass Panicum turgidum (local name Thummam) on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkDesert grass Panicum turgidum (local name Thummam) in sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkDesert grass Panicum turgidum in area of Nakhsh Mountain near Salwa Road in southern Qatar, May 8, 2015
LinkFlower spikelets of desert grass Panicum turgidum (local name Thummam) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkDesert grass Panicum turgidum in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 25, 2016

38. Paspalum dilatatum Poir.

(Digitaria dilatata, Panicum platense, Paspalum eriophorum, Paspalum lanatum, Paspalum moluccanum, Paspalum ovatum, Paspalum pedunculare, Paspalum platense, Paspalum selloi)

Common names: dallisgrass, dallis grass, sticky heads

Extract from Wikipedia article: Paspalum dilatatum is a species of grass known by the common name dallisgrass or sticky heads. It is native to Brazil and Argentina, but it is known throughout the world as an introduced species and at times a common weed. Its rapid growth and spreading rhizomes make it an invasive pest in some areas. It is present in the southern half of North America, southern Europe, much of Africa, Australia, New Zealand, and many tropical and subtropical areas.

LinkSpikelets of Dallis Grass (Paspalum dilatatum)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, August 21, 2015

39. Pennisetum divisum (Forssk. ex J.F.Gmel.) Henrard

(Cenchrus ramosissimus, Gymnotrix longiglumis, Panicum dichotomum, Panicum divisum, Pennisetum asperifolium, Pennisetum dichotomum, Pennisetum elatum)

Common names: ithmam, thumam, thaymoun, thiemum, haad

LinkGrass Pennisetum divisum in area between Al Khor and Ras Laffan. Qatar, November 1, 2014
LinkGrass Pennisetum divisum taken from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkGrass Pennisetum divisum(?) in a silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2015
LinkGrass Pennisetum divisum taken from roadside near entrance of Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, November 13, 2015
LinkCylindrical spikelet of grass Pennisetum divisum taken from roadside near entrance of Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, November 13, 2015
LinkSpike of grass Pennisetum divisum taken from Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, January 12, 2016
LinkSpikes of grass Pennisetum divisum taken from Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, January 12, 2016
LinkSpikelet of grass Pennisetum divisum in a runnel north from Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkSpikelet of grass Pennisetum divisum taken from a runnel north from Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkGrass Pennisetum divisum on windblown sand in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkClump of grass Pennisetum divisum on sand dunes in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016

40. Pennisetum setaceum (Forssk.) Chiov.

(Pennisetum cupreum, Pennisetum erythraeum, Pennisetum macrostachyon, Pennisetum macrostachyum, Pennisetum numidicum, Pennisetum orientale, Pennisetum parisii, Pennisetum phalaroides, Pennisetum ruppellii, Pennisetum scoparium, Pennisetum spectabile, Pennisetum tiberiadis, Phalaris setacea)

Common names: Fountain Grass

Extract from Wikipedia article: Pennisetum setaceum, commonly known as Fountain Grass, is a C4 perennial bunch grass that is native to open, scrubby habitats in East Africa, tropical Africa, Middle East and SW Asia. It has been introduced to many parts of the world as an ornamental plant. It is drought-tolerant, grows fast, reaches 3 feet in height, and has many purple, plumose flower spikes.

LinkFountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) near Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, October 20, 2014
LinkPlumose flower spikes of fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) in a park at Al Markhiya Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 2, 2015
LinkOrnamental plant of fountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) in a park at Al Markhiya Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 2, 2015
LinkFountain grass (Pennisetum setaceum) planted near HBKU Research Complex in Education City. Doha, Qatar, January 20, 2016

41. Phalaris minor Retz.

(Alopecurus otiporensis, Phalaris ambigua, Phalaris aquatica, Phalaris arundinacea, Phalaris brevis, Phalaris capensis, Phalaris decumbens, Phalaris gracilis, Phalaris haematites, Phalaris mauritii, Phalaris nepalensis)

Common names: little seed canary grass, Shaeer al far

Extract from Wikipedia article: Phalaris minor is a species of grass native to North Africa, Europe, and South Asia. The bunchgrass is widely naturalised elsewhere.

LinkSpikelets of little seed canary grass (Phalaris minor) taken from southern section of Al Eithar Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, June 15, 2015
LinkSpikelets of little seed canary grass (Phalaris minor) on black background taken from southern section of Al Eithar Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, June 15, 2015
LinkFlower spikes of little seed canary grass (Phalaris minor) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, January 23, 2016
LinkLittle seed canary grass (Phalaris minor) in area of Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, February 12, 2016

42. Phalaris paradoxa L.

(Phalaris appendiculata, Phalaris dentata, Phalaris obvallata, Phalaris praemorsa, Phalaris pruinosa, Phalaris pseudoparadoxa, Phalaris rubens, Phalaris sibthorpii, Phalaris utriculosa)

Common names: Hood canarygrass, Shair al-far, Shaeer al far

Extract from Wikipedia article: Phalaris paradoxa is a species of grass in genus Phalaris. Common names include hood canarygrass.

LinkHood canarygrass (Phalaris paradoxa) on roadside of a road to Zubara in area of Thaghab Al Majda. North-western Qatar, February 28, 2014

43. Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.

(Arundo aggerum, Arundo australis, Arundo barbata, Arundo donax, Arundo egmontiana, Arundo filiformis, Arundo flexuosa, Arundo graeca, Arundo naga, Arundo nigricans, Arundo occidentalis, Arundo palustris, Arundo phragmites, Arundo pseudophragmites, Arundo pumila, Arundo pungens, Arundo rivularis, Arundo vulgaris, Calamagrostis nigricans, Cynodon phragmites, Czernya arundinacea, Donax australis, Oxyanthe phragmites, Phragmites arundinaceus, Phragmites barbatus, Phragmites berlandieri, Phragmites breviglumis, Phragmites capensis, Phragmites caudatus, Phragmites chilensis, Phragmites chrysanthus, Phragmites communis, Phragmites congestus, Phragmites dioicus, Phragmites distichus, Phragmites egmontianus, Phragmites emodii, Phragmites explanatus, Phragmites filiformis, Phragmites fissifolius, Phragmites flavescens, Phragmites flexuosus, Phragmites frutescens, Phragmites graecus, Phragmites hirsutus, Phragmites hispanicus, Phragmites humilis, Phragmites jahandiezii, Phragmites jeholensis, Phragmites longivalvis, Phragmites loscosii, Phragmites maritimus, Phragmites martinicensis, Phragmites maximus, Phragmites minor, Phragmites nagus, Phragmites nakaianus, Phragmites nigricans, Phragmites occidentalis, Phragmites phragmites, Phragmites pumilus, Phragmites pungens, Phragmites stenophyllus, Phragmites vulgaris, Phragmites willkommianus, Phragmites xenochloa, Reimaria diffusa, Remirea diffusa, Trichoon phragmites, Xenochloa arundinacea)

Common names: gazab, ghab, reed

LinkReeds (Phragmites australis) in Abu Nakhlah ponds. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkBlooming reeds (Phragmites australis, Arundo australis, Phragmites communis, local names gazab, ghab) near Abu Nakhlah ponds. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkReeds (Phragmites australis)(?) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkStalk of reeds (Phragmites australis)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkSpikelets of reeds (Phragmites australis)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkPanicle inflorescence (seed head) of common reed grass (Phragmites australis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkSoft inflorescence (seed head) of common reed grass (Phragmites australis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkBrown terminal inflorescence (seed head) of common reed grass (Phragmites australis) in dew on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkPanicle inflorescence of common reed grass (Phragmites australis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkClose up of panicle inflorescence of common reed grass (Phragmites australis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkReeds (Phragmites australis) in a desert spring of Qulmat Al Maszhabiya in Al Mashabiya Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016

44. Poa annua L.

(Aira pumila, Catabrosa pumila, Festuca tenuiculmis, Ochlopoa annua, Ochlopoa raniglumis, Poa aestivalis, Poa algida, Poa bipollicaris, Poa hansiana, Poa hohenackeri, Poa humilis, Poa meyenii, Poa ovalis, Poa puberula, Poa royleana, Poa variegata)

Common names: annual meadow grass

Extract from Wikipedia article: Poa annua, or annual meadow grass (known in America more commonly as annual bluegrass or simply poa), is a widespread low-growing turfgrass in temperate climates. Though P. annua is commonly considered a solely annual plant due to its name, perennial bio-types do exist. 'Poa' is Greek for fodder. It is one of the sweetest grasses for green fodder, but less useful than hay. This grass may have originated as a hybrid between Poa supina and Poa infirma.

LinkAnnual meadow grass (Poa annua)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkSpike of annual meadow grass (Poa annua) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016

45. Polypogon monspeliensis (L.) Desf.

(Agrostis alopecuroides, Agrostis panicea, Agrostis tenuissima, Agrostis triaristata, Alopecurus aristatus, Alopecurus monspeliensis, Milium paniceum, Panicum aristatum, Panicum tenuissimum, Phalaris aristata, Phalaris crinita, Phalaris cristata, Phleum crinitum, Phleum monspeliense, Polypogon alopecurus, Polypogon crinitus, Polypogon flavescens, Polypogon intermedius, Polypogon maritimus, Polypogon melillensis, Polypogon nepalensis, Polypogon paniceus, Polypogon polysetus, Polypogon zeylanicus, Santia monspeliensis, Santia plumosa, Vilfa alopecuroides)

Common names: annual beard grass, annual rabbitsfoot grass, Waghal

Extract from Wikipedia article: Polypogon monspeliensis, commonly known as annual beard-grass or annual rabbitsfoot grass, is a species of grass. It is native to southern Europe, but it can be found today throughout the world as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed. It is an annual grass growing to heights between 5 centimeters and one meter. The soft, fluffy inflorescence is a dense, greenish, plumelike panicle, sometimes divided into lobes. The spikelets have long, thin, whitish awns, which give the inflorescence its texture.

LinkAnnual rabbitsfoot grass (Polypogon monspeliensis) near Ras Laffan. Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkRabbit-foot grass (Polypogon monspeliensis) taken from area near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, February 14, 2015
LinkRabbitsfoot grass (Polypogon monspeliensis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkBack lit rabbitsfoot grass (Polypogon monspeliensis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkSpikes of rabbitsfoot (Polypogon monspeliensis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkRabbitsfoot grass (Polypogon monspeliensis)(?) taken from eastern Al Jood Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 7, 2015
LinkClose up of rabbitsfoot grass (Polypogon monspeliensis)(?) taken from eastern Al Jood Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 7, 2015
LinkSpikelet of rabbitsfoot grass (Polypogon monspeliensis)(?) taken from eastern Al Jood Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 7, 2015
LinkSpike of Rabbitsfoot grass (Polypogon monspeliensis) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkRabbit-foot grass (Polypogon monspeliensis) near a desert spring of Qulmat Al Maszhabiya in Al Mashabiya Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkMasses of rabbit-foot grass (Polypogon monspeliensis) near a desert spring of Qulmat Al Maszhabiya in Al Mashabiya Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkField of rabbit-foot grass (Polypogon monspeliensis) in a roadside depression east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, March 19, 2016

46. Rostraria pumila (Desf.) Tzvelev

(Avena pumila, Koeleria advena, Koeleria bornmuelleri, Koeleria canariensis, Koeleria pumila, Koeleria sinaica, Lophochloa cristata, Lophochloa pumila, Rostraria fuscescens, Trisetaria fuscescens, Trisetaria pumila, Trisetum balearicum, Trisetum fuscescens, Trisetum pumilum)

LinkRostraria pumila(?) grass in silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara in area of Thaghab Al Majda. North-western Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkGrass Rostraria pumila (Avena pumila) growing in silt in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkRostraria pumila (Avena pumila) grass near Zekreet in western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkMasses of grass Rostraria pumila in a dried silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, near Darwish Farm. Northern Qatar, February 6, 2016
LinkSpikes of grass Rostraria pumila taken from a dried silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, near Darwish Farm. Northern Qatar, February 6, 2016
LinkClose up of grass Rostraria pumila taken from a dried silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, near Darwish Farm. Northern Qatar, February 6, 2016
LinkGrass Rostraria pumila in area of Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkGrass Rostraria pumila in shallow depression in area of Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkGrass Rostraria pumila (Avena pumila)(?) in sand on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkSpikes of grass Rostraria pumila on waste ground near Jabla Bin Atiya Street in Umm Lekhba area. Doha, Qatar, February 22, 2016
LinkDense stand of grass Rostraria pumila on waste ground near Jabla Bin Atiya Street in Umm Lekhba area. Doha, Qatar, February 22, 2016
LinkField of grass Rostraria pumila on waste ground near Jabla Bin Atiya Street in Umm Lekhba area. Doha, Qatar, February 22, 2016
LinkRostraria pumila (Avena pumila)(?) grass on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 19, 2016

47. Schismus arabicus Nees

(Schismus barbatus, Schismus calycinus, Schismus spectabilis)

Common names: Festuca calycina, henaita

Extract from Wikipedia article: Schismus arabicus is a species of grass known by the common name Arabian schismus. It is native to southwestern Asia, and it is also known as an introduced species in the southwestern United States. It grows in many types of habitat, including disturbed areas. It is an annual grass with stems growing up to 16 centimeters long and lined with threadlike leaves. The short inflorescence bears spikelets under a centimeter long.

LinkSchismus arabicus grass in sand at entrance of Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkColony of grass Schismus arabicus in sand on roadside of Khawzan Road. Qatar, February 20, 2016

48. Setaria sphacelata (Schumach.) Stapf & C.E.Hubb. ex Moss

(Chaetochloa aurea, Chaetochloa glauca, Panicum aureum, Panicum chrysanthum, Panicum rudimentosum, Panicum sphacelatum, Pennisetum aureum, Pennisetum rudimentosum, Setaria almaspicata, Setaria alpestris, Setaria anceps, Setaria angustifolia, Setaria aurea, Setaria bussei, Setaria cana, Setaria chrysantha, Setaria decipiens, Setaria flabellata, Setaria flabelliformis, Setaria glauca, Setaria homblei, Setaria laxispica, Setaria myosuroides, Setaria neglecta, Setaria perennis, Setaria planifolia, Setaria rudimentosa, Setaria scalaris, Setaria splendida, Setaria stenantha, Setaria stolzii, Setaria tenuispica, Setaria torta, Setaria trinervia)

Common names: South African pigeon grass, African bristlegrass

Extract from Wikipedia article: Setaria sphacelata is a tall African grass, also known as South African pigeon grass and African bristlegrass. It is native to tropical and subtropical Africa, and is extensively cultivated globally as a pasture grass and for cut fodder. This is a rhizomatous perennial grass producing flattened, hairless, blue-green stems up to 2 m tall. The inflorescence is a dense, narrow panicle of bristly, orange-tinged spikelets up to 25 cm long.

LinkSouth African pigeon grass (African bristlegrass, Setaria sphacelata) with long spikelets near irrigation pipes on Green Circles in Irkhaya Farms. Qatar, January 16, 2015
LinkAfrican bristlegrass (Setaria sphacelata) with long spikelets on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. Qatar, January 16, 2015
LinkLong spikelets of South African pigeon grass (African bristlegrass, Setaria sphacelata) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. Qatar, January 16, 2015
LinkClose up of long spikelets of South African pigeon grass (African bristlegrass, Setaria sphacelata) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. Qatar, January 16, 2015
LinkBlooming South African pigeon grass (African bristlegrass, Setaria sphacelata) with long spikelets on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. Qatar, January 16, 2015

49. Setaria verticillata (L.) P.Beauv.

(Chaetochloa ambigua, Chaetochloa brevispica, Chaetochloa verticillata, Chamaeraphis italica, Chamaeraphis verticillata, Ixophorus verticillatus, Panicum adhaerens, Panicum ambiguum, Panicum aparine, Panicum asperum, Panicum decipiens, Panicum floribundum, Panicum italicum, Panicum respiciens, Panicum rottleri, Panicum rude, Panicum verticillatum, Panicum viride, Pennisetum respiciens, Pennisetum verticillatum, Setaria adhaerens, Setaria ambigua, Setaria aparine, Setaria brevispica, Setaria carnei, Setaria conglomerata, Setaria decipiens, Setaria depauperata, Setaria floribunda, Setaria gussonei, Setaria italica, Setaria leiantha, Setaria nubica, Setaria panicea, Setaria pratensis, Setaria pseudoverticillata, Setaria respiciens, Setaria rottleri, Setaria teysmannii, Setaria verticilliformis, Setaria viridis, Setariopsis verticillata)

Common names: Bristly foxtail, hooked bristlegrass, Lusaig, Shaeer al far, Dhail al qit

Extract from Wikipedia article: Setaria verticillata is a species of grass known by the common names Bristly foxtail and hooked bristlegrass. It is native to Europe, but it is known on most continents as an introduced species and often a noxious weed. It is a hardy bunchgrass which grows in many types of urban, cultivated, and disturbed habitat. It is a weed of many types of agricultural crops, growing in vineyards and fields. Herbicide-resistant strains have been noted.

LinkBristly foxtail grass (Setaria verticillata) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkBristly foxtail grass (Setaria verticillata) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, May 1, 2015

50. Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench

(Agrostis nigricans, Andropogon besseri, Andropogon bicolor, Andropogon compactus, Andropogon niger, Andropogon rubens, Andropogon saccharatus, Andropogon sorghum, Andropogon subglabrescens, Andropogon truchmenorum, Andropogon usorum, Andropogon vulgaris, Holcus albus, Holcus arduinii, Holcus bicolor, Holcus cafer, Holcus caffrorum, Holcus cernuus, Holcus compactus, Holcus dochna, Holcus dora, Holcus duna, Holcus durra, Holcus ferrugineus, Holcus niger, Holcus nigerrimus, Holcus nigricans, Holcus pyramidalis, Holcus rubens, Holcus saccharatus, Holcus sorghum, Milium bicolor, Milium compactum, Milium maximum, Milium nigricans, Milium sorghum, Milium sorgo, Panicum caffrorum, Panicum frumentaceum, Panicum sacchariferum, Rhaphis sorghum, Sorghum abyssinicum, Sorghum album, Sorghum ankolib, Sorghum anomalum, Sorghum arduinii, Sorghum basiplicatum, Sorghum basutorum, Sorghum caffrorum, Sorghum campanum, Sorghum caudatum, Sorghum centroplicatum, Sorghum cernuum, Sorghum chinense, Sorghum commune, Sorghum compactum, Sorghum conspicuum, Sorghum coriaceum, Sorghum dochna, Sorghum dora, Sorghum dulcicaule, Sorghum durra, Sorghum elegans, Sorghum eplicatum, Sorghum exsertum, Sorghum gambicum, Sorghum giganteum, Sorghum glycychylum, Sorghum guineense, Sorghum halepense, Sorghum japonicum, Sorghum margaritiferum, Sorghum medioplicatum, Sorghum melaleucum, Sorghum melanocarpum, Sorghum mellitum, Sorghum membranaceum, Sorghum miliiforme, Sorghum nankinense, Sorghum nervosum, Sorghum nigericum, Sorghum nigricans, Sorghum nigrum, Sorghum notabile, Sorghum pallidum, Sorghum papyrascens, Sorghum pyramidale, Sorghum rigidum, Sorghum rollii, Sorghum roxburghii, Sorghum rubens, Sorghum saccharatum, Sorghum sativum, Sorghum schimperi, Sorghum simulans, Sorghum sorghum, Sorghum splendidum, Sorghum subglabrescens, Sorghum tataricum, Sorghum technicum, Sorghum truchmenorum, Sorghum usorum, Sorghum vulgare)

Common names: Zura bayad, Dere

Extract from Wikipedia article: Sorghum bicolor, commonly called sorghum (/ˈsɔrɡəm/) and also known as durra, jowari, or milo, is a grass species cultivated for its grain, which is used for food, both for animals and humans, and for ethanol production. Sorghum originated in northern Africa, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions. S. bicolor is typically an annual, but some cultivars are perennial. It grows in clumps that may reach over 4 m high. The grain is small, ranging from 3 to 4 mm in diameter. Sweet sorghums are sorghum cultivars that are primarily grown for foliage, syrup production, and ethanol; they are taller than those grown for grain.

LinkSorghum bicolor found in area of Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 30, 2014
LinkLarge grains in globose spikelets of Sorghum bicolor found in area of Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 30, 2014
LinkSorghum bicolor in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkLarge grains in globose spikelets of Sorghum bicolor in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkFlowers of Sorghum bicolor in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015

51. Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.

(Andropogon avenaceus, Andropogon crupina, Andropogon decolorans, Andropogon dubitatus, Andropogon dubius, Andropogon halepensis, Andropogon sorghum, Blumenbachia halepensis, Holcus decolorans, Holcus exiguus, Holcus halepensis, Milium halepense, Rhaphis halepensis, Sorghum crupina, Sorghum decolor, Sorghum decolorans, Sorghum dubium, Sorghum saccharatum, Sorghum schreberi, Trachypogon avenaceus)

Common names: helaiyat, safrand, Johnson grass

Extract from Wikipedia article: Sorghum halepense, commonly called Johnson grass, is a plant in the grass family, Poaceae, native to the Mediterranean region, but growing throughout Europe and the Middle East. The plant has been introduced to all continents except Antarctica, and most larger islands and archipelagos. It reproduces by rhizomes and seeds.

LinkJohnson grass (Sorghum halepense) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkSeeds of Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkClose up of seeds of Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense) taken from Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkJohnson grass (Sorghum halepense)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkSpike of Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkClose up of Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkSpikelets of Johnson grass (Sorghum halepense)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016

52. Sorghum × drummondii (Nees ex Steud.) Millsp. & Chase

(Andropogon halepensis, Andropogon sorghum, Andropogon × drummondii, Andropogon × sudanensis, Holcus sorghum, Holcus × sudanensis, Sorghum bicolor, Sorghum halepense, Sorghum saccharatum, Sorghum vulgare, Sorghum × sudanense)

Common names: Sudangrass

Extract from Wikipedia article: Sorghum × drummondii (Sudangrass), is a hybrid-derived species of grass raised for forage and grain, native to tropical and subtropical regions of Eastern Africa. The plant is cultivated in Southern Europe, South America, Central America, North America and Southern Asia, for forage or as a cover crop.

LinkSudangrass (Sorghum sudanense, Sorghum x drummondii) taken from area at the corner of Al Ghadeeriyat and Al Ghafat streets in Umm Lekhba area. Doha, Qatar, February 3, 2016
LinkGrains of sudangrass (Sorghum sudanense, Sorghum x drummondii) taken from area at the corner of Al Ghadeeriyat and Al Ghafat streets in Umm Lekhba area. Doha, Qatar, February 3, 2016
LinkSudan grass (Sorghum sudanense, Sorghum x drummondii) taken from area at the corner of Al Ghadeeriyat and Al Ghafat streets in Umm Lekhba area. Doha, Qatar, February 3, 2016
LinkStalk of sudangrass (Sorghum sudanense, Sorghum x drummondii) taken from area at the corner of Al Ghadeeriyat and Al Ghafat streets in Umm Lekhba area. Doha, Qatar, February 3, 2016
LinkClose up of sudangrass (Sorghum sudanense, Sorghum x drummondii) taken from area at the corner of Al Ghadeeriyat and Al Ghafat streets in Umm Lekhba area. Doha, Qatar, February 3, 2016

53. Sporobolus ioclados (Nees ex Trin.) Nees

(Agrostis kentrophyllum, Sporobolus arabicus, Sporobolus genalensis, Sporobolus ghikae, Sporobolus gillii, Sporobolus inconspicuus, Sporobolus jemenicus, Sporobolus kentrophyllum, Sporobolus laetevirens, Sporobolus marginatus, Sporobolus pallidus, Sporobolus rangei, Sporobolus seineri, Sporobolus smutsii, Sporobolus usitatus, Sporobolus verdcourtii, Sporobolus vryburgensis, Vilfa arabica, Vilfa ioclados, Vilfa marginata, Vilfa pallida, Vilfa scabrifolia)

Common names: pan dropseed, sakham

LinkPan dropseed (Sporobolus ioclados)(?) south from Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, November 21, 2014
LinkInflorescence of pan dropseed (Sporobolus ioclados) east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkGreen and white panicle of pan dropseed (Sporobolus ioclados) east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkPurple inflorescence of pan dropseed (Sporobolus ioclados) east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkClose up of a purple inflorescence of pan dropseed (Sporobolus ioclados) east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkTussock of grass pan dropseed (Sporobolus ioclados) in a roadside depression east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkTussock forming grass pan dropseed (Sporobolus ioclados) east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkPan dropseed grass (Sporobolus ioclados) in a roadside depression east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, March 19, 2016
LinkPan dropseed grass (Sporobolus ioclados) in a park of Qatar University. Doha, Qatar, March 23, 2016
LinkPan dropseed grass (Sporobolus ioclados) on a rocky ridge in Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, March 26, 2016

54. Sporobolus spicatus (Vahl) Kunth

(Agrostis involuta, Agrostis spicata, Agrostis virginica, Crypsis myosurus, Heleochloa myosurus, Sporobolus faucicola, Vilfa involuta, Vilfa spicata)

Common names: Sukham

Extract from Wikipedia article: Sporobolus spicatus, also known as salt grass, is a halophyte.

LinkSporobolus spicatus (salt grass) with narrow cylindrical spikes near a small water channel on roadside between Al Khor and Ras Luffan. Qatar, February 6, 2015
LinkGrass Sporobolus spicatus with narrow cylindrical spikes on small water stream north from Al Khor. Qatar, March 7, 2015
LinkGrass Sporobolus spicatus growing along small water stream north from Al Khor. Qatar, March 7, 2015
LinkNarrow cylindrical spikes of grass Sporobolus spicatus on small water stream north from Al Khor. Qatar, March 7, 2015
LinkClose up of cylindrical spikes of grass Sporobolus spicatus on small water stream north from Al Khor. Qatar, March 7, 2015
LinkMasses of cylindrical spikes of grass Sporobolus spicatus on small water stream north from Al Khor. Qatar, March 7, 2015
LinkNarrow cylindrical spikes of grass Sporobolus spicatus taken from roadside north from Al Khor. Qatar, March 7, 2015
LinkGrass Sporobolus spicatus growing on dried bottom of Abu Nakhla jail ponds (sewage lagoons). Qatar, April 18, 2015

55. Stipa capensis Thunb.

(Stipa humilis, Stipa liwinowii, Stipa retorta, Stipa seminuda, Stipa tenacissima, Stipa tortilis)

Common names: samma, safa, spear grass

Extract from Wikipedia article: Stipa capensis (Mediterranean steppegrass or twisted-awned speargrass) is an annual grass from family Poaceae.

LinkSpear grass (Stipa capensis, local names samma, safa) in Uwaynat Bin Husayn near Simaisma. Qatar, February 28, 2015
LinkSpear grass (Stipa capensis, local names samma, safa) growing in a roadside depression of a road to Zubara. Qatar, February 28, 2015
LinkSpear grass (Stipa capensis) in a runnel on the periphery of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkSpear grass (Stipa capensis) in roadside depression near Dukhan Highway. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkClose up of Spear grass (Stipa capensis) taken from roadside depression of Dukhan Highway. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkSpike of Spear grass (Stipa capensis) taken from roadside depression of Dukhan Highway. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkSpear grass (Stipa capensis) in a large roadside depression near Route 77 to Ras Laffan. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkField of spear grass (Stipa capensis) in a roadside depression of Khawzan Road. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkSpear grass (Stipa capensis) in a roadside depression of Khawzan Road. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkSpikes of spear grass (Stipa capensis) in a roadside depression of Khawzan Road. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkWide angle view of a field of spear grass (Stipa capensis) in a roadside depression of Khawzan Road. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkField of spear grass (Stipa capensis) in Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, February 27, 2016
LinkAwned spikes of spear grass (Stipa capensis) in Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, February 27, 2016
LinkDense stand of spear grass (Stipa capensis) in Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, February 27, 2016
LinkLarge field of spear grass (Stipa capensis) in Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, February 27, 2016
LinkSpear grass (Stipa capensis) in a depression near a road to Al Numan. Northern Qatar, February 27, 2016
LinkField of spear grass (Stipa capensis) in Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkSpikes of spear grass (Stipa capensis) in Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkDry spear grass (Stipa capensis, local names samma, safa) in Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, March 26, 2016
LinkMasses of dry spear grass (Stipa capensis, local names samma, safa) in Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, March 26, 2016
LinkYellow spikes of dry spear grass (Stipa capensis, local names samma, safa) in Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, March 26, 2016
LinkField of dry spear grass (Stipa capensis, local names samma, safa) with Ziziphus and Lycium bushes in Yoodah depression near Al Zubara Road. Northern Qatar, March 26, 2016

56. Stipagrostis obtusa (Delile) Nees

(Aristida bifida, Aristida capensis, Aristida obtusa, Arthratherum capense, Arthratherum obtusum, Avena capensis, Chaetaria capensis, Stipagrostis capensis, Stipa plumosa, Trisetum muricatum)

Common names: Nusi

Extract from Wikipedia article: Stipagrostis obtusa (Afrikaans: kortbeen boesmangras, Khoekhoe: ǂhabob, Hebrew: מלענן ריסני‎) is a perennial grass belonging to the grass family (Poaceae). It is a widespread species, being native to North Africa, Mauritania, Chad, Ethiopia, Southern Africa, Western Asia, the Arabian Peninsula and Pakistan.

LinkSlender grass Stipagrostis obtusa in a runnel near a road to Sawda Natheel. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkSlender grass Stipagrostis obtusa with silvery spikes in a runnel near a road to Sawda Natheel. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkGrass Stipagrostis obtusa in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkSpikelets of grass Stipagrostis obtusa in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkPlumose spikes of grass Stipagrostis obtusa taken from area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkClose up of grass Stipagrostis obtusa taken from area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016

57. Stipagrostis plumosa Munro ex T.Anderson

(Aristida brachypoda, Aristida floccosa, Aristida lanuginosa, Aristida oranensis, Aristida plumosa, Arthratherum plumosum, Stipagrostis brachypoda, Stipagrostis fallax, Stipagrostis oranensis, Stipagrostis szovitsiana)

Common names: Nassi

LinkFeathery awns of slender grass Stipagrostis plumosa on white background taken from a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 9, 2016
LinkAwns of slender tufted grass Stipagrostis plumosa taken from a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 9, 2016
LinkFeathery awns of slender grass Stipagrostis plumosa taken from a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 9, 2016
LinkClose up of feathery awns of grass Stipagrostis plumosa taken from a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 9, 2016
LinkSlender tufted grass Stipagrostis plumosa(?) on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016

58. Zea mays L.

(Mays americana, Mays vulgaris, Mays zea, Mayzea cerealis, Mayzea vestita, Thalysia mays, Zea alba, Zea altissima, Zea americana, Zea amylacea, Zea amyleosaccharata, Zea canina, Zea cryptosperma, Zea curagua, Zea erythrolepis, Zea erythrosperma, Zea everta, Zea gigantea, Zea glumacea, Zea gracillima, Zea hirta, Zea indentata, Zea indurata, Zea japonica, Zea macrosperma, Zea minima, Zea minor, Zea mucronata, Zea odontosperma, Zea oryzoides, Zea praecox, Zea rostrata, Zea saccharata, Zea segetalis, Zea tunicata, Zea vaginata, Zea vittata, Zea vulgaris)

Common names: Sweet corn

Extract from Wikipedia article: Maize (/ˈmz/ MAYZ; Zea mays subsp. mays, from Spanish: maíz after Taíno mahiz), known in some English-speaking countries as corn, is a large grain plant domesticated by indigenous peoples in Mesoamerica in prehistoric times. The leafy stalk produces ears which contain the grain, which are seeds called kernels. Maize kernels are often used in cooking as a starch. The six major types of maize are dent, flint, pod, popcorn, flour, and sweet.

LinkSpikelet of sweet corn (Zea mays)(?) on Al Jood Street near corner with Saha 16 in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 8, 2015
LinkSweet corn (Zea mays)(?) on Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 12, 2015
LinkSpikelet of sweet corn (Zea mays)(?) on Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkSpikelet of sweet corn (Zea mays)(?) on white background taken from Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkSpikelet of sweet corn (Zea mays)(?) on white background taken from Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkFruits of sweet corn (Zea mays) on Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2015

59. Zoysia tenuifolia Thiele

(Zoysia matrella)

Common names: Korean velvet grass

LinkClumps of Korean velvet grass (Zoysia tenuifolia) under trees in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, December 3, 2015
LinkGrassy triangle with Korean velvet grass (Zoysia tenuifolia) in HBKU Research Complex in Education City. Doha, Qatar, January 19, 2016
LinkClumps of Korean velvet grass (Zoysia tenuifolia) in HBKU Research Complex in Education City. Doha, Qatar, January 19, 2016

List of plant families

Links

Outside links

How the web page was created

Acknowledgements

QNHG (Qatar Natural History Group) and associated people, for a possibility to participate in their field excursions and to learn about local nature.