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Apocynaceae

Apocynaceae Juss. - Dogbane Family

1. Calotropis procera

Common names: Asclepias procera, Sodom's Apple, Giant Milkweed, mudar, osher, stabragh, ushar, ushaar

My notes: Found only in Doha.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Calotropis procera (known by the common names apple of Sodom, Sodom apple, mudar, or osher or stabragh) is a species of flowering plant in the dogbane family, Apocynaceae, that is native to North Africa, Tropical Africa, Western Asia, South Asia, and Indochina. It is commonly known as apple of Sodom, a name derived from the Hebrew Tapuah Sdom. The green globes are hollow but the flesh contains a toxic milky sap that is extremely bitter and turns into a gluey coating resistant to soap.

LinkFlowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) growing near entrance of Dar Al Salam Compound. Doha, Qatar, February 25, 2012
LinkHoney bee on a flower of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkBee on opening flower of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkDense multiflowered inflorescence (umbellate cyme arising from the nodes and appearing axillary or terminal) of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkDense multiflowered inflorescence of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkBlooming branch with fruits (fleshy, inflated, subglobose follicle) of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkPentamerous flowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkSide lit flowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) taken from a plant growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkClose up of a flower of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar), with 5-lobed calyx, taken from a plant growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkInflorescence of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) taken from a plant growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2012
LinkDehisced seedpod (follicle) releasing seeds (silky white pappus) of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) growing from a wall of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2012
LinkAphids on flower buds of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 5, 2013
LinkBee flying from a flower of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 5, 2013
LinkInflorescence of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 5, 2013
LinkFlowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkLadybug eating aphids on Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkHoney bee on Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkHoney bee on a flower of on Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkOpening flowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkHoney bee on a pistil of a flower of on Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkClose up of honey bee on a pistil of a flower of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkFlowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) with a hovering bee in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkFlower of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) with a sitting bee in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2013
LinkLadybug with half dead aphids on Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) near stone fence of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 26, 2013
LinkTwo ladybugs on a leaf of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) near stone fence of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 26, 2013
LinkHoney bee on a flower of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) near stone fence of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 26, 2013
LinkDehisced seedpod (follicle) releasing seeds (silky white pappus) of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) near stone fence of Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 26, 2013
LinkAlleyway near Umm Wishah Street with Sodom Apple tree (Calotropis procera), Musheirib area. Doha, Qatar, May 24, 2013
LinkOld wooden door with a bush of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) at Hadramout Street, Al Doha Al Jadeeda area. Doha, Qatar, June 1, 2013
LinkFlowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) between Dar Al Salam Compound and Haloul Street in Abu Hamour. Doha, Qatar, June 27, 2013
LinkClose up of flowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) between Dar Al Salam Compound and Haloul Street in Abu Hamour. Doha, Qatar, June 27, 2013
LinkMilkweed bugs on flowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) between Dar Al Salam Compound and Haloul Street in Abu Hamour. Doha, Qatar, June 27, 2013
LinkFlowers and fruits of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) between Dar Al Salam Compound and Haloul Street in Abu Hamour. Doha, Qatar, June 27, 2013
LinkHovering violet carpenter bee (Xylocopa violacea) near flowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) between Dar Al Salam Compound and Haloul Street in Abu Hamour. Doha, Qatar, June 27, 2013
LinkBlue carpenter bee (Xylocopa violacea) on flowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) between Dar Al Salam Compound and Haloul Street in Abu Hamour. Doha, Qatar, June 27, 2013
LinkRound golden brown swollen mummies of oleander aphid (milkweed aphid, Aphis nerii Boyer de Fonscolombe) killed by parasitic wasps Aphidius colemani on seed pods of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) collected near Dareen Tower in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, February 1, 2014
LinkSeeds of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) with tuft of fluff taken from Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, March 8, 2014
LinkFluffy seeds of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) taken from Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, March 8, 2014
LinkSodom Apple (Calotropis procera) on Zurara Bin Amir Street in Al Doha Al Jadeeda area. Doha, Qatar, March 21, 2014
LinkSodom Apple (Calotropis procera) on Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2014
LinkYellow leaf of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) on Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 11, 2014
LinkFlowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) on Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 17, 2014
LinkSodom Apple (Calotropis procera) on roadside of Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 22, 2014
LinkDry flowers of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) littering the ground near Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 7, 2014
LinkFruits of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) near Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 7, 2014
LinkSodom Apple (Calotropis procera) on Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, October 20, 2014
LinkSodom Apple (Calotropis procera) on Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, February 19, 2015
LinkDry fruit of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) collected from Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 6, 2016
LinkSmall plant of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) on roadside of a road to Al Dhabiya on north-western coast, Ash Shamal area. Qatar, June 17, 2016
LinkA tree of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) near a road to Al Dhabiya on north-western coast, Ash Shamal area. Qatar, June 17, 2016
LinkCorky bark of a tree of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) near a road to Al Dhabiya on north-western coast, Ash Shamal area. Qatar, June 17, 2016
LinkSolitary tree of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera, local name ashkhar) in flat desert near a road to Al Dhabiya on north-western coast, Ash Shamal area. Qatar, June 17, 2016

2. Carissa macrocarpa (Eckl.) A. DC.

(Arduina grandiflora, Arduina macrocarpa, Carissa africana, Carissa carandas, Carissa grandiflora, Carissa praetermissa, Jasminonerium africanum, Jasminonerium grandiflorum, Jasminonerium macrocarpum)

Common names: natal plum, large num-num

Extract from Wikipedia article: Carissa macrocarpa (Natal Plum), is a shrub native to South Africa, where it is commonly called the Large Num-Num. In Zulu, as well as in the Bantu tribes of Uganda, it is called amatungulu. In Afrikaans the fruit is called Noem-Noem.

LinkBush of natal plum (Carissa macrocarpa) in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, April 3, 2015
LinkFlower of natal plum (Carissa macrocarpa) planted in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, November 20, 2015
LinkFruit of natal plum (Carissa macrocarpa) taken from Museum of Islamic Art. Doha, Qatar Park. Doha, Qatar, June 10, 2016

3. Cascabela thevetia (L.) H. Lippold

(Cascabela peruviana, Cerbera linearifolia, Cerbera peruviana, Cerbera thevetia, Thevetia linearis, Thevetia neriifolia, Thevetia peruviana, Thevetia thevetia)

Common names: lucky nut

Extract from Wikipedia article: Cascabela thevetia (syn: Thevetia peruviana) is a poisonous plant of central and southern Mexico and Central America. It is a relative of Nerium oleander, giving it a common name Yellow Oleander, and is also called lucky nut in the West Indies.

LinkLucky nut (Thevetia peruviana) on Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 22, 2014
LinkLucky nut (Thevetia peruviana or may be nerifolia) in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, April 3, 2015
LinkFruits of Lucky nut (Thevetia peruviana or may be nerifolia) planted in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, November 20, 2015
LinkLucky nut (Thevetia peruviana or may be nerifolia) planted in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, November 20, 2015

4. Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don

(Ammocallis rosea, Hottonia littoralis, Lachnea rosea, Lochnera rosea, Pervinca rosea, Vinca gulielmi-waldemarii, Vinca rosea, Vinca speciosa)

Common names: Vinca Vitesse Rose

Extract from Wikipedia article: Catharanthus roseus, commonly known as the Madagascar periwinkle or rosy periwinkle, is a species of Catharanthus native and endemic to Madagascar. Other English names occasionally used include Vinca, Cape periwinkle, rose periwinkle, rosy periwinkle, and "old-maid". It was formerly classified in the Vinca genus as Vinca rosea.

LinkVinca Vitesse Rose (Catharanthus roseus) in a park at Al Markhiya Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 26, 2015
LinkFlower of Vinca Vitesse Rose (Catharanthus roseus) in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, January 16, 2016

5. Cerbera odollam Gaertn.

(Cerbera dilatata, Cerbera forsteri, Cerbera lactaria, Excoecaria ovatifolia, Odollamia malabarica, Tanghinia lactaria, Tanghinia odollam)

Common names: suicide tree, pong-pong, othalanga

Extract from Wikipedia article: Cerbera odollam is a dicotyledonous angiosperm, a plant species in the Family Apocynaceae and commonly known as the suicide tree, pong-pong, and othalanga. It is a species native to India and other parts of southern Asia, growing preferentially in coastal salt swamps and in marshy areas but also grown as a hedge plant between home compounds. It yields a potent poison that has been used for suicide and murder.

LinkSuicide tree (Cerbera odollam) in Dahl Al Hamam Park at Al Markhiya Street. Doha, Qatar, May 30, 2016
LinkPink leaves of suicide tree (Cerbera odollam) in Dahl Al Hamam Park at Al Markhiya Street. Doha, Qatar, May 30, 2016
LinkLeaves of suicide tree (Cerbera odollam) in Dahl Al Hamam Park at Al Markhiya Street. Doha, Qatar, May 30, 2016

6. Glossonema varians (Stocks) Benth. ex Hook. f.

(Glossonema arabicum, Mastostigma varians, Odontanthera varians)

Common names: attar, jarawa, yarawa, Glossonema edule

LinkBlooming milkweed Glossonema varians with edible, softly spinous, fleshy follicles (jarawah, fruit). Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 5, 2010
LinkBlooming milkweed Glossonema varians in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 4, 2011
LinkSeedling of milkweed Glossonema varians in desert near industrial zone of Ras Laffan, north from Doha. Qatar, March 23, 2013
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians on sand in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh in south-western Qatar, February 7, 2014
LinkBlooming desert plant Glossonema varians (Glossonema edule, local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkFlowers of a desert plant Glossonema varians (Glossonema edule, local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkFlowering desert plant Glossonema varians (Glossonema edule, local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkBlooming Glossonema varians (Glossonema edule, local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians near Harrarah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkLadybugs eating aphids feeding on Glossonema varians (Glossonema edule, local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians (Glossonema edule, local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) in a runnel north from Dukhan in western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkBlooming milkweed Glossonema varians (Glossonema edule, local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) in a runnel north from Dukhan in western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkSeed pods of milkweed Glossonema varians (local names jarawa, yarawa) on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians (Glossonema edule, local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkBlooming milkweed Glossonema varians (local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkYoung plant of milkweed Glossonema varians (local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians (local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) in sand on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkYoung plant of Glossonema varians emerging from sand in a runnel north from Dukhan. Qatar, February 13, 2015
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians in sand in Al Ghariya on north-western coast, view from south. Qatar, July 3, 2015
LinkBlooming milkweed Glossonema varians in Al Ghariya on north-western coast, view from south. Qatar, July 3, 2015
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians on roadside of Dukhan Highway near Al Shakhaniya. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians in a runnel near a road to Sawda Natheel. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians (local names attar, jarawa, yarawa) with flowers on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 19, 2016
LinkMilkweed Glossonema varians on roadside of a road to Sawda Natheel. Southern Qatar, April 15, 2016

7. Leptadenia pyrotechnica (Forssk.) Decne.

(Cynanchum pyrotechnicum, Gymnema spartium, Leptadenia gracilis, Leptadenia jacquemontiana, Leptadenia spartium, Microloma angustifolium, Microloma pyrotechnicum, Periploca pyrotechnica, Sarcostemma pyrotechnicum)

Common names: burning bush, Marakh, Shajarat al Nar, Broom bush, Khip, Shajaret al baroud

Extract from Wikipedia article: Leptadenia pyrotechnica (Hindi:खींप, Punjabiਖਿੱਪ) is the botanical name of a desert herb of the family Asclepiadaceae. It is widespread from Senegal to India. It is known as khimp in Hindi and Urdu,"Khipp" in Punjabi.

LinkStar shaped flowers of Leptadenia pyrotechnica on the border of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkBush of Leptadenia pyrotechnica on the border of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkBlooming bush of Leptadenia pyrotechnica on the border of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkFlowers of Leptadenia pyrotechnica on the border of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkFlowers of Leptadenia pyrotechnica taken from area of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkFlowers of Leptadenia pyrotechnica taken from roadside of a road to Zubara in northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkSand mound with Leptadenia pyrotechnica in Traina Sinkhole (karst depression) AOI 2 north-west of Khor Al Adaid. Southern Qatar, January 23, 2015
LinkBush of Leptadenia pyrotechnica with fruits near Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkFruits of Leptadenia pyrotechnica taken from periphery of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, May 1, 2015
LinkBush of Leptadenia pyrotechnica from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, November 27, 2015
LinkFruits of Leptadenia pyrotechnica on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, June 3, 2016
LinkPlant of Leptadenia pyrotechnica in windblown sand on roadside in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, June 10, 2016
LinkFluffy seeds of Leptadenia pyrotechnica taken from roadside of Salwa Road in Southern Qatar, June 10, 2016

8. Nerium oleander oleander L.

(Nerion oleandrum, Nerium carneum, Nerium floridum, Nerium grandiflorum, Nerium japonicum, Nerium lauriforme, Nerium odoratissimum, Nerium splendens, Oleander vulgaris)

Common names: common oleander, daphla, ward el-homar, haban, Nerium mascatense

Extract from Wikipedia article: Nerium oleander /ˈnɪəriəm ˈoʊliː.ændər/(Tamil:அறளி பூ/Alari pū) is an evergreen shrub or small tree in the dogbane family Apocynaceae, toxic in all its parts. It is the only species currently classified in the genus Nerium. It is most commonly known as oleander, from its superficial resemblance to the unrelated olive Olea. It is so widely cultivated that no precise region of origin has been identified, though southwest Asia has been suggested. The ancient city of Volubilis in Morocco may have taken its name from the Berber name oualilt for the flower. Oleander is one of the most poisonous of commonly grown garden plants.

LinkFlowers of Nerium oleander near Majlis Al Taawon Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 19, 2014
LinkDry bush of Nerium oleander on old roundabout near Al Dhabiya on north-western coast, Ash Shamal area. Qatar, June 17, 2016
LinkGreen branch of Nerium oleander with fruits on old roundabout near Al Dhabiya on north-western coast, Ash Shamal area. Qatar, June 17, 2016

9. Plumeria alba L.

(Plumeria hypoleuca, Plumeria revolutifolia)

Common names: jasmine Hindi, pagoda tree

Extract from Wikipedia article: Plumeria alba is a species of the genus Plumeria (Apocynaceae). This 2-8m evergreen shrub has narrow elongated leaves, large and strongly perfumed white flowers with a yellow center. Native from Central America and the Caribbean, it is now common and naturalized in southern and southeastern Asia.

LinkPagoda tree (Plumeria alba) near Dunes Hotel in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 22, 2014
LinkPagoda tree (Plumeria alba) in area of Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 30, 2014
LinkFlower of Pagoda tree (Plumeria alba) in area of Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 30, 2014
LinkPagoda tree (Plumeria alba) in area of Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, September 12, 2014
LinkFlowers of Pagoda tree (Plumeria alba) in a small park in West Bay, in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, December 20, 2014
LinkBlooming Pagoda tree (Plumeria alba) in a small park in West Bay, in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, December 20, 2014
LinkPagoda tree (Plumeria alba) in a small park in West Bay, in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, December 20, 2014
LinkPagoda tree (Plumeria alba) on Al Khair Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 8, 2015
LinkPagoda tree (Plumeria alba) in Dahl Al Hamam Park at Al Markhiya Street. Doha, Qatar, May 3, 2016
LinkPagoda tree (Plumeria alba) in Aspire Park. Doha, Qatar, June 6, 2016

10. Plumeria obtusa L.

(Plumeria apiculata, Plumeria bahamensis, Plumeria barahonensis, Plumeria beatensis, Plumeria bicolor, Plumeria cayensis, Plumeria clusioides, Plumeria confusa, Plumeria cubensis, Plumeria cuneifolia, Plumeria dictyophylla, Plumeria ekmanii, Plumeria emarginata, Plumeria estrellensis, Plumeria inaguensis, Plumeria jamaicensis, Plumeria krugii, Plumeria marchii, Plumeria montana, Plumeria nipensis, Plumeria nivea, Plumeria ostenfeldii, Plumeria parvifolia, Plumeria portoricensis, Plumeria tenorei, Plumeria venosa, Plumeria versicolor)

Common names: Singapore Plumeria

Extract from Wikipedia article: Plumeria obtusa, the Singapore graveyard flower, is a species of the genus Plumeria (Apocynaceae). It is native to the West Indies including Bahamas; southern Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and Florida. but widely cultivated for its ornamental and fragrant flowers around the world, where suitably warm climate exists. It is reportedly naturalized in China.

LinkSingapore Plumeria Dwarf Singapore Pink (Plumeria obtusa) planted in gardens of Sheraton Hotel in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, January 26, 2016

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Acknowledgements

QNHG (Qatar Natural History Group) and associated people, for a possibility to participate in their field excursions and to learn about local nature.