Home Page > Picture Archives >  Flora of Qatar > Family: Boraginaceae

Boraginaceae

Boraginaceae Juss. - Borage Family

1. Anchusa hispida Forsskal

(Anchusa deflexa, Gastrocotyle hispida)

Common names: ainbacees, rims, hairy bugloss

My notes: One small plant looks like Lappula spinocarpos.

LinkDesert borage Anchusa hispida (Gastrocotyle hispida, local names ainbacees, rims) near a road to Sawda Natheel in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkAnchusa hispida (Gastrocotyle hispida, local names ainbacees, rims) on roadside of a road to Zubara in area of Thaghab Al Majda. North-western Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkSeeds of Anchusa hispida(?) (borage family) of Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 22, 2014
LinkSeeds of desert borage Anchusa hispida near a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms in northern Qatar, May 2, 2014
LinkLarge plant of desert borage Anchusa hispida in roadside depression near Dukhan Highway near Ash-Shahaniyah. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkSeedling of desert borage Anchusa hispida found under Ziziphus bush in Al Mardiya - Wasit area. Northern Qatar, February 13, 2016
LinkBlooming seedling of desert borage Anchusa hispida found under Ziziphus bush in Al Mardiya - Wasit area. Northern Qatar, February 13, 2016
LinkSeedling of desert borage Anchusa hispida with a small blue flower found under Ziziphus bush in Al Mardiya - Wasit area. Northern Qatar, February 13, 2016
LinkDesert borage Anchusa hispida in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016

2. Arnebia hispidissima (Lehm.) DC.

(Anchusa asperrima, Anchusa hispidissima, Arnebia asperrima, Arnebia lutea, Arnebiola migiurtina, Dioclea hispidissima, Echiochilon hispidissimum, Echioides asperrimum, Lithospermum hispidissimum, Lithospermum vestitum, Lithospermum villosum, Rhytispermum villosum, Strobila hispidissima, Toxostigma luteum)

Common names: Arabian primrose, kahal, hasheshat al arnab

My notes: Difficult to distinguish it from Arnebia decumbens.

LinkYellow flowers of Arabian Primrose (Arnebia hispidissima) in desert on hills of Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 5, 2010
LinkCluster of yellow spring flowers of Arabian Primrose (Arnebia hispidissima, local name Hasheshat al arneb) in desert on hills of Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 5, 2010
LinkYellow flower of Arabian Primrose (Arnebia hispidissima) in desert. Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha, Qatar, March 12, 2010
LinkSmall yellow flower of Arabian Primrose (Arnebia hispidissima). Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha, Qatar, March 12, 2010
LinkDry Arnebia hispidissima(?) in desert near industrial zone of Ras Laffan, north from Doha. Qatar, March 23, 2013
LinkDesert plant Arnebia hispidissima (Lithospermum hispidissimum, local names kahal, hasheshat al arnab) in sand near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant Arnebia hispidissima (Lithospermum hispidissimum, local names kahal, hasheshat al arnab) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkDesert plant Arnebia hispidissima (Lithospermum hispidissimum, local names kahal, hasheshat al arnab) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkDesert plant Arnebia hispidissima (Lithospermum hispidissimum, local names kahal, hasheshat al arnab) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkYoung plant of Arnebia hispidissima near Zekreet in western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkArnebia hispidissima (Lithospermum hispidissimum, local names kahal, hasheshat al arnab) on roadside of Dukhan Road in western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkBushy plant of Arnebia hispidissima (Lithospermum hispidissimum, local names kahal, hasheshat al arnab) on roadside of Dukhan Road in western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkLarge plant of Arnebia hispidissima (Lithospermum hispidissimum, local names kahal, hasheshat al arnab) on roadside of Dukhan Road in western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkArnebia hispidissima (Lithospermum hispidissimum, local names kahal, hasheshat al arnab) on a roadside near Abu Nahlah. Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkLarge plant of Arnebia hispidissima (Lithospermum hispidissimum, local names kahal, hasheshat al arnab) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkYellow flowers of Arabian Primrose (Arnebia hispidissima) in area of Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkBlooming Arabian Primrose (Arnebia hispidissima) in area of Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkArabian Primrose (Arnebia hispidissima) on white background in area of Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkArabian Primrose (Arnebia hispidissima) on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkBlooming Arabian Primrose (Arnebia hispidissima) on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkBlooming Arabian Primrose (Arnebia hispidissima) on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 4, 2016

3. Echiochilon jugatum I. M. Johnston

Common names: najmet albar, kohail, stoneseed

My notes: 1538-07.

LinkStoneseed (Echiochilon jugatum)(?) in a runnel north from Dukhan in western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkStoneseed (Echiochilon jugatum) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkFlowers of stoneseed (Echiochilon jugatum) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkBlooming stoneseed (Echiochilon jugatum) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkBlooming plant of stoneseed (Echiochilon jugatum) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkStoneseed (Echiochilon jugatum) with small flowers on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkLarge bush of stoneseed (Echiochilon jugatum) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 19, 2016
LinkBlooming bush of stoneseed (Echiochilon jugatum) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 19, 2016
LinkPlants of stoneseed (Echiochilon jugatum) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 19, 2016
LinkStoneseed (Echiochilon jugatum) on a rocky ridge in Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, March 26, 2016

4. Ehretia microphylla Lam.

(Carmona heterophylla, Carmona microphylla, Carmona retusa, Cordia coromandeliana, Cordia retusa, Ehretia buxifolia, Ehretia coromandeliana, Ehretia heterophylla, Ehretia monopyrena)

Common names: Fukien tea tree, Philippine tea tree

LinkFukien tea tree (Ehretia microphylla) with a small white flower in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, May 3, 2015
LinkOrnamental bush Fukien tea tree (Ehretia microphylla) in a park at Al Intisar Street near a corner with Onaiza. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2016

5. Heliotropium bacciferum bacciferum Forssk.

(Bourjotia kralikii, Dialion undulatum, Heliotropium arenarium, Heliotropium cressoides, Heliotropium kralikii, Heliotropium undulatum)

Common names: Heliotropium crispum, ramram, danab al agrab, sedjra tenshama, Turnsole, heliotrope

LinkFlowers of a desert heliotrope (turnsole, Heliotropium bacciferum, local name Ramram) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, February 19, 2010
LinkTiny brown desert flowers of Heliotropium bacciferum(?) near industrial zone of Ras Laffan, north from Doha. Qatar, March 23, 2013
LinkFlowers of a desert heliotrope (turnsole, Heliotropium bacciferum, local names ramram, danab al agrab, Ramram) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert heliotrope (turnsole, Heliotropium bacciferum, local name Ramram) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkMalformed fruits of Heliotropium bacciferum(?) damaged by insects of Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 22, 2014
LinkDesert heliotrope (turnsole, Heliotropium bacciferum, local name Ramram) taken from Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkDesert heliotrope (turnsole, Heliotropium bacciferum, local name Ramram) with flowers taken from Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkFruits of Heliotropium bacciferum taken from area at entrance of Umm Bab. Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkFruits of desert heliotrope (turnsole, Heliotropium bacciferum, local name Ramram) at entrance of Ras Abrouq Peninsula near Zekreet. Qatar, November 14, 2014
LinkLarge plant of desert heliotrope (turnsole, Heliotropium bacciferum, local names ramram, danab al agrab, Ramram) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkFresh leaves of desert heliotrope (turnsole, Heliotropium bacciferum) emerging from earth crack near a pond on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkDesert heliotrope (turnsole, Heliotropium bacciferum) taken from roadside in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, May 28, 2015

6. Heliotropium curassavicum L.

(Heliotropium chenopodioides, Heliotropium glaucophyllum, Heliotropium glaucum, Heliotropium lehmannianum, Heliotropium virens)

Common names: ramram, Seaside Heliotrope

Extract from Wikipedia article: Heliotropium curassavicum is a species of heliotrope that is native to much of the Americas, from Canada to Argentina, and can be found on other continents as an introduced species. It is known by several common names, such as Seaside Heliotrope, Salt Heliotrope, Monkey Tail, Quail Plant and "Chinese parsley" (although this last name is also used for coriander. in Latin American Spanish it is known as cola de mico,cola de gama or rabo alacrán, and it is called kīpūkai in Hawaii. It thrives in salty soils, such as beach sand and alkali flats. This is a perennial herb which can take the form of a prostrate creeper along the ground to a somewhat erect shrub approaching 0.5 m (1.6 ft) in height. The stem and foliage are fleshy, with the leaves thick and oval or spade-shaped. The plentiful inflorescences are curled, coiling double rows of small bell-shaped flowers. Each flower is white with five rounded lobes and a purple or yellow throat. The fruit is a smooth nutlet.

LinkSeaside heliotrope (Heliotropium curassavicum, local name ramram) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. South-western Qatar, March 29, 2014
LinkSeaside heliotrope (Heliotropium curassavicum, local name ramram) in a village of Al Mashrab in area of Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, October 6, 2014
LinkSeaside heliotrope (Heliotropium curassavicum, local name ramram) on a roadside in a village of Al Mashrab in area of Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, October 18, 2014
LinkShoot of Seaside heliotrope (Heliotropium curassavicum) in a village of Al Mashrab in area of Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, October 18, 2014
LinkSeaside heliotrope (Heliotropium curassavicum, local name ramram) in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkProstrate plant of seaside heliotrope (Heliotropium curassavicum, local name ramram) in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkSeedling of seaside heliotrope (Heliotropium curassavicum, local name ramram) in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkSeaside heliotrope (Heliotropium curassavicum, local name ramram) taken from a silty depression in Al Numan (Naim tribe, Nuaman, Nuaimiya). Northern Qatar, February 6, 2015
LinkFlowers and seeds of seaside heliotrope (Heliotropium curassavicum, local name ramram) taken from a silty depression in Al Numan (Naim tribe, Nuaman, Nuaimiya). Northern Qatar, February 6, 2015
LinkSeaside heliotrope (Heliotropium curassavicum, local name ramram) in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, March 20, 2015
LinkBlooming seaside heliotrope (Heliotropium curassavicum, local name ramram) in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, March 20, 2015
LinkPlant of seaside heliotrope (Heliotropium curassavicum, local name ramram) in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, March 20, 2015
LinkFlowers of seaside heliotrope (Heliotropium curassavicum, local name ramram) in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, March 20, 2015
LinkSeaside heliotrope (Heliotropium curassavicum, local name ramram) in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, April 17, 2015

7. Moltkiopsis ciliata (Forssk.) I. M. Johnston

(Lithospermum angustifolium, Lithospermum callosum, Lithospermum ciliatum, Lithospermum latifolium, Lithospermum niveum, Moltkia callosa, Moltkia ciliata)

Common names: callous-leaved gromwell, stoneseed, Ghabshah, halam

LinkFlowers of Moltkiopsis ciliata (Lithospermum ciliatum, Lithospermum angustifolium, local names halam, Ghabshah) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkBlooming Moltkiopsis ciliata (Lithospermum ciliatum, Lithospermum angustifolium, local names halam, Ghabshah) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkDesert plant Moltkiopsis ciliata (Lithospermum ciliatum, Lithospermum angustifolium, local names halam, Ghabshah) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkMoltkiopsis ciliata (Lithospermum ciliatum, Lithospermum angustifolium, local names halam, Ghabshah) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkDesert plant Moltkiopsis ciliata (Lithospermum ciliatum, Lithospermum angustifolium, local names halam, Ghabshah) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkYoung leaves of Moltkiopsis ciliata on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkShoots of Moltkiopsis ciliata on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, December 12, 2014
LinkYoung plants of Moltkiopsis ciliata on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, December 19, 2014
LinkLeaves of Moltkiopsis ciliata on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 20, 2015
LinkMoltkiopsis ciliata in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkHalf dry plant of Moltkiopsis ciliata in Mazhabya Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkMoltkiopsis ciliata (local names halam, Ghabshah) on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkBlooming Moltkiopsis ciliata (local names halam, Ghabshah) on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkInflorescence of Moltkiopsis ciliata (local names halam, Ghabshah) on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkFlowers of Moltkiopsis ciliata (local names halam, Ghabshah) on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkCluster of flowers of Moltkiopsis ciliata (local names halam, Ghabshah) on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkPlant of Moltkiopsis ciliata (local names halam, Ghabshah) on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkUnusually large leaves of Moltkiopsis ciliata (local names halam, Ghabshah) on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkMoltkiopsis ciliata (Lithospermum ciliatum, Lithospermum angustifolium, local names halam, Ghabshah) in dew on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkLarge blooming bush of Moltkiopsis ciliata (Lithospermum ciliatum, Lithospermum angustifolium, local names halam, Ghabshah) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkDense blooming bush of Moltkiopsis ciliata (Lithospermum ciliatum, Lithospermum angustifolium, local names halam, Ghabshah) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkBush of Moltkiopsis ciliata (Lithospermum ciliatum, Lithospermum angustifolium, local names halam, Ghabshah) with reddish flowers near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkDensely blooming plant of Moltkiopsis ciliata (Lithospermum ciliatum, Lithospermum angustifolium, local names halam, Ghabshah) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkMoltkiopsis ciliata (local names halam, Ghabshah) on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkMoltkiopsis ciliata (local names halam, Ghabshah) at sunrise on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkBlooming Moltkiopsis ciliata (local names halam, Ghabshah) on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkBack lit Moltkiopsis ciliata (local names halam, Ghabshah) on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkBush of Moltkiopsis ciliata (Lithospermum ciliatum, Lithospermum angustifolium, local names halam, Ghabshah) uprooted by wind in sand near limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016

8. Ogastemma pusillum (Coss. & Dur. ex Bonnet & Barratte) Brummitt

(Eritrichium sventenii, Megastoma pusillum)

Common names: Anchusa spinocarpos, Echinospermum spinocarpos, Lappula spinocarpos

LinkDesert plant with tiny white flowers Ogastemma pusillum(?) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkTiny white flowers of Ogastemma pusillum (Anchusa spinocarpos, Echinospermum spinocarpos, Lappula spinocarpos) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkOgastemma pusillum (Anchusa spinocarpos, Echinospermum spinocarpos, Lappula spinocarpos) near Dukhan Road. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkSmall plant of Ogastemma pusillum (Anchusa spinocarpos, Echinospermum spinocarpos, Lappula spinocarpos)(?) on a plane of Rawdat Jarra north-east from Dukhan. Qatar, February 5, 2016
LinkPlant of Ogastemma pusillum (Anchusa spinocarpos, Echinospermum spinocarpos, Lappula spinocarpos)(?) with a flower on a plane of Rawdat Jarra north-east from Dukhan. Qatar, February 5, 2016

List of plant families

Links

Outside links

How the web page was created

Acknowledgements

QNHG (Qatar Natural History Group) and associated people, for a possibility to participate in their field excursions and to learn about local nature.