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Brassicaceae

Brassicaceae Burnett - Mustard Family

1. Anastatica hierochuntica L.

Common names: kaf mariam, jefaiea, birkan, Virgin's Hand, rose of Jericho

Extract from Wikipedia article: Anastatica is a monotypic genus with the type species Anastatica hierochuntica. The genus is a member of the family Brassicaceae (formerly Cruciferae), in the division Magnoliophyta of the class Magnoliopsida. The plant is a small gray annual herb that rarely grows above 15 centimetres (6 in) high, and bears minute white flowers. It is a tumbleweed and a resurrection plant.

LinkDesert plant Virgin's Hand (Anastatica hierochuntica, local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) near Sawda Natheel Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkBlooming Virgin's Hand (Anastatica hierochuntica, local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) on a roadside of Abu Samra Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant Virgin's Hand (Anastatica hierochuntica, local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkVirgin's Hand plant (Anastatica hierochuntica local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkInwardly curved, woody branches of Virgin's Hand plant (Anastatica hierochuntica local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) in Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkVirgin's Hand plant (Anastatica hierochuntica local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) near Harrarah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkInwardly curved, woody branches of Virgin's Hand plant (Anastatica hierochuntica, local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) taken from Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkWoody branches with seeds of Virgin's Hand plant (Anastatica hierochuntica, local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) taken from Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkInwardly curved branches with seeds of Virgin's Hand plant (Anastatica hierochuntica, local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) taken from Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkWoody branches of Virgin's Hand plant (Anastatica hierochuntica, local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) taken from Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkCurved branches with seeds of Virgin's Hand plant (Anastatica hierochuntica, local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) taken from Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkInwardly curved, woody branches of Virgin's Hand plant (Anastatica hierochuntica, local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) on roadside of a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkInwardly curved branches of Virgin's Hand plant (Anastatica hierochuntica, local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) on roadside of a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkBlooming Virgin's Hand (Anastatica hierochuntica, local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkVirgin's Hand (Anastatica hierochuntica, local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) in sand on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkSeeds of Virgin's Hand (Anastatica hierochuntica, local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) in sand on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkVirgin's Hand (Anastatica hierochuntica, local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) on roadside of a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms in northern Qatar, May 2, 2014
LinkDesert plant Virgin's Hand (Anastatica hierochuntica, local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) near Dukhan Road. Shahaniya, Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkDry curved branches with seeds of Virgin's Hand plant (Anastatica hierochuntica) on roadside of Dukhan Road. Shahaniya, Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkSemi-spherical plant of Virgin's Hand (Anastatica hierochuntica, local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) in roadside depression near Dukhan Highway. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkVirgin's Hand plant (Anastatica hierochuntica local names kaf mariam, jefaiea) in a roadside depression near Salwa Road. Qatar, April 22, 2016

2. Brassica napus L.

(Brassica campestris, Brassica carinatua, Brassica gongylodes, Brassica napobrassica, Brassica oleifera, Brassica oleracea, Brassica praecox, Brassica rapa, Brassica rutabaga, Brassica sativa, Brassica stricta, Braya campestris, Crucifera napus, Napus oleifera, Rapa napus, Raphanus napus, Sinapis napus)

Common names: Rapeseed, oilseed rape, rapa, rappi

My notes: Difficult to distinguish it from B. rapa.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as rape, oilseed rape, rapa, rappi, rapaseed (and, in the case of one particular group of cultivars, canola), is a bright-yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage family), consumed in China (油菜: Mandarin Pinyin yóucài; Cantonese:yau choy) and Southern Africa as a vegetable. The name derives from the Latin for turnip, rāpa or rāpum, and is first recorded in English at the end of the 14th century. Older writers usually distinguished the turnip and rape by the adjectives 'round' and 'long' (-'rooted'), respectively. Rutabagas, Brassica napobrassica, are sometimes considered a variety of B. napus. Some botanists also include the closely related B. campestris within B. napus.

Linkrapeseed (Brassica napus)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkRapeseed (Brassica napus)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkBlooming rapeseed (Brassica napus)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkRosette of glossy leaves of rapeseed (Brassica napus) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkYellow flowers of rapeseed (Brassica napus)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkClose up of yellow flowers of rapeseed (Brassica napus)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkBlooming rapeseed (Brassica napus)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkBasal leaves of rapeseed (Brassica napus)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkPlant of rapeseed (Brassica napus)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkSiliqua fruits of rapeseed (Brassica napus) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016

3. Brassica oleracea L.

(Brassica maritima, Crucifera brassica)

Common names: wild cabbage

Extract from Wikipedia article: Brassica oleracea is the species of plant that includes many common foods as cultivars, including cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, Brussels sprouts, collard greens, savoy, kohlrabi and Chinese kale. In its uncultivated form it is known as wild mustard. It is native to coastal southern and western Europe. Its tolerance of salt and lime and its intolerance of competition from other plants typically restrict its natural occurrence to limestone sea cliffs, like the chalk cliffs on both sides of the English Channel.

LinkWild cabbage (Brassica oleracea(?)) on Al Aasim Street in Musheirib area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkWild cabbage (Brassica oleracea) near Ammouriya Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, April 18, 2016
LinkWild cabbage (Brassica oleracea) near Al Ghada Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, April 19, 2016

4. Brassica rapa L.

(Brassica campestris, Brassica dubiosa, Brassica napella, Brassica purpuraria, Brassica rutabaga)

Common names: field mustard, wild turnip, lift barri

My notes: Difficult to distinguish it from B. napus.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Brassica rapa L. is a plant consisting of various widely cultivated subspecies including the turnip (a root vegetable); the mizuna, napa cabbage, and cime di rapa (leaf vegetables); and the turnip rape (Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera, an oilseed which has many common names, including [annual] turnip rape, field mustard, bird rape, keblock, and colza).

LinkFlowers of field mustard (wild turnip, Brassica rapa) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. Qatar, January 16, 2015
LinkFlower of Brassica rapa (field mustard, cabbage family) near QTel Buiding in Education City. Doha, Qatar, February 5, 2015
LinkField mustard (wild turnip, Brassica rapa) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkField mustard (wild turnip, Brassica rapa) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, May 1, 2015
LinkFlowers of field mustard (wild turnip, Brassica rapa) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, May 1, 2015

5. Brassica tournefortii Gouan

(Brassica sisymbrioides, Brassica stocksii, Eruca erecta, Erucastrum minutiflorum, Erucastrum tournefortii, Sinapis caspica)

Common names: African mustard, Asian mustard, wild-turnip, shiltam

Extract from Wikipedia article: The mustard species Brassica tournefortii is known by the common names Asian mustard, African mustard, and Sahara mustard, and is well known as an invasive species, especially in California.

LinkLower (abaxial) hairy surface of basal leaf of Sahara mustard (Asian mustard, wild-turnip, Brassica tournefortii) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkBasal rosette of divided hairy leaves of Sahara mustard (Asian mustard, wild-turnip, Brassica tournefortii) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkDramatic lush basal leaves with stiff hairy, lobed and serrate petioles of Sahara mustard (Asian mustard, wild-turnip, Brassica tournefortii) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkEarly season seedlings of Sahara mustard (Asian mustard, wild-turnip, Brassica tournefortii) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkYoung, early season plant of Sahara mustard (Asian mustard, wild-turnip, Brassica tournefortii) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkSmall flowers and beaked fruits of Sahara mustard (Asian mustard, wild-turnip, Brassica tournefortii) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkSmall yellow flowers of Sahara mustard (Asian mustard, wild-turnip, Brassica tournefortii) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkEarly season blooming plants of Sahara mustard (Asian mustard, wild-turnip, Brassica tournefortii) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkHairy basal leaves of Sahara mustard (Asian mustard, wild-turnip, Brassica tournefortii) in roadside depression near Dukhan Highway. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkSahara mustard (Asian mustard, wild-turnip, Brassica tournefortii) on periphery of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, March 5, 2016

6. Cardamine hirsuta L.

(Arabis heterophylla, Cardamine africana, Cardamine angulata, Cardamine borbonica, Cardamine fagetina, Cardamine humilis, Cardamine micrantha, Cardamine multicaulis, Cardamine parviflora, Cardamine praecox, Cardamine scutata, Cardamine simensis, Cardamine tenella, Cardamine tetrandra, Cardamine umbrosa, Cardamine virginica, Crucifera cardamine, Ghinia hirsuta, Ghinia sylvatica)

Common names: hairy bittercress

Extract from Wikipedia article: Hairy bittercress, Cardamine hirsuta, is an annual or biennial plant native to Europe and Asia, but also present in North America. The plant is a member of the mustard family (Brassicaceae), and is edible as a bitter herb. It flowers from quite early in the Spring until the Autumn.

LinkHairy bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta) grown as weed in gardens of Sheraton Hotel in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, January 25, 2016
LinkHairy bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta) grown as weed in wet place in gardens of Sheraton Hotel in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, January 26, 2016
LinkLeaf of Hairy bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta) taken from gardens of Sheraton Hotel in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, January 26, 2016
LinkFlowers of Hairy bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta) taken from gardens of Sheraton Hotel in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, January 26, 2016
LinkPlant of Hairy bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta) taken from gardens of Sheraton Hotel in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, January 26, 2016
LinkRosette of leaves of Hairy bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta) taken from gardens of Sheraton Hotel in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, January 26, 2016
LinkClose up of a leaf of Hairy bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta) taken from gardens of Sheraton Hotel in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, January 26, 2016

7. Eremobium aegyptiacum (Spreng.) Asch.

(Cithareloma gedrosiacum, Eremobium diffusum, Eremobium lineare, Eremobium longisiliquum, Eremobium nefudicum, Eremobium pyramidum, Hesperis diffusa, Malcolmia aegyptiaca, Malcolmia nefudica, Malcolmia pyramidum, Matthiola linearis)

Common names: Eremobium aegyptium, sleisla

LinkWhite flowers of Eremobium aegyptiacum (to the left) on sand in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh in south-western Qatar, February 7, 2014
LinkEremobium aegyptiacum in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkTiny plant of Eremobium aegyptiacum with a flower in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkEremobium aegyptiacum with flowers and fruits in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkBlooming Eremobium aegyptiacum in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkPlants of Eremobium aegyptiacum in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkEremobium aegyptiacum with opened seed pods in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkWhite and blue flowers of Eremobium aegyptiacum in sand near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkBlooming Eremobium aegyptiacum in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, February 26, 2016

8. Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav.

(Brassica eruca, Brassica hispida, Brassica vesicaria, Eruca aurea, Eruca eruca, Eruca foetida, Eruca glabrescens, Eruca grandiflora, Eruca oleracea, Eruca orthosepala, Eruca permixta, Eruca sylvestris, Euzomum vesicarium, Raphanus eruca, Raphanus vesicarius, Velleruca longistyla)

Common names: Eruca sativa, jargeer, Lucerne, Rocket

Extract from Wikipedia article: Eruca vesicaria (syn. Brassica vesicaria L.) is a species of Eruca native to the western Mediterranean region, in Morocco, Algeria, Spain and Portugal. It is closely related to Eruca sativa; that species is included in E. vesicaria by some botanists either as a subspecies E. vesicaria subsp. sativa or not distinguished at all; E. vesicaria can be distinguished from E. sativa by its persistent sepals.

LinkRocket flower (Eruca vesicaria, Eruca sativa, Brassica eruca, Eruca eruca, local name jargeer) near Harrarah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkEruca vesicaria (rocket, Eruca sativa, Brassica eruca, Eruca eruca, local name jargeer) near Harrarah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkBlooming Eruca vesicaria (rocket, Eruca sativa, Brassica eruca, Eruca eruca, local name jargeer) near Harrarah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkDry fruits (long-beaked siliqua) of Eruca vesicaria or may be some Brassica on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkWhite flowers of Eruca vesicaria (rocket) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkClose up of white flowers of Eruca vesicaria (rocket) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkRosette of leaves of Eruca vesicaria (rocket) in roadside depression near Dukhan Highway. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkClose up of rosette of leaves of Eruca vesicaria (rocket) in roadside depression near Dukhan Highway. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkFlowers of Eruca vesicaria (rocket) in roadside depression near Dukhan Highway. Qatar, February 5, 2016
LinkBlooming plant of Eruca vesicaria (rocket) in roadside depression near Dukhan Highway. Qatar, February 5, 2016
LinkInflorescence of Eruca vesicaria (rocket) in roadside depression near Dukhan Highway. Qatar, February 5, 2016
LinkClose up of flowers of Eruca vesicaria (rocket) in roadside depression near Dukhan Highway. Qatar, February 5, 2016
LinkEruca vesicaria (rocket) on sidewalk of Al Owaina Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 2, 2016

9. Erucaria hispanica (L.) Druce

(Bunias myagroides, Cakile myagroides, Cordylocarpus laevigatus, Erucaria aleppica, Erucaria grandiflora, Erucaria latifolia, Erucaria lineariloba, Erucaria myagroides, Erucaria tenuifolia, Raphanus hispanicus, Sinapis hispanica)

Common names: Pink Mustard, saleeh, kromb al sahra

LinkPink Mustard (Erucaria hispanica, Sinapis hispanica, Erucaria latifolia) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms (Thaghab Al Majda). Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkPink Mustard (Erucaria hispanica, Sinapis hispanica, Erucaria latifolia) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, April 3, 2014
LinkFlowers of Pink Mustard (Erucaria hispanica, Sinapis hispanica, Erucaria latifolia) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, April 3, 2014

10. Farsetia heliophila Bunge ex Coss.

(Farsetia arabica)

LinkFarsetia heliophila with seeds on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, December 19, 2014
LinkSeeds of Farsetia heliophila on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, December 19, 2014
LinkFarsetia heliophila with flowers and fruits on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, December 19, 2014
LinkFarsetia heliophila on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, December 19, 2014
LinkFruit of Farsetia heliophila on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkFarsetia heliophila on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkAsh grey plant of Farsetia heliophila on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. North-eastern Qatar, November 14, 2015
LinkBranch of Farsetia heliophila with flowers in a runnel north from Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkFarsetia heliophila with flowers on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkGrey bushes of Farsetia heliophila on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkPlant of Farsetia heliophila with fruits on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkLarge blooming plant of Farsetia heliophila on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 19, 2016

11. Horwoodia dicksoniae Turrill

Common names: Khozama

LinkSeed of Khozama plant (Horwoodia dicksoniae) near a fence of Al Defai Farm in Lebwairda area north from Al Khor. Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkKhozama flowers (Horwoodia dicksoniae) near a fence of Al Defai Farm in Lebwairda area north from Al Khor. Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkSmall beetle eating Khozama flowers (Horwoodia dicksoniae) near a fence of Al Defai Farm in Lebwairda area north from Al Khor. Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkPurple Khozama flowers (Horwoodia dicksoniae) near a fence of Al Defai Farm in Lebwairda area north from Al Khor. Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkSeeds of Khozama plant (Horwoodia dicksoniae) near a fence of Al Defai Farm in Lebwairda area north from Al Khor. Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkFlowers of Khozama plant (Horwoodia dicksoniae) near a fence of Al Defai Farm in Lebwairda area north from Al Khor. Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkKhozama plant (Horwoodia dicksoniae) near a fence of Al Defai Farm in Lebwairda area north from Al Khor. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkKhozama plant (Horwoodia dicksoniae) on gravel soil near a fence of Al Defai Farm in Lebwairda area north from Al Khor. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkKhozama plant (Horwoodia dicksoniae) on gravel plateau near a fence of Al Defai Farm in Lebwairda area north from Al Khor. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkPurple flowers of Khozama plant (Horwoodia dicksoniae) near a fence of Al Defai Farm in Lebwairda area north from Al Khor. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkKhozama plant (Horwoodia dicksoniae) on white background near a fence of Al Defai Farm in Lebwairda area north from Al Khor. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkKhozama flowers (Horwoodia dicksoniae) against blue sky near a fence of Al Defai Farm in Lebwairda area north from Al Khor. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkFruits of Khozama plant (Horwoodia dicksoniae) taken from a border of Al Defai Farm in Lebwairda area north from Al Khor. Qatar, April 16, 2016
LinkClose up of round fruits of Khozama plant (Horwoodia dicksoniae) taken from a border of Al Defai Farm in Lebwairda area north from Al Khor. Qatar, April 16, 2016
LinkFruits of Khozama plant (Horwoodia dicksoniae) on dark background taken from a border of Al Defai Farm in Lebwairda area north from Al Khor. Qatar, April 16, 2016

12. Lepidium aucheri Boiss.

(Lepidium borsczovii, Nasturtium aucheri)

Common names: Pepper-grass, Aucher pepperwort, Rashad barri

LinkLepidium aucheri in a roadside depression of Abu Samra Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkPepper-grass (Lepidium aucheri) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkShoots of pepper-grass (Lepidium aucheri) near a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 13, 2016
LinkSeedling of pepper-grass (Lepidium aucheri) in silt near a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 13, 2016
LinkBlooming plant of pepper-grass (Lepidium aucheri) in silt near a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 13, 2016
LinkBlooming seedling of pepper-grass (Lepidium aucheri) in caked mud near a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 13, 2016
LinkSeedling of pepper-grass (Lepidium aucheri) in mud near a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 13, 2016
LinkBlooming seedlings of pepper-grass (Lepidium aucheri) in mud near a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 13, 2016
LinkRosette of leaves of pepper-grass (Lepidium aucheri) in mud near a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 13, 2016
LinkYoung plant of pepper-grass (Lepidium aucheri) in mud near a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 13, 2016
LinkSeedlings of pepper-grass (Lepidium aucheri) growing on caked mud near a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 13, 2016
LinkYoung plants of pepper-grass (Lepidium aucheri) growing on caked mud near a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 13, 2016
LinkShoots of pepper-grass (Lepidium aucheri) in a silty depression near a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 27, 2016
LinkPlants of pepper-grass (Lepidium aucheri) on caked mud in a silty depression near a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 27, 2016
LinkYoung plants of pepper-grass (Lepidium aucheri) on caked mud in a silty depression near a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 27, 2016
LinkPlant of pepper-grass (Lepidium aucheri) on mud in a silty depression near a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 27, 2016

13. Lepidium bonariense L.

(Lepidium mendocinum, Nasturtium bonariense, Thlaspi bonariense)

Common names: Argentine peppercress, pepper weed

My notes: It may be a different species of Lepidium.

LinkRosette of green leaves of Argentine peppercress (Lepidium bonariense) near Dukhan Road. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkSeeds of Argentine peppercress (Lepidium bonariense) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkArgentine peppercress (Lepidium bonariense) on roadside depression of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkArgentine peppercress (Lepidium bonariense) in Irkhaya Farms. South-western Qatar, March 29, 2014
LinkArgentine peppercress (Lepidium bonariense)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. South-western Qatar, March 29, 2014
LinkArgentine peppercress (Lepidium bonariense) with seeds on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkSeeds of Argentine peppercress (Lepidium bonariense) on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkSeeds of Argentine peppercress (Lepidium bonariense) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkArgentine peppercress (Lepidium bonariense) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkArgentine peppercress (Lepidium bonariense) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. Qatar, January 16, 2015
LinkFruits of Argentine peppercress (Lepidium bonariense) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. Qatar, January 16, 2015
LinkFlowers and seeds of Argentine peppercress (Lepidium bonariense) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. Qatar, January 16, 2015
LinkSeeds of Argentine peppercress (Lepidium bonariense) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. Qatar, January 16, 2015
LinkFruits of Argentine peppercress (Lepidium bonariense) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkArgentine peppercress (Lepidium bonariense) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkArgentine peppercress (Lepidium bonariense) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, May 1, 2015
LinkArgentine peppercress (Lepidium bonariense) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, June 3, 2016

14. Lepidium didymum L.

(Carara didyma, Coronopus didymus, Senebiera didyma, Senebiera heleniana, Senebiera pinnatifida)

Common names: Swine Cress

My notes: Grows only on lawns in Doha.

LinkSwine cress (Lepidium didymum) on a lawn near Al Bidda Park. Doha, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkShoot of Swine cress (Lepidium didymum) near Al Bidda Park. Doha, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkFruits of Swine cress (Lepidium didymum) near Al Bidda Park. Doha, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkLeaf of Swine cress (Lepidium didymum) taken from gardens of Sheraton Hotel in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, January 26, 2016

15. Lepidium sativum L.

(Cardamon sativum, Lepia sativa, Lepidium hortense, Lepidium spinescens, Nasturtium crispum, Nasturtium sativum, Nasturtium spinescens, Thlaspidium sativum, Thlaspi sativum)

Common names: garden cress, Habba hamra, Rashad

Extract from Wikipedia article: Cress (Lepidium sativum), sometimes referred to as garden cress to distinguish it from similar plants also referred to as cress (from old Germanic cresso which means sharp, spicy), is a rather fast-growing, edible herb. Garden cress is genetically related to watercress and mustard, sharing their peppery, tangy flavor and aroma. In some regions, garden cress is known as mustard and cress, garden pepper cress, pepperwort pepper grass, or poor man's pepper.

LinkGarden cress (Lepidium sativum) on roadside in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014

16. Lobularia maritima (L.) Desv.

(Adyseton halimifolium, Adyseton maritimum, Adyseton orbiculare, Alyssum halimifolium, Alyssum maritimum, Alyssum minimum, Alyssum odoratum, Anodontea halimifolia, Clypeola halimifolia, Clypeola maritima, Crucifera koniga, Draba maritima, Glyce maritima, Koniga maritima, Koniga strigulosa, Lepidium fragrans, Lobularia strigulosa, Octadenia maritima, Ptilotrichum strigulosum)

Common names: sweet alyssum, sweet alison

Extract from Wikipedia article: Lobularia maritima syn. Alyssum maritimum, common name sweet alyssum or sweet alison, also commonly referred to as just alyssum (from the genus Alyssum in which it was formerly classified) is a species of low-growing flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae.

LinkAlyssum (Lobularia maritima) flowers in Dahl Al Hamam Park at Al Markhiya Street. Doha, Qatar, March 21, 2016
LinkAlyssum (Lobularia maritima) planted in Dahl Al Hamam Park at Al Markhiya Street. Doha, Qatar, March 21, 2016

17. Raphanus sativus L.

(Raphanistrum gayanum, Raphanus acanthiformis, Raphanus candidus, Raphanus gayanus, Raphanus taquetii)

Common names: fodder radish, ruweid, fijil

Extract from Wikipedia article: The radish (Raphanus sativus) is an edible root vegetable of the Brassicaceae family that was domesticated in Europe in pre-Roman times. Radishes are grown and consumed throughout the world. They have numerous varieties, varying in size, color and duration of required cultivation time. Some radishes are grown for their seeds: oilseed radishes, for instance, may be grown for oil production. Radish can sprout from seed to small plant in as little as 3 days.

LinkPurple flower of fodder radish (Raphanus sativus)(?) near Harrarah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkFlower of radish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. South-western Qatar, March 29, 2014
LinkRadish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. South-western Qatar, March 29, 2014
LinkRadish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkBrown butterflies on flowers of radish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkClouded Yellow butterfly (Colias croceus) on flowers of radish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkClouded Yellow butterfly (Colias croceus) sitting on flowers of radish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkBee like fly on flowers of radish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkBack lit Clouded Yellow butterfly (Colias croceus) on flowers of radish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkClouded Yellow butterfly (Colias croceus) on a flower of radish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkFodder radish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) on Ammouriya Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 29, 2015
LinkFlowers of fodder radish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) on Ammouriya Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 29, 2015
LinkPlant of fodder radish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) on Ammouriya Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 29, 2015
LinkRadish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkFlowers of radish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkFodder radish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) on Al Furqan Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016
LinkInflorescence of fodder radish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) with aphids on Al Furqan Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016
LinkFlowers of fodder radish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) on Al Furqan Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016
LinkBlooming fodder radish (Raphanus sativus, local names ruweid, fijil) on Al Furqan Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016
LinkPink flowers of fodder radish (Raphanus sativus) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkPink variety of flowers of fodder radish (Raphanus sativus) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkWild radish (Raphanus sativus) with pink flowers on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkWild radish (Raphanus sativus) blooming in pink flowers on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkFodder radish (Raphanus sativus) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, June 3, 2016

18. Savignya parviflora parviflora (Delile) Webb

(Farsetia parviflora, Lunaria parviflora, Savignya aegyptiaca)

Common names: jaljalan, kanad al barr, gulgulan, girgees, Small Whorled Cheeseweed

LinkTiny flower of lunaria (Savignya parviflora, local name Gilgilan) in desert on hills of Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 5, 2010
LinkTiny flower of lunaria (Savignya parviflora, local name Gilgilan) in Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 2, 2012
LinkTiny flower of lunaria (Savignya parviflora, local name Gilgilan) in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh in south-western Qatar, February 7, 2014
LinkMalformed shoot of Savignya parviflora(?) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkSeeds of Savignya parviflora taken from area of Ras Laffan. Doha, Qatar, March 8, 2014
LinkFruits of lunaria (Savignya parviflora, local name Gilgilan) taken from desert on the border of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkLunaria (Savignya parviflora, local name Gilgilan) with seeds in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkLunaria (Savignya parviflora, local name Gilgilan) with fruits in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkSeedling of lunaria (Savignya parviflora, local name Gilgilan) on a plane of Rawdat Jarra north-east from Dukhan. Qatar, February 5, 2016
LinkLunaria (Savignya parviflora, local name Gilgilan) in a runnel north from Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkLunaria (Savignya parviflora, local name Gilgilan) with fruits in a runnel north from Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkLunaria (Savignya parviflora, local name Gilgilan) on sand in a runnel north from Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkMalformed plant of Savignya parviflora in a runnel north from Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkMalformed plant of Savignya parviflora with galls(?) in a runnel north from Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkLunaria (Savignya parviflora, local name Gilgilan) with fruits in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkDry plant of lunaria (Savignya parviflora) near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, May 27, 2016

19. Sinapis arvensis L.

(Brassica arvensis)

Common names: charlock mustard, field mustard, khardal

Extract from Wikipedia article: Sinapis arvensis is an annual or winter annual plant of the genus Sinapis in the family Brassicaceae. It is commonly known as field mustard, wild mustard or charlock. Pieris rapae, the small white butterfly, and Pieris napi, the green veined white butterfly are significant consumers of charlock during their larval stages.

LinkYellow flowers of charlock mustard (Sinapis arvensis)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkYellow flowers of charlock mustard (Sinapis arvensis)(?) taken from Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkFlowers of charlock mustard (Sinapis arvensis) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkCharlock mustard (Sinapis arvensis) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkCharlock mustard (Sinapis arvensis) on waste ground near Jabla Bin Atiya Street in Umm Lekhba area. Doha, Qatar, February 22, 2016
LinkFlowers of charlock mustard (Sinapis arvensis) on waste ground near Jabla Bin Atiya Street in Umm Lekhba area. Doha, Qatar, February 22, 2016
LinkYellow flowers of charlock mustard (Sinapis arvensis) on waste ground near Jabla Bin Atiya Street in Umm Lekhba area. Doha, Qatar, February 22, 2016
LinkInflorescence of charlock mustard (Sinapis arvensis) on waste ground near Jabla Bin Atiya Street in Umm Lekhba area. Doha, Qatar, February 22, 2016
LinkBlooming charlock mustard (Sinapis arvensis) on waste ground near Jabla Bin Atiya Street in Umm Lekhba area. Doha, Qatar, February 22, 2016

20. Sisymbrium erysimoides Desf.

(Hesperis erysimodes, Norta erysimoides, Pachypodium erysimoides, Sisymbrium nitidulum, Sisymbrium rigidulum, Sisymbrium vilaenadalis, Velarum erysimoides, Velarum vilaenadalis)

Common names: Mediterranean rocket, smooth mustard, ThuwaT

LinkMediterranean rocket (smooth mustard, Sisymbrium erysimoides) in a silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 6, 2016
LinkMediterranean rocket (smooth mustard, Sisymbrium erysimoides) growing near Ziziphus bushes in a silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 6, 2016
LinkSmall plant of Mediterranean rocket (smooth mustard, Sisymbrium erysimoides) in a silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 6, 2016
LinkMediterranean rocket (smooth mustard, Sisymbrium erysimoides) near a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, February 13, 2016

21. Sisymbrium irio L.

(Arabis charbonnelii, Descurainia irio, Erysimum irio, Norta irio, Sisymbrium irioides, Sisymbrium maximum, Sisymbrium multisiliquosum, Sisymbrium pinnatifidum)

Common names: London rocket

Extract from Wikipedia article: London rocket, Sisymbrium irio, is a herbal plant in the family Brassicaceae. It is an annual herb exceeding three feet in height with open, slender stem branches. The flowers are small with four pale yellow petals. The basal leaves are broad and often lobed, while the upper leaves are linear in shape and up to four inches long. The fruit is a long narrow cylindrical silique which stays green when ripe. The younger pods overtop the flowers. When dried the fruit has small red oblong seeds.

LinkLondon rocket (Sisymbrium irio) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. South-western Qatar, March 29, 2014
LinkLondon rocket (Sisymbrium irio) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015

22. Zilla spinosa spinosa (L.) Prantl

(Bunias spinosa, Zilla microcarpa, Zilla myagroides)

Common names: shabram, shaga, silla

LinkBlooming bush of Zilla spinosa (Bunias spinosa, local name shabram) on a roadside of Abu Samra Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkFlowers of Zilla spinosa (Bunias spinosa, local name shabram) on a roadside of Abu Samra Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDense flowers of Zilla spinosa (Bunias spinosa, local name shabram) on a roadside of Abu Samra Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkClose up of flowers of Zilla spinosa (Bunias spinosa, local name shabram) on a roadside of Abu Samra Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkLarge bush of Zilla spinosa (Bunias spinosa, local name shabram) on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkFruits of Zilla spinosa carpeting the ground on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkDry seeds of Zilla spinosa on the ground on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkBush of Zilla spinosa (Bunias spinosa, local name shabram) on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana. Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkFlowers of Zilla spinosa (Bunias spinosa, local name shabram) on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana. Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkFlower of Zilla spinosa (Bunias spinosa, local name shabram) on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana. Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkBlooming Zilla spinosa (Bunias spinosa, local name shabram) on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana. Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkZilla spinosa (local name shabram) in Al Harrarah. Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkZilla spinosa (local name shabram) in a green depression in Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, April 23, 2016
LinkZilla spinosa (local name shabram) near Ziziphus bushes in a green depression in Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, April 23, 2016
LinkBush of Zilla spinosa (local name shabram) in a green depression in Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, April 23, 2016
LinkZilla spinosa (local name shabram) with green fruits in a green depression in Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, April 23, 2016

List of plant families

Links

Outside links

How the web page was created

Acknowledgements

QNHG (Qatar Natural History Group) and associated people, for a possibility to participate in their field excursions and to learn about local nature.