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Zygophyllaceae

Zygophyllaceae R. Br. - Caltrop Family

1. Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile

(Agialid abyssinica, Agialid aegyptiaca, Agialid arabica, Agialid barteri, Agialid chevalieri, Agialid cuneifolia, Agialid glomerata, Agialid latifolia, Agialid membranacea, Agialid nigra, Agialid palestinaca, Agialid schimperi, Agialid senegalensis, Agialid tombouctensis, Balanites aegyptiacus, Balanites arabica, Balanites fischeri, Balanites latifolia, Balanites suckertii, Canthium zizyphoides, Ximenia aegyptiaca)

Common names: desert date, soap berry tree, Thron tree, Egyptian myrobalan, Zachum oil tree, lalob, hidjihi, inteishit, heglig, hijlij

Extract from Wikipedia article: Balanites aegyptiaca is a species of tree, classified either as a member of the Zygophyllaceae or the Balanitaceae. This tree is native to much of Africa and parts of the Middle East.

LinkDesert date (Balanites aegyptiaca) on roadside of Salwa Highway near Saliyah military housing south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkDesert date tree (Balanites aegyptiaca) on roadside of Salwa Highway near Saliyah military housing south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkFoliage of desert date (Balanites aegyptiaca) on roadside of Salwa Highway near Saliyah military housing south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkGroup of desert date trees (lalob, Balanites aegyptiaca) on roadside of Salwa Highway near Saliyah military housing south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkDesert date trees (Balanites aegyptiaca) from other side of a fence on roadside of Salwa Highway near Saliyah military housing south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkSmaller tree of desert date (Balanites aegyptiaca) behind a fence on roadside of Salwa Highway near Saliyah military housing south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkFoliage of desert date (Balanites aegyptiaca) behind a fence on roadside of Salwa Highway near Saliyah military housing south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkGreen branches of desert date (Balanites aegyptiaca) behind a fence on roadside of Salwa Highway near Saliyah military housing south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkShoot of desert date (Balanites aegyptiaca) taken from roadside of Salwa Highway near Saliyah military housing south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 25, 2016

2. Fagonia bruguieri DC.

(Fagonia echinella, Fagonia olivieri)

Common names: dereima, showeika, shaki, shoka, Dhuraymah

LinkA flower and fruits of DHuraymah desert plant (Fagonia bruguieri) found near Dar Al Salam Compound in Abu Hamour. Doha, Qatar, April 13, 2013
LinkDHuraymah desert plant (Fagonia bruguieri) found near Dar Al Salam Compound in Abu Hamour. Doha, Qatar, April 13, 2013
LinkDHuraymah desert plant (Fagonia bruguieri) found near near Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, May 10, 2013
LinkFagonia bruguieri (Fagonia echinella, local names dereima, showeika, shaki, shoka, Dhuraymah) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkFagonia bruguieri (Fagonia echinella, local names dereima, showeika, shaki, shoka, Dhuraymah) near Harrarah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkFagonia bruguieri near State Mosque. Doha, Qatar, March 19, 2014
LinkLarge bush of Fagonia bruguieri near State Mosque. Doha, Qatar, March 19, 2014
LinkFagonia bruguieri (Fagonia echinella, local names dereima, showeika, shaki, shoka, Dhuraymah) near Al Muhandiseen Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 7, 2014
LinkFagonia bruguieri(?) growing on a sidewalk of Meshrif Street near West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 23, 2014
LinkLarge bush of Fagonia bruguieri in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 10, 2015

3. Fagonia glutinosa Del.

Common names: dereima, showeika, shaki, shoka

LinkDesert plant Fagonia glutinosa (local names dereima, showeika, shaki, shoka) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkProstrate desert plant Fagonia glutinosa (local names dereima, showeika, shaki, shoka) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkFlower of a desert plant Fagonia glutinosa (local names dereima, showeika, shaki, shoka) near a road to Sawda Natheel in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkLeaves of a desert plant Fagonia glutinosa (local names dereima, showeika, shaki, shoka) near a road to Sawda Natheel in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014

4. Fagonia indica Burm. f.

(Fagonia aucheri, Fagonia mysorensis, Fagonia parviflora, Fagonia persica)

Common names: dereima, showeika, shaki, shoka, handagog

LinkPurple flower of Fagonia indica or ovalifolia(?) (local name Dhreima or DHuraymah, shwaikah) in a desert. Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 5, 2010
LinkFagonia indica (local names dereima, showeika, shaki, shoka) in sand near Trainah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkSeedling of Fagonia indica growing in silt in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkFagonia indica(?) near a beach in Marouna. Northern Qatar, December 19, 2014
LinkFagonia indica with insect galls or swellings on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkFagonia indica with a flower, a fruit and insect galls on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkBlooming Fagonia indica in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkFagonia indica with flowers in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkInsect galls on Fagonia indica taken from Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, October 23, 2015
LinkInsect galls (malformed growth) on Fagonia indica taken from Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, October 23, 2015
LinkFagonia indica(?) in a large roadside depression near Route 77 to Ras Laffan. Qatar, February 6, 2016

5. Fagonia ovalifolia

Common names: dereima, showeika, shaki, shoka

LinkSeedling of Fagonia ovalifolia(?) on sand in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh in south-western Qatar, February 7, 2014
LinkFagonia ovalifolia(?) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkPlant of Fagonia ovalifolia(?) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkBlooming plant of Fagonia ovalifolia(?) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016

6. Fagonia tenuifolia Steud. & Hochst. ex Boiss.

(Fagonia bischarorum, Fagonia flamandi)

LinkFagonia tenuifolia on roadside of a road to Zubara in Al Magdah farms area, in north-western Qatar, February 22, 2014
LinkFagonia tenuifolia with flowers on roadside of a road to Zubara in Al Magdah farms area, in north-western Qatar, February 22, 2014
LinkStriped Hawkmoth caterpillar (Hyles livornica) feeding on Fagonia tenuifolia(?) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkClose up of Striped Hawkmoth caterpillar (Hyles livornica) feeding on Fagonia tenuifolia(?) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014

7. Seetzenia lanata (Willd.) Bull.

(Seetzenia africana, Seetzenia orientalis, Seetzenia prostrata, Zygophyllum lanatum, Zygophyllum prostratum)

Common names: Habyan

LinkDesert plant Seetzenia lanata (Zygophyllum lanatum, local name Habyan) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant Seetzenia lanata (Zygophyllum lanatum, local name Habyan) in sand near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkSeetzenia lanata (Zygophyllum lanatum, Seetzenia africana, Seetzenia orientalis, local name Habyan) in sand near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkDesert plant Seetzenia lanata (Zygophyllum lanatum, Seetzenia africana, Seetzenia orientalis, local name Habyan) in sand near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkDesert plant Seetzenia lanata (Zygophyllum lanatum, local name Habyan) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkCentral hub of a desert plant Seetzenia lanata (Zygophyllum lanatum, local name Habyan) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkCreeping desert plant Seetzenia lanata (Zygophyllum lanatum, local name Habyan) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkDesert plant Seetzenia lanata (Zygophyllum lanatum, local name Habyan) with flowers near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkSeetzenia lanata (local name Habyan) at entrance of Ras Abrouq Peninsula near Zekreet. Qatar, November 14, 2014

8. Tetraena qatarensis (Hadidi) Beier & Thulin

(Zygophyllum hamiense, Zygophyllum qatarense)

Common names: Bean caper, harm Qatari

LinkSucculent leaves of salt tolerant plant Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) in desert on hills of Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 5, 2010
LinkSeedling of Zygophyllum qatarense germinated after recent rains. Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 5, 2010
LinkSeedling of a desert plant Zygophyllum qatarense. Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 5, 2010
LinkBlooming Zygophyllum qatarense in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 4, 2011
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) plant east from Arch (Rainbow) Roundabout. Doha, Qatar, April 9, 2011
LinkClose up of Zygophyllum qatarense plant east from Arch (Rainbow) Roundabout. Doha, Qatar, April 9, 2011
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) plant east from Arch (Rainbow) Roundabout. Doha, Qatar, April 16, 2011
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) plant with fruits east from Arch (Rainbow) Roundabout. Doha, Qatar, April 16, 2011
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) plant in sand east from Arch (Rainbow) Roundabout. Doha, Qatar, April 16, 2011
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) plant with small flowers east from Arch (Rainbow) Roundabout. Doha, Qatar, April 16, 2011
LinkDesert plant Zygophyllum qatarense near Harrarah, west from Mesayeed, south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 19, 2013
LinkClose up of desert plant Zygophyllum qatarense near Harrarah, west from Mesayeed, south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 19, 2013
LinkDesert plant Zygophyllum qatarense in sand near Harrarah, west from Mesayeed, south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 19, 2013
LinkFlower buds of desert plant Zygophyllum qatarense near Harrarah, west from Mesayeed, south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 19, 2013
LinkHalophyte plant Zygophyllum qatarense in desert near industrial zone of Ras Laffan, north from Doha. Qatar, March 23, 2013
LinkSeedling of Zygophyllum qatarense plant in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh in south-western Qatar, February 7, 2014
LinkSucculent twig of Zygophyllum qatarense plant in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh in south-western Qatar, February 7, 2014
LinkGreen seedling of desert plant Zygophyllum qatarense in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh in south-western Qatar, February 7, 2014
LinkCompact seedling of desert plant Zygophyllum qatarense among sand in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh in south-western Qatar, February 7, 2014
LinkSeedling of Zygophyllum qatarense (Tetraena qatarense) on sand in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh in south-western Qatar, February 7, 2014
LinkSeedling of a desert plant Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkPurple seedling of a desert plant Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) in sand near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkPurple seedling of a desert plant Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) covered by sand near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkSeedling of a desert plant Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) in sand on a roadside in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkSeedling of a desert plant Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on a roadside of Abu Samra Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkRed-purple tinged seedling of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) in sand near Harrarah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkSeedling of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) in sand near Harrarah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) in sand near Harrarah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, February 15, 2014
LinkSeedling of desert plant Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) in sand near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkPurple tinged seedling of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) in sand near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) covered by sand near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) in sand near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkSeedling of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) covered by sand near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkSeedling of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) in sand near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) near Dukhan Road. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkDesert Hyacinth (Cistanche tubulosa, dhanoon, Tartuth) with a host plant Zygophyllum qatarense at entrance of Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkSeedling of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) in a runnel north from Dukhan in western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkGreen seedling of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) in sands south from Sealine Beach Resort. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant plant Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant plant Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay at sunrise. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant plant Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) with fruits in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) taken from empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay at sunrise. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 28, 2014
LinkSeeds of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) taken from salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 17, 2014
LinkBrown seeds of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) taken from salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 17, 2014
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) with seeds on salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 23, 2014
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) with brown seeds on salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 23, 2014
LinkRipening seeds of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 23, 2014
LinkYellowish Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 23, 2014
LinkBrownish Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) with seeds on salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 23, 2014
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) with seeds growing on a sidewalk of Meshrif Street near West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 23, 2014
LinkBrown seeds of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 23, 2014
LinkBrown seeds of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) carpeting ground on salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 23, 2014
LinkLarge bush of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, September 5, 2014
LinkMagenta tinged seedling of a desert plant Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, October 3, 2014
LinkBlooming Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkBrown leaves of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkParasitic plant Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) with a host plant Zygophyllum qatarense on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkParasitic plants of Desert Thumb (Cynomorium coccineum, local name tartouth) emerging near a host plant Zygophyllum qatarense on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkSlender twig of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) plant taken from a beach near Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkSkeleton of a dry plant of Zygophyllum qatarense(?) in Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, March 27, 2015
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) plant submerged by sand in Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, March 27, 2015
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on a slope of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, April 17, 2015
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) plant near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkClose up of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) plant near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkDry plant skeleton of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense)(?) in area of Nakhsh Mountain near Salwa Road in southern Qatar, May 8, 2015
LinkAlmost dry plant of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on a rocky ridge in Jabal Al Jassasiya rock carving site, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, May 9, 2015
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) in sand on roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Southern Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkMalformed plant of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkMalformed plant of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) damaged by mites on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkPlants of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on sand in Mazhabya Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkAlmost dry plant of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on sand in Mazhabya Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkBright green plant of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkMalformed plant of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) taken from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkClose up of a malformed plant of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) damaged by gall gnats(?) taken from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkPlants of Zygophyllum qatarense in wind blown sand on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, September 11, 2015
LinkPlant of Zygophyllum qatarense with spherical variation of leaves on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, September 11, 2015
LinkBranch of a desert plant Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) taken from a spring of Qulmat Al Maszhabiya in Al Mashabiya Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, October 23, 2015
LinkSeedling of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on roadside between Mesayeed and Harrarah. Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkSeeds of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) in sand near Qulmat Al Maszhabiya in Al Mashabiya Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, October 31, 2015
LinkSeedling of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) with dark purple stem in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkHighly succulent form of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 28, 2015
LinkReddish leaves of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) on roadside of Dukhan Highway near Al Shakhaniya. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkPlants of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) in flat area east from Dukhan. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkBlooming Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense, local name harm) in area of Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkCompact plant of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on a tomb of Al Khor Cemetery in mist. North from Al Khor, Qatar, February 6, 2016
LinkDay-flying moth Crimson-speckled Flunkey (Utetheisa pulchella) on Zygophyllum qatarense on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkReddish plant of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkSucculent form of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkLarge bush of Tetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkTetraena qatarense (Zygophyllum qatarense) plant on a rocky ridge in Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, March 26, 2016

9. Tetraena simplex (L.) Beier & Thulin

(Fabago portulacifolius, Zygophyllum dregeanum, Zygophyllum microcarpum, Zygophyllum microphyllum, Zygophyllum obtusum, Zygophyllum portulacoides, Zygophyllum simplex)

Common names: hureim, Simple-leaved bean caper

LinkBlooming Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, harm, hureim) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, February 19, 2010
LinkSucculent plant Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, harm, hureim) in desert. Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 5, 2010
LinkBlooming Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, local name Daa, harm, hureim) in desert. Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha, Qatar, March 12, 2010
LinkZygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, local name Daa, harm, hureim) in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh in south-western Qatar, February 7, 2014
LinkDesert plant of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, local names Daa, harm, hureim) near Sawda Natheel Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, local names Daa, harm, hureim) near a road to Sawda Natheel in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkBlooming desert plant Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, local names Daa, harm, hureim) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkYellow flower of a desert plant Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, local names Daa, harm, hureim) in a roadside depression of Abu Samra Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, local names Daa, harm, hureim) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkBlooming Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, local names Daa, harm, hureim) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkLarge plants of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, harm, hureim) on roadside of a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkLarge plants of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, harm, hureim) on roadside of a road from Dukhan to Al Jumayliyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkZygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, local names Daa, harm, hureim) near a road north from Ash Shahaniyah. Western Qatar, March 1, 2014
LinkZygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, harm, hureim) forming a sand mound on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkFruits of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, harm, hureim) on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkLarge plant of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, local name Daa, harm, hureim) near Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 6, 2014
LinkBush of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, local name Daa, harm, hureim) near Al Markhiya Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 7, 2014
LinkLarge plant of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, local name Daa, harm, hureim) near Al Markhiya Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 7, 2014
LinkZygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, local name Daa, harm, hureim) with ripening fruits near Al Markhiya Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 7, 2014
LinkPillow like plant of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, harm, hureim) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkSeedling of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex)(?) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkYoung plant of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkFruits of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex) taken from the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, May 30, 2015
LinkZygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex) with fruits taken from the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, May 30, 2015
LinkSeedling of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex) in a silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2015
LinkSeedling of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex) with flowers in a silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2015
LinkSeedling of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex) on mud in a silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2015
LinkBlooming seedling of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, local names Daa, harm, hureim) on roadside between Mesayeed and Harrarah. Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkSeedling of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, local name Daa, harm, hureim) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkZygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex) on white background in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkZygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex) plant shaped as rhombus near Dukhan Road. Shahaniya, Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkZygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex) grown on a mat of Corchorus depressus near Dukhan Road. Shahaniya, Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkCushions of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex) in roadside depression near a road from Al Shahaniya to Al Samriya north-east from camel race track. Lekhraib, Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkMat of Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, local name Daa, harm, hureim) in roadside depression of Dukhan Highway. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkRectangular shape of simple-leaved bean caper Zygophyllum simplex (Tetraena simplex, local names Daa, harm, hureim) on roadside in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016

10. Tribulus macropterus Boiss.

(Tribulus longipetalus, Tribulus pentandrus)

Common names: Shershir, Tribulus arabicus

LinkYellow flower of Tribulus macropterus on roadside of Dukhan Highway. Ash-Shahaniyah, Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkTribulus macropterus on roadside of Dukhan Highway. Ash-Shahaniyah, Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkShoot of Tribulus macropterus with a flower and fruits taken from a roadside of Dukhan Highway in Ash-Shahaniyah. Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkFruit of Tribulus macropterus taken from a roadside of Dukhan Highway in Ash-Shahaniyah. Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkTribulus macropterus with fruits taken from a roadside of Dukhan Highway in Ash-Shahaniyah. Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkClose up of Tribulus macropterus with fruits taken from a roadside of Dukhan Highway in Ash-Shahaniyah. Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkFruits of Tribulus macropterus detached from the plant taken from a roadside of Dukhan Highway in Ash-Shahaniyah. Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkFruits of Tribulus macropterus(?) taken from a roadside of roadside of Salwa Road near Abu Nakhlah. Qatar, December 11, 2015
LinkSeedling of Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkYoung plant of Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkSeedling of Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus emerging from sand in dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkSeedling of Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus in sand near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkFlower of Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus in sand near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkLarge yellow flower of Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus in sand near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkBlooming Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus in sand near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, January 22, 2016
LinkTribulus macropterus var. arabicus on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkBlooming Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkTribulus macropterus var. arabicus with a large flower on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkTribulus macropterus var. arabicus with a yellow flower on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkLarge yellow flower of Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkYellow flower of Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus on sand near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkTribulus macropterus var. arabicus in bloom on sand near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, February 26, 2016
LinkTribulus macropterus var. arabicus on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkFruits of Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus growing on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkBlooming Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkTribulus macropterus var. arabicus with flowers on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkTribulus macropterus var. arabicus with yellow flowers on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkBlooming branch of Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkTribulus macropterus var. arabicus on sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkBlooming plant of Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus on sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkTribulus macropterus var. arabicus on windblown sand at the foot of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBlooming plant of Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus on windblown sand at the foot of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBranch of Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus on sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBlooming plant of Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus on windblown sand at the foot of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBlooming plant of Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBlooming plant of Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus on sand dunes in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016

11. Tribulus pentandrus Forssk.

(Tribulus alatus, Tribulus longipetalus)

LinkTribulus pentandrus near Abu Nahlah Road, south from Doha. Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkTribulus pentandrus with a flower taken from Abu Nahlah Road, south from Doha. Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkTribulus pentandrus with fruits taken from Abu Nahlah Road, south from Doha. Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkBack lit flower of Tribulus pentandrus(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkFruit of Tribulus pentandrus(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkBlooming Tribulus pentandrus(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkMat of Tribulus pentandrus(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, August 21, 2015

12. Tribulus terrestris L.

(Tribulus acanthococcus, Tribulus albus, Tribulus bicornutus, Tribulus bimucronatus, Tribulus gussonii, Tribulus humifusus, Tribulus kotschyanus, Tribulus micans, Tribulus murex, Tribulus muricatus, Tribulus nogalensis)

Common names: hasak, gatha, Puncturevine, Caltrop, Tribulus lanuginosus

Extract from Wikipedia article: Tribulus terrestris is an annual plant in the Caltrop Family (Zygophyllaceae) widely distributed around the world, that is adapted to grow in dry climate locations in which few other plants can survive.

LinkPuncturevine (Caltrop, Tribulus terrestris, Tribulus lanuginosus, local name hasak) in sand on roadside in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkFlower of puncturevine (Caltrop, Tribulus terrestris, Tribulus lanuginosus, local name hasak) in sand near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkFlower of puncturevine (Caltrop, Tribulus terrestris, Tribulus lanuginosus, local name hasak) on a roadside in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkYellow flowers of puncturevine (Caltrop, Tribulus terrestris, Tribulus lanuginosus, local name hasak) on a roadside in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkBlooming puncturevine (Caltrop, Tribulus terrestris, Tribulus lanuginosus, local name hasak) on a roadside in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkPuncturevine (caltrop, Tribulus terrestris) on a sidewalk of Al Diwan Street. Doha, Qatar, March 28, 2014
LinkPuncturevine (Caltrop, Tribulus terrestris) on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkPuncturevine (Caltrop, Tribulus terrestris, local name hasak) taken from Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkPuncturevine (Caltrop, Tribulus terrestris) in a silty depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2015

List of plant families

Links

Outside links

How the web page was created

Acknowledgements

QNHG (Qatar Natural History Group) and associated people, for a possibility to participate in their field excursions and to learn about local nature.