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Melongena esculenta, Melongena ovata, Solanum aethiopicum, Solanum album, Solanum edule, Solanum esculentum, Solanum insanum, Solanum longum, Solanum melanocarpum, Solanum melongenum, Solanum oviferum, Solanum ovigerum, Solanum trongum, Solanum zeylanicum
Aubergine, brinjal, eggplant
Solanum melongena is a species of nightshade grown for its edible fruit. It has several common names; in American, Canadian and Australian English it is called eggplant, in British English aubergine. It is known in South Asia, Southeast Asia and South Africa as brinjal. Other common names are melongene, garden egg, or guinea squash. The fruit is widely used in cooking, most notably as an important ingredient in dishes such as moussaka and ratatouille. As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to both the tomato and the potato. It was originally domesticated from the wild nightshade species, the thorn or bitter apple, S. incanum, probably with two independent domestications, one in the region of South Asia, and one in East Asia.
QNHG (Qatar Natural History Group) and associated people, for a possibility to participate in their field excursions and to learn about local nature.