Home Page > Picture Archives >  Flora of Qatar > Family: Aizoaceae

Aizoaceae

Aizoaceae Martinov - Fig-marigold Family

1. Aizoanthemum hispanicum (L.) Hartmann

(Aizoon hispanicum, Aizoon sessiliflorum)

Common names: jafna, thummam

LinkForking stems of Aizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) near a road to Zubara in north-western Qatar, February 22, 2014
LinkAizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) near a road to Zubara in north-western Qatar, February 22, 2014
LinkCaterpillar feeding on Aizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) near Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkFlower of Aizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) near Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkFlower of Aizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) with approaching caterpillar near Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkCaterpillar munching Aizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) near Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkAizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) with fruits in silty depression near Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkAizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) among Spergula near Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkAizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) with flower and seeds near Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkAizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkAizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) on a roadside east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, January 23, 2016
LinkFlower of Aizoon hispanicum (Aizoanthemum hispanicum, local name jafna) on a roadside east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, January 23, 2016

2. Aizoon canariense L.

(Aizoon procumbens, Aizoon spathulatum, Glinus chrystallinus, Glinus procumbens, Veslingia caulifloris, Veslingia heisteri)

Common names: jafna, hadaq, purslane-leaved aizoon

My notes: Was almost absent in spring and summer of 2015, probably because of dry weather.

LinkBrown pentagonal stellate prostrate, depressed centrally fruits of a desert plant Aizoon canariense (local name Jafna). Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha, Qatar, March 12, 2010
LinkStar shaped prostrate yellow flowers of a desert plant Aizoon canariense (local name Jafna). Harrarah, 40 miles south-west from Doha, Qatar, March 12, 2010
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on a hill north-west from oil tank farm in Haloul Island (Jazirat Halul). Qatar, April 19, 2013
LinkShoot of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on a hill north-west from oil tank installation in Haloul Island (Jazirat Halul). Qatar, April 19, 2013
LinkShoot of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) with flowers and ovaries on a hill north-west from oil tank installation in Haloul Island (Jazirat Halul). Qatar, April 19, 2013
LinkEmerging seeds of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on a hill north-west from oil tank installation in Haloul Island (Jazirat Halul). Qatar, April 19, 2013
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) near Sawda Natheel Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkStarfish shaped desert plant of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) near Sawda Natheel Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) with fruits near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in sand near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkMat-forming prostrate desert plant Aizoon canariense near a road to Sawda Natheel in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkSeedling of a desert plant Aizoon canariense near a road to Sawda Natheel in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkYellow desert plant Aizoon canariense near a road to Sawda Natheel in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkYellow desert plant Aizoon canariense with fruits near a road to Sawda Natheel in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant Aizoon canariense (local name jafna) near a road to Saudi Arabia in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkShoot of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in a roadside depression of Abu Samra Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in a roadside depression of Abu Samra Road in southern Qatar, February 11, 2014
LinkDesert plant purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) at entrance of Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkDesert plant purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) growing on rocks near a road to Zubara in Al Magdah farms area, in north-western Qatar, February 22, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) growing in silt in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkClose up of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) near Zekreet in western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) near a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms in northern Qatar, May 2, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on Al Muhandiseen Street near West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 6, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on sidewalk of Al Muhandiseen Street near West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 6, 2014
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) plant grown on sidewalk of Al Muhandiseen Street near West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 6, 2014
LinkDry last year fruits of Purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) taken from a roadside of a road to Zubara. Qatar, February 6, 2015
LinkFresh leaves of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) taken from extension of Al Kharais Street behind gas station on Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2015
LinkLeaves of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) taken from extension of Al Kharais Street behind gas station on Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2015
LinkPurslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkStarfish shaped plant of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on roadside of Dukhan Highway. Ash-Shahaniyah, Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkLarge mats of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in roadside depression near Dukhan Highway. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkDense mat of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in roadside depression near Dukhan Highway near Ash-Shahaniyah. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkSeedling of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkBlooming purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in area of Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkBlooming seedling of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in area of Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkSeedlings of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in area of Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkYoung plant of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) with a flower in area of Jabal Al Jassasiya, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkStar shaped plant of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) in a large roadside depression near Route 77 to Ras Laffan. Qatar, February 6, 2016
LinkDry plant of purslane-leaved aizoon (Aizoon canariense) on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, March 26, 2016

3. Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum Hook. f.

(Aizoon theurkauffii, Hydrodea bossiana, Hydrodea hampdenii, Hydrodea sarcocalycantha, Mesembryanthemum dactylinum, Mesembryanthemum forsskalii, Mesembryanthemum gaussenii, Mesembryanthemum sarcocalycanthum, Mesembryanthemum theurkauffii, Opophyton forsskalii, Opophytum cryptanthum, Opophytum dactylinum, Opophytum gaussenii, Opophytum theurkauffii)

Common names: Forskal fig marigold, ghasoul, samah

LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum, (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) covered by sand in area of Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum, (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) in sand on a roadside near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum, (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) on a roadside near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum, (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) in sandy roadside near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum, (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum, (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) on rocks on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum and nodiflorum on rocks on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum, (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkMesembryanthemum cryptanthum growing among Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkClose up of Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkSeedling of Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) in windblown sand on a roadside of Umm Bab road. South-western Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkSucculent plant of Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum (Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) in windblown sand on a roadside of Umm Bab road. South-western Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkBlooming ice plant (Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum, Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016
LinkSmall ice plant (Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum, Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) with a flower on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016
LinkIce plant (Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum and M. nodiflorum) seedlings on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016
LinkTwo small ice plants (Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum, Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016
LinkSmall ice plant (Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum, Mesembryanthemum forskahlii, Mesembryanthemum forsskaolii, Opophytum forsskaolii, local name ghasoul) in bloom on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016
LinkIce plants (Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum and M. nodiflorum) growing together on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016
LinkIce plant (Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum and M. nodiflorum) with flower buds on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016
LinkSeedlings of ice plant (Mesembryanthemum cryptanthum and M. nodiflorum) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016

4. Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum L.

(Cryophytum cleistum, Cryophytum gibbosum, Cryophytum nodiflorum, Cryophytum rogersii, Gasoul nodiflorum, Mesembryanthemum caducum, Mesembryanthemum copticum, Mesembryanthemum inornatum, Mesembryanthemum paucandrum, Psilocaulon caducum, Stigmatocarpon caducum, Stigmatocarpum copticum)

Common names: Egyptian Fig Marigold, ghasoul, hurr, slenderleaf ice plant

Extract from Wikipedia article: Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum is a species of succulent plant in the ice plant family known by the common name slenderleaf ice plant. It is native to southern Africa, but it is known in many other places as an introduced species and sometimes an invasive weed, including several regions of Australia, parts of the western United States and adjacent Mexico, and some Atlantic islands. This is a usually annual herb forming a mostly prostrate clump or mat of stems up to about 20 centimeters in maximum length. The small stem branches are lined with knob-like cylindrical fleshy leaves up to 2 centimeters long. The herbage is green to bright red and visibly bumpy with shiny, bubble-like papillae. Flowers are solitary or borne in loose clusters. Each is about half a centimeter wide with many narrow to thready white or pale yellow petals. The fruit is a capsule which opens when it becomes wet, releasing seeds.

LinkWhite flower of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum, local name Ghasoul) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 1, 2010
LinkBlooming Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 1, 2010
LinkEgyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum, local name Ghasoul) in dunes of Jazirat Umm Tays, barrier island at northern tip of Qatar, east from Ruwais, March 24, 2012
LinkSmall flower of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum, local name Ghasoul) in sands of Jazirat Umm Tays, barrier island at northern tip of Qatar, east from Ruwais, March 24, 2012
LinkProstrate clump (mat) of stems of slenderleaf iceplant (Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) on a hill north-west from oil tank installation in Haloul Island (Jazirat Halul). Qatar, April 19, 2013
LinkMats of slenderleaf iceplant (Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) among rocks on a hill north-west from oil tank installation in Haloul Island (Jazirat Halul). Qatar, April 19, 2013
LinkReddish mats of slenderleaf iceplant (Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) on a hill north-west from oil tank installation in Haloul Island (Jazirat Halul). Qatar, April 19, 2013
LinkKnob-like cylindrical fleshy leaves of slenderleaf iceplant (Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) on a hill north-west from oil tank installation in Haloul Island (Jazirat Halul). Qatar, April 19, 2013
LinkEgyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkSmall plant of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkBlooming Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkMany-flowered Horseshoe Vetch (Hippocrepis multisiliquosa, local name Qileiqlan) together with Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkBlooming Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) growing in silt in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkYellow plant of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) growing in silt in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkEgyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum(?)) growing in silt in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkTiny plant of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum(?)) growing in silt in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkGreen plant of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum(?)) growing in silt in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkBrown plant of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum(?)) growing in silt in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkBrown blooming plant of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum(?)) growing in silt in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkEgyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) growing on ruins of farms in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkClose up of flowers of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum(?)) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkReddish plant of slenderleaf iceplant (Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) with a flower on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkEgyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) near Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, April 3, 2014
LinkEgyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum, local name Ghasoul) near a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms in northern Qatar, May 2, 2014
LinkSeedlings of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkYoung plant of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkSeedling of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum)(?) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkSeedlings of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, January 30, 2015
LinkSeedling of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum, local name Ghasoul) on a roadside east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, January 23, 2016
LinkSeedling of Egyptian fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, January 29, 2016
LinkColorful seedlings of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) in area of Ras Laffan Farms, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, February 12, 2016
LinkYoung plant of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) grown on limestone on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkSeedling of Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) growing on limestone on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkCarpet of blooming Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) in area of Ras Laffan farms. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016
LinkCarpet of blooming Egyptian Fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) in a roadside depression east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, March 19, 2016
LinkReddish plants of Egyptian fig-marigold (slenderleaf ice plant, Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum, local name Ghasoul) grown on a hill slope after spring rains on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, April 2, 2016

5. Sesuvium verrucosum Raf.

(Sesuvium erectum)

Common names: sea-purslane, Verrucose seapurslane

My notes: Some plants may be S. portulacastrum that is very similar. Grows only as an ornamental plant. Near Olympic Tower in West Bay, it grows on waste ground semi-wild from shoots cut from trimmed plants.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Sesuvium verrucosum is a species of flowering plant in the iceplant family known by the common names western sea-purslane and verrucose sea-purslane. It is native to the Americas, where it can be found in the southwestern quadrant of the United States, Mexico, and parts of South America. It grows in many types of saline and alkaline habitat types on the coast and inland, including salt marshes and other saline wetlands, alkali flats, and drying desert washes. It is a perennial herb producing many branching prostrate stems up to a metre long, forming a mat up to two metres wide. The herbage is verrucose, covered densely in crystalline bumps. The stems are lined with leaves of varying shapes which measure up to 4 cm long. Flowers occur in the leaf axils. They have no petals, but the five, pointed sepals are generally bright pink to reddish or orange in color with a thick, verrucose outer surface. At the centre of the flower is a ring of stamens around the central ovary. The fruit is a capsule about 500 mm long containing many seeds.

LinkBlooming sea purslane (Sesuvium verrucosum) near Al Qassar Tower in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, January 6, 2015
LinkFlower of sea purslane (Sesuvium verrucosum) taken from Al Qassar Tower in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, January 24, 2016

6. Trianthema portulacastrum L.

(Portulacastrum monogynum, Portulaca toston, Tetragonia chisimajensis, Trianthema flexuosum, Trianthema hydaspicum, Trianthema littoralis, Trianthema monogyna, Trianthema obcordata, Trianthema procumbens)

Common names: horse purslane, black pigweed

Extract from Wikipedia article: Trianthema portulacastrum is a species of flowering plant in the ice plant family known by the common names desert horse purslane, black pigweed, and giant pigweed. It is native to areas of several continents, including Africa and North and South America, and present as an introduced species in many other areas. It grows in a wide variety of habitat types and it can easily take hold in disturbed areas and cultivated land as a weed. It is an annual herb forming a prostrate mat or clump with stems up to a meter long. It is green to red in color, hairless except for small lines of hairs near the leaves, and fleshy. The leaves have small round or oval blades up to 4 centimeters long borne on short petioles. Solitary flowers occur in leaf axils. The flower lacks petals but has purple, petallike sepals. The fruit is a curved, cylindrical capsule emerging from the stem. It is up to half a centimeter long and has two erect, pointed wings on top, where the capsule opens.

LinkBlack pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkProstrate plant of black pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkBlack pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) with a flower on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkFlower of black pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkBlooming black pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkBlack pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, August 21, 2015
LinkBlack pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkClose up of leaves of black pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkBlack pigweed (Trianthema portulacastrum) with a flower on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015

7. Zaleya pentandra (L.) C. Jeffrey

(Limeum kenyense, Rocama arabica, Rocama prostrata, Trianthema digyna, Trianthema pentandra)

Common names: Lami, tarba

LinkPlant of Zaleya pentandra in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkBranch of Zaleya pentandra in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkWoody stems of Zaleya pentandra in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkFlowers of Zaleya pentandra in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkClose up of Zaleya pentandra in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkProstrate plant of Zaleya pentandra in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkFruits of Zaleya pentandra taken from a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Al Numan) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, January 8, 2015
LinkBranch of Zaleya pentandra with fruits taken from roadside in Trainah. Southern Qatar, March 27, 2015
LinkClose up of flowers of Zaleya pentandra taken from roadside in Trainah. Southern Qatar, March 27, 2015
LinkBack lit branch of Zaleya pentandra taken from roadside in Trainah. Southern Qatar, March 27, 2015
LinkTrailing shoot of Zaleya pentandra in a silty depression in Al Nuaman (Naim tribe, Nuaimiya) near Zubara. Northern Qatar, March 28, 2015
LinkFlowers of Zaleya pentandra in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkBlooming plant of Zaleya pentandra in roadside depression near a road from Al Shahaniya to Al Samriya north-east from camel race track. Lekhraib, Qatar, December 4, 2015

List of plant families

Links

Outside links

How the web page was created

Acknowledgements

QNHG (Qatar Natural History Group) and associated people, for a possibility to participate in their field excursions and to learn about local nature.