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Amaranthaceae

Amaranthaceae Juss. - Amaranth Family

1. Aerva javanica (Burm. f.) Juss. ex Schult.

(Aerva persica, Aerva tomentosa, Iresine javanica, Iresine persica)

Common names: El Rowa, twaim, kapok bush, desert cotton, towayim, tarfa, tirf, Tuwaim

Extract from Wikipedia article: Aerva javanica (Hindi: बुई), the kapok bush or desert cotton, is a species of plant in the Amaranthaceae family. It has a native distribution incorporating much of Africa (including Madagascar), and the south-west and south of Asia.

LinkFloccise woolly flowers of Aerva javanica (Aerva persica, Iresine javanica, local names towayim, tarfa, tirf, Tuwaim) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkAerva javanica (local names towayim, tarfa, tirf, Tuwaim) on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkAerva javanica with woolly flowers on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkFloccise woolly flowers of Aerva javanica on roadside of Salwa Road, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkAerva javanica (Aerva persica, Iresine javanica, local names towayim, tarfa, tirf, Tuwaim) in a depression on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana (Karana, Al Kiranah), south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkPlant of Aerva javanica in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkLarge plant of Aerva javanica in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkAerva javanica (local names towayim, tarfa, tirf, Tuwaim) in Jaow Al Hamar depression south from Trainah. Southern Qatar, November 6, 2015
LinkAerva javanica (local names towayim, tarfa, tirf, Tuwaim) near a wall of Barzan 2 compound in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, January 27, 2016

2. Agriophyllum minus Fisch. & C.A.Mey.

LinkHabitat of the plant Agriophyllum minus on windblown sand at the foot of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkPlants of Agriophyllum minus on windblown sand at the foot of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkPlant of Agriophyllum minus on sand at the foot of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkPlant of Agriophyllum minus on windblown sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkGroup of plants of Agriophyllum minus on windblown sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBush of Agriophyllum minus at the foot of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkGreen plant of Agriophyllum minus at the foot of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkRare plant of Agriophyllum minus on windblown sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBack lit plant of Agriophyllum minus on windblown sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of a plant of Agriophyllum minus in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of a rare plant of Agriophyllum minus in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of a shoot of Agriophyllum minus in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of a shoot of Agriophyllum minus on white background in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBranch of Agriophyllum minus in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBranching shoots of Agriophyllum minus in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of leaves of Agriophyllum minus in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBase hub of Agriophyllum minus in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkGreen bushes of Agriophyllum minus on sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkRare plant of Agriophyllum minus on sand in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkLower part with larger leaves of a shoot of a plant Agriophyllum minus taken from Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of a shoot of a plant Agriophyllum minus taken from Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016

3. Alternanthera pungens Kunth

(Alternanthera achyrantha, Alternanthera lorentzii, Alternanthera repens)

Common names: Khaki Burr

My notes: Only found in Irkaya, where it often forms dense carpet.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Alternanthera pungens Kunth is a creeping, prostrate perennial pioneer plant of the Amaranthaceae family, spreading by seed and vegetatively, with roots often developing at the nodes of spreading stems. A plant of roadsides, path verges and waste places (ruderal), it is thought to have come from Central and South America, and to have become widely established in Australia and Southern Africa. Other species of this genus, e.g. Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R.Br. ex DC., have long been recorded from Tropical Africa, and would be difficult to prove as invaders.

LinkClose up of Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkKhaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkCarpet of Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkMats of Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkKhaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) carpeting the ground on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkKhaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) growing among spurge on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkKhaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) growing among prostrate spurge on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkKhaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) and spurge Euphorbia prostrata on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkKhaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) growing on sandy road on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkClose up of Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkFresh leaves of Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on a field on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkSpreading of Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, August 21, 2015
LinkKhaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkCarpet of Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkDense infestation by Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkClose up of Khaki Burr weed (Alternanthera pungens) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015

4. Amaranthus albus L.

(Amaranthus gracilentus, Amaranthus graecizans, Amaranthus littoralis, Amaranthus pubescens, Galliaria albida, Glomeraria alba)

Common names: common tumbleweed, tumble pigweed, pigweed amaranth, prostrate pigweed

Extract from Wikipedia article: Amaranthus albus is an annual species of flowering plant. It is native to the tropical Americas but a widespread introduced species in other places, including Europe, Africa, and Australia.

LinkWeb of caterpillars on common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkGreenish white stem of common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkCommon tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) in a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkShoot of common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) taken from a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkCommon tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) with emerging green inflorescences taken from a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkClose up of common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) taken from a depression on roadside of a road to Zubara, area of Al Magdah farms. Northern Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkCommon tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) in a depression on roadside of Salwa Road near Mukaynis. Qatar, November 27, 2015
LinkYoung plant of common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) on roadside of Salwa Road near Mukaynis. Qatar, November 27, 2015
LinkClose up of shoots of common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) taken from roadside of Salwa Road near Mukaynis. Qatar, November 27, 2015
LinkReddish plant of common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) on roadside of Dukhan Highway near Ash-Shahaniyah. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkReddish shoots of common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) taken from roadside of Dukhan Highway near Ash-Shahaniyah. Qatar, December 18, 2015
LinkSeeds of common tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) taken from roadside depression of Dukhan Highway. Qatar, January 15, 2016
LinkCommon tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) on roadside of Salwa Road near Mukaynis. Qatar, February 5, 2016

5. Amaranthus caudatus L.

(Amaranthus edulis, Amaranthus mantegazzianus)

Common names: pigweed, pendant amaranth, foxtail amaranth, samghat reeh, khaisa, rowaf

My notes: Difficult to distinguish it from A. viridis and A. hybridus.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Amaranthus caudatus is a species of annual flowering plant. It goes by common names such as love-lies-bleeding, pendant amaranth, tassel flower, velvet flower, foxtail amaranth, and quilete.

LinkFoxtail amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus, local name samghat reeh) on Umm Wishad Street in Musheirib area. Doha, Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkFoxtail amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus, local name samghat reeh) on Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 17, 2014
LinkFoxtail amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus)(?) in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 10, 2015

6. Amaranthus graecizans L.

(Amaranthus angustifolius, Amaranthus aschersonianus, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus hierichuntinus, Amaranthus roxburgianus, Amaranthus thellungianus, Blitum graecizans, Galliaria graecizans, Glomeraria graecizans)

Common names: Mediterranean amaranth, short-tepalled pigweed

Extract from Wikipedia article: Amaranthus graecizans, the Mediterranean amaranth or short-tepalled pigweed, is an African species in the botanical family Amaranthaceae. It is naturalized in North America.

LinkLeaf of Mediterranean amaranth (short-tepalled pigweed, Amaranthus graecizans) taken from Al Intisar Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, February 23, 2016
LinkMediterranean amaranth (short-tepalled pigweed, Amaranthus graecizans) taken from Al Intisar Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, February 23, 2016
LinkMediterranean amaranth (short-tepalled pigweed, Amaranthus graecizans) on white background taken from Al Intisar Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, February 23, 2016
LinkMediterranean amaranth (short-tepalled pigweed, Amaranthus graecizans) on sidewalk in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 24, 2016
LinkClose up of Mediterranean amaranth (short-tepalled pigweed, Amaranthus graecizans) taken from Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 24, 2016
LinkBack side of leaves of Mediterranean amaranth (short-tepalled pigweed, Amaranthus graecizans) taken from Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 24, 2016
LinkMediterranean amaranth (short-tepalled pigweed, Amaranthus graecizans) on dark background taken from Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 24, 2016

7. Amaranthus hybridus L.

(Amaranthus chlorostachys, Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus incurvatus, Amaranthus nepalensis, Amaranthus paniculatus, Amaranthus quitensis)

Common names: samghat reeh, khaisa, rowaf, smooth pigweed, red amaranth

My notes: Difficult to distinguish it from A. viridis and A. caudatus.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Amaranthus hybridus, commonly called smooth amaranth, smooth pigweed, red amaranth, or slim amaranth, is a species of annual flowering plant. It is a weedy species found now over much of North America and introduced into Europe and Eurasia.

LinkLarge amaranth plant Amaranthus hybridus(?) on Zurara Bin Amir Street in Al Doha Al Jadeeda area. Doha, Qatar, March 21, 2014
LinkAmaranthus hybridus on Mousa Bin Nusair Street in Al Doha Al Jadeeda area. Doha, Qatar, April 12, 2014
LinkAmaranthus hybridus(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, October 9, 2015
LinkRed amaranth (Amaranthus hybridus)(?) on Al Istiqlal Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, February 2, 2016

8. Amaranthus viridis L.

(Amaranthus acutilobus, Amaranthus gracilis)

Common names: samghat reeh, khaisa, sendar, slender amaranth

My notes: Difficult to distinguish it from A. hybridus and A. caudatus.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Amaranthus viridis is a cosmopolitan species in the botanical family Amaranthaceae and is commonly known as Slender Amaranth or Green Amaranth.

LinkAmaranthus viridis (local names samghat reeh, khaisa, sendar) on Corniche promenade. Doha, Qatar, April 4, 2014
LinkAmaranthus viridis (local names samghat reeh, khaisa, sendar) near Al Markhiya Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 7, 2014
LinkSlender amaranth (Amaranthus viridis)(?) on periphery of a small field of alfalfa in Harrarah settlement. Southern Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkClose up of slender amaranth (Amaranthus viridis)(?) on periphery of a small field of alfalfa in Harrarah settlement. Southern Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkFruits of slender amaranth (Amaranthus viridis) found under a palm in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, November 18, 2015
LinkSlender amaranth (Amaranthus viridis) found under a palm in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, November 18, 2015

9. Anabasis setifera Moq.

(Anabasis annua, Anabasis lutea)

Common names: hamd al arnab, Himd-Shaaran, Salsola setifera, shuaairan

LinkSeedling of a salt tolerant plant Anabasis setifera in dunes of Jazirat Umm Tays, barrier island at northern tip of Qatar, east from Ruwais, March 24, 2012
LinkSeedling of a salt tolerant plant Anabasis setifera near Al Khor. Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant plant Anabasis setifera on roadside of Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 17, 2014
LinkTwig Anabasis setifera taken from Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 17, 2014
LinkTypical vegetative stems with leaves terminating with a bristle of Anabasis setifera on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 19, 2014
LinkPurplish plant of Anabasis setifera suffering from extreme desert conditions on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkPink winged fruits of Anabasis setifera in oasis in front of Film City in Ras Abrouq peninsula in west central coastal area, north from Zekreet. Qatar, November 14, 2014
LinkBlooming Anabasis setifera in oasis in front of Film City in Ras Abrouq peninsula in west central coastal area, north from Zekreet. Qatar, November 14, 2014
LinkPlant of Anabasis setifera with emerging winged fruits on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkWinged fruits of Anabasis setifera on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkRed winged fruits of Anabasis setifera on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkBush of Anabasis setifera with seeds on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkBush of Anabasis setifera with pink winged fruits on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkPlant of Anabasis setifera suffering under extreme desert conditions on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkSmall purplish plant of Anabasis setifera suffering under extreme desert conditions on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkSeedling of a salt tolerant plant Anabasis setifera on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkSeedling of Anabasis setifera taken from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkAnabasis setifera in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkBlooming salt tolerant plant Anabasis setifera in area of Uwaynat Bin Husayn (Water Well) near Simaisma. Qatar, November 7, 2015
LinkAnabasis setifera with pink winged fruits taken from northern Dukhan. Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkShoots of Anabasis setifera with pink winged fruits taken from northern Dukhan. Qatar, December 4, 2015

10. Arthrocnemum macrostachyum (Moric.) K. Koch

(Arthrocnemum fruticosum, Arthrocnemum glaucum, Arthrocnemum indicum, Arthrocnemum virginicum, Salicornia glauca, Salicornia macrostachya, Salicornia virginica)

Common names: glaucous glasswort, qulaam

My notes: Some pictures may show Salicornia europaea instead of this plant.

LinkSalt marsh with plants of Glaucous glasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) in southeast coastal area near Mesaieed. Qatar, January 29, 2010
LinkGlaucous glasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) with tiny flowers near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) on Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) on a beach of Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkSeedling of Glaucous glasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 9, 2014
LinkTwig of Glaucous glasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) turning yellow taken from Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 8, 2014
LinkGlaucous glasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkYellowish shoots of glaucous glasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkParasitic plant Desert Hyacinth (Cistanche tubulosa) with a host plant Arthrocnemum macrostachyum (glasswort, local name shnaan) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkMasses of dry buds of glasswort (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum)(?) on littoral of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, August 29, 2015

11. Atriplex leucoclada Boiss.

(Atriplex chanicowii, Atriplex inamoena, Atriplex laciniata, Atriplex turcomanica, Obione leucoclada)

Common names: Orache, raghal

My notes: Subsp. turcomanica was seen only in Irkaya.

LinkAtriplex leucoclada (local names raghal, Orache) in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkAtriplex leucoclada (local names raghal, orache) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkAtriplex leucoclada subsp. turcomanica(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkAtriplex leucoclada subsp. turcomanica(?) in dew on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkPlant of Atriplex leucoclada subsp. turcomanica(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkPlant of Atriplex leucoclada subsp. turcomanica(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkSeedlings of Atriplex leucoclada subsp. turcomanica(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkAtriplex leucoclada subsp. turcomanica on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, August 21, 2015
LinkAtriplex leucoclada in a roadside depression east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, January 23, 2016
LinkPlant of Atriplex leucoclada on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 12, 2016

12. Beta vulgaris L.

(Beta foliosa, Beta maritima, Beta orientalis)

Common names: bangar, Silq, common beet

Extract from Wikipedia article: Beta vulgaris (beet) is a plant in the Chenopodiaceae family (which is now included in Betoideae subfamily). It has numerous cultivated varieties, the most well known of which is the root vegetable known as the beetroot or garden beet. Other cultivated varieties include the leaf vegetable chard; the sugar beet, used to produce table sugar; and mangelwurzel, which is a fodder crop. Three subspecies are typically recognised. All cultivated varieties fall into the subspecies Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris. Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima, commonly known as the sea beet, is the wild ancestor of these and is found throughout the Mediterranean, the Atlantic coast of Europe, the Near East, and India. A second wild subspecies, Beta vulgaris subsp. adanensis, occurs from Greece to Syria.

LinkCommon beet (Beta vulgaris, local name bangar) in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014

13. Bienertia cycloptera Bunge ex Boiss.

My notes: This form of B. is more succulent, has clustered fruits, and grows in sand relatively far from water. Could be the same species as B. sinuspersici.

LinkFlowers or fruits of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkDying plant of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkMasses of flowers of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkButton like fruits of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkMasses of fruits of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkFruits(?) of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkSeeds(?) of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkButton like fruits of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkDying plant of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkMasses of flowers or fruits of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkDying twig of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkAlmost dry plant of Bienertia cycloptera on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkPlant of Bienertia cycloptera on roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkPlant of Bienertia cycloptera emerging from sand near Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkLarge plant of Bienertia cycloptera on roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkBienertia cycloptera with fruits taken from roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkPink young plant of Bienertia cycloptera taken from roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkPink young plant of Bienertia cycloptera with small fruits of flowers taken from roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkBienertia cycloptera in sand on roadside in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, April 25, 2015
LinkPlant of Bienertia cycloptera on roadside in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, April 25, 2015
LinkShoot of Bienertia cycloptera taken from roadside in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, April 25, 2015
LinkHalf dry salt tolerant plant of Bienertia cycloptera on roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkBlue leaves of Bienertia cycloptera on roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkAlmost dry plant of Bienertia cycloptera on roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkPlant of Bienertia cycloptera in a roadside gully of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, November 27, 2015

14. Bienertia sinuspersici Akhani

My notes: This form of B. grows on beeches few meters from water line and has relatively small leaves. It has prostrate shape. Could be the only species of B.

LinkSalt tolerant plant Bienertia sinuspersici(?) on a beach north from Umm Bab. Western Qatar, April 4, 2014
LinkClose up of a salt tolerant plant Bienertia sinuspersici(?) on a beach north from Umm Bab. Western Qatar, April 4, 2014
LinkShoot of Bienertia sinuspersici near village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkBienertia sinuspersici with flower buds near village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkBienertia sinuspersici with seeds on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkButton like fruits of Bienertia sinuspersici on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkSeeds of Bienertia sinuspersici on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkSeedling of Bienertia sinuspersici on a beach near Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkPlant of Bienertia sinuspersici on a beach near Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkPlant of Bienertia sinuspersici in sand on a beach near Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkShoot of Bienertia sinuspersici on a beach near Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkBienertia sinuspersici emerging from sand on a beach near Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkSalt tolerant plant of Bienertia sinuspersici on a beach near Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkYoung plant of Bienertia sinuspersici in sand on a beach near Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Northern Qatar, June 26, 2015
LinkPlant of Bienertia sinuspersici at sunrise near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkPlant of Bienertia sinuspersici near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkPlant of Bienertia sinuspersici in sand near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkShoot of Bienertia sinuspersici near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkClose up of Bienertia sinuspersici near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkFlower buds of Bienertia sinuspersici near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkShoots of Bienertia sinuspersici at morning near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkYoung plants of Bienertia sinuspersici near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkHabitat of Bienertia sinuspersici plants near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 14, 2015
LinkYellowish branches of Bienertia sinuspersici plant near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 14, 2015
LinkClose up of Bienertia sinuspersici plant with fruits near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 14, 2015
LinkBranch of Bienertia sinuspersici plant with fruits near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 14, 2015
LinkTwigs of Bienertia sinuspersici plant with fruits near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 14, 2015
LinkBienertia sinuspersici plant with fruits near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 14, 2015
LinkClose up of fruits of Bienertia sinuspersici plant taken from a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 14, 2015
LinkClose up of twigs of Bienertia sinuspersici plant with fruits taken from a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 14, 2015
LinkFall colors of shoots of Bienertia sinuspersici plant with fruits on a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 28, 2015
LinkFruits of Bienertia sinuspersici plant on a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 28, 2015
LinkFruits of Bienertia sinuspersici plant on sand on a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 28, 2015
LinkGreen fruits of Bienertia sinuspersici plant on a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 28, 2015
LinkBlackened fruits of Bienertia sinuspersici on the ground near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015

15. Chenopodium album L.

(Anserina candidans, Atriplex alba, Atriplex viridis, Blitum viride, Botrys alba, Botrys pagana, Chenopodium agreste, Chenopodium bernburgense, Chenopodium bicolor, Chenopodium borbasiforme, Chenopodium borbasii, Chenopodium browneanum, Chenopodium candicans, Chenopodium catenulatum, Chenopodium concatenatum, Chenopodium diversifolium, Chenopodium elatum, Chenopodium glomerulosum, Chenopodium laciniatum, Chenopodium lanceolatum, Chenopodium leiospermum, Chenopodium lobatum, Chenopodium missouriense, Chenopodium neglectum, Chenopodium neoalbum, Chenopodium opulaceum, Chenopodium ovalifolium, Chenopodium paganum, Chenopodium paucidentatum, Chenopodium pedunculare, Chenopodium probstii, Chenopodium pseudoborbasii, Chenopodium riparium, Chenopodium serotinum, Chenopodium subaphyllum, Chenopodium superalbum, Chenopodium viride, Chenopodium viridescens, Chenopodium vulgare, Chenopodium vulpinum, Chenopodium zobelii, Chenopodium zobelli, Chenopodium × borbasioides, Chenopodium × densifoliatum)

Common names: lamb's quarters, melde, goosefoot, fat-hen, Shawlah

Extract from Wikipedia article: Chenopodium album is a fast-growing weedy annual plant in the genus Chenopodium.

LinkLamb's quarters (Chenopodium album) grown as weed on Al Maha Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016
LinkClose up of Lamb's quarters (Chenopodium album) grown as weed on Al Maha Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016
LinkLamb's quarters (Chenopodium album) on white background taken from Al Maha Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016
LinkPlant of Lamb's quarters (Chenopodium album) with flowers taken from Al Maha Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016
LinkLamb's quarters (Chenopodium album) with flowers taken from Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 17, 2016
LinkLamb's quarters (Chenopodium album) taken from Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 17, 2016
LinkLamb's quarters (Chenopodium album) on white background taken from Ibn Nusaih Street in Onaiza area. Doha, Qatar, March 17, 2016

16. Chenopodium murale L.

(Chenopodium congestum)

Common names: Khaisa, Nettle-leaf Goosefoot, sowbane, samghat reeh, kheisa, Khaisa

LinkNettle-leaf goosefoot (Chenopodium murale) on a roadside of Al Sham Street in area of West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 17, 2014
LinkNettle-leaf goosefoot (Chenopodium murale) with seeds near Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 5, 2014
LinkNettle-leaf goosefoot (Chenopodium murale)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkFat green grasshopper on a leaf of Chenopodium murale on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkNettle-leaf goosefoot (Chenopodium murale)(?) with flowers on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkNettle-leaf goosefoot (Chenopodium murale) with fruits taken from pavement near extension of Al Kharais Street behind gas station on Al Sham Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2015

17. Cornulaca aucheri Moq.

(Cornulaca leucacantha)

Common names: thalj, hadh

LinkBrownish plant Cornulaca aucheri(?) (local name thalj) at the foot of a sand dune near Harrarah, west from Mesayeed, south-west from Doha. Qatar, March 19, 2013
LinkCornulaca aucheri(?) on a roadside of Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkCornulaca aucheri(?) taken from a roadside of Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkClose up of Cornulaca aucheri(?) taken from a roadside of Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkCornulaca aucheri (local name thalj) south from Abu Nahlah. Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkThorns of Cornulaca aucheri (local name thalj) south from Abu Nahlah. Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkCornulaca aucheri with seeds of other plants south from Abu Nahlah. Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkCornulaca aucheri (local name thalj) near a sand dune south from Abu Nahlah. Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkDetails of Cornulaca aucheri (local name thalj) near a sand dune south from Abu Nahlah. Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkCornulaca aucheri (local name thalj) in area of a sand dunes south from Abu Nahlah. Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkBush of Cornulaca aucheri near Al Markhiya Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 7, 2014
LinkCornulaca aucheri on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkShoot of Cornulaca aucheri taken from a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkCornulaca aucheri on dark background taken from a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkPlant of Cornulaca aucheri on a beach near Abu Samra. Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkThorny plant of Cornulaca aucheri taken from a beach near Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkClose up of tiny flowers of Cornulaca aucheri taken from a beach near Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkBrownish plant Cornulaca aucheri in windblown sand in Harrarah (Al Kharrarah). Southern Qatar, March 27, 2015
LinkCornulaca aucheri in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkCornulaca aucheri in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkTumbleweed (dry mature plants of Cornulaca aucheri) on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 25, 2015
LinkPlant of Cornulaca aucheri Taken from Fuwairit. Qatar, March 19, 2016

18. Cornulaca monacantha Delile

Common names: had, djouri, sallj, thalj, thallaj

Extract from Wikipedia article: Cornulaca monacantha is a species of flowering plant in the genus Cornulaca, that is now included in the family Amaranthaceae, (formerly Chenopodiaceae). It is a desert plant found in the Middle East and the Sahara, and the southern end of its range is considered to delineate the edge of the desert. In Arabic it is known as had and djouri, and the Tuareg people call it tahara. It was first described in 1813 by the French botanist Alire Raffeneau Delile.

LinkCornulaca monacantha (local names thalj, thallaj) in sand dunes near Inland Sea Road. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkBush of Cornulaca monacantha (local names thalj, thallaj) in sand dunes near Inland Sea Road. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkBlooming Cornulaca monacantha(?) in sand dunes near Inland Sea Road. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkDesert plant Cornulaca monacantha (local names thalj, thallaj) in sand dunes near Inland Sea Road. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkBlooming Cornulaca monacantha(?) on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkCornulaca monacantha taken from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkClose up of Cornulaca monacantha taken from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkOld bush of Cornulaca monacantha in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkCornulaca monacantha with sand ripples on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkCornulaca monacantha in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkCornulaca monacantha on stony ground on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkCornulaca monacantha in sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkCornulaca monacantha(?) in sand mound on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkCornulaca monacantha in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkSmall bush of Cornulaca monacantha (local names thalj, thallaj) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkDesert plant Cornulaca monacantha (local names thalj, thallaj) in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016

19. Digera muricata (L.) Mart.

(Achyranthes alternifolia, Achyranthes ciliata, Achyranthes digera, Achyranthes muricata, Achyranthes polygonoides, Amaranthus arvensis, Amaranthus frutescens, Celosia muricata, Chamissoa arabica, Chamissoa ciliata, Chamissoa commutata, Chamissoa muricata, Cladostachys alternifolia, Cladostachys arborescens, Cladostachys muricata, Desmochaeta alternifolia, Desmochaeta ciliata, Desmochaeta muricata, Digera alternifolia, Digera arvensis, Digera ciliata, Digera forsskaolii, Digera frutescens, Eclotoripa annua, Eclotoripa fruticosa)

Common names: false amaranth

LinkFalse amaranth (Digera muricata) on periphery of a small field of alfalfa in Harrarah settlement. Southern Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkFlowers of false amaranth (Digera muricata) on periphery of a small field of alfalfa in Harrarah settlement. Southern Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkBlooming false amaranth (Digera muricata) on periphery of a small field of alfalfa in Harrarah settlement. Southern Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkFlower spike of false amaranth (Digera muricata) on periphery of a small field of alfalfa in Harrarah settlement. Southern Qatar, October 30, 2015
LinkFlowers and leaves of false amaranth (Digera muricata) on periphery of a small field of alfalfa in Harrarah settlement. Southern Qatar, October 30, 2015

20. Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants

(Chenopodium ambrosioides, Chenopodium integrifolium, Chenopodium opulifolium, Chenopodium suffruticosum, Teloxys ambrosioides)

Common names: Epazote, wormseed, Jesuits tea, Mexican tea, Paico

My notes: Mostly grows in Irkaya Farm, but in one instance it was found on roadside of Salwa Highway.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Epazote, wormseed, Jesuit's tea, Mexican tea, Paico or Herba Sancti Mariæ (Dysphania ambrosioides, formerly Chenopodium ambrosioides) is an herb native to Central America, South America, and southern Mexico.

LinkEpazote (wormseed, Dysphania ambrosioides) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. South-western Qatar, March 29, 2014
LinkWormseed (Dysphania ambrosioides, Chenopodium ambrosioides)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, October 25, 2014
LinkWormseed (Dysphania ambrosioides, Chenopodium ambrosioides) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkSome species of Chenopodium with small leaves (Dysphania ambrosioides)(?) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. South-western Qatar, November 15, 2014
LinkBranch of Wormseed (Dysphania ambrosioides, Chenopodium ambrosioides) with seeds taken from Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya Farms. Qatar, January 16, 2015
LinkYoung plants of wormseed (Dysphania ambrosioides, Chenopodium ambrosioides) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkLeaves of wormseed (Dysphania ambrosioides, Chenopodium ambrosioides) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkFlowers of wormseed (Dysphania ambrosioides, Chenopodium ambrosioides) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, February 20, 2015
LinkEpazote (wormseed, Dysphania ambrosioides, Chenopodium ambrosioides) on Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015

21. Gomphrena globosa L.

(Amaranthoides globosa, Amaranthoides globosus, Gomphrena eriopoda, Gomphrena rubra, Gomphrena tumida, Xeraea globosa)

Common names: globe amaranth, bachelor button

Extract from Wikipedia article: Gomphrena globosa, commonly known as globe amaranth or bachelor button, is an annual plant that grows up to 24 inches in height. The true species has magenta bracts, and cultivars have colors such as purple, red, white, pink, and lilac.

LinkGlobe amaranth (Gomphrena globosa) planted in Al Shamal City Park. Ruwais, Northern Qatar, August 22, 2015

22. Halocnemum strobilaceum (Pall.) M. Bieb.

(Halopeplis perfoliata, Halostachys perfoliata, Salicornia perfoliata, Salicornia strobilacea)

Common names: hamd, Sabat, jointed glasswort

LinkSalt marsh overgrown mostly with jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, February 25, 2011
LinkSalt tolerant plant Halocnemum strobilaceum on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant plant Halocnemum strobilaceum on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 19, 2014
LinkPlant of Halocnemum strobilaceum in salt marsh on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkClose up of Halocnemum strobilaceum near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkHalocnemum strobilaceum taken from area of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkJointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 9, 2014
LinkJointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkMat of jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkMat of Halocnemum strobilaceum on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant plant of Halocnemum strobilaceum on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkMats of jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkJointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkJointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) turning yellow in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkYellow shoots of jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkJointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkTwig of jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkBrownish shoots of jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) in salt marsh near Al Thakira. Qatar, December 5, 2014
LinkJointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkShoot of jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkBranches of jointed glasswort (Halocnemum strobilaceum) in sand on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, January 9, 2015

23. Halopeplis perfoliata (Forssk.) Bunge ex Ung.-Sternb.

(Halostachys perfoliata, Salicornia perfoliata)

Common names: Al Kheriza beach plant, string of beads, khureiza, inab al bahr, Khurreyz

LinkSucculent leaves of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, February 19, 2010
LinkCoastal halophyte Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads ) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 1, 2010
LinkLeaves of coastal halophyte Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads ) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 1, 2010
LinkCoastal halophyte Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads ) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 4, 2011
LinkClose up of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads ) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 4, 2011
LinkRed succulent leaves of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads ) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 4, 2011
LinkColony of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads ) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 4, 2011
LinkBushes of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) in Safliya Island near Doha. Qatar, April 3, 2013
LinkAl Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) in Safliya Island near Doha. Qatar, April 3, 2013
LinkCoastal halophyte Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads) on Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkCoastal halophyte Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads) on a beach of Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkAl Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) taken from area of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkClose up of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) taken from area of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkAl Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkTwig of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) with minute flowers on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkBack lit blooming Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkYoung Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkClose up of leaves of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkBush of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) on a beach near Zubara archeological site. Northern Qatar, October 24, 2014
LinkBush of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkAl Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkClose up of Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkAl Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkBlooming Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads) on a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 28, 2015
LinkRed leaves of a half dry Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads) on a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 28, 2015
LinkBurgundy red fall color of coastal halophyte Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015
LinkFall foliage of coastal halophyte Al Kheriza beach plant (Halopeplis perfoliata, khurreyz, string of beads) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015

24. Haloxylon salicornicum (Moq.) Bunge ex Boiss.

(Caroxylon salicornicum, Haloxylon articulatum, Haloxylon schweinfurthii, Hammada salicornica)

Common names: Hammada elegance, remith, hamd

LinkHaloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) growing on layers of gypsum crystals (selenite) in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh in south-western Qatar, February 7, 2014
LinkHaloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance local names remith, hamd) on sand in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh in south-western Qatar, February 7, 2014
LinkWinged fruits of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) on roadside of a road to Zubara. Northern Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkHaloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkHaloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) on sand mound on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkTwig of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) taken from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 10, 2015
LinkHaloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkHaloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) with bird-beak-shaped galls (flower galls) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkLarge bush of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkColorful fruit-like galls (flower, or bird-beak-shaped galls) on Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) taken from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkTwig of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) with flower galls (bird-beak-shaped galls) taken from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkHaloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) with tiny yellow flowers and a bird-beak-shaped galls near chalk cliffs near Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkHaloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) in windblown sand at sunrise on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, November 27, 2015
LinkWinged fruits of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) taken from roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Qatar, November 27, 2015
LinkWinged fruits of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) on roadside of a road to Zubara near Al Majda. Qatar, November 28, 2015
LinkDry bush of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) on sand dunes near the spring in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkBrown branch of Haloxylon salicornicum taken from Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkParasitic plant Desert Hyacinth (Cistanche tubulosa) with a host plant Haloxylon salicornicum in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkShoot of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkBush of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance local names remith, hamd) on the slope of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkPinkish bush of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance, local names remith, hamd) on a limestone plane in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkSand mound with a plant of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkGreen shoots of Haloxylon salicornicum (Hammada elegance) emerging from the base of dry wood on a gravel plane in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016

25. Salicornia europaea L.

(Salicornia annua, Salicornia appressa, Salicornia biennis, Salicornia herbacea, Salicornia obscura, Salicornia patula)

Common names: glasswort

Extract from Wikipedia article: Salicornia europaea , known as common glasswort or just glasswort, is a halophytic annual dicot which grows in various zones of intertidal salt marshes. The ashes of glasswort and saltwort plants and of kelp were long used as a source of soda ash (mainly sodium carbonate) for glassmaking and soapmaking. The introduction of the LeBlanc process for the industrial production of soda ash superseded the use of plant sources in the first half of the 19th century.

LinkGlasswort (Salicornia europaea) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salicornia europaea) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 9, 2014
LinkFall colors of glasswort Salicornia europaea in salt marsh, view from causeway to Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkFall colors of glasswort Salicornia europaea in salt marsh near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkReddish plant of glasswort Salicornia europaea on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkInundated reddish plants of glasswort Salicornia europaea on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salicornia europaea) taken from Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 29, 2015
LinkRed foliage of glasswort (Salicornia europaea) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 20, 2015

26. Salsola cyclophylla Baker

Common names: hamd

LinkSalsola cyclophylla(?) in desert near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkGreen stink bugs on Salsola cyclophylla on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 8, 2014
LinkTwig of Salsola cyclophylla taken from Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 8, 2014
LinkWinged seeds of Salsola cyclophylla on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkPink winged fruits on a twig of Salsola cyclophylla on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkPink winged fruits of Salsola cyclophylla on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkWinged fruits of Salsola cyclophylla on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkTwig of Salsola cyclophylla with winged fruits on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkPink winged fruits of Salsola cyclophylla on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkWinged fruits on a bush of Salsola cyclophylla on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkPlant of Salsola cyclophylla on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, March 7, 2015
LinkSalsola cyclophylla in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkBush of Salsola cyclophylla on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkPlant of Salsola cyclophylla on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkLarge bush of Salsola cyclophylla in area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) water well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkLarge plant of Salsola cyclophylla in area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) water well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, July 11, 2015
LinkSalsola cyclophylla with minute yellow flowers near chalk cliffs near Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkSalsola cyclophylla with tiny yellow flowers near chalk cliffs near Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkSalsola cyclophylla with pink winged fruits taken from northern Dukhan. Qatar, December 4, 2015
LinkPlant of Salsola cyclophylla in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016
LinkSalsola cyclophylla on an edge of a stone plateau in area of Jebel Al-Nakhsh (Khashm an Nakhsh). South-western Qatar, March 25, 2016
LinkShoots of Salsola cyclophylla in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkLeaves of Salsola cyclophylla on the slope of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016

27. Salsola drummondii Ulbr.

(Salsola obpyrifolia)

Common names: round leafed Rothe

My notes: Young plants may have clavate leaves.

LinkFruits of Salsola drummondii(?) in oasis in front of Film City in Ras Abrouq peninsula in west central coastal area, north from Zekreet. Qatar, November 14, 2014
LinkBlooming bush of Salsola drummondii on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant plant of Salsola drummondii on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkClose up of a twig of Salsola drummondii on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkLeaves of Salsola drummondii on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkPlant of Salsola drummondii growing on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkWinged fruits of Salsola drummondii on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkBlooming plant of Salsola drummondii on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkBushes of Salsola drummondii in sand on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant plant of Salsola drummondii on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkClose up of leaves of Salsola drummondii taken from a beach in Abu Samra. Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkSalsola drummondii in a deep roadside depression of Salwa Road near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkYoung shoot of Salsola drummondii with pear-shaped leaves taken from a beach near Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near Saudi border. Southern Qatar, March 21, 2015
LinkShoots of Salsola drummondii with pear and short-club-shaped leaves in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkSalsola drummondii in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkBush of Salsola drummondii with club-shaped variation of leaves in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkYoung plant of Salsola drummondii with clavate and club-shaped variation of leaves in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkSalsola drummondii with clavate and cylindrical shaped variation of leaves in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkSalsola drummondii in sand mound on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkYoung bush of Salsola drummondii with club-shaped leaves in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Rawdat Ekdaim. Southern Qatar, April 11, 2015
LinkTwig of Salsola drummondii with clavate and club-shaped variation of leaves taken from roadside in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, April 25, 2015
LinkClose up of Salsola drummondii with clavate and club-shaped leaves taken from roadside in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, April 25, 2015
LinkClose up of Salsola drummondii with clavate and club-shaped variation of leaves on dark background taken from roadside in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, April 25, 2015
LinkTwig of Salsola drummondii with clavate and club-shaped leaves on dark background taken from roadside in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, April 25, 2015
LinkSalsola drummondii on roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Southern Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkShoots of Salsola drummondii on roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Southern Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkTwig Salsola drummondii on roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Southern Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkSalsola drummondii taken from roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkClose up of Salsola drummondii taken from roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkTwigs of Salsola drummondii taken from roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkBranch of Salsola drummondii taken from roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkSalt tolerant bush of Salsola drummondii on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkYoung plant of Salsola drummondii on roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkSalt tolerant plant of Salsola drummondii in windblown sand on roadside of Dukhan Road. Qatar, October 31, 2015
LinkClose up of shoot of Salsola drummondii taken from roadside of Salwa Road near Abu Samra. Qatar, November 27, 2015
LinkYoung plant of Salsola drummondii on roadside in Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkYoung plant of Salsola drummondii taken from roadside in Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016
LinkYoung plant of Salsola drummondii in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBush of Salsola drummondii in windblown sand on roadside of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016

28. Salsola imbricata Forssk.

(Salsola foetida)

Common names: khereit, hamd zeohyr

LinkSaltwort (Salsola imbricata) with a winged fruit east from Arch (Rainbow) Roundabout. Doha, Qatar, April 9, 2011
LinkSalt tolerant plant Salsola imbricata found near near Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, May 10, 2013
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant plant Salsola imbricata in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkBack lit salt tolerant plant Salsola imbricata in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) at sunrise in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) taken from empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay at sunrise. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 28, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) on dry soil north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 28, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) on sidewalk of Meshrif Street near West Bay. Doha, Qatar, May 11, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) taken from salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 21, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) on salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 23, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) with fluffy growth caused by gall midges (gall gnats, Cecidomyidae) in a village of Al Mashrab in area of Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, October 6, 2014
LinkGlasswort Salsola imbricata with clumps of white hair caused by gall midges (gall gnats, Cecidomyidae) in a village of Al Mashrab in area of Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, October 6, 2014
LinkClumps of white hair by gall midges (gall gnats, Cecidomyidae) of glasswort Salsola imbricata taken from a village of Al Mashrab in area of Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, October 6, 2014
LinkWinged fruits of saltwort (Salsola imbricata) in a village of Al Mashrab in area of Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, October 18, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) on wasteland near Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, October 20, 2014
LinkWinged seeds of glasswort (Salsola imbricata) taken from wasteland near Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, October 20, 2014
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) with fluffy growth caused by gall midges (gall gnats, Cecidomyidae) on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkClumps of white hair caused by gall midges (gall gnats, Cecidomyidae) on glasswort Salsola imbricata on rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Qatar, January 31, 2015
LinkSaltwort (Salsola imbricata) south from Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, March 20, 2015
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) taken from Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 29, 2015
LinkWoolly growth on glasswort (Salsola imbricata) caused by gall midges (gall gnats, Cecidomyidae) taken from Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, May 29, 2015
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata) on roadside of Salwa Road near Mukaynis. Qatar, February 5, 2016
LinkShoots of glasswort (Salsola imbricata)(?) taken from a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 9, 2016
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata)(?) taken from a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 9, 2016
LinkGlasswort (Salsola imbricata)(?) in dew on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkTwigs of Glasswort (Salsola imbricata)(?) on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkYoung plant of glasswort (Salsola imbricata)(?) taken from roadside in Dukhan. Qatar, February 20, 2016

29. Salsola soda L.

Common names: opposite-leaved saltwort, oppositeleaf Russian thistle, barilla plant, Suaeda heteroptera, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica, Suaeda maritima

Extract from Wikipedia article: Salsola soda, more commonly known in English as opposite-leaved saltwort, oppositeleaf Russian thistle, or barilla plant, is a small (to 0.7 m tall), annual, succulent shrub that is native to the Mediterranean Basin. It is a halophyte (a salt-tolerant plant) that typically grows in coastal regions and can be irrigated with salt water.

LinkRed seedlings of Salsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on littoral of Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkSalsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on sand of Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkPurple tinged plants of Salsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on sand of Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkReddish plants of Salsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on littoral of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 19, 2014
LinkClose up of Salsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 19, 2014
LinkPlant of Salsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 9, 2014
LinkSalsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) with flowers or seeds on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 8, 2014
LinkFall colors of Salsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, November 28, 2014
LinkSeedlings of Salsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, February 14, 2015
LinkSalsola soda (Suaeda maritima, Suaeda iranshahrii var. arabica) on littoral of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, August 29, 2015

30. Salsola vermiculata L.

(Salsola chaudharyi, Salsola damascena, Salsola flavescens, Salsola hispanica, Salsola mandavillei, Salsola palaestinica, Salsola rigida, Salsola rodinii, Salsola tamariscifolia, Salsola villosa)

Common names: hamd, Woolly bassia

LinkSaltwort (Salsola vermiculata(?), local name hamd) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkShoot of Salsola vermiculata (local name hamd) in Trainah gardens. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkSalsola vermiculata (local name hamd) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkSeedling of Salsola vermiculata (local name hamd) taken from area of ponds near the entrance of Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, November 13, 2015
LinkSalt tolerant plant Salsola vermiculata(?) on windblown sand on southern side of Salwa Road in area of Khashem Al Nekhsh. Southern Qatar, March 18, 2016

31. Seidlitzia rosmarinus Ehrenb. ex Boiss.

Common names: Julman, Salsola rosmarinus, shenan, Suaeda rosmarinus

LinkSeidlitzia rosmarinus (Salsola rosmarinus, Suaeda rosmarinus, local names shenan, Julman) on dunes near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkBushes of Seidlitzia rosmarinus (Salsola rosmarinus, Suaeda rosmarinus, local names shenan, Julman) on sand mounds near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, March 5, 2014
LinkSeidlitzia rosmarinus (local names shenan, julman) on a sand mound near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkClose up of Seidlitzia rosmarinus in sand near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkSeidlitzia rosmarinus growing in sand near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkSeidlitzia rosmarinus in sand near Mesaieed, with Sealine Beach Resort in background. Southern Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkSeidlitzia rosmarinus emerging from sand near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, July 4, 2015
LinkSeidlitzia rosmarinus growing on sand mounds near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed, view to north-west. Southern Qatar, July 10, 2015
LinkSand mounds (habitat of Seidlitzia rosmarinus) near Mesaieed, with Sealine Beach Resort in background, view to south-east. Southern Qatar, July 10, 2015
LinkSeidlitzia rosmarinus in sand near Mesaieed, view to north-west. Southern Qatar, July 10, 2015
LinkSeidlitzia rosmarinus growing on a sand mound near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, August 28, 2015
LinkSand mounds with plants of Seidlitzia rosmarinus at sunrise near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, December 11, 2015
LinkWavy pattern of sand ripples and sand mounds with plants of Seidlitzia rosmarinus at sunrise near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, December 11, 2015
LinkWavy sand ripples and low mounds with plants of Seidlitzia rosmarinus at sunrise near Sealine Beach Resort near Mesaieed. Southern Qatar, December 11, 2015

32. Suaeda aegyptiaca (Hasselq.) Zohary

(Chenopodium aegyptiacum, Schanginia aegyptiaca)

Common names: juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd, seablite, Egyptean sea blite, Suaeda baccata, Suaeda hortensis

Extract from Wikipedia article: Suaeda aegyptiaca is a species of plant in the family Amaranthaceae (formerly classified under the Chenopodiaceae), and salt-tolerant plant (halophytes) that grow naturally in salt-affected areas of Iran.

LinkSalt tolerant succulent plant Suaeda aegyptiaca on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant succulent plant Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) taken from a beach near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, February 21, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, Suaeda hortensis, Suaeda baccata, Schanginia aegyptiaca, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, Suaeda hortensis, Suaeda baccata, Schanginia aegyptiaca, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) growing in silt in abandoned farms in Ras Laffan. Northern Qatar, February 28, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca(?) with seeds on roadside of Salwa Road near Karaana, south-west from Doha. Qatar, April 23, 2014
LinkSalt tolerant plant Suaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, Suaeda hortensis, Suaeda baccata, Schanginia aegyptiaca, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, Suaeda hortensis, Suaeda baccata, Schanginia aegyptiaca, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, Suaeda hortensis, Suaeda baccata, Schanginia aegyptiaca, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) on roadside of a road to Zubara in area of Al Magdah farms in northern Qatar, May 2, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) taken from salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 21, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca and salt tolerant plants growing on salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, August 23, 2014
LinkLarge bush of Suaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) on salty wasteland in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, September 5, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca with flowers near village of Al Jumail (Jumayl) west of Ruwais on northwest coast. Qatar, September 20, 2014
LinkDying plant of Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) taken from a village of Al Mashrab in area of Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, October 6, 2014
LinkFlowers or fruits on a plant of Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) taken from a village of Al Mashrab in area of Ras Laffan Farms. Northern Qatar, October 6, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca in bloom on wasteland near Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, October 20, 2014
LinkBlooming Suaeda aegyptiaca taken from wasteland near Al Istiqlal Street in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, October 20, 2014
LinkShoot of Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca(?) with small flowers on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkSeablite (Suaeda aegyptiaca(?)) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkThin leaved shoot of Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) taken from a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkThin leaved shoot of Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) with flowers taken from a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkThin leaved shoot of Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) grown in shade taken from a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkShoot of Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) on white background taken from a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkShoot of Suaeda aegyptiaca(?) on dark background taken from a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, November 7, 2014
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) near Umm Bab in south-western Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkLarge plant of Suaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkSuaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 10, 2015
LinkHalf dried brownish plant of Suaeda aegyptiaca on a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, September 11, 2015
LinkPlant of Suaeda aegyptiaca near a beach in the area of Al Hamala (Al Hamlah) Water Well near Umm Bab. South-western Qatar, January 30, 2016
LinkPlant of Suaeda aegyptiaca in sand south from Fuwairit. Northern Qatar, February 9, 2016
LinkSalt tolerant plant Suaeda aegyptiaca (Chenopodium aegyptiacum, Suaeda hortensis, Suaeda baccata, Schanginia aegyptiaca, local names juliman, guluman, ikhreet, hamd) in area of Ras Laffan Farms, on north-eastern coast. Qatar, February 12, 2016

33. Suaeda maritima (L.) Dumort.

(Chenopodium filiforme, Chenopodium macrocarpum, Chenopodium maritimum, Chenopodium prostratum, Schoberia maritima, Suaeda aestuaria, Suaeda richii)

Common names: annual seablite

Extract from Wikipedia article: Suaeda maritima is a species of flowering plant in the amaranth family known by the common name annual seablite. It is a yellow-green shrub with fleshy, succulent leaves and green flowers. It grows to about 35 cm in salt marshes.

34. Suaeda vermiculata Forssk. ex J. F. Gmel.

(Salsola mollis, Suaeda mollis, Suaeda monodiana)

Common names: Seablite, Suaeda friticosa, suwaid

LinkSeedling of Seablite (Suaeda vermiculata, local name suwaid) on a beach of Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkClose up of Seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) on sand of Umm Tays Island in Madinat Al Shamal area. Qatar, March 14, 2014
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) at sunrise in empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) taken from empty area north from crossing of Al Istiqlal and Al Markhiya streets in West Bay. Doha, Qatar, April 25, 2014
LinkClose up of a twig of Seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkSmall plant of Seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) among shells near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) taken from area of Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, September 26, 2014
LinkTiny flowers of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) in Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 9, 2014
LinkBig plant of Seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) on a beach in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, November 29, 2014
LinkYoung plant of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkYoung shoot of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkBush of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkSeedling of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, December 13, 2014
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkShoot of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) on Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, January 9, 2015
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) with fruits near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, February 6, 2015
LinkLarge bush of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, February 6, 2015
LinkSalt tolerant plant of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near a small water channel on roadside between Al Khor and Ras Luffan. Qatar, February 6, 2015
LinkTwig of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) with fruits near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, February 6, 2015
LinkClose up of a twig of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) with fruits near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, February 6, 2015
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, March 7, 2015
LinkFemale flowers of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkBlooming seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkBlooming plant of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Al Khor Hospital. Qatar, April 24, 2015
LinkBush of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) on roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra in Southern Qatar, July 10, 2015
LinkBranch of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) on roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Southern Qatar, July 10, 2015
LinkClose up of round-leaf variety of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) taken from roadside between Mesaieed and Al Wakra. Qatar, July 10, 2015
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) with round leaf variation on roadside of Salwa Road in Abu Samra, near the border. Southern Qatar, October 16, 2015
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim). Al Khor, Qatar, October 17, 2015
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) on a shore near Purple Island (Jazirat Bin Ghanim) in Al Khor. Qatar, November 28, 2015
LinkHighly succulent form of seablite (Suaeda vermiculata) in area of Ras Laffan farms. North-eastern Qatar, February 19, 2016
LinkSeablite (Suaeda vermiculata) in a roadside depression east from Al Jebail water treatment plant. Al Khor, Qatar, March 19, 2016

35. Traganum nudatum Delile

(Traganum acuminatum)

Common names: dumran

LinkBush of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) on the slope of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkGrey bush of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) on the slope of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkTwig of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) on the slope of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkShoots of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) on the slope of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkGreyish bush of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) under limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkPlant of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) on the slope of limestone cliffs in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of fruits of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of a twig with fruits of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkClose up of shoots of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkSucculent leaves of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkLeaves of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkLower view of a bush of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) on sand dunes in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkBush of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) on sand near small hills in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkUpper view of a bush of Traganum nudatum (local name dumran) on sand dunes in Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016
LinkTwigs and fruits of a plant Traganum nudatum taken from Maszhabiya (Al Mashabiya) Reserve near Abu Samra. Southern Qatar, April 1, 2016

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Acknowledgements

QNHG (Qatar Natural History Group) and associated people, for a possibility to participate in their field excursions and to learn about local nature.