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Apiaceae

Apiaceae Lindl. - Carrot Family

1. Anethum graveolens L.

(Anethum sowa, Ferula marathrophylla, Peucedanum anethum, Peucedanum graveolens, Peucedanum sowa)

Common names: Dill, ein jarada, shabat

My notes: Difficult to distinguish it from Foeniculum vulgare.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Dill (Anethum graveolens) is an annual herb in the celery family Apiaceae. It is the sole species of the genus Anethum.

LinkDill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkSeeds of dill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) on roadside of Salwa Road in south-western Qatar, March 3, 2014
LinkDill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) on roadside of Al Shamal Road. Northern Qatar, April 3, 2014
LinkSeeds of dill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) on roadside of Al Shamal Road. Northern Qatar, April 3, 2014
LinkParasols of dill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) on roadside of Al Shamal Road. Northern Qatar, April 3, 2014
LinkDill (Anethum graveolens) taken from Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkDill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) on the periphery of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkFlowers of dill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) on the periphery of Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkDill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) taken from Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkFlower of dill (Anethum graveolens, local names ein jarada, shabat) taken from Green Circles (center-pivot irrigation) in Irkhaya (Irkaya) Farms. Qatar, March 14, 2015
LinkDried dill seeds (Suva, Anethum graveolens) in spice section in Souq Waqif (Old Market). Doha, Qatar, September 11, 2015

2. Apium graveolens L.

(Apium celleri, Apium decumbens, Apium integrilobum, Apium lobatum, Apium lusitanicum, Apium maritimum, Apium napaceum, Apium rapaceum, Apium vulgare, Celeri graveolens, Helosciadium ruta, Helosciadium rutaceum, Seseli graveolens, Sison ruta, Sison trifidum, Smyrnium laterale)

Common names: celery

My notes: Probably grown from a discarded celery root.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Celery (Apium graveolens var. dulce) is a plant variety in the family Apiaceae, commonly used as a vegetable.

LinkCelery seeds (Apium graveolens) or may be Ajwain for sale in spice section in Souq Waqif (Old Market). Doha, Qatar, December 23, 2014
LinkCelery (Apium graveolens) on Al Khair Street in Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, May 10, 2015
LinkLeaf of celery (Apium graveolens) on white background taken from Al Khair Street in Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, May 10, 2015
LinkLeaf of celery (Apium graveolens) on dark background taken from Al Khair Street in Lejbailat area. Doha, Qatar, May 10, 2015

3. Bupleurum semicompositum L.

(Bunium semicompositum, Bupleurum glaucum)

Common names: Grey Hare Ear

LinkHelianthemum kahiricum on a rocky ridge of Jebel Fuwairit, with ribbed fruits on a small plant of Grey Hare's Ear (Bupleurum semicompositum) in background. Northern Qatar, March 20, 2015

4. Coriandrum sativum L.

(Cuminum cyminum, Selinum coriandrum)

Common names: coriander, cilantro, Chinese parsley, dhania

Extract from Wikipedia article: Coriander (UK /ˌkɒrɪˈændə/; US /ˈkɔːriˌændər/ or /ˌkɔːriˈændər/; Coriandrum sativum), also known as cilantro (/sɪˈlɑːntroʊ/), Chinese parsley or dhania, is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae. Coriander is native to regions spanning from southern Europe and North Africa to southwestern Asia. It is a soft plant growing to 50 cm (20 in) tall. The leaves are variable in shape, broadly lobed at the base of the plant, and slender and feathery higher on the flowering stems. The flowers are borne in small umbels, white or very pale pink, asymmetrical, with the petals pointing away from the centre of the umbel longer (5–6 mm or 0.20–0.24 in) than those pointing toward it (only 1–3 mm or 0.039–0.118 in long). The fruit is a globular, dry schizocarp 3–5 mm (0.12–0.20 in) in diameter. Although sometimes eaten alone, the seeds are often used as a spice or an added ingredient in other foods.

LinkCoriander (Coriandrum sativum) in a roadside vegetable garden near Harrarah in southern Qatar, February 14, 2014
LinkCoriander (Coriandrum sativum) taken from Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkCoriander (Coriandrum sativum) with white background taken from Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, March 13, 2015
LinkCoriander (Coriandrum sativum) on Al Maha Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016
LinkClose up of flowers of coriander (Coriandrum sativum) on Al Maha Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016
LinkBlooming coriander (Coriandrum sativum) on Al Maha Street in Al Luqta area. Doha, Qatar, February 24, 2016

5. Daucus carota L.

(Carota sylvestris, Caucalis carnosa, Caucalis carota, Caucalis daucus, Daucus alatus, Daucus allionii, Daucus australis, Daucus blanchei, Daucus brevicaulis, Daucus communis, Daucus dentatus, Daucus esculentus, Daucus exiguus, Daucus glaber, Daucus heterophylus, Daucus kotovii, Daucus levis, Daucus marcidus, Daucus maritimus, Daucus montanus, Daucus neglectus, Daucus nudicaulis, Daucus officinalis, Daucus polygamus, Daucus scariosus, Daucus sciadophylus, Daucus strigosus, Daucus sylvestris, Daucus vulgaris)

Common names: carrot

My notes: It may be something different.

Extract from Wikipedia article: Daucus carota, whose common names include wild carrot, bird's nest, bishop's lace, and Queen Anne's lace (North America), is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to temperate regions of Europe and southwest Asia, and naturalized to North America and Australia.

LinkCarrot plant (Daucus carota)(?) found behind Landmark Supermarket. Doha, Qatar, February 3, 2016

6. Foeniculum vulgare Mill.

(Anethum foeniculum, Anethum panmori, Anethum panmorium, Foeniculum capillaceum, Foeniculum foeniculum, Foeniculum officinale, Foeniculum panmorium, Ligusticum foeniculum, Meum foeniculum, Ozodia foeniculacea, Selinum foeniculum, Seseli foeniculum, Tenoria romana)

Common names: shamar, fennel

Extract from Wikipedia article: Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks.

LinkFennel seeds from India (Foeniculum vulgare) for sale in spice section in Souq Waqif (Old Market). Doha, Qatar, December 23, 2014
LinkFennel (Foeniculum vulgare)(?) in a garden in Al Harrarah. Qatar, March 4, 2016
LinkFlowers of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)(?) in a garden in Al Harrarah. Qatar, March 4, 2016

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Acknowledgements

QNHG (Qatar Natural History Group) and associated people, for a possibility to participate in their field excursions and to learn about local nature.